THE MICHIGAN DAILY
The Ed itor
G ets Told4O4
Send Them Back
To Moscow., ..
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning c-xcept Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper.. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4"00; by mall, $4.50., r
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937.38
REPRNSENTED POR NATIONAL ADVERTIsING 6y
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CHInCM . BOSTON . LOS ANGESS . SAN FRANCISCO
Board of Editors
City Editor . . .
Associate Editor . . .
Associate Editor .
Book Editor . . . .
Women's Editor .
Sports Editor .
. . Robert D. Mitchell
. . .Albert P. Mayio
. Horace W. Gilmore
. Robert I. Fitzhenry
. . .Saul R. Kleiman
. . .Robert Perlman
. . . William:Elvin
. . Jogeph Freedman
. . . . Earl Gilman
. . . . Joseph Gies
. . . Bud Benjamin
Business Manager . . . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . . Leonard P. Siegelman
Advertising Manager . . William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager . . Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager .. Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: BEN M. MARINO
'The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
It is important for society to avoid the'
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educatidnal institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
- Alexander G. Ruthven.
General Cedillo And
The 'Go Wi, I....
IN 1903, with American battleships and
troops nearby, revolutionists in Co-
lombia set up their own state of Panama, which
soon granted the United States valuable canal
concessions; in 1922 Louis Borno, pro-American
replaced Sudre Dartiguenave as president of
Haiti; and in 1933 Grau San Martin fell as pres-
ideht of Cuba before the Mendietta party, which
was more favorably looked upon by the United
Now in 1938 President Lazaro Cardenas of
Mexico has stepped on American toes by claim-
ing for the Mexican nation great oil properties
held by American and British companies. And
shortly thereafter President Cardenas has found
on his hands a revolt by a provincial leader, Gen-
eral Saturnino Cedillo.
The Cedillo uprising evokes an interesting con-
jlecture about new potentialities for America's
polity of "good will" toward the Latin-American
countries. Through this "good will" the United
States, at the apparent sacrifice of important
economic and strategic interest, and of its prac-
tical rights as a strong nation against weak na-
tions, has attempted to negotiate with its south-
ern neighbors on a basis of political equality and
has undertaken to carry on no part in the in-
ternal affairs of these countries. This has called
for disassociation from any favorable upheavals
or political dissensions of its neighbors.
The oil expropriations of the President of Mex-
ico have put that policy to a good test. To date,
In the face of apparent British efforts to force the
United States hand toward pressure on Mexico,
and in spite of the efficiency of different Amer-
ican policies with regard to the same question
in 1925 and 1927, the new policy has stood the
test. The administration has indicated no strong
reprisal against Mexico nor any efforts to win
the support of special parties within the country
for a more sympathetic program toward Amer-
The uprising, however coming as it does short-
ly after Cardenas' blow to the large American
business interests and apparently without any
knowledge on the part of the United States gov-
ernment, causes one to wonder whether the influ-
ence of the United States is not so great in those
American countries where United States capital
has been widely invested that the old manipula-
tions of the government are not necessary to
achieve American political interests. If this is
so, the new "good will" policy of the government
is destined to be of the utmost importance to the
United States and to the world at large. The
United States will be free to spread its sermon
of equality and peace among nations while at-
taining its own interests in the Americas.
THE CITY COUNCIL of Ann Arbor
unquestionably has acted MOST
WISELY in banning the sale of RAW SMUT by
The action, of the Council will be saluted by
every RIGHT-THINKING AMERICAN, but na-
turally enough the welkin will ring with the
SQUAWKING OF THE DEPRAVED SEXMON-
GERS who need to paw over lewd photographs
to satisfy their DISTORTED INHIBITIONS.
Probably the lunatic fringe of the press will be
filled with the BIASED YAWPS of FREETHINK-
ERS AND PLAIN NUTS who will conjure up
nightmares about FREEDOM OF THE PRESS
being violated, and about denial of the right to
make a fair and just profit on the sale of a com-
modity. Of course too the CREATORS OF
THESE LECHEROUS SHEETS will fulminate
and fume and YELL THEIR HEADS OFF.
.The clean minded MAJORITY of the public-
and we mean the GREAT MAJORITY-will turn
a deaf ear to these CATERWAULINGS
As citizens of Ann Arbor we can THANK OUR
GGD that firm, upright, strong-limbed, clear-
eyed YOUNG AMERICANS will not be turned
into SHIFTY-EYED BUMS who LOITER ABOUT
each and every newsstand so they can SNEAK A
LOOK at a group of DEPRAVED HARLOTS
who pose, not in the nude, but in POSITIONS
OF VENERY, with CLOTHES ON!
Miscreants who PERSIST in "reading" sala-
cious magazines should be compelled-legally, of
course-TO SUBMIT TO A STERILIZATION
Again, let us thank our Council and hope they
will PRESERVE THEIR VIGILANCE.
-Guy M. Whipple, Jr., '36.
To the Editor:
A letter in Sunday's Daily implied that a leftist
faction dominates the Progressive Club. The
writer deplored the lack of a campus organiza-
tion in which all liberals, of all shades of opin-
ion, could voice their sentiments and carry them
However, may I ask why non-leftist liberals do
not join the Progressive Club The Progressive
Club has never had a closed membership. The
policies of this organization are broad enough
to embrace all liberal'sentiment, and1 any stand
on specific,issues by the Progressive Club is de-
termined by majority vote. The leftists have
never conspired to keep non-leftists from voting.
The truth of the matter is that middle-of-the-
road liberals have never been interested enough.
in liberalism to join this organization and voice
To Clarify Things
To the Editor:
In Sunday's Daily, accompanying a proposal
for a new Liberl Club, Fafni remarks: "The ex-
treme leftists fail to realize that they are the
greatest creators of fascists." Is this implication
of a cause-result relationship between leftists
and fascists representative of the type of liberal
analysis that will stem from "an organization
to be a reflection of liberal sentiment on the
In the process of history the fascist state is
the almost inevitable form of political, social
and economic organization growing out of the
successive crisis in national capitalist economies
and the breakdown of capitalist democracies. It
derives its structure and dynamics from (1) the
tendency for monopoly capitalist society to con-
solidate and extend itself on a national scale in
order to survive against crisis internally and pro-
vide a new basis for effective expansion, (2) the
conjunction of all the socially reactionary forces
in society with this tendency, (3) crystallization
of mass rebellion in the face of crisis through-
out society as a whole around this tendency.
Like the Social Revolution, the fascist move-
ment springs from the rebellious unrest of all
social groups, but the social revolutionary im-
pulses of the masses are synthesized with the in-
tensified monopoly capitalist program of the
classes in the Fascist party and state. This syn-
thesis comes about on the basis of:
1.Offering the activist discontented ele-
ments release in direct action against easily
dramatized and familiar enemies.
2. Consolidating and sharpening the
social fear of (a) social conflicts such as
strikes and class warfare, (b) the strange,
foreign and unknown, such as communism
and "reds," (c) the alien, such as Jews, Japs,
and "foreign agitators."
3. Offering all groups security in terms of
traditionally supported reforms, solutions,
4. Capitalizing on the heightened nation-
alist attitudes growing from (a) imperialist
rivalries, (b) national insecurity in the face
in a formal accusation who made the move that
started the trouble.
The revolt does not appear very lasting, and
Cedillo has had no support from the nation
as a whole outside of his home province. Per-
haps the conflict is only one of many revolts
that have arisen in Mexico from the programs of
greater national unity and break-down of the
J/fe emjfo Me
For the sake of the record I would like to ex-
press my feeling that both Simon Gerson and
Stanley Isaacs appeared to advantage before the
It seems to me that the President of the Bur-
ough of Manhattan made a perfectly proper
appointment. I have known
Gerson as a reporter for sev-
eral years, and I share the
feeling of his other news-
paper associates, who regard
him as a highly competent
and useful citizen.
But even if I thought that
the appointment had been
harmful or unwise I would
still feel that the question
involved was not one of major importance. The
so-called popular clamor has been fomented. I
do not think that the amount of news and ed-
itorial space which has been devoted to the case
is justified by sound journalistic precedent.'
I congratulate Mr. Isaacs on his courage. But
since I think thewhole business has been vastly
overplayed I have no intention of writing an en-
ire column on the subject, but prefer instead
to deal with something really important, such as
the question of a name for Mr. C. V. Whitney's
colt out of Top Flight by Man 0' War. Naturally
the name of the sire and dam should be linked,
but Joe Williams is making it much more difficult
by stipulating that there should also be some ref-
erence to the Derby, since that happens to be
the birthday date of the young race horse,
* * * *
The Naming Of Horses
As a professional horse namer I am not eligible
for the competition. I had thought of Sea Plane,
since that includes the suggestion both of naval
warfare and altitude, but there is no suggestion
of the Derby in that. In a fugitive way I toyed
with Reserved Seat, since from such a vantage
point at Churchill Downs one might see plain.
That I tossed aside as unworthy of me.
Still, if Colonel Williams were not inclined to
bar puns you could do a really intricate play on
words and call the horse Shelley. That's a nice
name in itself, and the connotation would come
from the line. "And did you once see Shelley
plain?" However, it would be too much to expect
race track fans to carry not only a program but
also "Bartlett's Book of Familiar Quotations."
I know one name which dods take in both the
Man O' War and Top Flight strain and also drops
a Derby hint, but I'm under the impression that
another horse is using it. The name I have in
mind is Brown Bomber. But maybe the horse
is black or roan.
I studied the art of naming thoroughbreds, at
the knee of Herbert Bayard Swope, who used to
be a newspaper man before he became State Rac-
ing Commissioner. I can't remember the breed-
ing, but the Commissioner was very proud when
he thought up the name Sidereal for a promising
yearling. It didn't turn out so well because all
the gamblers in the betting ring invariably re-
ferred to the horse as Side Reel, which spoiled
And terrible things happen to horses with
French names when eager bettors are trying to
get down two dollars to show just before the bar-
rier is sprung. What chance has a horse called
Fils De Liral in a situation like that?
I do not want to seem a narrow nationalist, but
I believe the Jockey Club should save the poor
bookmakers by insisting on the exclusive use of
the American language on our native tracks. Of
late there has been a sizeable invasion of horses
from Chile, and there be few who give just the
proper nuances to the name of Caballero 2nd.
Sounds Which Sing
It has been said that good horses have good
names; but that it not always true. Twenty
Grand, Grey Lag, Gallant Fox and War Admiral
all have a swing to them, but there was a Man
O' War colt which won a Kentucky Derby undert
the not too exciting label of Clyde Van Dusen.
Moreover, I am a little weary of finding that all
the sons of Gallant Fox are named by the simple
process of changing the adjective, so that you
get Wise Fox or Fighting Fox or Crafty Fox, and
so on indefinitely: That's too easy.
Seabiscuit was not what I would consider a
stand out in the matter of names, but he be-
comes more pleasing to the ear now that the
railbirds have by tacit consent shortened it to the
Biscuit. For me the glamor of the big match
race grows when I hear arguments which run,
."Do you think the Admiral can beat the Biscuit?"
I have said that my own amateur standing as a
horse namer is gone. A very promising filly of
the Falaise Stable marks me as a professional.
She is by Sun Briar out of Comixa. I hope I've
spelled that last name right, but, at any rate,
I suggested Lady Nicotine. They tell me she's a
neat trick, and I think it's a nice name.
of the general war crisis, (c) the fixation of
the attention of all groups on the symbol
of the state in the struggle for a solution
of their problems.
5. Capitalizing and sharpening the hos-
tility of all groups to democratic institutions
as the cause of economic breakdown and
6. Offering a solution for social disor-
ganization in terms of social order and effi-
7. Appealing to the mental inertia, inse-
curity and dependence of the masses by sup-
plying a "father symbol" in the form of in-
By NORMAN KIELL
A new generation has grown since
"Liliom" was first produced in New
York in the post-war period of disil-
lusionment. How our contemporary
audience will take the frankly senti-
mental story of "Liliom" is a matter
of conjecture. The listeners last
night of the second presentation of
the Ann Arbor Dramatic Season were,
on the whole, lethargic.
"Liliom" is Tonio Selwart's and Re-
becca Tarwater's show. In the name
role, Mr. Selwart was all of the "bad,
rough, wicked, unhappy, dear boy,"
Miss Tarwater, as Julie, called him-
after Liliom was dead and it was too
late. For Ferenc Molnar's 'legend' is
essentially a tragedy of inarticulate-
ness. Liliom, the cocksure circus bar-
ker, has been so buffeted about by life
that love can never find verbal ex-
pression in him. He is ashamed to
admit that he can't bear to see Julie
weep and he can not tell her that he
loves her. And it is only after he has
'died that Julie can find the courage
to tell him that she loves him. It is
all too late, so sentimentally late.
But we could afford to let ourselves
go along with the many moods of the
play, if at one moment it was intellec-
tual legerdemain, as in the heaven of
Liliom's primitive theology, a heaven
ruled by mundane powers; or, if at
another moment, it was blatant chi-
canery, as when just after Liliom is
pronounced dead and the condolences
come, as if in a cataclysmic downfall,
that both Liliom and Julie are better,
off this way; or if it were mawkishly
sentimental, as when Liliom returns
to earth after spending 16 years in
purgatory as penitence for his obstin-
acy, slaps his daughter's hand and
she does not feel it.
Mr. Selwart plays his part for all
that it is worth, with irrepressible
buoyancy and with a clear-cut crea-
tion. Miss Tarwater's Julie was in
good contrast to Mr. Selwart's Liliom.
She played with quiet restraint, dig-i
nity, and simplicity. It was fortunate
theatre to have these two on the(
stage together. Frederic Tozere, asi
the slinking Ficsur who leads Liliom
on to his ultimate destruction, seemed
rather illogical with his cockney ac-
cent. (As a matter of fact, there were
so many different varieties of speech
on the stage last night, that it proved1
disconcerting.) Marie Brown, asI
Marie, Julie's innocent country friend,I
was delightfully fresh, and Doris Rich,1
as Mrs. Muskat, was appropriately
S. Wesley McKee's direction was asc
sure as it was slow and Emiline
Roche's many sets were serviceable
More For Fafni
To the Editor:
In answer to Mr. Fafni's letter
pleading for a truly liberal organiza-,
tion on campus, we believe that such;
an organization already exists in the
Liberal Students' Union. This or-
ganization offers students the chance
to express all types of opinion. No onei
group dominates the discussion. Due
to the fact that all shades of opinion
are represented, the conclusionsi
reached are truly representative of a1
sentiment which moves in the liberalI
tradition rather than stands in it.
Another factor which might be men-
tioned is that younger faculty mem-
bers and non-students are often pres-
ent to contribute to the discussion.
The Liberal Students' Union, a non-
sectarian group, meets at 7:30 p.m.
every Sunday during the school year
in the library of the Unitarian
Helen L. Zbinden,
Secretary, Liberal Students'
To the Editor:
The following is quoted from the
"Red Schoolhouse" address delivered
by President Alexander G. Ruthven
before the New York Alumni of the
University, Feb. 25, 1938:
"A conservative young man has
wound up his life before it has un-
reeled. We expect old men to be con-
servative, but when a nation's young
are so, its funeral bell is already
-Prof. M. Levi.
A Sane Mve
The House Naval Affairs Commit-
tee has acted wisely in pigeonholing
the bill providing for construction of
a Government radio station. The
purpose of the measure-to enable the
United States to administer an "anti-
dote" for the foreign propaganda
broadcasts that now are deluging
Latin America-had much to com-
mend it. However, as was brought out
at the hearings, commercial radio
chains are willing to give the Gov-
ernment full use of their facilities,
without charge, for such broadcasts.
This would mean a higher order of
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
UDiversity. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
(Continued from Page 2)
DavisBivin Foundation, Inc., the
availability fol the year 1937-38 of
several prizes for graduate and un-
dergraduate students for the encour-
agement of research and study on
problems concerned with the mental
hygiene of childhood. Similar awards
were made for the year 1936-37.-
Awards of $35, $20 and $10 are of-
fered to graduate students for a Mas-
ter's thesis or special studies. Awards
of $20, $10 and $5 are offered for
papers submitted by advanced under,
The following conditions govern
1. Papers may be submitted by stu-
dents in any division of the Univer-
2. Doctoral dissertations are exclud-
ed from consideration for the awards.'
3. In order to be considered for an
award for the current year, papers
must reach the chairman of the com-
mittee, 2509 University Elementary
School, not later than four o'clock,
June 10, 1938.
4. Copies of all prize winning pa-
pers are to be sent to the Secretary
of the Foundation. The Foundation
reserves the right to publish such pa-
pers if it so desires.
5. Awards may be withheld if, in the
judgement of the committee, no pa-
pers of sufficient merit are 'con-
tributed. The committee also re-
serves the right to adjust the amounts
when papers of equal merits are sub-
mitted or if such division will better
serve the purposes of the grant.
6. The following committee has been
designated by the Graduate School
to administer the award: Professor
Martha Guernsey Colby, Professor
Howard Yale McClusky, and Profes-
sor Willard C. Olson (chairman).
C. S. Yoakum,
Michigan Wolverine Student Co-
operative, Inc.: The date for payment
of members' notes has been set ahead
to May 28, 1938, and members may
obtain payment on that date or dur-
ing the following two weeks.
Since a deposit of $3 will hold a
membership for next year, and since
past experience has shown that many
members have been disappointed in
finding the membership closed when
they have returned to school, note
holders who will return in Septem-
ber are urged to apply their notes
to this deposit.-
The Wolverine will close on June
10, then open again June 24 and close
on Aug. 19. Present memberships are
applicable for use during the sum-
mer period, and special summer mem-
berships are available at $1 for any-
one attending the University.
Memberships for the school year
1938-1939 are now available.
Rochdale Cooperative House: Appli-
cations for admission to the Rochdale
Cooperative House for the comifig
year, 1938-39, are now being accepted.
A new prerequisite to consideration,
which requires .each applicant 'to
write a 100-200 word essay on the
Cooperative Movement, is now in ef-
fect. Application blanks are avail-
able in Dean Olmstead's Office, Room
2, University Hall, and at the Roch-
dale House, 640 Oxford Road. All ap-
plications must be in by Wednesday.
English 184, The Development of
the English 'Novel (Prof. L. A.
Strauss). The class will not meet on
Wednesday and Friday, May 25 and
Candidates for Master's Degree in
Psychology: The comprehensive ex-
amination will be given Saturday,
May 28, 2-5, in 3,126 Natural Science.
School of Music, Examinations in
1. Examinations will be held in all
grades and in all fields of applied
music in accordance with schedules
for individual (or class) appoint-
ments which will be announced later.
2. Conflicts in examination appoint-
ments for applied music with class
course examinations must be report-
ed before June 3 to the office of the
Applications For Graduation
1. All prospective graduates in Au-
gust 1938 or February 1939, must file
a REVISED application with the Mu-
sical Director before Saturday, May
28. This application for degree (B.M.
or M.M.) must show in the "complet-
ed column" all work including the
elections for the current semester and
in the "to be completed column," pro-
posed elections for the Summer Ses-
sion and/or the first semester. Signa-
tures of departmental representatives
must be obtained before the blank is
2. Assignments for examinations in
this category will be made only if the
REVISED blank has been filed. No
further examinations will be given for
February or for August graduation;
for students in residence this semes-
ter. Students in applied music must
submit the tentative graduation pro-
gram, the complete repertory to date,
and must be prepared to play or sing
Voice, Violin, Organ, etc., Theory,
Music Literature and Music Educa-
tion). The application should show
the work completed including that for
the current semester. In the column
"to be completed," the student should
enter in pencil, his understanding of
the requirements yet to be taken.
2. Approval of candidacy will be
registered by the department con-
3. In the case of applied music ma-
jors, jury examinations before the
entire faculty will be required as in
the past to prove qualification for
junior standing in the major field. In
the fields of theory, composition,, mu-
sic literature and music education, an
examination will be required to deter-
mine proficiency in piano and in
sight-playing as specified under the
departmental announcements. Exam-
inations in sight-playing and sight-
singing will be held at other times
than those announced for individual
examinations in applied music.
4. Application rnanks for candidacy
may be obtained at the office of the
Exhibition. College of Architecture:
Student work from, member schools
of the Association of Collegiate
Schools of Architecture is being
shown in the third floor exhibition
room. Open daily, 9 to 5, except
Sunday, until May 31. The public
is cordially invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
An .exhibition of articles in silver,
gold, enamle and semi-precious
stones, for ecclesiastical and general
use, designed and executed by Arthur
Nevill Kirk, is shown in the pier clases
at either side of the Library entrance,
second floor corridor. Open daily
9:00 to 5:00, except Sunday, until
June 1. The public is cordially in-,
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
ing today at' 4:15 p.m. Mr. Win. H.
Sullivan will speak on "Chain Reac-
tions in the Oxidation of Hydrocar-
Phi Epsilon Kappa Fraternity: At-
tention all members and pledges!
Formal initiation ceremony tonight
at Michigan Union, time 8 p.m., room
on bulletin, to be held in conjunction
with the Detroit Alumni Chapter.
There will also be a joint dinner held
with the members from Detroit at 7
p.m. in the Union cafeteria. All mem-
bers and pledges are urged to be
Inter-Guild Worship Service will be
held at the League Chapel Wednesday
morning at 7:30.
Stalker Hall. Today from 3:30-5:30
p.m. Tea ald Open House. All Metho-
dist students and their friends are
Congress Executive Council: There
will be a meeting today in Room 306
in the Union at 7:30 p.m.
Mimes: There -will be an important
meeting tonight at 8 p.m. in the
Union. Nomination and election of
officers for next year will also occur.
Ann Arbor Independents: Final
rehearsal for the Campus Sing to be
Wednesday at 4 p.m. at the League.
All those who plan to sing must come
to this rehearsal. The last meeting
of the year will be held after the Sing.'
Psychological Journal Club will
meet Thursday, May 26, at 7:30 p.m.
in Room 3126 N.S. Prof. John F.
Shepard will discuss his recent ex-
perimental work in comparative psy-
chology. All those interested are
cordially invited to attend.
Institute of the Aeronautical Sci-
ences: The University of Michigan
Student Branch of the Institute of
the Aerdnautical Sciences will hold its
second annual banquet on Thurs-
day, May 26, at 6:30 p.m. at the
Michigan Union. Mr. Grover Loen-
ing will be the principal speaker.aAll
are cordially invited to attend.
Civil Engineers: A.S.C.E. meeting
at Michigan Union, Thursday night
at 7:30. All Civil Engineers invited.
Mr. Louis E. Ayres will be the speak-
er. Movies will be shown of the newr
vacuum curing process for concrete.
Scimitar, there will be an important
short meeting in the Union Thursday
night at 8:30 p.m. Please come in
order to sign our petition.
Crop and Saddle: There will be no
ride Thursday because of Lantern
Lantern Night: Lantern Night will
take place on Thursday, May 26. The ,
line of march will form at the Library
at 7:15 and proceed to Palmer Field