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April 22, 1938 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-04-22

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edited and managed by students of the University of
higan under the authority of the Board in Control of
dent Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
versity year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
['he Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
for republication of alltnews dispatches redited to
r note otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
ts of republication of all other matters herein also
ntered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
>nd class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
0;, by mal, $4.50..
ember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
NationalAdvertising Service, Inc.
Ce1lk. PwPrahrS re"Wa ftw
Board of Editors
)RTS EDITOR..................IRVIN LISAGOR
Business Department
It is important .for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
- Alexander G. Ruthven
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
[r. Gannett's,
ublic Correspondence ...'
H EYWOOD BROUN was complaining
recently about the number of cir-
[ars Frank Gannett has been sending him
ing him to wire his Congressman to vote
Wrinst various measures. Some concrete facts
connection with the activities of Mr. Gannett,
Lo is the proprietor of a large newspaper chain
d a leading figure in the Republican Party,
ve been uncovered by the Senate Lobby In-
stiggion Committee.
Dr. Edward A. Rumely, who gets $300 per week
r acting as executive secretary of Mr. Gannett's
,tional Committee to Uphold Constitutional
ivernment, testified to the Senate committee
at Mr. Gannett's organization has spent $50,-
) urging Mr. Broun and other citizens to wire
6ir Congressmen to defeat the Executive Re-
ganization Bill.
But that's nothing. Last year Mr. Gannett's in-
'est in upholding constitutional government
Oched such fine heights that the committee
ent $200,000 to help defeat the President's
n to reorganize the Supreme Court. No fewer
an 16,000,000 pieces of literature were dis-
ninated in the cause of protecting the high
bunal against the first 'dictatorship' bill.
I'he telegram stunt seems like a little too
ich of a good thing. Mr. Gannett, Mr. Hearst
d their publishing friends, all of whom are
) per cent in favor of constitutional govern-
gnt if they can run it, already have possession
nearly the whole of the propaganda agencies
the country by virtue of their ownership of
e press.
[f they are also to use their wealth and the
ited States mails to defend the status quo,
e progressives and liberals, unarmed with
her a powerful press or a million dollars' worth
postage stamps, are placed under altogether
6 severe a handicap in what must be a more
less even contest, if popular democracy is to
action. Joseph Gies.

the Generalissimo has held for several years.
Henceforth he is to be permanent chairman of
the party congress, whose resolutions he may
suspend, and of its Central Executive Commit-
tee, whose decisions he may veto. Three other
acts of the congress, however, were important
innovations of party policy. The creation of the
Kuomintang Youth Organization is an attempt
to strengthen the party by enlisting young men
and women more actively in civic and political
apprenticeship. The setting up of the People's
Political Council, to be representative of "a
broad section of the people," is the first of two
concessions to Chinese Communist opinion. The
other was a decree of the congress guaranteeing
freedom of speech andof assembly except when
inconsistent with the effective "prosecution of
the war."
The Chinese Communists have been quick to
express publicly their appreciation of the reforms
announced by the Kuomintang. The statement
of Chou En-lai, Communist leader, that "the
actions of the congress constitute an important
forward step in the continuance of anti-Jap-
anese resistance" is the best proof that the ten-
year old feud between the Communists and
Chiang Kai-Shek has been buried for'the period
of the war with Japan. The resulting integration
of the conservative and Communist elements
of resistance to Japan's aggression accounts
largely for the "first great military disaster"
suffered by Japanese arms in modern times.
--New York Times,
Farmers Increase
T heir 1PlanLtins.
The Government's April crop report throws
an interesting light on the farmers' own pur-
poses for wheat-growing, regardless of such re-
strictions as the Agricultural Department may
have placed upon acreage. The Department's
estimate on acreage planted to winter wheat was
the largest in the country's history-57,492,000
acres, as against a maximum of 51,391,000 (in
1919) prior to 1937. Even in the famous "wheat
year" 1915, when the total crop exceeded a bil-
lion bushels, only 40,657,000 acres were planted
to winter wheat, and the largest planting, under
the government's high "guaranteed price," dur-
ing our own actual participation in the war, was
the 43,399,000 acres of 1918.
On the basis of the present crop's acreage
and with a not unfavorable growing season,
the department foreshadows the largest winter
wheat yield since 1931; indeed, the largest in our
history with the exception of that year. This is
the explanation for this week's price of less than
82 cents per bushel for wheat at Chicago, as
against $1.39 3/8 in this week of 1937, when four
successive diminished winter wheat harvests,
along with the widespread shortage of other
grains, had drawn down available supplies and
compelled large imports of both wheat and corni.
But April forecasts of actual yield at harvest
time are apt to be precarious. If the winter-
sown harvest of 1937 was larger than the April
forecast, that of 1934 was 86,000,000 bushels
smaller. The spring-sown crop is also to be
reckoned with.
It should also be observed that, much as
the price of wheat has -fallen from a year
ago, this week's 82 cent price compares with a
low point for "cash wheat" of 44 cents in 1932
and 45 in 1933. Although the "carry-over" of
wheat will probably be larger than at any season
since 1935, it should be remembered that the
United States surplus had been reduced 76 per
cent between 1932 and 1937, and the world's
surplus 50 per cent between 1934 and 1937.
-The Christian Science Monitor.
Senate Notes
Last Tuesday's meeting of the Student Senate
was the shortest on record, but the minutes
were the longest, for the Senators waded through
a great heap of material in record time. They
set up two committees, one on the Library and
one on book prices, came out in support of the
Anti-War strike and of President Roosevelt's
request for additional funds for the NYA, argued
at some length over their rule, on proxy voting
and engaged in a heated debate over American
foreign policy.

* * * *
This foreign policy debate resulted in the de-
feat of two motions-one, made by Sen. Tom
Downs, calling for the retention of American
armed forces within the continental limits of
the United States, was beaten by nineteen votes
to ten. The other, offered by Sen. Charles Buck,
called upon the Senate for approval of the
Ludlow Anti-War amendment, and was lost by
three votes, sixteen to thirteen, three who had
voted against the Downs motion shifting over on
the other.
The sixteen who voted against both proposals
represented an odd coalition of conservative and
extreme left, while the ten supporting both all
were classed in the liberal "majority," having
voted for Sen. Tenander, the candidate of the
liberal bloc, for President of the Senate some
weeks ago.
In the sixteen opposing both measures were
the representative of the Young Communist
League and the leader of the conservative "mi-
nority," Sen. Alfred Lovell, with generally recog-
nized conservative and extreme left Senators
making up the majority of these two votes.
The fear was expressed during the campaign
that it was this question of foreign policy on
which the liberal elements would have the great-
est trouble uniting, and this, as far as the
vote Tuesday is concerned, has proven to be the
case, for on other issues the so-called "majority"
has stuck pretty well together.
It might be mentioned that in the vote on the
Ludlow amendment in the United States House
of Representatives, most of the members of the
House usually classed as "liberal," or "left-wing,"

Jfeemr lo Me
Heywood Broun t
When discussion of child labor was rife, aj
terrific howl went up from Hollywood. The
guardians of the motion picture industry asked
piteously what was to become of the little lads 1
and lassies of the screen.
Those stewards of our national art pointed
out that if the amendment were to pass, Con-
gress might, at its discre-
tion, send all the baby stars
back home and keep them
from their proud privilege of
entertaining a nation.
And the spokesmen from
the lots grew tearful as they
explained how Hollywood
looked after the material
and spiritual welfare of the
little ones entrusted to its
tender care
And yet, even the most eloquent of the advo-
cates of jobs for children could not muster as
many tears as those shed on the witness stand
by Jackie Coogan's mother. So utterly did she
break down in describing her trials and tribu-
lations that it was necessary to call an ad-
journment and send for a guest towel
In all walks of life, and [even among the
non-reasoning animals, sacrifices have been
made for the young. The timid dove will flutter
as if with wounded wing to distract the hunter
from the nest. And once, according to an in-
trepid camera man of my acquaintance, a savage
tiger checked its spring almost in midair and
trotted home because a cub was whimpeiriIg.
The Saga Of Sacrifice
Both in well-authenticated reports, in myths
and in legends, the world is rich in stories of
those who have put aside self-interest for the
sake of the rising generation. Indeed, this trait
has been celebrated rin the famous saying, "Fire-
man, savs my child."
And yet in all the long history of impulsive
parents, few if any have been called upon to
make such a sacrifice as came up in the life of
Lillian Coogan. She had to decide whether to
hold or give money which is said to run into
millions. Should she assume the burden her-
self or pass the grave and possibly crippling re-
sponsibility over to immature shoulders which
might sag under the heavy load? All the testi-
mony seems to show that Lillian Coogan never
hesitated. She saw her duty and she performed
Like the rest of us, she is only human, and
iis natural that she wept when called upon in
open court to tell the story. Women are not
prone to boast, and Jackie's mother may well
have preferred to keep her secret in the home
circle. - Reporters, camera men, and other per-
fect strangers were present when the necessities
of ,inquisition made her tell how she had kept
the money to save her boy from himself.
* *' * *
An Act Of Heroism
"I love my boy," she cried. "I've tried to make
a man of him." All authors agree that vast wealth
may be enervating. One of the most popular
songs of the day points out the joys of having
rain in your face and the open road under your
feet. Poets in their garrets often have exclaimed
that they would not change their lot with the
second assistant vice president of any bank
in the land. And many a father has done much
to see that his son should go to his own uni-
versity and become a graduate of the College of
Hard Knocks.
The army of silver spoon removers is a noble
band, but necessarily not numerous. Mrs. Lil-
lian Coogan should be breveted a colonel.
"Is it your position that Jackie's fortune be-
longs to you?" a lawyer asked. In simple pride
Mrs. Coogan replied, "I believe that's the law."
And in that answer the heroine of the week
stands revealed not only as one ready to sac-
rifice herself for the sake of her son, but also

as a devoted American citizen determined to de-
fend the Constitution of the State of California.
None was more devoted to the ideal of collec-
tive security or more eager to disarm than the
countries of Scandinavia, but the League's fail-
ure to save Abyssinia has brought a change,
which has been greatly quickened by Austria's
fate. There is a tendency for Sweden, Norway,
Denmark, and Finland to withdraw from collec-
tive responsibilities to the old, less provocative,
This neutrality is no longer absolute; the door
is left open for them to play their part in main-
taining order in a saner world. The present
policy is one of self-help.
In a broadcast this month Mr. Sandler, the
Swedish Foreign Minister, mentioned the grow-
ing custom of the four countries to act together,
as they had done at the London Naval Confer-
ence, in the Non-Intervention Committee, and at
the Brussels Conference. This common action,'
he said, was not an alliance, for this would imply
a common enemy and Scandinavia has none.
The communique issued recently at the end
of the meeting between the four Foreign Minis-
ters at Oslo emphasized their common interests
in not being drawn into a general war, and with
this in view, it stated, "they would maintain and
strengthen their cooperation."
Unarmed neutrality tempts aggression, and
these countries have already looked to their de-
fences. Sweden has begun to build a consider-
able air force; Denmark and even deeply paci-

Two Festivals
For Jew and Christian alike these
days of mid-April have been movingly
associated with traditions reaching
back many centuries. No one, even
though he has lapsed from the old ob-
servances, can be indifferent to the
religious and cultural memories, theZ
immemorial yearnings, which these'
days bring to the surface of our lives.f
The Jewish festival of freedom, the
Christian feast of resurrection, stir
the hearts of men because they call
up emotions which all of us, what-r
ever the creed we utter or whether we
utter a creed at all, must feel. Theyt
are an exaltation of eternal justice
and the eternal hope. They are older,l
even, than the religions which havec
exalted and poetized them.f
Mankind has come a long way sinceI
Peter drew his sword in the Gardenj
of Gethsemane, longer yet since the
Angel of the Lord went through the
land of Egypt. It has come far enough
to know, in spite of armies and arm-
aments, that there is no redemption#
in the shedding of man's blood by
It has come far enougn to know
that only in justice is there honor.
In the dark hours it has seemed to
deny its Master. In fear, and hatred
born of fear, it has bowed down to
worse than Pharaoh. But the lilies
and the barley sheaves of the beau-
tiful ancient rituals are not forgot-
ten'. They are the symbols of a unity
not irretrievably denied, of a hope
that will not perish, of a conscience
whose still voice needs no blare of
brasshe Rhine cities the pastors who
lave been most faithful to their
focks are in prison or under the ban;
in Vienna the bells ring harshly for
those who observe the paschal feast;
in Seville and Barcelona the ghosts
of young men killed in battle and of
children whom the dark angels would
not spare must haunt the living.
There is no apparent softening of
men's hearts in those troubled re-
gions-only a bitterness made more
bitter by an undying grief.
Yet the forces of growth and resur-
rection persist. The paschal moon
reaches its fullness, swimming among
soft April clouds. The time of the
singing of birds has come. The earth
is fruitful, the willows fling their
green against the sky as though beau-
ty were of itself enough, the opening
flowers offer themselves, too fragile
for a violent world, yet surviving
where violence is its own destruction.
The wind of freedom blows, if only
for an instant, over the face of the
blossoming earth. It is these things,
seemingly so transient, that endure.
It is fury and hate that pass and
carry their possessors with them into
the dust.
The symbol of the Passover, the
symbol of Easter, may intersect here
and now as a symbol of human bro-
therhood. It is utterly fitting that
they should fall within a few hours of
each other. Respecting one another's
creeds, recognizing the common
heritage that is in them, we need in
an American community find no
irony in the conjunction.
-The New York Times.
"Elmer," the eternal postman and
pride of the postal department
(Geddes Avenue division) told us the
other day that on the night of May
13, he and the other members of the
department's baseball team are go-
ing to bring WWJ's now nationally

famous Sophisto-Kats to Ann Arbor
for a uniform benefit dance, which
will be held at the Casino on Whit-
more Lake.
If novelty doesn't get on your
nerves, if you don't dislike improvised
dance music as played by six super-
lative swing musicians, if you don't
like the Goodman Quartette, the
Adrian Rollini Quintette, The Ray-
mond Scott Sextette or the Bob
Crosby Octette, then, of course, you
will not like the Sophisto-Kats.
But if you like all of these things,
then you will like the Kats and their
contemporaries with a vengeance.
The Sophisto-Kats are the best thing
this department has seen since we've
known "Elmer," the eternal post-
man and pride of the postal depart-
ment (Geddes Avenue division).
Probably just as interesting as their
first attempt at call it what you will,
Connie Boswell and the Bob Crosby
Bobcats (who are now infesting the
Blackhawk with their contagious
Dixieland) have incorporated two
more of the things that make the
new "dictator of the airwaves," Leo
Fitzpatrick, very miserable. "Ah,
Sweet Mystery of Life" and "Gypsy
Love Song" are the new recordings
and they are both successfully flung
around in the best "Martha" style.
Two more recordings, which frank-
ly will get this department's ok soon
(which frankly means nothing) are
Ted Weem's "Sissy" and the Andrews
Sisters' "Ti Pi Tin." The Weem's
band, Elmo Tanner and Perry Como

(Continued rom Page 2) e1
Those interested in Professor Troed- C
sson's courses may inquire at the of- t
fice of the College, Room 207. f
E.E. 72, Building Illumination:
Those members of the class who have
not yet availed themselves of the i
opportunity to have some instruc- R
tion and experience in use of port- d
able photometers and making of
lighting surveys, may have a final
opportunity to do so, with Mr. Wake-
field in Room 445 West Engineering
Building at 2 p.m. on Saturday,a
April 23.-
Graduation Recital. Jane Vaugan
Schwab, pianist, from Holland, New2
York, student of Professor Joseph b
Brinkman, will give a graduation re-7
cital Friday evening, April 22, ata
8:15 o'clock in the School of Musicu
Auditorium on Maynard Street, to
which the general public is invited.
An Exhibition of paintings by Er-
nest Harrison Barnes and of paint-
ings and pastels by Frederick H. Ald-
rich, Jr., both of the faculty of the
College of Architecture, is presented
by the Ann ,Arbor Art Association in
the North and South Galleries of1
Alumni Memorial Hall, April 18
through May 1. Open daily includ-
ing Sundays from 2 to 5 p.m., ad-
mission free to students and mem-
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Drawings submitted by students in
painting, sculpture, architecture and
landscape design, working in colla-
boration, in competition for prize
awarded by the Association of the
Alumni of the American Academy in
Rome. Third floor exhibition room.
Open daily 9 to 5, through Friday,
April 22. The public is cordially in-
Lecture, College of Architecture:
Mr. William A. Kittredge, of The
Lakeside Press, R. R. Donnelley &
Sons Company, Chicago, will give a
talk, illustrated with slides, on print-
ing. This is in connection with the
Company's exhibit shown in the
ground floor corridor cases. Ground
floor lecture room, Architectural
Building. Friday, April 22, at 3:00.
The public is cordially invited.
Geology Lecture: Dr. W. E. Pow-
ers, Department of Geology and
Geography of Northwestern Univer-
sity, will speak on "Physiographic
Studies in Upper Arkansas River Val-
ley, Colorado, and San Augustin
Plains, New Mexico" today at 4 p.m.
'n 2054 Natural Science.
Mortimer J. Adler, leading expon-
ent of medieval tought at the Univer-
sity of Chicago, will deliver two lec-
tures on Sunday; at St. Mary's Chap-
el at 4:30 p.m., "Science and Phil-
osophy"; at the Michigan Union
Ballroom at 8 p.m., "Theology the
Queen of the Sciences.",
University Lecture: Mr.. Alfred
Jules Ayer, M.A., of Christ Church,
Oxford University, will lecture on
"Some Problems of Perception" at
4:15 p.m., Monday, April 25, in 1025
Angell Hall, under the auspices of
the Department of Philosophy. The
public is cordially invited.
Wildlife Lecture: Mr. Stanley P.
Young, Chief of the Division of Pre-
dator and Rodent Control, U.S. Bu-
reau of Biological Survey, will give
an illustrated lecture on the cougar
in northern Mexico at 10 a.m., Mon-
day, April 25, in the Natural Science
Auditorium. All students in the
School of Forestry and Conservation
are expected to attend, and any others
interested are cordially invited.

University Lecture: Miss Marjorie
Daunt, Reader in English Language,
University of London, and Visiting
Lecturer, Smith College, will lecture
"The English Accent-What Is It?
How Is It?" on Thursday, April 28,
at 4:15 p.m. in Natural Science Audi-
torium under the auspices of the
Department of English. The public
is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Professor Bar-
ker Fairley of the University of Tor-
onto will give a lecture in English on
"Goethe and Frau von Stein," on
Wednesday, May 4, at 4:15 Natural
Science. The public is cordially in-
vited. '
Events Today
The students and faculty of the
University are invited to attend the
sessions of the EducationaltConfer-
ence on the Real Estate Market to be
held this morning, afternoon and
evening, at the Michigan Union.
Speakers of national prominence
will discuss various aspects of the real
estate market. The conference ,s
sponsored jointly by the Michigan

d by Dr. Frank Cartwright, form-
rly of Foo Chow, China, and present
andidate Secretary for the Board,
oday in the Lane Hall Library Of-
ice. He will also speak briefly at a
ea at 4 o'clock at Lane Hall.
Suomi Club: There will be a meet-
ng today at 8:00 p.m. in the Upper
Room at Lane Hall. All Finnish stu-
dents are codrially invited to attend.
Refreshments will be served.
Mimes: Tryouts for the Michigras
show report to Room 304 of the Union
at 3:15 p.m. today. All interested
are welcome. There will be an oppor-
tunity for everyone who 'reports to
Ann Arbor Independent Women:
There will'be tryouts for the Assein-'
bly skit today in the League at 5:00.
There will be main character parts
and dancing choruses. All girls
urged to come out. Room to be post-
ed on the bulletin board at the
Are you a Sherlock Holmes or a
Dick Tracy? The proof will be given
at the Roger Williams Guild sleuth
hunt at 8 p.m. tonight. Come and
bring your friends.
The Congregational Student Fel-
lowship will hold a May-Day Dance
Friday'evening at the Church Par-
lors from nine until one. Refresh-
ments, games, and dancing are all
included in the fee of 25 cents.
hillel Services, tonight at 7:0 p.m.
Sermon, by Dr. Heller, "Passover, a
Festival of Hope."
Coming Events
Graduate History Club: Meeting
Sunday, April 24, 4-6 p.m. at the
Michigan League.
Mrs. Adams will speak on "Ma-
terials and Research in Michigan
History." Constitution to be amend-
ed. Refreshments. Free to members.
Deutscher Verein: Meeting Thurs-
day, April 28 at 4:15 in Room 2003
Angell Hall. Professor Harold A.
Basilius of Wayne University will
speak on "Die Deutschen im Staate
Michigan." Everybody interested is
invited to attend.
German Play: The Deutscher Vere-
in of the University of Michigan pre-
sents Hermann Bahr's "Das Kon-
zert," Monday, April 25 at 8:30 p.m.
at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets are available at the German
Department Office and at the theatre
box office.
Foreign Student Tour: Due to the
fact that the Detroit Zoological Park
does not open until May 30, the trip
scheduled by the International Coun-
i cil for Saturday, April 23, has been
The American Federation of
Teachers will hold its regular meet-
ing Saturday, April 23, at 12:15 p.m.
in the Michigan Union. Subject:
Continuation of the discussion of
"How Can Educational Planning Be
Made Truly Democratic? If advis-
able, the group may be subdivided to
expedite the treatment of certain
phases of tile question. Interested
persons are invited.
Scalp and Blade: The Michigan
Chapter of the Buffalo Fraternity
will hold an election of officers for
the coming year. It, is imperative
that all members attend this im-
portant meeting to be held at 5:00
o'clock in the Union, Sunday, April
The Christian Student Prayer
Group will hold its regular4meeting
at 5:00 p.m. Sunday, April 24, in the
Michigan League. The room will be
annoitnced. on the bulletin board
there. All Christian students are

Polonia Literary Circle will hold a
joint meeting with the Michigan
Polish Historical Society at 2:30 p.m.,
on Sunday, April 24, in the Grand
RapidsRoom of the Michigan Wom-
en's League. All members are cor-
dially requested to be present. The
program will include two short lec-
tures, on The Changing of Polish
Names, by Mr. S. B. Stefan, instruc-
tor of Polish Culture, St. Mary's Col-
lege, Orchard Lake, Michigan, and
on Leadership in the Process of As-
similation, by P. A. Ostafin, fellow
in the department of Sociology. Tea
will be served by the members of the
Polonia Literary Circle.
All Ann Arbor Independent Wom-
en living in private homes should
try out for the skit for Assembly.
All kinds of parts are available for
many girls. If possible, please at-
tend the debate in which two of our
girls are taking part. Also plan to
come to the next meeting of the Ann
Arbor Independents on Thursday,
April 28, in the Michigan League.
The Outdoor Club will meet at
Lane Hall at 2:00 o'clock on Satur-

Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members'of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.



ited Chinese
istance. ..

As the undeclared Sino-Japanese War enters
s tenth month, the victory anticipated by the
evaders seems more remote than ever. Despite
early three months of intensive fighting on a
'ont of several hundred miles, the Japanese have
een unable to reach their major objective, the
tal Lunghai east-west railway, or even to cross
-except at one point--the -three protecting wa-
rways which the Chinese have utilized so ad-
antageously in their operations. The defenders,
ipplied with new equipment, their man power
pparently unimpaired, their morale improved,
e now profiting from the defeats of the first
onths of conflict. By frontal attacks, combined
ith intensive guerrilla activities, they have
ccessfully taken the offensive in several stra-
gic areas north of the railway and have given
e Japanese a taste of the bitterness of defeat
>rtheast of the important rail junction, Suchow.
But even the issue of the long-drawn-out and
ercely contested battle for the control of the'

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