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April 19, 1938 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-04-19

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to.
It or not otherwise creditedl in this newspaper. All
sights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
eecond class mal matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$400; by mal, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
NationalIAdvertismgService, inc.
j ~Clic-g. PbMdhrs Reotsxtalve
Board of Editors
SPORTS EDITOR ....................RVIN LISAGOR
Business Department
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
-Alexander G. Ruthven
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Prisoners * . .
overtime- and men and women of
Michigan dusted off the big-time collegiana act
fast week before the admiring gaze of father,
mother, Suzabella and Bill, one 20-year-old
former United States citizen was inducted into
the routine of an isolated community of 2,745
souls, among whom he is to live during the high-
noon of his natural life.
Last April 12 the dreary gates of New York's
Sing Sing Prison swung open to admit two con-
yicted men-Prisoner No. 94,385, and Prisoner'
No. 94,388.
Prisoner No. 94,385 is a big fellow, well dressed
and 49 years old. Unmistakably an aristocrat,
he looked more like the Governor of the State
making a tour of inspection and he was accorded
all the pomp and fanfare of a visiting potentate.
In New York City a mob of 5,000 surged behind
special cordons of blue-coats in Grand Central
Station in a frantic effort to glimpse the man.
Countless other citizens lined the streets. When
the train stopped and the entourage alighted at
Ossining, all eyes sought out the special attrac-
tion. Reporters recorded his every action and
photographers used yards of film. "
Prisoner No. 94,388 was also on the train. He
would be a sophomore in college had he gone
on to school. As a freshman in Sing Sing his
young Irish face contrasts starkly with the hard-
ened countenances of his new companions. But
time will soften the contrasts. And he has
lots of time.
Prisoner No. 94,385 is Richard Whitney, New
England bred, scion of a historic family, grad-
uate of Groton and Harvard, but a Jekyl-Hyde
financier. He embessled probably more than
five million dollars. He got five years and he'll
get out in three if he behaves well.
Prisoner No. 94,388 is Johnny Mahoney. No-
body's ever heard of him. Nobody'll hear of him
from now on either, because Johnny is under
sentence of 30 to 60 years for armed robbery.
He stole $35.
We never would have heard about Johnny at

all only the New York Herald Tribune gave him
one paragraph in its four column write-up of the
Whitney trip to Sing Sing.
Robert I. Fitzhenry.
No More
Knee ends .. .
THE REPORT that the new American
ambassador to England has decided
to abandon the time-honored tradition of pre-
senting American debutantes to the King and
Queen at the Court of St. James will come as a
disappointment to a large section of the social
set but reflects genuine sensibility and democ-
racy on the part of genial Irish Joseph P. Ken-
Each year the state department receives over
2,000 requests for presentations from which of-
ficials must select only 40 or 50 for what the
"400" have regarded as the crowning achieve-
ments of a social career.
State department and embassy officials report
finf. th+v rrpmix +he alnfpP ask n rhonnoine

must have influenced Joe Kennedy in making the
decision. One is that the presentation procedure
is un-American, and violates the spirit of the
constitution which condemns any official sanc-
tioning of an aristocracy or social discrimina-
tions of any kind. The second is the cost in time
and money of handling, sorting, and replying
to the thousands of applications that besiege the
embassy in London every year.
It is probable that many of the debutantes do
not like Mr. Kennedy's decision, but at least it
puts them all on the same footing.
Richard Kellogg.
To the Editor:
Much interest has recently been centered
around the experiments which have been car-
ried out, first at Duke University and later at a
number of other places, indicating the existence
of an "extra-sensory" mode of perception by hu-
man beings. These investigations, begun about
eight years ago by Professor J. B. Rhine, have
consisted for the most part of having persons
suspected of possessing an "extra-sensory" fac-
ulty attempt to guess the designs on the faces of
a pack of cards somewhat similar to ordinary
playing cards, the conditions being such as to
preclude any knowledge through the usual sen-
sory channels. If the. number of correct guesses
was far in excess of what could reasonably be
expected by chance or coincidence, it was con-
cluded that some extra-sensory factor was op-
erating. The results of these tests have formed
the subject of two books and a number of articles
in prominent magazines. In recent weeks, there
have appeared on this campus persistent rumors,
claiming the authority of a member of the uni-
versity faculty, to the effectathat Professor Rhine
is a charlatan and a quack, and even that he has
been proved to have been engaged in the past
in dealings of a questionable nature. These
rumors appear to have gained considerable cur-
rency in University circles here, and it is in
order to inquire what basis .they may have.
Apparently one is supposed to infer that Pro-
fessor Rhine has perpetrated a great hoax on the
American public, and that we are justified in
rejecting his experiments as evidence for an
extrasensory mode of perception. Leaving for
the moment the question of his integrity, it may
first be. pointed out that if we should reject
everything that has been done at Duke, the
evidence obtained elsewhere is sufficient to estab-
lish a stronger case for extra-sensory perception
than exists for many other phenomena which no
one hesitates to regard as established scientific
facts. Such investigations have been made at
a score of colleges and universities embracing
hundreds of individuals and hundreds of thou-:
sands of card calls; and a wholesale fraud in-
cluding all these experiments would be gigantic
indeed, and would implicate not only Professor
Rhine but a host of prominent and respected
persons, including the Chairman of the De-
partment of English at Columbia University, the
president of a great radio corporation, and the
city engineer of a large Michigan city. In short,
the matter has reached such proportions that
extrasensory perception does not stand or fall
with Professor Rhine, and his character has
little bearing on the general question.
None the less I consider it my duty to state
that as an acquaintance-I hope I may say in
justice to him, a friend-of Professor Rhine I
can but regard these statements as utter absurd-
ities. Among those who know him well, he is
esteemed above all else for his forthright frank-j
ness and scrupulous integrity. The criticism'
of the "ESP" investigations fall into three gen-
eral classes: (1) fraud, (2) the presence of some
subtle form of sensory perception, and (3) some
error or wrong assumption in the mathematical
evaluation of the data. The first I have already
dealt with. Perhaps the best answer to the
second is the great mass of data obtained with
the subject operating at so great a distance from
the cards that no sensory cues were possible.
This data alone is easily of sufficient volume to
establish the case for ESP. Concerning the third
point it should be sufficient to quote the following

statement recently issued to the press by Profes-
sor B. H. Camp, President of the Institute of
Mathematical Statistics: "Dr. Rhine's investiga-
tions have two aspects: experimental and sta-
tistical. On the experimental side mathema-
ticians of course have nothing to say. On the
statistical side, however, recent mathematical
work has established the fact that assuming
that the experiments have been properly per-
formed, the statistical analysis is essentially
valid. If the Rhine investigation is to be fairly
attacked it must be on other than mathematical
grounds." It is true that many psychologists,
possibly the majority, are not disposed to take
these experiments seriously. However, one can-
not escape the impression from reading the
current journals of psychology that their indif-
ference, sometimes amounting almost to an-
tagonism, rests not so much on a factual basis
as on their reluctance to accept findings which*
do not fit in with certain preconceived theories.
One is also impressed with the fact that many
psychologists apparently have not troubled to
read the literature on this subject-one which,
if it has any basis in truth, surely contains po-
tentialities of far-reaching consequence to hu-
The practice of slinging mud at those with
whom one disagrees is common among politicians
but ill befits a university scientist. I prefer
to believe that the gentleman in question has
been misquoted or that his statements have been
greatly exaggerated.
-Thomas N. E. Greville.
Instructor in Mathematics.
"Students who feel the need of using something
to keep them awake so they may study during

Jifeinr lo je'
1eywood Broun
A news dispatch from London does much to
explain the present policy of the English Cabinet.
It seems that Leslie Hore-Belisha, the Secretary
of War, believes in mermaids. This has just been
revealed by an article appearing in a London
magazine called Lilliput.
The story of the meeting between Little Leslie
and the lovely lady from the sea was first set
down by the mother of the
distinguished statesman, but
he himself has added a fore-
: w word in his own hand
penned on the stationery of
the War Department. Pos-
sibly it was written in some
haste, since Hore-Belisha
goes to Rome next week to
pay a party call on Mus-
solini. According to the
story, which I assume occurred some few years
ago, Little Leslie put out to sea in a rowboat.
It toppled over and bashed him in the water.
He was beyond his depth even in those days, but
"a most lovely apparition with streaming hair
glided toward him."
Hore-Belisha testified in his foreword that all
this really happened. She had eyes of the deep-
est blue ... most wondrous of all was her body
. . . it tapered off into a slender curve which
sparkled and reflected every color. "The lovely
lady took Little Leslie into her home beneath
the waves. She confided to him that the namer
of her estate was the Palace of Truth." Seeming-
ly he was on the beach being worked upon with
a pulmotor.
Les Is Foolish
I think Little Leslie was a fool to come up. He
could have remained in the Palace of Truth
instead of ambling off to Rome, hat in hand, to
make obeisance to Mussolini. And I fear very
much that the Duce will take him in even as the
mermaid did. However, the whole incident gives
a clue to the nature of British foreign policy.
The entire Cabinet appears to have set out to
sea in a skiff buoyed by the hope that in the
hour of crisis they may be able to catch some
lovely mermaid by the fin and be towed to se-
Neville Chamberlain has not yet taken the
country into his confidence, but it is fair to as-
sume that he cries himself to sleep each night'
with the works of Hans Christian Andersen. Un-
fortunately in negotiating with Mussolini and
Hitler, Neville is dealing with ,the brothers
Grimm, neither of whom seems to believe in
everything which may be read in the story books.
And so I think it is a mistake for Chamberlain
and the rest of the Ministry to shelve Britannia
and pledge complete allegiance to Snow White.
Still it must be admitted that the members of
the Cabinet are all of a perfect mental stature
to serve that little lady.
,k , * * 4
No Monopoly Exists
However, England is not the only land which
knows statesmen who run pell-mell to get away
from reality. Many a political leader at home
and abroad has ventured out to sea without
either chart or plan in the dim hope that some
magical creature from the floor of the ocean will
turn up in time to save him.
Such adventurers should remember that may-
be there are not enough mermaids to go around.
After all, there are so many Little Leslies sitting
in places of power. And the wishful thinkers
who cannot keep their feet on the ground should
also be reminded that the sea has whales as well
as apparitions with streaming hair.
Fairy stories have their virtues, but I think the
time has come for statesmen to put away child-i
ish things. The world today stands in greater
need of pulmotors than of mermaids, and the
voters should get rid of amiable and eccentric
leaders who insist on hanging around aquariums.

Denatured Drinks
Because of a patent granted in Washington
the glass that cheers need not inebriate, even
when it contains a high, percentage of alcohol. A
physician from Vienna has produced a com-
pound which he asserts to be both tasteless and
harmless but, he insists, will keep the imbiber
as sober as a judge should be.
No doubt the inventor is high minded, evei
though the regular medical man will regard
him as unethical if the patent is used for pri-
vate profit. But it is a question whether this fill-
ing a long felt need will also fill a long-felt want.
The man who lines up at the bar instead of at
the soda fountain craves something stimulating
in his blood stream. He may want to keep sober
but he does want a kick.
It is doubtful whether the invention will attain
any great success at social gatherings and the
after-dinner speaker will loath it. The secret
of success on such an occasion is to have the
audience in a mellow state that will make old
jokes sound new and a flow of language seem
like oratory.
-Boston Globe.
"Today a school is made known by its athletic
teams. Even in our own time we have seen
great universities grow as the result of success-
ful athletic teams. This is the condition existing
today, and a wise school will take advantage of
it." The ultra-practical editor of the St. Thomas
College Aquinas believes in making hay while the
athletic stars shine.
"Man is no longer a nersonality hut a civil

Basis Of Theory
To the Editor:
First of all let me try to make a
more clarifying statement of my
stand on economic theory in the be-
ginning courses Ec. 51 and 52. I am
concerned with the educational
method. And that concerns me most
because when I took these twp
courses no other fact was impressed
upon my mind more deeply than the
fact that students like myself were
disgruntled; they were not learning
fundamental economics; but even
more-some were not seeing that
economic ideas and concepts were
handy tools with which to under-
stand the society of which they are
a part.tI contend that there are two
reasons for this state of affairs:
(1) The ground work upon which
economic theory is based was not
built up, or developed in the student's
mind, so that when he encountered
an abstract theory or theoretical
generalizations he had no "place" to
tie them down. If theory is not tied
down it becomes a jumbled mess;
becomes hazy; becomes misunder-
(2) That in order to even ask real
questions in his attempt to under-
stand economic theory (and there is
no doubt that students did make a
sincere attempt) the student had
to learn a new language; not just the
lingo of economists in general, but in
particular, the concepts of ortho-
dox-theory economists.
There are two ways of teaching
students about a foreign land with
a foreign tongue. One, is to place the
'newcomer' into this foreign land
and tell him he must stay there for
one year. (This is in a sense what
happened to sophomores and others
taking economics 51 and 52). A sec-
ond way is to inform the student of
his trip, to the foreign land; inform
him as to what he may expect to find
and to guide him in his preparation,
for the trip. The first way is dan-
gerous in that the new student may-,
be overcome with shock and/or be
easily led to complete misunder-
standing of economic theory as well
as economic activity.
The second method seems to be
much safer and more advantageous.
Concretely it would envolve (1) giv-
ing a short recapitulation of Ameri-
can history in terms of economic ac-
tivity (in first half of first semes-
ter). (2) Show the student the pres-
ent more recent social trends in the
light of capitalistic enterprize (sec-
ond half of first semester). (3) Then
in the second , semester launch the1
student into his foreign land-hisI
trip, redefining terms in so far as one
leaves the land of real economic ac-
tivity and eniters into a land of1
Those who advocate teaching
theory first, will contend that stu-
dents will not understand economic1
activity without having had theory
first. I emphatically disagre~e. Cer-
tainly factors of economic impor-
tance involved in the founding of the
American colonies, the westward
movement, the tremendous expan-
sion, the industrial revolution and
its problems and the series of wars'
can be made clear to incoming stu-
dents without going into marginal
utility. Certainly one can teach the
economic importance of the' decreas-
ing birth rate, the aging population,
the increased urbanization, the
shifts in occupational structures
without going into the "law of one
price" and the "law of diminishing
returns." I am not saying that all
theory will be excluded, but rather
that the emphasis on theory will
come in thessecond semester-where
logically it should. The happenings

in past history of American capital-
ism and present' economic tenden-
cies will have been pointed to stu-
dents. They will have built up a
base high enough and solid enough
in their minds, thus allowing an
adequate tieing place for any and
all economic theory that is offered.
This as yet does not satisfy
C.F.B.'s fair charge that economic
theory has its place and for that rea-
son he is going to take more of it.
But as Frank H. Knight says in his
"The Limitations of Scientific Meth-
od In Economics," "There is an ab-
stract rationale of all conduct aris-
ing through the organization of ra-
tional activity. We cannot tell what
particular goods any person will de-
sire, but we can be sure that within
limits he will prefer more of any good
to less, and that these will be limits
beyond which the opposite will be
true." Again he says, "These prin-
ciples (of economic theory) are only
less abstract than those of mathe-
matics." Alright, if the Economics
department is interested in inocu-
lating sophomores with economic ab-
stractions-they must build up a
body of fact and knowledge to do
that abstracting with. They must
build up that "body of fact" in the
student's head. In other words re-
verse the present method and show
and explain to students economic
activity first-and then present these
abstract principles of theory.
If one is at all, interested in edu-
cation and clear thinking it seems
to me that the fallacies of the present
method of teaching economic theory
in hpoinninou r sres mwAld hvne-Inno-

(Continued from Page 2)
Courses offered in Decorative Design
D.D.2, Principles of Design.
D.D.4, Theory of Color.
D.D.5, Pattern Design.
D.D.31, Advanced Design in Color.
Students interested in this work
should consult Professor H. A. Fowl-
er, Decorative Design Department,
345 Arch Bldg. Advanced work in
interior and furniture design, DD.
61, will be given by Profesor C. B.
Troedsson. Those interested in this
course should inquire at the office of
the College, Room 207.
An Exhibition of paintings by Er-
nest Harrison Barnes and of paint-
ings and pastels by Frederick H. Ald-
rich, Jr., both of the faculty of the
College of Architecture, is presented
by the Ann Arbor Art Association in
the North and South Galleries of
Alumni Memorial Hall, April 18
through May 1. Open daily includ-
ing Sundays from 2 to 5 p.m., ad-
mission free to students and mem-
University Lecture: Miss Marjorie
Daunt, Reader in English Language,
University of London, and Visiting
Lecturer, Smith College, will lecture
"The English Accent-What Is It?
How Is It?" on Thursday, April 28,
at 4:15 p.m. in Natural Science Audi-
torium under the auspices of the
Department of English. The public
is cordially invited.
Events Today
Mathematics Club. Will meet Tues-
day, at 8 p.m., in Room 3017 Angell
Hall. Professor T. R. Running will
speak on "Graphical Graduation of
Experimental Data in Two Vari-
ables." Professor P. S. Dwyer will
speak on "Some Theorems on Cumu-
lative Totals, with Applications."
Faculty Women's Club: The Book
Shelf and Stage Section will meet at
at the home of Mrs. W. W. Sleator,
2503 Geddes Ave., Tuesday, April 19,
at 2:45 p.m. Mrs. Hempstead Bull is
assisting hostess.
Tuesday Afternoon Playreading
Section: Meeting this afternoon in
the Mary B. Henderson Room of the
Michigan League at 2:15.
The Music Section will meet at the
home of Mrs. Lewis M. Simes, 1617
Morton Ave., on Tuesday, April 19,
at 8 p.m. The program will consist
of a talk on the music of the l\ay
Festival by Miss Louise Cuyler and
a group of songs by the Chorus di-
rected by Mrs. Grace Johnson Ko-
nold. The meeting will be open to
members of the Faculty Women's
Bibliophiles, Faculty Women's Club,
Tuesday, April 19, 2:30 p.m., -Mrs. J.
F. Rettger, 513 Oswego St. Hostesses,
Senate Notes
The Student Senate will hold its
"first post-holiday meeting at 7:30
tonight in the Union; though the
Senators had selected the League as
t h e i r permanent meeting - place,
crowded conditions there have forced
them into the Union's Glee Club'
* * *
Some five motions are on the dock-
et for the evening and several more
may come up from the floor after
these have been disposed of. Two of

the five call for rules changes, one,
requiring proxy votes to be given
specifically, the other preventing
consideration of matters already vot-
ed upon by the Senate. The proxy
rule motion is the outcome of some
criticism of the blanket proxy sys-
tem as it is used now and an effort.
to restrict the privilege of Senators
in giving their votes to colleagues.
The second proposed change is an
outgrowth of the debates of the Nea-
fus case and seeks to prevent debate
on any issue already voted upon by
the Senate until a space of two
months shall have elapsed. The,
Neafus case was debated on suc-
cessive Tuesdays and each time pro-
Neafus resolutions were beaten by a
single vote.
* * *
The other three resolutions on to-
night's docket are more general. One
requests the setting up of a com-
mittee to investigate certain aspects
of Library policy, particularly the
system of returning overnight books
and the chance of getting better
lighting facilities. Another proposes
a committee to investigate book
prices; the third is a general motion
on housing, an outgrowth of the Sen-
ate hearing on housing of two weeks
* * *
Two renmmittpn Af the mnoif pne

Mrs. Rettger and Mrs. Norman Nel-
l on.
Michigan Dames, Homemaking
Group, meeting Tuesday, April 19, at
8 o'clock at the home of Mrs. Lewis
Haines, 209 S. State Street. Informal
Sigma. Rho. Tau men are to meet
the director and recording secretary
in Rooms 15 and 16, East Hall, at
the appointed time.
Tau Beta ri: Dinner meeting to-
night at the Union at 6:15 p.m. S. W.
McAllister, University Librarian will
speak concerning the various libraries
oxi Campus.
The Association Book Group will
hear a timely discussion of construc-
tive action for peace, "Swords Into
Plowshare" by Mary Hoxie Jones, the
story of the American Friends Serv-
ice Committee,'1917-1937, reviewed
by Emily Morgan, Tuesday, at 4:15
in Lane Hall Library.
Christian Science Organization:
8:15 p.m. League Chapel Students,
alumni and faculty are invited to at-
tend the services.
The Chemical and Metallurgical
Engineering Seminar for graduate
students will meet today at 4 o'clock
in Room 3201 E. Engineering Bldg.
Mr. C. D. D'Amico will be the speaker
on "Some Factors Influencing the
Formation of Graphite in Cast Iron."
Student Senate: The Senate will
meet this evening at 7:30 p.m. in
Room 305 of the Union. All men-
bers are requested to be present or
represented by proxy, as there is
considerable business on agenda.
Scabbard and Blade: There will be
a meeting at 7:30 p.m. tonight at
R.O.T.C. Headquarters. All active
members must be present,
Travels Through Europe: An illus-
trated lecture to be given by Alexan-
der Plutynski "24E" with motion pic-
tures taken during the summer of
1937. Countries visited include
Switzerland, Poland, G e r m a n y,
Czechoslovakia, and what was until
recently Austria. Because of the re-
cent developments that have occured
in central Europe this talk will be of
interest to all internationally-mind-
ed people. The public is cordially in-
vited to attend.
Mr. Plutynski is being presented by
the student branch of the "Polish
Engineering Society" at the Michi-
gan Union tonight at 8 p.m. in Room
Fencing Club, Women's: The regu-
lar meeting of the club will be held
at 4:15 p.m. today at Barbour Gym-
nasium. New members are particu-
larly invited to attend.
Congress: There will be a meeting
of the Activities committee tonight
at 8 p.m. in Room 306 of the Union.
Coming Events
Research Club,. Junior Research
Club, and Women's Research Club:
The Memorial Meeting will be held
Wednesday, April 20, at 8 p.m., in
Room 316 Michigan Union. Profes-
sor C. S. Schoepfle will speak on. "Sir
William Perking the discoverer of
coal tar dyes." Professor H. D. Cur-
tis will speak on "James Craig Wat-
son, second director of the Michigan
Astronomical Observatory."
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry wuild-
ing on Wednesday, April 20 at 4:15
p.m. Miss Gretchen Mueller will
speak on "Diffusion and Chemical
Reaction in Solids."
Faculty Women's Club. The An-
nual Luncheon will be held Wednes-
day, April 20 at 1 o'clock in the Mich-
igan League Ballroom. Reservations

should be made with Mrs. Clark at
the League not later than 12 noon,
Tuesday, April 19.
Dr. Albert C. Hodge of Sheridan,
Farwell and Morrison, Inc., Invest-
ment Counsel, will speak to an as-
sembly of the School of Business Ad-
ministration on Thursday, April 21, at
2 p.m. in the auditorium of the Ro-
mance Language Building on the
subject, "Business and Business
School Graduates." Those interest-
ed are. invited to attend.
Michigan Dames Drama Group
meeting Wednesday at 8 in the
Michigan League.
Mrs. D. O. Bowman will give a re-
view of plays and Mr. Richard
Truesdale will give a talk and dem-
onstration on the use of theatrical
make-up. All Dames and their
guests are cordially invited.
Luncheon for Graduate Students
on Wednesday at 12 o'clock noon in
-the Russian Tea Room of the Michi-
gan League.
Cafeteria Service. Professor John
Muyskens of the department of
Speech and General Linguistics will
speak informally on: "A Shifting
Rn., 'nd (r' n-ain. . y tnr inin.a ri

Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.



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