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March 11, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-11

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The Weather
Mostly cloudy today with ris-
ing temperature; fair and
slightly warmer tomorrow.

L

A6F A&
.A4tr4t an

ti

Editorials
Why Are We Here? .
The TVA Is In Dangerao.
Ann Arbor's Municipal
Election..

VOL. XLVIII. No. 115 Ali ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 11, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Hostile British
Crowds Jeer
Nazi Minister
At Whitehall
Lord Halifax Disappointed
After First Big Effort To
Reach Rapprochement
Austrians Riot Over
Call For Plebiscite
LONDON, March 10.-(W)-Hostile,
shouting crowds heckled Joachim Von
Ribbentrop, Germany's new foreign
minister, today as he sought with
Britain to form a peaceful partner-
ship in the face of increasing Euro-
pean unrest.
Both before and after the meeting
with Viscount Halifax, British for-
eign secretary, Von Ribbentrop had
to brave an unfriendly crowd which
surged against reinforced police lines,
shouting "Get out, Ribbentrop!" and
other taunts. Some greeted him with
the Communist clenched fist salute.
What the two men, both new as
their governments' foreign ministers,
discussed was concealed behind diplo-
matic secrecy. Reliable sources,
however, said that the conference
was inconclusive and that gaunt Lord
Halifax was disappointed with his
first big effort as chief of White-
hall's foreign policy.
Von Ribbentrop, sources said, had
flatly refused to commit himself that
there would be no outside interfer-
ence in Austria's plebiscite Sunday.
In Austria itself, disorders in Graz
and Vienna and a threat of possible
Nazi sabotage and terrorism today
followed the sudden call for a plebis-
cite Sunday on the issue of Austrian
independence.
More than 40 persons were injured
in clashes and the dread words "civil
war" were heard in Graz, Nazi
stronghold, as the pre-plebiscite cam-
paign opened with intensive propa-
ganda, parades and exhortations.
In Vienna, Nazis charged that
Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg, by
calling last night fo a vote on his
policy of Austrian independence
against further German encroach-
ments, had broken the understanding
reached with Chancellor Adolf Hitler
of Germany Feb. 12 in their Berchtes-
gaden conference, and the Constitu-
tion Of 1934.
Japs Reported
Advancing On
Chinese Frontl
SHANGHAI, March 11.-(Friday)
--(P-Japanese today reported their
forces had crossed the Yellow River
on two central China fronts, but Chi-
nese declared their guns were pre-
venting the Japanese vanguards from
gaining footholds.
Both sides relied heavily on air
power as bitter cold swept the war
zone.
A Japanese spearhead reached the
south bank of the Yellow River at
Szeshui, 25 miles west of Chengchow,
and cut the vital East-West Lunghai
Railroad. Chinese in northern Honan
Province, however, said they had
rushed artillery to Szeshui and were
firing against Japanese guns across
the river. ,
They reported a new, more stren-
uous effort to wipe out the Japanese
advance units and recapture the
railroad town. Interruption of Lung-

hai traffic seriously jeopardizes
China's hold on the fertile corridor
between Japan's conquests in North
and Central China.
High Chinese military authorities
at ,Hankow, a temporary: seat of the
Central Government, declared no for-
midable Japanese land force had
crossed the Yellow River in the Lung-
hai area.
Murphy To Decide
On Special Session
LANSING, March 10.-(A")-Gov-
ernor Murphy will decide.by Wednes-
day whether to call a special session
of the L4egislature, he said today.
Indicating his hope that such a
call will not be necessary, the Gov-
ernor said he would base his decision
on a survey of the welfare situation
in Michigan's 83 counties which was
made by Budget Director Harold D.
Smith and the state Emergency Re-
lief Commission.
Rffiirnhv ,c~,aiAfthat-if pi' V~n i +the

NLRB To Hear Local Strike
Case; Sides Make Statements

Bluim Works
To Organize
New Cabinet

Hearing, First Of Its Kind
To Be Held Here, May
Take Place On Campus
Within three weeks the National
Labor Relations Board will hold an
open hearing in Ann Arbor on the
case of the Ann Arbor Press, which
is charged with violating the Wagner
Act and against which the Interna-
tional Typographical Union is now
conducting a strike, the Daily learned
last night from Harry A. Reifin, ITU
organizer.
Charges filed against the- local
printing plant include discharge of
employes for union membership, re-
fusal to negotiate with an organiza-
tion representing a majority of 'the
workers in the composing. room, and
the maintenance of a "company
union."
The hearing on the case, which will
be held after the issuance of a formal
complaint, has been moved up ahead
of cases .eight and ten months old
because of the "flagrant and open"
violations of the Wagner Act and be-
cause a strike is in progress, Reifin
told the Daily yesterday.
This will be the first NLRB hearing
in Ann Arbor. It is believed that since
the Circuit Court House downtown
will not be available for the hearing,
the proceedings may be held on the
campus.
Replying to the statement made
yesterday by the Ann Arbor Press and
printed in this issue of the Daily,
Louis Falstreaux, chairman of the
strike coxnmittee, said last night that
sanitary conditions have improved in
the printing plant since the strike
began on Feb. 18. But before that
date, Falstreaux said, one wash-
basin and one faucet on the main
floor of the Ann Arbor Press were
used by 50 men.
Before Feb. 18, he stated, there were
no vents to lead away the noxious and
poisonous fumes from the pots of
melting metal. Every plant he has
ever worked in, the strike chairman
said, had ventilation to eliminate the

fumes, which often cause lead poison-
ing and tuberculosis.
For seven months before the strike,
Falstreaux declared, the girls in the
proof-reading room complained of
poor lighting. The Edison Company
recommended 150 light units, he
poionted out, but found only 31 such
units in the room. New lights have
been installed in the proof room and
press room, he said.
"Wages," Falstreaux said, "are the
smallest part of the present dispute.
The Ann Arbor Press does pay $1,
the prevailing wage rate in this city,
but does not pay time and one half for
overtime work, which is standard
practice. Mr. A. J. Wiltse, the plant's
manager, has appealed to the men
at 'company union' meetings not to
take away from him his advantage
in underbidding competitors, derived
from the fact that he does not pay
time and one half for overtime."
When rush orders accumulate, the
management said in its statement,
"our employees are permitted to work
longer, with proportionate extra com-
pensation. Rather than complaining
about this, the employees have wel-
comed this additional income."
"That's just why 19 out of an eligible
23 workers are out on strike," Fal-
streaux said, "because at all times,
not occasionally, overtime is demand-
ed at the threat of being fired."
The Ann Arbor Press statement will
be found on page six.

Chautemps Resigns A
Chamber Refuses I
Final Decree Power

f ter
Him

Comnunists Agree
To Take Positions
PARIS,- March 10.- (W) - Leon
Blum, France's first Socialist premier,
tonight tried to form a new cabinet
to succeed the resigned government'
of Radical-Socialist Camille Chau-'
temps.
The lanky, soft-spoken deputy pro-
mised to work speedily in face of the
increasingly difficult domestic and
foreign situation.
Chautemps resigned today because
the Chamber of Deputies refused to
vote him full financial and economic
decree powers.
The 65-year-old Blum, who headed
the first People's Front government
from June 4, 1936, to June 21, 1937,
accepted the task of forming a new
cabinet as the leader of the largest
party in the chamber.
It became known tonight that the
Communists, who with the Socialists
and Radical-Socialists make up the
People's Front, had agreed for the
first time to enter the cabinet since
the coalition was constituted.
Political leaders urged speedy con-
stitution of a new government par-
ticularly because 'of two factors:
The floating of the 10,000,000,000
franc (approximately $316,000,000)
national defense loan scheduled for
Monday; and:
Austria's plebiscite set for Sun-
day, demanding a united French na-
tion in the international field.
Labor Relatio t
Jobs Discussed
At Conference

Indict Whitney
Of Taking Cash

Thomas
Misuse

Dewey Charges
Of $105,000

NEW YORK, March 10.-(AP)-
Richard Whitney, five times presi-
dent of the New York Stock Ex-
change and during Wall Street's most
critical years one of its leaders and
spokesmen, late today was indicted
for grand larceny in the first degree.
The indictment was obtained by
District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey,
popular rackets prosecutor, less than
four hours after State Attorney Gen-
eral John J. Bennett, Jr., had given
Dewey necessary approval.
Trying to save his brokerage firm
from the bankruptcy it petitioned for
Tuesday, Whitney, the indictment
charges, used around $105,000 of
funds left in an estate of which he
was a co-trustee, leaving only one
share of stock of Bethlehem Steel Co.,
in the trust.
About 4 p.m., Dewey, Tuttle, Whit-
ney, and the foreman. of the grand
jury went before General Sessions
Judge William Allen, who paroled
Whitney overnight in custody of his
attorney.
Rainer, Tracy Receive
Movie Awards For '37
HOLLYWOOD, Calif., March 10.-
OP)--Louise Rainer and Spencer Tracy
were given the Academy Awards to-
night for the best motion picture
performances during 1937. Miss Rai-
ner won Hollywood's commendation
for her work in "The Good Earth,"
and Tracy for his performance in
"Captains Courageous." The year's
most outstanding picture was "The
Life of Emile Zola."

i
i
'{
r .
i
i

Ickes, Willkie
Quarrel Balks
Utilities Peace
Roosevelt Summons Three
Heads To Washington
For Showdown
WASHINGTON, March 10.-(AP)-A
new quarrel between Secretary of the
Interior Ickes and Wendell Willkie,
private power executive, threatened
tonight to balk attempts to end
strife between TVA and the electricity
industry in the Tennessee valley.
Ickes accused Willkie of trying
to start a "conspiracy" to shut off
Public Works Administration grants
for municipal power projects; Willkie
promptly replied that Ickes' charge
was "silly."
The quarrel has no connection,
direct at least, with the internal
troubles in the TVA directorate. The
latter quarrel appearedtonight to be
near a showdown.
President Roosevelt has summoned
Chairman Arthur Morgan, TVA's one-
man faction, and his bitter opponents,j
David Lilienthal and Harcourt Mor-
gan, to gather in his office tomorrow
and cite facts to bolster their charges
against each other. The charges
include -bad faith and obstructive
tactics.
Secretary Ickes' ire had been
aroused by a statement Willkie made
in connection with peace negotiations
between TVA and private power that
the Public Works Administration,
which is headed by Ickes, should bring
its municipal power program to a'
"standstill."

Townsend pel
To Supreme Court
WASHINGTON, March 10.-(')-
Dr. Francis E. Townsend carried to
the Supreme Court today his fight
against a 30-day jail sentence im-
posed upon him for contempt of a
House committee which investigated
his old age pension movement.
Tl-. 71-year-old California physi-
cian stalked out of a Hofuse commit-
tee session on May 21, 1936, declaring
the investigators were unfriendly and
unfair and that he did not "propose
to come back except under arrest."
In his petition for a Supreme Court
review, Townsend contended the Dis-
trict Court had refused to permit him
to introduce evidence "to show that
the questions propounded at the coin-
mittee hearing were almost wholly of
an abusive, insulting or personal
tenor."
Wildlife Films
To Be Shown
Here Tuesday
Chapman To Give Seventh
Lecture In Oratorical
Association Program
Wendell Chapman, renowned pho-
tographer of wild life, will present
the seventh lecture on the Oratorical
Association program Tuesday when
he will speak at Hill Auditorium on
"Wild Animals in the Rockies." The
talk will be accompanied by motion
pictures and colored slides.
Mr. Chapman began his photo-
graphic career as a hobby, when he
obtained a two years' leave of ab-
sence from the investment banking
firm where he was employed, to travel
the mountains of Colorado, Wyoming,
Montana and British Columbia. The
two years stretched to four and upon
his return Mr. Chapman found his
pictures and the lectures with which
he accompanied them so popular that
he decided to abandon his banking
career.
Contrary to usual practice, Mr.
Chapman uses no blinds, traps or
other devices, and even disregards the
wind in his work with animals. He
has found a direct approach highly
successful in gaining the confidence1
of his camera subjects.
Mr. Chapman has done a num-I
ber of picture studies for National
Geographic, Field and Stream, Na-
tural History and other magazines.
Rebels Smash
Spanish Front
Push Aims At Separating
LoyalistStrongholds
HENDAYE, France, March l0.-()
-Spanish Insurgent drives on two
fronts today smashed through Gov-
ernment defenses guarding the north-
ern mountain barrier to Madrid and
pressed an eastward drive toward the
Mediterranean coast.-
The eastern push, on a 7-mile
front in Aragon province below Zar-
agoza, was the greatest offensive
of the civil war. It was aimed at
what Insurgents hoped would be the
decisive blow, separation of Valencia
and Barcelona, the Govrnment's
main coastal strongholds.
Reports to Generalissimo Fran-
cisco Franco's headquarters told of
widespread gains with infantry at-
tack~ing under cover of heavy air
and artillery bombardments.

Campus

. Perlman Is In Senate
Race ut Perlman Isn't
Robert M. Perlman is running for
the Student Senate today and Robert
Perlman is not.
A harrowing tale of mistaken iden-
tity was laid bare to the Daily last
night when the second Perlman, a
literary school junior from the East.
told of receiving mail and calls for
the other Perlman, a graduate stu-
dent from Chicago.
"But I want it clearly understood,"
Perlman said last night (that's the
one without the middle name) "that
though not running for the Student
Senate, I still can believe in 'Liberty,
Equality and Fraternity.'
Detroit Skaters
To Head Union
I c e Jamboree
Campus Mythical Hockey
Championship Tilt And
Figure Skating Planned
Featuring an exhibition by 40 skat-
ers from the Olympic Skating Club
of Detroit who formed the principal
support for Sonja Henie when she
was in that city, the Union's first
Ice Carnival will be held at 8 p.m.
today in the Coliseum.
Individuals doing figure and fancy
skating will be prominent also on
the program tonight. Among those
that will be starred are Miss Phyllis
Rotnour, Miss Laura Brown, Eric
Jadick and Harry Martin.
In addition to these skating ex-1
hibitions, the playoff for the mythical
hockey championship of the campus
between Phi Kappa Psi, the winners
in the fraternity division, and the1
Cougers, who captured the indepen-;
dent league's title, will be held.
After the planned program, the1
Coliseum will be open for free skat-
ing by all that wish it.
Receipts from this project will go
towards tributes to the Varsity golf,
football, track, swimming, cross-
country, wrestling, basketball, hockey,
fencing and tennis teams. These will
be placed in the billiard room of the)
Union.-
Tickets are now on sale at the main;
desk of the Union, and will be placed
on sale at the Coliseum tonight. ;
California Legislature '
May Pardon Mooney
SACRAMENTO, Calif., March 10.-
(I)-Tom Mooney's personal appeal to
the California assembly for a pardon
from his Preparedness Day bombing
conviction today resulted in a vote1
of 37 to 33 in favor of a legislative
decree. This was four short of the
required majority of 80 members, and1
a call to bring in absent members was
invoked.
Before the vote was taken Mooney
told the assembly "I am firmly con-
vinced that my liberty is near at
hand, either through action of the1
legislature, the governor or the United
States Supreme Court." t

Good Scholarship Is First
Requisite In Judging Of
ApplicantsFor Positions
Outlining qualifications for labor
relation jobs, C. E. Weiss, industrial
relations manager, for the Packard
Motor Car Company, told an audience
of 200 at the vocational conference in
the Union yesterday that knowledge
of the specific business set-up, not
college training, is the essential)
equipment for modern industrial re-
lations work.
Not one of the men holding respon-
sible positions in the Packard per-
sonnel department has been recruit-
ed from outside the Packard plant,
Weiss declared, emphasizing that ex-
Sperience was the best means of crash-
ing into personnel work.
Although college mental equipment
is of course an advantage,*-he said, it
has been found time and again that
it does not often prepare graduates
to assume responsible personnel jobs.
J. T. Sheafor, assistant to the
president of the Michigan Bell Tele-
phone Co. declared in the course of a
sample job interview with David
Linsdale, '37E, that the first consider-
ation in judging an applicant was
scholarship. Campus activities and
business experience are secondary.
"We feel that unless a student can
perform academic work satisfactorily
he is likely to fail at a job," he said.
As the interview unfolded he told
Linsdale that fears of being lost in
the red tape of a large company were
unfounded. "No concern can afford to'
drop contact with carefully selected
employes. Such men are an invest-
ment and the management is careful
to protect it."
In the second demonstration Ches-
ter Miller, Superintendent of Schools
in Saginaw questioned two other job-
seekers, Joanne Kimmel, '38Ed and
Lewis Revey, Grad.
E. J. Benge, director of the training
(Continued on Page S)

League, Angell Hall, W.
Engineering, Union And
Library,_Polling Places
Daily To Publish
Returns Tomorrow
From 7:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. today,
students in all schools and colleges
of the University will elect by a sys-
tem of P.R. 32 Student Senators to
represent them in a body consolidat-
ing and expressing their opinion on
national and international affairs.
The Senate will hold its first meeting
STuesday.
Votes may be cast at the League,
the Union, Angell Hall basement, the
Library or West Engineering Build-
ing on presentation of an identifi-
cation card.
The' campus was flooded yesterday
with posters, handbills and cards dis-
Joseph S. Mattes, '38, has an-
nounced his withdrawal from the
Senate election. He asks those who
would have voted for him to cast their
ballots for Ralph Gill, Independent,
and for those candidates of the
United-Liberal Coalition.
tributed by party groups and in-
dividual candidates. Sample ballots
were posted on most of the bulletin
boards.
Strikers on the Ann Arbor Press
picket line handed out cards urging
passersby to vote for G..Kerby Jen-
nings, Grad., one of the striking
members of the International Typo-
graphical Union.
Twenty students confined in the
University Health service yesterday
signed a petition circulated byRobert.
M. Perlman, Grad., and Neil A. Ball,
candidates in the election, that
they be permitted to vote even though
physically unable to get to one of
the polls. The Director of Eelections
stated last night that a special bal-
lot box would be provided for these
students.
Instructions for marking the bal-
lot follow:
"Put the number 1 in the square
For a sample ballot and the
complete platforms of 47 of the
63 candidates, see page 6 of to-
day's paper.

To Elect

Student Senators
In P.I1.Vote Today

Dr. Rickert
National

To Address
Dental Group

Before the annual convention of
the American Association of Dental
Schools meeting jointly with the In-'
ternational Association for Dental
Research at Minneapolis, March 12-
16, Dr. U. G. Rickert of the School
of Dentistry will deliver a report on
"Social Relations and Professional
Trends." Dr. Rickert is also a mem-
ber of the administrative council of,
the International Association for
Dental Research.
Accompanying Dr. Rickert are
Dean Russel W. Bunting of the
School of Dentistry and Dr. M. L.
Ward, and Dr. O. C. Applegate, also
of the University Dental School.

SttsSpemfor.

New Era In Dentistry Forecast
By Experiment In Tooth Decay

By JACK SULLIVAN
That tooth decay bears no primary
relation to malnutrition has been
shown by experiments carried on
here under the direction of Dean
Russel W. Bunting and Dr. Philip
Jay of the School of Dentistry, ex-

Dickinson States British Labor
Opposes Government Re ilation
By ALBERT MAYIO tion which is pro-labor, so that even
English labor unions are opposed with a friendly administration in
to government control over labor and power, union revenues diminish from
look skeptically at the trend of gov- decreased membership.
┬░rnment-labor relationships here in The large labor unions in England
the United States, Prof. Z. C. Dickin- are mostly industrial in organization
son of the economics department said and are not incorporated, contrary to
in an interview yesterday. a somewhat prevalent opinion in this
They believe that, although a country, he said, although unions, as
friendly government like the Roose- mutual-help fraternal organizations,
vpf ra i nite fa nn ., nv nnfr h,. lacc_;. .--,_ _-_ -----_-o

periments which promise to launch
Psychiatrist Joins a new era in the field of preventive
dentistry.
Child Guidance Staff The experiments, which have been
conducted at the Dental School since
1929, have indicated that the pres-
Dr. Paul H. Jordan of the Wor- ence of large numbers of the organ-
cester Child Guidance Clinic, Wor- ism, "Lactobacillus acidophilus," in
cester, Mass., has been appointed psy- the saliva accompany tooth decay.
chiatrist for the Michigan Child By reducing the number of these lac-
Guidance Institute and will join the tobacilli it has been found that decay
staff in Ann Arbor on April 1. also may. be reduced and sometimes
Completing the staff of the Mich- completely prevented.
igan Child Guidance Institute as at It has long been held that decay,
present organized, Dr. Jordan will be or in dental terms, caries, is a mani-
attached to the Neuropsychiatric In- festation of lack of calcium and vita-

lactobacilli could be reduced by re-
stricting carpohydrates in the, diet. A
large group of institutionalized chil-
dren, whose diet could be carefully
controlled, were forbidden candy or
sugar in any form, and saliva cul-
tures of lactobacillus acidophilus be-
came only occasionally positive. When
a number of these children were al-
lowed an abundance of candy, their
saliva cultures soon became positive,
and there was a 33 per cent increase
in active caries.
After candy feeding was discon-
tinued, the lactobacillus count
dropped. Scientific evidence thus
confirmed the lay impression that
candy and excess sugar is conducive
to tooth decay. However, this is only
because candy stimulates the growth
of lactobacilli, not because it alters
the enamel structure of the teeth, it

before the name of the candidate who
is your first choice for Student Sen-
ate.
"Put the number 2 before your
second choice, the number 3 before
your third choice, and so on, mark-
ing as many choices as you wish.
"Mark your choices with numbers
only. Do not use X-marks, or your
ballot will not be counted."
Because of the complexity of
counting and transferring the votes,
the final tally will probably not be
made until late tomorrow, but the
Daily will carry early standings in
tomorrow's paper.
These early results will in no sense
be final, but will fairly accurately
show the trend in the election and
will also indicate those who are de-
clared out of the race, because of in-
sufficient votes," Richard M. Scam-
mon, Grad., director of elections, ex-
plained.
All those interested in watching
the vote transferrance, conducted, by
rules similar to those of the New
York City election, will be admitted
to Room 302 in the Union, Scam-
mon announced.
Of the 63 competing, 14 are af-
filiated with the United Liberal Coali-
tion, 15 .with the Conservative Party
and eight with the Progressive In-
dependent Party. The Young Com-
munist League is backing a canflidate,
as are the Student Religious Associa-
tion, the Ann Arbor Independents,
the International (Friends) Council
and the International Typographical
Union.
A leader of the Conservative Party
was confident yesterday that at least
12 of the party's 15 candidates would
win, while Coalition heads indicated
that 10 of their 14 would come
through.
Clerks were given instructions to
be at the polls at assigned times, not
to leave before relieved, to mark
identification cards with a circled X,
to caution the voter to mark ballots
with figures and to see that the
voter places his own ballot in the box.
I~a. 1 mT Wme..

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