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March 18, 1937 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-03-18

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The Weather.

--dommm- 'i
i Food 1 40,



Rising temperature and
erally fair.

gen- 1



Court Backers'
Disclose Plan
To Sound-Out
Justices' Views
McReynolds Cites Absence
Of Sportsmanship In
Accepting Decisions
Striking Testimony
Sought InHearing
WASHINGTON, March 17.-(P)-
Leading opponents of the Roosevelt
court reorganization bill disclosed to-
day that a movement is under way
to persuade several members of the
Supreme Court to give their views at
Senate Judiciary Committee hearings.
At least three justices have been
very cautiously and privately sound-
ed out on the idea, it was said, and
the senators involved are hopeful of
obtaining their acquiescence and
thereby giving the opposition side of
the great dispute some spectacular
and striking support.
Professor Gives Advice
The Senate committee, now hearing
proponents of the Roosevelt measure
received testimony today from Ed-
ward S. Corwin, professor of Consti-
tutional Law at Princeton University.
He said that the proposed revamping
of the judiciary is necessary to "bring
about an interpretation of the Con-
stitution in the light of the meaning
given it by the founders."
Anoher development was a radio
speech byd Representative Burdick
(Rep., N.D.), who said the gist of
the court controversy is "that the
President has a New Deal scheme
which he desires to enact into law
and have it sustained, not because
it is constitutional but because it is
a part of the New Deal."
Justice McReynolds Speaks
The attempt to bring members of
the Court before the committee was
given added stimulation by a fra-
ternity banquet address with which
Associate Justice McReynolds broke
the ice of judicial reticence about the
tremendous conflict.
"The evidence of good sportsman-
ship," he said last night, "is that a
myn who has had a chance to pre-
sent a fair case to a fair tribunal
must be a good sport and accept the
State Academy
To Open Annual
Session Tonight
Meeting Is To Bring Many
Educators And Research
Leaders IntoCity
The opening here of the forty-sec-
ond meeting of the Michigan Aca-
demy of Science, Arts and Letters
will be marked by a reception for its
members at 8 p.m. tonight in tne
University Museums.
Educators and scientific investi-
gators to the number of more than
400 are expected to attend the Aca-
dmy meetings, which will continue
through Saturday. Sessions of in-
dividual sections on subjects includ-
ing the natural sciences, economics
political science, mathematics, liter-
ature, philosophy and medicine wil
be heldptomorrow and Saturday.
Anthropology Is Topic

Anthropology will form the topic
of the first and only section meeting
at 2 p.m. today in Room 3024, Univer-
sity Museums. Dr. James B. Griffir
of the Museum of Anthropology wil
act as chairman of the section.
Papers to be given at the sectior
meeting today include "Zoomorphic
Forms in Chinese Culture" by B. A.
deV. Bailey of the Museum of An-
thropology, "The.Beginnings of Por-
celain in China" by Miss Joan Nile,
and Mrs. Elizabeth McGilli, "Nev
light on the Development of True
Porcelain in China" by J. M. Plum-
er of the Institute of Fine Arts, "A
Study of Japanese Kinship Terms'
by Frances S. Hughes of the anthro-
pology department and "Tokaid
Circuit: Past and Present" by Prof
R. B. Hall of the geography depart-
Professor Dice To Talk
Feature of tomorrow's program wil
be the address of the Academy'
president, Prof. Lee R. Dice, curator
of mammal division, Museum o
Zoology, at 7:45 p.m. in the Unior
and a talk on, "Isolating Primar
Factor of Intelligence" by Prof. L. I
Thuston nf the Tniversity of Chi

Slosson Says LaGuardia Case
Shows Benefits Of Free Speech

Claims -Government That
Censors Is Responsible
For All Statements
The American prerogative of free
speech and Mayor Fiorelo H. La
Guardia's excitable naibure were
stressed by Professor Preston W. Slos-
son of the history department as fac-
tors in the outbursts against Adolf
Hitler made by New York's mayor in
a speech before 25,000 people in Mad-
ison Square Garden Monday night.
Professor Slosson denied the con-
tention that Mayor La Guardia's pro-
posal that Hitler be putina "Cham-
ber of Horrors" to be erected at the
coming world's fair to be held in New
York in 1939, was a vote garnering
move to impress the Jewish populace
of New York City, which far out-
numbers the Aryan populace. Pro-
fessor Slosson said "Mayor La Guar-
dia is a liberal so his detestation of
reactionary dictatorship is particu-
larly vigorous, and he has always been
undiplomatic and rough of speech."
Secretary of State Cordell Hull, in,
a recently addressed note to the Ger-
man government also stressed the
right of free speech when he said,
after expressing his regret over the
occurrence of the untoward situation,
"In this country the right of free
speech is guaranteed by the Consti-
tution to every citizen and cherished
as a part of the national heritage."
The present situation, he continued,
is a fine argument against censorship
of the press. When there is govern-
ment censorship of the press, he
said, the government takes respon-
sibility for everything that appears
in it, while in the absence of such
censorship, the government cannot
be held responsible for what appears
in the press. "When an American
paper attacks Germany, it is the
paper speaking, but when a German
paper attacks the United States it is
the German government speaking,
because the press is a part of Hitler's
totalitarian state," Professor Slosson
Woman Cab Driver
Defends Location
Attracts Customers
"Well, why shouldn't a woman
drive a cab?" asked Ann Arbor's only
woman taxi-cab driver yesterday,
when questioned about her job .
"Peg" as she wishes to be called,
has been driving a 7000 cab aroundI
the campus for nearly two weeks,,
and she likes it too, she stated. She
is treated on a par by the rest of the
cab drivers, and she is said to handle
her cab as skillfully and efficiently
as any of them. Strange as it seems,
the majority of her customers are
co-eds, she declared.
To prove that women are inerested
in the job of driving a cab, she tells
the following incident. "I was driving
three girls to a certain well-known
sorority the other night, and after a
little whispering among themselves,
they approached me on the possibility
of their obtaining jobs driving taxis
next summer," she said.
Bill To stop Commuting
By Aliens Passes House
WASHINGTON, March 17.-(IP)-
The House passed and sent to the
Senate today a bill to stop aliens
living in Canada and Mexico from
l commuting to jobs in the United
Earlier, a provision which would
have forbidden commuting across the
international borders by American
citizens living in the two countries
was stripped from the bill.

'Rough Of Speech'

- Associated Press Photo 1
NEW YORK, March 17.-(O)-
Mayor F. H. La Guardia, comment-
ing tonight on the second apology t
made by Secretary of State Hull to t
Germany for the mayor's remarks
about Hitler, said "the translation
by the German government of the
term satisfaktionfahig is absolutely
correct." "Again I am pleased that t
Hitler was so quick to recognize I
himself," La Guardia said tonight. 't
First Concert
ByGlee Clubj
.To Be Tonigllt'
Club Is Offering Series
Of Programs Near - By,
And In Other States
Eighty members of the Varsity Glee
Club, under the direction of Prof.
David E. Mattern, conductor, will give
a concert at 8:15 p.m.rtoday in Hill
This is the Glee Club's first public
appearance this semester in Ann Ar-
bor, and the first concert that has
been given by the club in Hill Audi-
torium for several years, according to
Professor Mattern. The club has
given programs in several Michigan
cities during the winter, and is plan-
ning a trip into Ohio, Indiana, Illi-
nois and Southern Michigan during
Spring Vacation.
Solos will be given by Prof. Wilmot
F. Pratt, Ralph B. Clark, '38SM; and
Harold Garner, '40. Leo S. Luskin,
Grad., pianist, and Tom H. Kinkead,
'37, organist, will accompany the Glee
The Glee Club will sing "Laudes
Atque Carmina," by Stanley; "In
College Days"; "A Toast to Michi-
gan" by Elbel; "Song of Suomi" by
Pacius; "In the House of the Lord";
"Fight" by Faltin; "Pirate Song" by
Gilbert; "I'll Sing Thee Songs of
Araby"'by Clay, and "Brown Octob-
er Ale" from Robin Hood by DeKoven.
After the intermission, the Glee
Club will sing "God Rest Ye Merrie
Gentlemen," "By Babylon's Wave" by
Gounod; "How Jovial is Thy Laugh-
ter" by Bach; "I Dream of Jeanie" by
Foster; "Holy Mountain" by Rhodes;,
and "De Camptown Races' by Foster.
The program will be closed with "Di-
vine Praise' by Bortniansky, and "The
Lord's Prayer," music by Forsyth.

ro Meet Today
For First Time
CA, Women's Assembly,
Interfraternity Council,
Promise To Cooperate
Meeting In Union
To Discuss Plans
Independent men on campus will
iscuss plans for organization at 7:30
.m. today in Room 116 of the Union,
ith the support of the Interfrater-
ity Council, Student's Christian As-
>ciation and Women's Assembly.
The meeting, which will be con-
ucted by the Executive Council of
he Union, will be informal and will
onsist mainly of questions and an-
wers from members of the audience,
,ccording to Union officials.
Bruce Telfer, '38, member of the'
;xecutive Council of the Union, who
'ill act as chairman, said yesterday,
We want all independents who are
aiterested in starting the ball rolling,
o think over problems of organiza-
ion and possible activity plans. We'll
ive everyone a chance to speak."
Fraternities Aid
Fear that fraternities would oppose
he move to organize non-affiliated
nen was dispelled yesterday when
eorge W. Cosper, '37, president of
he Interfraternity Council expressed
,pproval of the project and pledged
"I think the plan is excellent, in-
ependents should be organized. As
or representation in the Men's Coun-
il, I, for one, will be glad to welcome
The Students' Christian Associa-
ion, as well as the Executive Council
;xtended its facilities to the proposed
"Lane Hall will be open to the in-
lependents whenever they need meet-
ng space, and the members of the
ssociation will be only too glad to
elp the fellows with any problems
;hey may have," Richard S. Clark,
37, president of the Association, said
Provisions Given
Provisipns of the plan which was
pproved by the Senate Committee
n Student Affairs include participa-
ion in extra-curricular and intra-
nural activities, fair and equitable
representation in campus politics,
ocial events, forums and possible
epresentation in the Men's Council.
Mary Andrew, '37, president of the
Women's Assembly explained that
ier organization would cooperate ac-
ively with the men.
"I can remember when we first
>rganized two years ago. We've had
many troubles since then, which I
believe the men may have to face.
They can depend on us for any help
they need.
Spain Will Oust
Foreign Troops,
Alliance Is Told
Prof. Albaladejo Declares
Spain Will Never Allow
Invaders To Remain
The Spanish people will never allow
foreign invaders, brought in by the
"traitor," Gen. Francisco Franco
leader of the fascist forces to remain
in their country, Prof. Jose M. Albal-

adejo of the romance language de-
partment told more than 50 peopl
at the Student Alliance meeting at
the Union last night.
Flaying Congressional neutrality
legislation and Hearst's opposition
"aimed at the established govern-
ment of Spain," the Rev. Harold P
Marley condemned Americans' "in.
difference to the struggle of our sis-
ter democracy, Spain," in the Alliance
forum on "Spain Today."
Pointing out the "urgent need foi
aid to the Loyalist cause," Fred Bran-
deis, Grad., appealed to the audienc(
to "build up membership in the loca
chapter of the Friends of Spanisl
Mr. Marley urged "supporters o
democracy to give tangible aid t
Spain in her fight with fascist power
whose bombs are helping the Spanis
propertied class to crush the masses.
Regent Candidates
To Be Heard Her(
Two Democratic nominees for Re

Workers Ordered To Quit 1
Jobs In Half-Day Strike
Against Fascism
Premier Blum Tries
To Retain Position
Labor Confederation Lists
DeIands For Purging
Army And Police
PARIS, March 17.--(P)-A million
Paris workers were ordered tonight
to leave their jobs tomorrow morning
in a half-day strike against Fascist
organizations and there was talk of
a nation-wide walkout as Socialist
Premier Leon Blum fought to pre-
serve his government, threatened by
a wave of public reaction after last
night's street rioting.
The Paris division of the General
Confederation of Labor ordered the
strike in the capital area in a state-
ment which said the strike would "be
a warning" to the government to ar-
rest Col. Francois De La Rocque and
dissolve completely his French Social
Party and "other Fascist leagues."
Recent Fascist Leader
De La Rocque formerly headed the J
now disbanded Croix .De Feu, with
Fascist leanings.
The Confederation also listed de-
mands for "purging the army, police
ana the public aministration," and
blamed "Fascist provocation" for last
night's outbreak at Clichy.
The strike, if effective, would bring
Paris to a complete standstill. Only
newspapers would be published under
the labor confederation order.
Warn Further Trouble
It contained a warning of further
action if the labor demands were not
met by the government. The nature
of the action was not revealed.
"Resolved to finish with. the en-
emies of the people, with creators
of civil war, and with men in the
pay of foreign powers," the confed-
eration declared it would call a meet:
ing of councils of its member unions
within a few days "to examine the
Esquire Magazine
Buys Student Story
Harry Purdy, '39, yesterday re-
ceived a check for $100 from Esquire'
magazine in way of remuneration for
a story which the magazine has ac-
cepted for .publication.
The story, "True Life, Real Life,"
is about the electrocution of a New
York City boy brought up in the
slums who was convicted of murder.
Purdy disclosed that he had originally
written the story in two and' one-
half hours.
Student Workers Group
Has New Headquarters
Headquarters for the Student
Workers Federation were established
yesterday at 308-310 S. State St., it
was announced yesterday by Tom
Downs, '39, president.
"It will be possible now," Downs
said, "for student workers to drop in
from 2 to 5 p.m. at Room 37, any day
to discuss their problems and have
their queries on working conditions
and unionism explained."

Chr sler Strikers Double
Guard, Defy Court Order;
Mi iono Strike In Paris

Whereas: Franklin Delano Roose-
velt now holds the high office of
President of the United States by vir-
tue of the will of the majority of the
People, and
Whereas: this same Franklin De-
lano Roosevelt now controls the ex-
ecutive, the legislative, and is soon
to control the judiciary all so-called
branches of the government of these
United States, and
Whereas: this same Franklin De-
lano Roosevelt has proved himself to
be a man of the Century, the Great-
est Statesman, Humanist, Economist,
Politician, and Magician this fair
land has ever had to guide it, and
Whereas, this same Franklin De-
lano Roosevelt has already provided
a succession of heirs unto the third
generation, right in mind, health, and
Right Royal Dignity, and
Whereas, the American people have
long exhibited a burning desire for
a less simple form of government
through undying devotion to . the
pomp and pageantry of minor of-
ficialdom,_ and
Whereas: the intense interest of
(Continued on Page 2)


Physicists Split Atom Nucleus
To Discover 'What Makes It Go'

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last of]
a series of articles explaining the 1
work of the cyclotron and what may
be accomplished through its aid.
Like the proverbial alarm clock,
the nucleus of the atom, long con-
sidered the irreducible particle of
matter, is now being taken apart by
University physicists with the hope
of finding "what makes it go." The
onlyndifference is that the physicists
need not worry about putting the
atom's nucelus together again.
It has long been known that the
atom resembles the solar system in
that it consists ofaa nucleus com-
parable to the sun about which elec-
trons rotate much as do the planets,
but it was not known that the atomic

hydrogen atoms-are separated from
their "planets" and speeded up to a
velocity of more than 360 million
miles per hour then directed at the
material to be studied.
When these energetic particles
strike the nuclei of the atoms bom-
barded, they often serve as triggers
to release more energy than they
themselves possess.
The deuteron is made up of a
proton, a particle of matter with a
positive electric charge, and a neu-
tron, a particle of matter the mass
of which is the same as that of the
proton, but has no electric charge.
When the deuteron strikes the nu-
cleus of the atom one of two things
I may occur, depending on whether the
dpi n,,crrn divip into its twn nm-

An ell States Labor Amendment
PutsImpici Trust In Cong'ress
The American family, considered South would not be objectionable in-
as an institution that is subjected to terference, he said. He mentioned
parental guidance, has nothing to the lack of education among many
children in the South that prevailed
fear if the Child Labor Amendment because they were working and had
becomes law, according to Prof. Rop- no time to attend school, and he also
ert Angell of the sociology depart- pointed out the deleterious effect that
ment. some child labor had upon the health
Basing his belief on an implicit of its ictimsthat children have been
trust in what the legislature would regarded as 'old age security' may
do with the power granted it by the have something to do with the op-
amendment, Professor Angell said position to the amendments in those
that it was particularly difficult to states, but the antagonism of em-,
reconcile the opposition to the ployers is more important," Professor
amendment in the North with the Angell said, "but if it is to pass, it
laws in most northern states making must be ratified by two-thirds of the
school attendance compulsory until states and the attitude especially

Social Securit
Reform Asked
WASHINGT7N, Mah a7.)--rte
Senator Vandenbe:g ep, Mich)
began a new drive ir the Senate
today for a "pay-as-you-go" Social
security system. Le charged that
under the present system the govern-
meni "ing aax orI bo, raised
in thBius name oSoi a .l -q, -S curty
ro cushion the General Trcasury.
Vandenberg, leader ola Republican
effort to amend the old-age benefit
set-up, attackeed the present law when
the Senate oegan considieration of
the Treasury appropriaton bill, with
uas $500,000,000 inial allotment for
the. ol-fage reserve accourit.
Declaring that continuation of
these annual appropriations would
increase the old age reser to $47,-
000,000,000 by 1980, Va1de-berg told
the Senate the reserve pan ls"te '
nos fantastic ojecive ma .
Quandry! Student Needs
Money And Hates Work
Evidence of honesty and accurate
evaluation of one's characteristics on
the Michigan campus can easily be
found in the classified advertising
section of yesterday's Ann Arbor
News: "Student-Indolent, doesn't
want work but needs money. Short
hours. high compensation only re-

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