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October 01, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-10-01

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The Weather

lflr #

1Iait

Editorials
Let Freedom Wring ...
Wages In The Steel Industry .. .
Slice Of Life...

Cloudy, showers in East, con-
tinued cool today; tomorrow
fair, rising temperature.

I

VOL. XLVII No. 4

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCT. 1, 1936

PRICE 5 CENTS

a a U

i

Rebel Forces
Sweep Down
Upon Madrid
After Victory
Government Forces Driven
From Illecas, Fascists
Have Asserted
Insurgents Claim
Capital Hemmed In
Victors Wipe Out Scattered'
esistance Of Leftists In
Toledo Sector'
MADRID, Sept. 30-Madrid's de-
fenders tonight pinned their hope
of stopping the Fascist surge against
the capital on a bolstered line of
militiamen at Aranjuez, last large
settlement blocking the Northward
drive.
Reinforcements were poured into
the front at Aranjuez, 28 miles south
of Madrid, many of them from ther
remobilized conscript classes of 1932
and 1933.
Official reports said the insurgent
army had not been sighted since;
Monday when it was seen in the
vicinity of Villa Luenga, Southwest
of the capital on the main Toledo-
Madrid highway.
It was believed the column had
deviated to the southeast to march
on Aranjez.
TOLEDO, Spain, Sept. 30.--UP)-
Fascist conquerors of Toledo tonight
declared they had driven Govern-
ment forces from Illescas, only 22
'miles from Madrid.
Headquarters for the picked le-
l-gions of insurgents said they had
rolled through the last sizeable city
between Toledo and Madrid and
pressed on toward the Loyalist cap-
ital during the night.
Alcazar Survivors Remain
Their rear guard methodically
wiped out scattered government re-
sistance in the Toledo sector. The1
Fascist leaders ordered a "cleansing"
of Toledo to make that city "the'
whitest in Spain."
(The insurgent high command atF
Burgos asserted its forces had en-
circled Madrid and said the fall of
the Government capital was "im-'
minent
(Other reports given out at Bur-
gos said troops under Gen. Emilio
Mola, Fascist conqueror of Irun and
San Sebastian, pierced the Govern-
ment defenses around Bilbao, last
major northeastern coastal city held
by the Government).
Within Toledo, the Fascist liberat-
ors of the men, women and children
besieged for 72 days in the Alcazar
fortress ordered all inhabitants to
surrender their arms..
Methodically, the insurgents set
about checking the political sympa-
thies of residents who remained in
the town. It was stated the citi-
zens might be shot if they did not
bring in their guns, holding them
over their heads
Toledo Is "Ceansed"
After an inspection of the dyna-
mited Alcazar by Gen. Francisco
Franco, many of those who had been
besieged stayed on within the crumb-
ling walls.
The work of evacuating the oc-
cupants to homes progressed slowly,
and life in the citadel's dank dun-

geons continued much the same as
during the siege.
Five nuns continued to cook for
those still living in the fortress, but
they no longer were restricted to a
diet of fried horse fat.
Homeless families gathered in
corners and ate by candle light, their
daily ration of shot, shell and dyna-
mite at an end.
Young Voters
To Hear Talk
By Democrat
The Young Voters League, young
Democratic group, will meet at 8 p.m.
tonight in the Ann Arbor Chamber of
Commerce to hear a talk by George
T. Gundry, Genesee county clerk, and
nominee for state auditor general on
the Democratic ticket.
Gundry, at 28 years of age, is the
youngest county clerk in the state,
and is running against Auditor Gen-
eral John J. O'Hara of Menominee.
The purpose of the meeting, ac-

Sale Of Campus-Grown Wheat
PaidJanitor's Salary In 1850
______ 0

Trains Crash'
In Milan Fog;*
17 Are Injured

Terre Haute
City Officials
Jail Browder

i 1

Library Yields Documents
Of University Activities
From 1845 To 1851
Documentary support for proceed-
ings of the Board of Regents from
1845 to 1851, a period in the dim past
when the sale of campus-grown
wheat was devoted to the University
janitor's salary, has been uncovered
in the Main Library recently by Her-
bert P. Wagner, chief accountant of
the University.
A casual examination of the ma-
terial found by Mr. Wagner reveals
that no problem was too great or too
small for the consideration of the
Regents who composed the last ap-
pointed Board of Regents in Univer-
sity history. The documents are now
being copied under the direction of
Dr. Frank E. Robbins, assistant to
President Ruthven.
Janitorial Discipline
Seemingly led by Maj. Jonathan
Keardsley, who suffered the loss of
a leg in the War of 1812, the Re-
gents of these years dealt vigorously
with every problem from janitorial
discipline to budgetary difficulties
with the State Legislature.
The difficulty involving Pat Kelly
is a case in point. The University's
only janitor, he derived part of his
salary from proceeds of the sale of
wheat which he grew on the campus.
He quibbled, during one of these
years, with the Regents over his sal-
Students Talk
On Democracy
At Convention
High School Conference Is
Sponsored By University
And Youth Commission
By JAMES A. BOOZER
Whether a democracy can cope
with modern complex social and eco-
nomic problems was under discussion
yesterday when more than 200 repre-
sentatives of secondary education in-
stitutions and cooperating agencies
assembled at the Union for a two-
day conference on the "High School
and the Changing Social Order"
under the auspices of the American
Youth Commission and the Univer-
sity.
"Deomeracy is founded on the be-
lief that the mass judgment of the
people is sufficiently sound to direct
its political authority. Such theory
must of necessity presuppose the so-
cial and political education in some
measure keeps pace with the ad-
vance in science, technology and eco-
nomics," declared Charles W. Taus-
sig, chairman of the National Ad-
visory Committee of the National
Youth Administration.
Lack Of Discipline
"Whatever may have been the im-
mediate cause of the breakdown of
European democracies, itsbasic cause
was the lack of discipline and lack of
proper training of the individual cit-
izen," he continued . . . "Almost im-
nediately with the creation of a Fas-
cist state, the dictator directed his
attention to youth. The state could
not hope to perpetuate itself without
the support of the generation coming
of age. Fascism, and the same may
be said of Communism, was not to
make the mistakes of Democracy. It
would create a generation capable of
carrying on under all the conceivable
vicissitudes that might affect the
state, present and future.
"One of the most hopeful reactions
that the present European crisis has
had on the American people is that,
although there are some doubts as to
the efficacy and practicability of our
present form of democracy, the spec-
tacle of German, Italian and Rus-
sian experiments has infused us with

an almost fanatical desire to make
our Democracy work and to do it
quickly. We are accordingly faced
with the problem of altering and
speeding our educational processes
so that our masses can catch up with
-he new civilization which is rapidly
outpacing them."
Misuse A Menace
Mr. Taussig said in way of ex-
planation to his several references to
Fascism and Communism that "the
current misuse of those words as an
epithet to indicate disapproval of
anything that might change our way
of life is becoming a menace to in-
telligent popular discussion."
The meetings were opened yester-
day at a luncheon presided over by
Dean J. B. Edmonson of the school
of education. President Ruthven
gave a word of welcome. T. V. Smith,
professor of philosophy, University of

ary and after considerable discussion
the Regents dismissed him. The
ruling that sperm oil, tallow and lard
could not be used for lights by stu-
dents serves as another example.
It was during these years that the
Regents received authorization to set
aside a University burial ground on
the campus, which they are believed
to have done north of where the
pharmacology building now stands.
Acted As President
The picayune nature of many of
their problems was largely necessi-
tated by the fact that the Regents,
as a body, acted as president of the
University, according to Dr. Robbins.
From among their members, the Re-
gents elected an executive committee
which undertook the major portion
of the work.
Major-Keardsley, the most colorful!
performer of the Regents, was a Latin
scholar and, in addition to interspers-
ing written comments with Latin
phrases, regularly enjoyed quizzing
University classes.
Another member of the executive
committee was Dr. Zina Pitcher who
is accorded the most credit for the
foundation of the Medical School
here in 1851. The Rev. George Duf-
field, prominent Presbyterian min-
ister of Michigan, and Edward Mun-
dy, one-time justice of the State Su-
preme Court and lieutenant-governor
of Michigan, were other members of'
the committee.
The Co-Ed Problem
Before these men the since-inflated
question of the co-ed appeared for
the first time. It came in response
to the Medical School's request that
it should not be bothered. by women
students. The Regents granted their
request.
The discovery of this material
helps to fill the little-known gaps in
University history which lasts from
the beginning of the University until
1908, when Shirley W. Smith, vice-
president of the University, and then
secretary to the Regents, instituted a
system of recording, with complete
documentary evidence, all transac-
tions of the Regents, Dr. Robbins
said.
Former Student Is
Cause Of Walk-Out
By High Schoolers
Michael Graban, Campbell, 0.,
teacher whose removal to the grade
school caused a strike of 900 out of
1,100 high school students there
Tuesday, was a student at the Uni-
versity during the Summer Sessio
and a member of the sports staff of
The Summer Daily, it was revealed
last night.
Graban, a teacher in journalism at
the Campbell Memorial High School,
studied in the journalism department
here during the summer.
Because of the students' refusal to
enter school from Graban's transfer,
police used tear gas bombs to dis-
perse a demonstration in front of the
school buildings, the Associated Press
stated.
Graban said he would make an
effort to regain his high school po-
sition, declaring, according to the
dispatch, that his certificate permits
him to teach only in secondary
schools.
Choral Union
Series Opens
WithElagstad
Kirsten Flagstad, distinguished
Wagnerian prima donna soprano of
the Metropolitan Opera company will
open the fifty-eighth annual Choral
Union series of concerts Monday eve-
ning, Oct. 19, in Hill Auditorium.

This will be Madame Flagstad's first
Ann Arbor appearance. She made
her debut in New York two seasons
ago.
The second concert, on Nov. 2, will
be by the Chicago Symphony Orches-,
tra, Frederick Stock conducting. On
this occasion Mr. Stock will bring
the entire personnel of 100 players.
On Nov. 16 another ensemble group
will be heard-the Moscow Cathedral
Choir of 24 voices under the leader-
ship of Nicolas Afonsky. This group
of singers was assembled in Paris 12
years ago at a time when Russian
refugee artists were gathering in
that city.
Jascha Heifitz, r viloinist, will ap-
'pear in recital on Nov. 30, and on
Dec. 10 Serge Koussevitsky will bring
* the Boston Symphony Orchestra of
one hundred to Ann Arbor for its

Passenger Locomotive And Communist Leader
F F gAht Cn D lb Iail d ,T On Va ranc Cl

Held
haroe

As Trains Hit Head-On
Investigation Will ]
Start Immediately
Wreck On Ann Arbor Line
Laid To Mixed Orders;
Injured Brought Here
Seventeen people were injured,
four of them seriously, when a freight
train and passenger train on the Ann
Arbor and Toledo railroad collided at h
Urania Junction three miles north of, t
Milan at 3:20 p.m. yesterday. I
George Tracy, 60 years old, of c
Owosso, a car foreman on the pas-a
senger train, was the most critically s
injured. Examination at St. Jo- t
seph's Hospital, where all the in- n
jured were taken, showed him to
have a broken back, skull, nose and
jaw, in addition to which he lost the r
sight of an eye.F
William Farrell, 74 years old, of s
Owosso, engineer of the freight train, o
suffered a broken right arm and a
fractures of ribs on the right side n
when he jumped from the cab of b
his engine shortly -before the crash.
Also held at the hospital were Mrs.E
Lola Whitmill, 61 years old, of Ma-
rion, who was badly bruised whenf
thrown from her seat in the passen-
ger train, and Leroy Longstreet, 50v
years old, of Owosso, fireman on theC
freight train, who alsojumped from r
the engine. Both of the latter are
held for observation. ea
others Are Released
Others were released after treat-t
ment, although several were x-rayedt
to determine whether they had anyf
fractures.
The passenger train, carrying at
baggage-mail car and a combined
smoker-diner-coach, was headed
south from Frankfort to Toledo atr
the time, and collided with the north-7
bound freight on the single track p
where it curved sharply in a narrowI
gully.r
According to Victor Parvin, 53t
years old, of Toledo, superintendents
of the railroad, who was on the pas-1
senger train, the crash was "appar-
ently due to a misunderstanding on1
the part of the crews concerningr
orders," one of the trains had beenr
ordered held for passage of the other.F
He said he would' start an investiga-
tion to discover which train was atr
fault.r
Visibility Poor
Although visibility was limited by
fog and rain, the engine crews were
aware of the impending collision and
had slowed both trains to less than
10 miles an hour, Parvin said, at the
time of the impact. Three emptyt
refrigerator cars in the string of 27
cars hauled by the freight train were
derailed along with the passenger en-1
gine. One of the freight cars was
telescoped by the crash, but no
freight was damaged.1
The passenger train was pulled1
back to Ann Arbor by a yard engine,
and Parvin said wrecking cars would
have the road cleared by 3 a.m. be-,
fore other trains are due.
Deputies Pass
Bill Devaluing
French Franc
PARIS, Oct. 1.--(Thursday) -UP)-
Premier Leon Blum's program for de-
valuation of the franc, revised by the
Senate last night, was reapproved in
practically its original form by the
Chamber of Deputies early today.

The Chamber, which first sanc-
tioned the measure Tuesday, refused
to accept alterations made by the
Senate, where there was great opposi-
tion to articles authorizing the gov-
ernment to control price levels.
The Chamber's approval was by a
vote of 351 to 217, showing almost
the same division as on Tuesday,
when the vote was 350 to 221. The
Senate's sanction last night of the
revised bill-with the price fixing
power eliminated - was by a vote of
141 to 125.
The bitter battle between the two
Houses was generally expected to
continue, as there was no indication
the Senate's opposition to the grant-
ing of decree powers to Blum would

gi arluy X iagu ; t
4 Others Arrested t
Injunction Issue v
To Prevent Rally r
M
Gov. Paul McNutt Declares c
He Lacks Authority To
C
Release Prisonersls
'3
TERRE HAUTE, Ind., Sept. 30.- a
;)-City officials who warned Earl d
Browder, Communist candidate for a
President, that he would be jailed if t
e came here, made good their threat s
oday.R
Browder, arrested on a vagrancy
harge as he stepped from a train i
here this morning, spent the day inh
county jail cell while party workers s
curried about seeking his release so t
hat he might address a scheduled c
meeting tonight. a
Issue Injunction g
Undismayed by threats of court t
eprisals, Mayor Samuel Beecher and
Poice Chief James C. Yates issued a
tern injunction against any attempt a
of the Communists to congregate t
and emphasized they would not per- c
mit the party rally and the addressp
by Browder. which was scheduled to
be broadcast by Terre Haute and
Evansville, Ind., radio stations.
"We have had our share of trouble
from such agitators," Yates said.
"Neither. Browder nor any one ad-
vertising himself as belonging to the
Communist party will be permitted to
hold meeting in Terre Haute."
To Seek His Release"
Meanwhile David J. Bentall of F
Chicago, attorney for theCommunist
andidate, asserted he would seek his
release through habeas corpus ac-
tion and would attempt to have en-
forced a contract for use of the In-
diana State Teachers College audi- p
torium for the party rally.c
The mayor issued a statement say- i
ing "we are not going to allow Com- ]
munism to become established inc
Terre Haute. Both of the major
party presidential candidates-Mr. t
Landon and Mr. Roosevelt-recog-n
nize Communism as a menace to i
this nation. Therefore communistic F
speakers are not welcome in Terre
Haute."a
Four colleagues were jailed witho
Browder. They were Waldo Frank,
novelist, and Seymour Waldman,p
member of the Communist National
Election Campaign Committee, both 1
of New York, and two Indianapolis1
men, Charles Stadtfeld, state chair-
man, and Andrew Rems, a partyt
worker.1
TERRE HAUTE, Ind., Sept. 30.-
(P)-Locked in a tiny broadcastinga
booth, David J. Bentall, Chicago at-
torney, gave a Communist campaignc
speech here tonight while Chief ofv
Police James C. Yates, who hadL
banned the address, waited in an ad-z
joining room.
Bentall gave the speech after Yatest
had been successful.in preventing the
holding of a public Communist meet-1
ing tonight at which Earl Browder,t
the party's candidate for President,
was to have spoken.t
The chief arrested Browder herel
this morning and students of the In-
diana State Teachers College held a
football "pep" session in the hall to-t
night where the Communists were to1
have met.
Chief In Hiding
The chief, from an undisclosed hid-]
ing place, had previously sent three]
officers to radio station WBOW with
instructions to prevent an Commu-
nist speech being made from the sta-
tion on the time which previously had
been allotted to Browder.
Browder, arrested on a vagrancy
charge as he stepped from a train
here this morning, spent the day in
a county jail cell while party work-

ers sought his release.
But the chief of police and Mayor
Sam Beecher, who issued the warn-
ings against a Communistic meeting,
disappeared this evening and their
absence prevented anyone from see-
ing Browder.
Community Fund
Drive Starts Oct. 15
The Ann Arbor Community Fund
will open its University drive for 1936
with a town meeting at the Union at
6:30 p.m. October 15, it was decided
yesterday in a meeting of the Com-

First Pep Meeting
Tomorrow To Raise
Old Fighting Spiritr
By ROBERT WEEKS
That inflammable something that
s known as Michigan spirit will be
gnited tomorrow night in Hill Audi-
orium when the first pep meeting
>f the year is held in preparation for
he State game Saturday, according
o plans made by the Men's Council.
Michigan's "Fighting Hundred,"
he Varsity R.O.T.C. Band, will pro-
ide the instrumental music, and the
udience, under the direction of Prof.
David Mattern of the School of
lusic, will sing four songs in the
ourse of the program.
Prof. Brumm To Sp.ak
Prof. John L. Brumm, chairman
f the journalism department will
peak, according to Miller Sherwood,
37, president of the Men's Council r
nd chairman of the meeting. In ad-
lition to Professor Brumm, who is
n inveterate pep meeting declaimer,
here will probably be another
peaker who will be announced later, C
Sherwood stated. W
Since the purpose of pep meetings t
s to arouse Michigan spirit to its
highest pitch, yells will be inter- b
persed among the musical and ora-F
orical eleents in the program. Be- s
ause of this year's promising team i
nd the significance of the State l
;ame, Sherwood expects the meeting s
o be a lusty one.
To Meet Half Hour i
The meeting will begin at 7:45 p.m. t
and last until 8:15 and the doors in C
he rear of the auditorium will be l
losed in the course of the various e
parts of the program, Sherwood said. t
_ _m
Final Stretch
i
Of CampaignI
Begins Today E
President To Give Second t
Speech Of Series Todayo
In Pittsburgh
C
WASHINGTON, Sept. 30.-UP)- .
President Roosevelt headed for the
campaign trail again tonight after I
nterrupting his political swings
through the East for a busy day of.
conferences at the White House. " i
He set aside the evening hours to o
thresh out the wording of his second i
major address in the stretch drive a
for his reelection - scheduled for
Pittsburgh tomorrow night.
White House aides intimated heZ
already had worked out a rough draft
of the speech but would give no hintp
as to the subject. There were re-
ports that the speech, to be delivered
in the heart of the industrial sec-e
tion, would be addressed primarily to0
laboring men.-
Three main conferences occupiede
the President as he sat down beforen
his desk for the first full day in a
fortnight at the executive offices.
They were climaxed with a late
afternoon parley to explore possibil-
ities of pooling public and private
power in southeastern states. Offi-
cials of four federal agencies dealing
with power and executives of private
utility and business firms were called
in for the conference.
Members of the new Federal Mari-
time Commission first were called in
to talk over organization questions.
As arbitrator, the President assem-
bled representatives of the state de-
partment, the Pan American Union
and the two countries involved for
the first attempt to settle the long .
boundary controversy between Peru
and Ecuador.
Clay Williams, one-time head ofj
the extinct NRA, acting Director

Daniel Bell of the budget bureau;
Chairman Jesse Jones of the RFC,
and WPA Administrator Harry Hop-
kins also were on the long calling
list.
Jos. Barcroft
To Talk Today
On Foetal Life
Sir Joseph Barcroft, professor of
physiology in Cambridge University,
will lecture on "The Origin of Re-
spiratory Movements in Foetal Life"
at 4:15 p.m. today in Natural Science
Auditorium. The lecture will be il-
lustrated by motion pictures.
According to Dr. Robert Gesell,
professor in the School of Medicine,
Sir Joseph has devoted the greater
part of his life to the chemistry and
physiology of the blood, in particular
to the volume flow of blood and its
control.
Sir Joseph has carried his study of
blood as far as the Andes Mountains

Bourdon Bell
o Be. Raised
Fo Its ]Place
This Morning
Workmen To Lift 12-Ton
Object, Largest Of 53, If
Weather Is Clear
[2 Smaller Ones
Raised Yesterday
3aird Carillon Will Be
Third Largest Of Its Type
In The World
The 12-ton Bourdon bell, largest
f the 53 bells in the Baird carillon,
ill be hoisted into place in the Bur-
on memorial tower this morning.
Plans are being made to haul the
ell to its mooring soon after 10 a.m.
rank Godfrey, engineer in charge,
aid last night. The continuance of
nclement weather may cause a de-
ay. If it is not raining, Godfrey
aid, the bells will definitely go up.
The fourth largest bell in the car-
llon-weighing 11,500 pounds-was
o have been lifted to place yester-
ay to test the rig that will raise the
arge bells to the bell chamber. How-
ver due to the adverse condition of
he weather it will be hoisted this
morning instead.
12 Bells Already Up
Twelve of the smaller bells-rang-
ng from 125 to 800 pounds-were
irawn'up to their place on the upper-
nost tier yesterday. The two large
ells due to be hung today will be
astened to the lowest tier where they
ill later be accompanied by two
thers weighing nine and three-qua-
ers tons and eight tons.
'The large number of telephone
alls to the University School of
Music asking the time of the raising
f the Bourdon bell indicated that a
arge turnout will be present at the
tower this morning.
The Baird Carillon is the third
argest in the world, judged by the
ize and weight of the largest bell
ather than by the number of bells
t contains. It is exceeded in size
nly by the Riverside Church carillon
in New York and the Chapel carillon
at the University of Chicago.
Made In England
The bells were made by the John
Taylor Co., of Loughborough, Lester-
shire, England. They will all be in
place in the tower within a month,
according to Godfrey.
The bells will probably be the most
easily played in the world because
of a clavier control which, according
to Wilmot F. Pratt, recently-appoint-
ed carillonneur, facilitates rapidity of
manual action.
Gov. McNutt
Will Address
Union Forum
Indiana's Chief Executive
To Speak On 'Why I Am
For Roosevelt'
Gov. Paul V. McNutt of Indiana,
prominent New Deal Democrat, will
speak at 8 p.m. Monday in the Union
Ballroom on "Why I Am for Roose-
velt" as the first of two nationally-
prominent partisans who will appear
on the Union Forum series within

the next two weeks, William G.
Struve, '37, recording secretary of the
Union announced last night.
Charles P. Taft, Cincinnati, O., a
leader in the Middle West Landon
campaign, will speak in behalf of the
Republican candidate for president
on Oct. 13.
Following both speeches, Union of-
ficials plan a period during which
members of the audience may ques-
tion the speakers, Struve said, but
qualified this plan pending its ac-
ceptance by the speakers.
Governor McNutt has been promi-
nent in the reelection campaign of
President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Under the auspices of the Democratic
National Committee, he delivered a
radio address linking William Ran-
dolph Hearst, the publisher, with
Gov. Alf M. Landon, two months ago.
Governor McNutt adds to the list
of nationally prominent political fig-
ures who have appeared on the Union
Forum during the past few years.
Directory Will Be
Printed This Week

p

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