Snow flurries, moderate cold
wave today; tonight increasing
cloudiness, rising temperature.
Housewives, A Farmer,
A Mill Hand, Lawyers .. .
VOL. XLVII No. 75' ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JAN. 9, 1937
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Appeal For Frank
Denies Politics Determined
Educator's Removal As
1,000 Mob Office
Dr. Conant Refused
To Conduct Inquiry
Governor Charges Political
Enemies Used Institution
To Attack Him
MADISON, Wis., Jan. 8.--(A")--
Governor Philip F. La Follette called
the police to eject clamoring students
from his office today and bluntly re-
jected their demand for Dr. Glenn
Frank's reinstatement to the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin presidency.
Ignoring jeers, boos and cries of
"We want Frank" from 1,000 strik-
ing students who marched upon the
capitol, the young leader of the Pro-
gressive Party denied politics dictat-
ed Frank's ouster last night by the
La Follette - controlled university
board of regents.
The governor expressed himself
plainly, however, concerning Frank's
11-year -administration. In a pub-
lished statement he said he has long
been convinced conscientious regents
would be warranted in concluding
Frank's retention was not in the
university's best interests.
Offers Letters To Conant
As evidence of his stand in the
Frank dispute he offered to the stu-
dents-who broke up a press con-
ference at his office-correspondence
in which he had asked Dr. James
Conant, president of Harvard Uni-
versity, to make a disinterested in-
quiry into the case.
La Follette said Dr. Conant re-
Declaring that during previous ad-
ministrations no one ever raised a
cry against the university,the gov-
ernor charged his own enemies with
playing politics with the institution,
and using it as a weapon to attack
him while in office.
The governor was explaining his
position in the Frank case to news-
papermen when suddenly his office
was filled with students who had
called for a general strike on the
campus and then marched down the
hill to invade the governor's chani-
bers in the capital.
With shouts of "We want Frank,"
MADISON. Wis., Jan. 8.-(u')--
Dr. Glen Frank, dismissed
University of Wisconsin presi-
dent, said in a brief interview to-
night he was not prepared to
discuss his future plans.
He would not say whether he
intends to accept the decision of
the Regents as final.
Frank said he would make a
- Associated Press Photo
Mrs. Zona Gale Breese (aboove),
author of Portage, Wis., ridiculed
charges of inefficiency and incom-
petency brought by a bloc of the
Board of Regents against Dr.
Glenn Frank, president of the
University of Wisconsin. She said
Frank could not get a fair trial
By TUURE TENANDER
The case of President Glenn Frank
of the University of Wisconsin is of
serious significance in the field of
American education, President Ruth-
ven stated yesterday.
The consensus of several profes-
sors on the campus contacted yester-
day was that academic freedom was
not the issue involved. All felt also
that the entering of politics into the
executive departments of state insti-
tutions is deplorable.
"The dismissal of President Frank
has serious implications for higher
education in America," the Presi-
dent's statement said. "While the
Board of Regents was entirely with-
in its legal rights in taking the ac-
tion which it did, the arguments and
charges leave the suspicion that pol-
itics played an important part in the
"in these times," President Ruth-
ven continued, "when state supported
universities and colleges are in in-
creasing numbers coming under po-
litical and bureaucratic control, the
trustees of a great institution like the
University of Wisconsin would do well
to avoid even the appearance to de-
stroy the freedom of our schools."
The apparent willingness of every-
one to regard Frank's dismissal as
a political move is an indictment of
For Defense Is
Asked For U.S.
Roosevelt Gives Sanction
To Construction Of Two
Budget With Upturn
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8. - (') -
President Roosevelt gave the go-
ahead sign today for the construc-
tion of two new 35,000-ton battle-
ships, costing $50,000,000 apiece.
He said the building activities of
other sea powers had impelled the
United States to follow suit.
Simultaneously he presented to
Congress a budget recommending a
record peace-time national defense
expenditure of $980,763,000 in the
fiscal year beginning next July 1. Of
this, $25,000,000 will be used to be-
gin work on the dreadnaughts, which
will take four years to build.
The $980,763,000 was an increase
of $92,882,000 over this year's esti-
mates for the Naval and Military
Personnel Increases Urged
Larger appropriations for air-
planes, ordinance and more men for
the Army and Navy were recom-
Calling attention to the capital ship
construction activities of Britain,
France, Germany and Italy, Presi-
dent Roosevelt said:
"If we are not to reduce our Navy
by obsolescence, the replacement of
capital ships can no longer be de-
He expressed regret that naval
powers had been unable to agree on
further limitation of battleships.
An emphatic negative was his reply
to a question whether new ship-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.-()-
The first effort to balance the bud-
get failed in the House of Repre-
Taking the President's bulky
budget message from an atten-
dant, parliamentarian Lewis
Deschler laid it on a reading desk
only to see it slide, fall and bounce
off a cuspidor.
building meant the beginning of a
world naval race.
He also emphasized that the float-
ing fortresses will replace over-age
vessels now in service. Of the 15
capital ships forming the backbone
of the fleet, seven already are over
the prescribed 20-year age limit.
Promises Balanced Budget
President Roosevelt promised the
nation a balanced budget, perhaps
next year and certainly the year af-
ter, provided business continues its
To achieve that objective in the
coming fiscal year, he said in his
annual budget message to Congress,
relief costs must be held to $1,500,-
000,000 through the cooperation of
PERRY DEFEATS VINES
CLEVELAND, Jan. 8.-(I')-Fred
Perry of England defeated the ailing
Ellsworth Vines, top professional ten-
nis star, tonight, 13-11, 6-3, in their
second match of a tour for which the
British former chamption of the
amateurs turned pro.
nes, Stanton Says
In G.M. Strike
Cadillac Stops Operations
As 88,500 Auto Wage-
Earners 'Sit Down'
U. A. W. Men Mute
On Breach Of Peace
AUTO-LABOR AT A GLANCE
Governor Murphy "happy" over
progress of automobile strike peace
"Sit-down" strike halts Cadillac
plant operations; other shutdowns
leave 85,000 General Motors wage-
Two members of United Automobile
Workers mute at arraignment in Flint
on breach of peace charges.
President Roosevelt says Murphy
not acting for him in strike settle-
American Bar Association commit-
tee to investigate issuance of anti-
strike injunction at Flint by General
Motors stockholder judge.
DETROIT, Jan. Jan. 8.- (') -
Michigan's Governor Murphy and
federal labor department representa-
tives pressed their conciliation ef-
forts, expressing satisfaction at pro-
gress made, as widespread shutdowns
closed a large part of General Motors
Corporation's automotive production
Emerging from an hour and a half
conference with William S. Knudsen,
executive vice-president of General
Motors, Governor Murphy said he
was "very happy" over the outcome
and hastened to a meeting with
James F. Dewey, federal conciliator,
and union leaders.
Proposal Not Disclosed
What proposal he carried to the
automobile workers' representatives
was not disclosed. Meeting Dewey in
a hotel lobby, he showed the con-
ciliator a piece of paper he carried,
and the two talked for a few minutes
before entering a conference with the
union "strategy board."
As he left Knudsen's office, the
governor said he had been "in touch
with the White House," although he
had not communicated directly with
President Roosevelt. The President,
in a Washington press conference,
said Murphy was not acting as his
representative in the strike situation.
The United Automobile Workers of
America drove the first strike wedge
into an automobile manufacturing
plant today with a "sitdown" affect-
ing 4,800 werkers in the Cadillac and
LaSalle divisions of General Motors.
Michigan Engages In First
Big Ten Game Opposing
By RAY GOODMAN
CHICAGO, Ill., Jan. 8.-(Special to
The Michigan Daily)-With 1936's
hearbreaking loss to the Boilermak-
ers still rankling in their memory
Michigan's Varsity cagers will open
their Big Ten basketball season to-
morrow night at Lafayette, Ind,
against the championship Purdue
Despite the fact that the encounter
is the Conference opener it has taken
on all the complexions of the cru-
cial game of the year. If the Wol-
verines can defeat Piggy Lambert's
boys they will establish themselves as
favorites to win the league title and
put the champs in a very embarrass-
ing position for they are not accus-
tomed to being shunted out of the
race so early in the season.
Michigan will be trying for its
first victory over Purdue since 1933
when the Wolverines defeated the
Boilermakers, 27 to 22, in the final
game of the year. The next year the
Lafayette teams broke two scoring
records at the expense of the Var-
sity and last season nosed it out
twice, winning the second, 38 to 37,1
in the final minute.
Coach Cappy Cappon will put his
regular five on the floor led by Jake
Townsend and including Capt. John-
ny Gee, Matt Patanelli, Herm Fish-
man, and Bill Barclay. Gee, who
broke his nose against the Huskies
at Seattle, is still sporting a mask
to guard the injury but is on his
game and has high hopes of reneat-
Britain Sends Huge Fleet
South In RepyT OHitler's
Move o ortify Morocco
Stand As Wife
Reenacts Shooting Scene
In Court; Husband Still
By FRED WARNER NEAL
Poker-faced Betty Baker showed
signs of breaking for the first time
late yesterday just before her hus-
band, loyal despite her illicit rela-
tions with the man she is accused of,
murdering, took the witness stand in,
Patrolman Albert K. Baker, the,
husband, will at 9 a.m. today again
give testimony he hopes will tend to
show his wife did not intend to kill
his best friend, Clarence (Cub)
Schneider June 29, 1936. He will
probably be the last witness for the
defense, Mrs. Baker's counsels, Frank
B. Devine and John W. Conlin, said
Still Loves Cub
The steadfast composure of Mrs.
Baker became disturbed when Pros-
ecutor Albert J. Rapp seeking to,
prove jealousy her motive for kill-
ing Schneider, charged that she
"murdered Cub because you'd made
up your mind that if you couldn't
have him, nobody else would."
"No," she replied in a low voice.
"That's not true."
"You thought you were going to
lose him, didn't you," Mr. Rapp de-
"No," Mrs. Baker said tremuously.
"I knew I wasn't going to lose him."
Her lips quivered and she fought
to keep back the tears as the prose-
cutor sharply rapped out the words:
"You still love Cub, don't you?"
"Yes," she replied in an almost in-
audible voice, "sincerely."
' Dreamed Of Him
"You dream of him every other
night, don't; you?"
"I used to."
"And you murdered him, because
you didn't want him to love any-
body, didn't you?"
'No."' Her voice bordered on the
edge of hysteria.
Mrs. Baker regained her calm,
however, as Mr. Rapp attempted to,
bring out instances of her checking
up on Schneider "to see if he was out
with another woman." She denied
the allegation, saying she telephoned
her lover in Grand Rapids because
"he had never had a long distance
telephone call before and he wanted
Throughout the day, Mrs. Baker
maintained, as she has all along,
that she "never dreamed of such a
(Continued on Page 6)
PICTURE DEADLINE TODAY
Seniors now have only toddy
in which to have pictures taken
for the 1937 1chiganensian.
Lloyd Strickland, '37, business
manager, announced yesterday.
No pictures will be accepted by
the 'Ensian after today, he said.
Semi-Conscious Girl 90 Warships To Converge
Proves Baffling To In Spanish Area Soon
After Jan. 18
n iersitv Doctrs
The strange case of a 19-year old
girl, Miss Alma Koppel of Applegate,
who has been in a semi-conscious
condition since Dec. 15, was puzzling
University hospital neurologists and
psychologists last night.
The girl was brought Thursday to
the University Hospital from her
home, a distance of 170 miles. She
has spoken only a few times since
the onset of the illness, and during
the trip she did not utter a word.
Miss Koppel was stricken Dec. 15
while employed as a domestic serv-
ant at Port Huron. Her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. David Koppel, of Applegate,a
said that the first symptoms of
which she complained was a "hollow
feeling." Later she is said to have
stated that she "hurt all over."
According to University medical
school officials, Miss Koppel's condi-
tion may be due to a physical ail-
ment or a mental disturbance or
both. Although they did not wish to
discuss the case specifically, it is
thought that her case fits into the
classification known as the "twilight'
state of consciousness." Anxiety, in-
toxication developed from poison de-'
veloped within the body or taken into
the body, or exhaustion may cause
On the other hand, the physicians'
declared, the case may fit into the
"oneiroid state" division. This cate-
gory is characterized as "dream-like"
or "hypernoid" and may result from
excitement, emotional stimulation,'
fright, or may be self induced.
Dr. Albert Kerlikowske, chief resi-
dent physician of the University hos-
pital said late last night that the
girl is either hysterical or a schizo-
phrenic, a person with a mental
The Confucian conception of re-
ligion and ethics is conduciveuto
world peace, according to Prof. Yuen
Z. Chan, visiting lecturer in English
who is to give the main talk at the
second session of the Inter-Faith
"In the Confucianist system, the
dual standard of morality is severely
condemned," Professor Chan de-
clared; "the sense of right and wrong
as applied between nations should be
the same as the standard of right
and wrong between individuals."
In Occidental practice, Professor
Chan explained, the dual standard of
morality applies to individuals as well
as nations, for the religions of the
West set before the individual a high
absolute ethical code, which, in the
struggle for existence is never fol-
lowed. Thus he actually lives ac-
cording to a different standard than
the one which has been set up for
him by his religion, Professor Chan
pointed out. Confucianism on the
other hand, he stated, bases its eth-
ical code on the normal way. of life.
Denied By Berlin
France Is Alarmed Also
By Activities Of German
Engineers And Soldiers
LONDON, Jan. 8. -(W) - Great
Britain will concentrate 90 warships
in the near Spanish waters, the ad-
miralty announced tonight after a
hurried cabinet session heard reports
of German military activity in Span-
Dispatch of the naval units coin-
cides with regular scheduled naval
maneuvers in the Mediterranean
area, the admiralty said, but high
government sources pointed out the
fleets would be ready for action if
the tense Spanish situation developed.
The British home fleet leaves
Portsmouth and other English ports
Jan. 18. The Mediterranean fleet
already is moving about to relieve
comrades in and near Spanish ports,
where 18 war craft have been on
BERLIN, Jan. 8.--(P)--German of-
ficials, bombarded with questions
concerning reports that German
troops had landed in Morocco, uni-
formly declared "nothing is known
here" about such developments.
A foreign office spokesman asserted
he had heard nothing of a reported
French note on the subject. He also
denied knowledge of a similar pro-
test said to have been sent Germany
by Foreign Minister Anthony Eden
of Great Britain.
(By The Associatea Press)
German military preparations in
Spanish Morrocco roused Europe last
night to new fears of conflict.
France saw her Moroccan colony
Britain was worried lest her naval
base at Gibraltar, 14 miles across
the straits from Spanish Morocco, be
Both nations speeded naval fleets
into Mediterranean waters. They
sought to hasten settlement of the
problem of foreign volunteers and
other intervention in Spain's civil
conflict but there was yet no solu-
Reports to France and Britain were
that German engineers were super-
vising construction of Ceuta fortifi-
cations in the Moroccanterritory
which Gen. Francisco Franco con-
trols, and whose government has
been recognized by Germany
Nazi marines were directing prep-
arations for arrival of troop trans-
ports, French advices stated.
British Cabinet Meets
The British cabinet met to con-
sider the new danger, and French
parliament spokesmen said protests
were being made to Franco against
the reported German incursion.
Did Germany hope by building up
a force in North Africa to have a
wedge for forcing colonial conces-
sions? This was the question asked
repeatedly by the French.
In Berlin, authoritative reports
said the Reichstag would assemble
Jan. 30 to continue grants of power
to Chancellor Hitler, first given him
four years ago, and to endorse his
foreign policy in Spain.
Hitler was expected personally to
expound his reasons ,for recognizing
Gen. Francisco Franco's regime' and
to outline his attitude toward the
a section of the parade rushed into the American educational system, in
the main offices of the executive the opinion of Prof. Norman E. NeI-
suite. Some demonstrators pounded son of the English department, presi-
on the door. dent of the local chapter of the
Twelve Madison policemen were Michigan Federation of Teachers.
summoned to quell the disorder after "We need such a strong tradition of
the normal capital force of six had academic freedom in this country
failed. that when a teacher is fired for
Order was restored when the gov- (Contniued on Page 2)
ernor agreed to address the crowd ____ ____ ______
in the state assembly chamber. A
cheer welled up when the governor * hianaK a '
termed the demonstration "a tribute '-X Ik1
to the University of Wisconsin."
Pleased At E'nthusiasm 0O11Confucian Li
"I thankC God," the governor said, I
"that we have a student body that
will put on a demonstration like this, The puzzling abduction of Gener-
although it puts me in a tough alissimo Chiang Kai Shek, military
He recalled that Frank had put dictatorof the Nanking regime, by
him on the law school faculty and Marshal Chang Hsueh Liang, former
offered him a deanship. He asked: Manchurian war lord, was conducted
"Do you think that any man with along strictly Confucian lines, ac-
my background would sit in the gov- cording to Dr. John W. Stanton of
ernor's office and do injury to the
university?" the history department.
He ignored the responding loud E "From start to finish," Dr. Stanton
shouts of "Yes!" said. "the denouement of the kid-
Crying "We want Prexy," students naping of Chiang by Chang was
began snake dancing on the campus along Confusian lines. A Chinese
early this morning. They ran crisis usually resolves itself into hag-
through sleet and slush from build- gling and bargaining for advantages
ing to building, persuading others by both parties, but both parties de-
to join the parade. trand that the solution to such bar-
Senior Encourages Strikers gaining must end in a manner satis-
Miss Caryl Morse, president of the factory to both.
1936 senior class, urged them on in "We may see this in the settlement
a talk in which she said: of the kidnaping. Chiang's abductor,
"Last night you had taken from Chang, received $7,000,000, and a
you one of the greatest educators nominally severe punishment which
this country and the University of was immediately commuted-all con-=
Wisconsin has ever known. ducted along old-fashioned Chinese
"Are you going to stand by like a lines. He received a handsome in-
was concluded a Chinese bargain sat-
isfactory to both sides."
The existence of friendly relations
between Chiang and Chang may be
seen by the "very friendly relations
that existed between the two mar-
shals on their airplane ride back to
Nanking and their mutual apologies
for any trouble one may have caused
the other," he pointed out.
"The only serious injury actually
done was nothing more than the
loss of Chiang's false teeth, although
to save his face he claimed more im-
portant injuries," Dr. Stanton said.
"One of the things Mrs. Chiang Kai
Shek brought with her at the urgent
request of her husband was a new
set of false teeth.
"One of the most significant facts
in the young marshal's attempt to
gain public favor was his deliberate'
choice of Sianfu as the scene of his
abortive coup d'etat. Sianfu is not
only the oldest city in China," he ex-
plained, "but also the center of an-
cient Chinese civilization, and the
Two temples of the ancient city
of Seleucia, now Tel Umar, Iraq
(about twenty-five miles south of
Baghdad), were uncovered recently
by members of the Michigan archae-
ological expedition according to a
report released yesterday by Dr.
Frank E. Robbins, assistant to the
The significance of the discovery
could not be estimated at the time
Robert H. McDowell, field director
of the expedition, drew up his re-
port, according to Dr. Robbins.
As yet no accurate date can be
given to the buildings, although Mr.
McDowell stated that much of the
excavation had been done in the
"intermediate level," which dates
generally in the first century B.C.
Many coins were also found during
According to Dr. Hopkins, the
carving of the figurines found clearly
showed the growing influence of the
Greeks over the city.
Led by Dr. Clark Hopkins of the
Latin and Greek departments, the
expedition is continuing the work
started in 1927 by Prof. Leroy Water-
man, head of the Oriental languages
department. It is being conducted
under the direction of the University
of Michigan Institute of Archaeolog-
Due to Prof. Waterman's prelim-
inary excavations considerable infor-
mation has already been gleaned
through the pottery uncovered dur-
ing the five seasons from 1927 to
1933, according to Dr. Arma F. Butler,
director of the Museum of Classical
Belgium Enters Fray
Belgium entered the diplomatic
conflict over Spain with a demand
the body of Baron Jacques de Borch-
grave, diplomat allegedly executed
outside Madrid, be produced within
48 hours by the Madrid-Valencia
government. Possible severance of
diplomatic relations was the threat-
Germany announced she was turn-
ing over two Spanish Socialist ships
to Fascists, final reprisal for seizure
of cargo and a passenger of the Nazi
freighter Palos by Spanish Basques
APPOINT BROWN, VANDENBERG
WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.-(P)-The
Michigan Expedition Discovers
Two Temples Of Ancient City