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October 23, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-10-23

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The Weather

Fair today; tomorrow becom-
ing unsettled. Possibly light
rain, slightly warmer.

LY

, tr [t g an

Ar

Editorials
James Couzens.. .
Special Delivery ...

VOL. XLVII -No. 23 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCT. 23, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

i

Senator Couzens'
Career Of Service
~Ended By Death

He Succumbs To A Kidney
Ailment After Illness
Of Seven Days
Final Desperate
Operation Failure
Family Of Colorful Figure
At His Bedside During
Closing Hours
By FRED WARNER NEAL
The long, colorful career of James
Couzens, senior United States Sen-
ator from Michigan, one of the orig-,
inal partners of Henry Ford, a phil-
anthropist who gave millions, to char-
ity, came to a close yesterday.
The Senator, 64 years old, died at
Harper Hospital in Detroit at 4:25
p.m., with his family at his bedside.
Seriously ill for a week, his death
occurred approximately 25 minutes
after a last minute operation removed
an obstruction from his kidney. Sen-
ator Couzens had suffered from kid-
ney trouble for more than a year, and
"uremia and cholemia," was the
cause of death, according to Dr.
Hugo A. Freund, his personal physi-
cian.

Senator Passes

SEN. JAMES COUZENS
Game Warden
Slayer Makes
His Confession

Condolences Poor In t Tells Of DynamitingB©d
Condolences from officials of the y
nation with whom he had been asso- To Destroy Evidence'
ciated since 1922 when he went to I
the Senate poured in to Mrs. Colazens, n in
his brother, Homer; his son, Frank
Couzens, mayor of Detroit; and his NEGAUNEE, Mich., Oct. 22.-(AP)-
three daughters, Betty, Mrs. William Raymond Kivela, 27 years of age,
R. Yaw and Mrs. W. Jeffries Chewn- and, a resident of Negaunee Town-
ing. President Roosevelt, for whom ship, confessed tonight to slaying
Couzens left his sick bed last Thurs- Andrew Schmeltz, Ishpeming con-
day and for whom he in effect.sac- servation officer, and dynamiting his
rificed his political career, paused in body in a gruesome effort to destroy
the midst of a heated campaign to evidence of the killing. The confes-
say that in Couzens' death, America sion was announced by Prosecutor
has lost a leader "whose courage John D. Voelker, wiao had directed
was a match for his idealism." Re- the question of Kivela.
publicans and Democrats alike, many Explaining in detail every step of
with whom Couzens had had bitter the crime, Kivela told the Prosecutor
controversies, told of their sorrow. and State Police that he killed
Plans for the funeral have not yet Schmeltz about 11 o'clock Tuesday
been made. morning as the conservation officer
Senator Couzens was born of was walking along a ridge west of
humble parents in Chatham, Ont., Pickett's Lake on his return from a
Aug. 26, 1872. Coming to the United patrol near the Carp. River aboutt
States in 1887, his rise to wealth, three miles north of Negaunee.
fame and power reads like a Horatio T
Alger story, with hard work, thrift Two shots near the heart from a
and idealism the motivating factors. .22 caliber high-powered rifle killed
He began as a night telegraph oper- Schmeltz at the point where his gun
ator on the Erie & Huron Railroad. and holster were found Wednesdayl
By 1889 he was a clerk in the Mich- afternoon by police. Kivela, accord-
igan Central freight office, earning ing to the Prosecutor, said he was
$60 per month. stnading on a slight elevation about
Joined Henry Ford 200 feet north when he fired.
In 1895 he became a clerk in the Kivela then dragged the body of the
Alex Y. Malcomnson coal yards, and slain man into the swamp, returned
by 1898 he was manager - of the home and in the afternoon purchased
Toledo branch of the coal yard. When a 50-pound box of 40 per cent dyna-
in 1903 a man named Henry Ford or- mite, 100 sticks in all, in Ishpeming,
ganized an automobile company, in this for the express purpose of doing
which Malcomnson was interested, away with the evidence.
James Couzens was made secretary At night, returning to the swamp
and business manager.dWith his say- from his home about a half a mile
ings, a $500 bonus and $100 of bor- distant, by means of the north trail,
rowed money, he bought 25 shares Kivela first shot off a decoy blast
of Ford stock. By 1906, after having about a quarter of a mile north of the
gradually acquired more stock, he body, waited about an hour, then1
bcame a director and treasurer of went up to the body, placed 70 sticks
the Ford company, and by 1907 he of dynamite on it and set them off,
was earning $25,000 a year. hoping to drive the remains into the
As a, Ford partner, workmen who mud of the swamp, where they would
started with the automobile firm r never be found.
late, he was industr'ious but a hardnerbefud
taskmaster. Being such gained vic-
tory for Couzens. Resigning his p- 'Red Scare' Is
Fs
Bank of Detroit and the Bank of!
Highland Park Already president of To Back M ilitar
the Detroit Chamber of Commerce. n11 ewsapone oiecm
in 1916 he was appointed police com~ -______
missioner in that city. By TUURE TENANDER
Started CharityThidataGemn mutb
In 1918- he was elected mayor of The idea that Germany must be
Detroit, and in 1919 he sold his 2,180 heavily armed and ready for the
shares of Ford stock to the Ford struggle against "bolshevism" is being
family for nearly $30,000,000. The drummed into the heads of German
same year, he donated $2,000,000 to youths with apparent success by the
the Michigan Hospital School for propaganda department and by the
Crippled Children.poaad eatmn n yte
That was but a start of the char- press of that nation, Prof. Harlow J.
itable gifts of the founder of Couz- Heneman of the political science de-
itae HiftsoUnthersitydeofChigz-partment said in an interview yester-
ens Hall, University of Michigan dy
nurses home. In 1927 he spent $75,- day.e
000 to rebuild the bomb-wrecked Professor Heneman stated that the
school at Bath, Mich. In 1929 he German press is constantly raising
established the famous Children's the scare that Russia thinks of noth-
Fund of Michigan with a donation ing but of achieving a communistic
of $10,000,000. He added to this in front of Spain and France on the
1934 with $2,156,675, and in 1935 he one hand and Russia on the other,,
supplemented a government appro- thereby leaving Germany in the mid-
priation with $500,000 for purchase dle to be gobbled up.
(Continued on Page 2) I The argument that is advanced by

Rebels Force
Loyal Troops
Into Retreat
Fascists Drive Government
Forces Into Environs
Of Capital
Mechanized Units
CaptureVillages
Report Insurgent Order
To Sink Russian Ships
CarryingMunitions
Hard-driving Fascist armies laid
siege to Madrid last night and
forced Government forces back into
the environs of the capital.
Retreating from one town after
another before the precise advance of
the mechanized columns, the Gov-
ernment defenders dug in at Mos-
toles, 10 miles from the heart of the
capital, and in Torrejon De La Cal-
zada, 13 miles from the city.
Mostoles is on a highway running
southwest from Madrid to Naval-
Carnero, captured by the insurgents.
Torrejon is on a divergent high-
way out of Madrid between the cap-
ital city and Illescas, also held by the
Fascists.l
Fascist bands patrolled the slice of
countryside between the two units,
thus driving the ever-narrowing base
of a triangle closer to Madrid.
Order Sinking Of Russian Ships
With Madrid besieged, the Fascist
high command was reported to have
ordered its warships to sink Russian
vessels believed transporting arms to
the Fascist enemies. '
Other European nations were noti-
fled of this order, the unconfirmed
reports said.
The harrassed government lead-
ers, it was reported, had decided to
move the seat of their capital to Bar-
celona where President Manuel Azana
and three high cabinet officials have
already set up offices.
With this development, Govern-
ment leaders said, the Madrid forces
would be able to make the Civil War
drag on indefinitely, no matter what
the fate of Madrid, in the hope that
sympathetic nations such a Russia
might eventually offer concrete mili-
tary aid before the Socialists' cause
was irretrieviably lost.
Rush Men To Front
Within Madrid, leaders installed a
new supreme military chief and
rushed a civilian reserve army of
100,000 men to the front.
Gen. Jose Asensio was relieved of
command of Government forces in
the Madrid area, and the 60-year-old
Gen. Sebastian Pozas was put in his
place.
The workers reserve corps was to
be used as a second line to bolster the
retreating militia.
Insurgent engineers threw pon-
toons across streams where bridges
were blown up by the Government in
retreat.
Truckloads of pontoons were
brought up to permit Fascists to ford
the Guadarrama River. Its main
bridges were dynamited by Madrid
defenders.
The base of the insurgent General
Varela was less than 20 miles from
Madrid. From the heights near it,
the twinkling lights of the besieged
city could be seen in the night.

Europe-a result of her "about-face"f
from Asiatic interests to western Eur-
ope affairs.
Russia once before was prominent
in the western European situation,
from 1796 to 1856, but after the No-
vember revolution she turned her
Lumber Group
In Conference
At Union Today
To Plant Memorial Tree
Dedicated To Former
President Little
More than 100 persons are expect-
ed to attend the Land Utilization
Conference of the timberland owners
and others interested in wild land
problems which will hold its first
meeting at 9:30 a.m. today in the
Union.
An important feature of this year's
conference is the planting of a mem-
orial tree dedicated to former Presi-
dent C. C. Little. The ceremony will
take place at 11:30 a.m. on the Wash-
tenaw side of the new medical build-
ing. The tree will be presented to
the University on behalf of the tim-
berland owners by George W. Mc-
Callum, chariman of the group. It
will be accepted by President Ruth-
ven. A Red Oak, the personal pref-
erence of Dr. Little will be planted
this year. This is in continuance of
a custom begun last year by the Con-
ference when it dedicated a Black
Walnut to the present president of
the University.
A discussion , of the proposed
amendments to the Michigan consti-
tution will be the subject of the first
session at 9:30 a.m. , today. Main
speaker on this topic will be George
W. McCallum, president of the De-
troit, Mackinac, and Marquette Land
Co. At 11:30 the members will ad-
journ to attend the presentation of
the Memorial tree to the University.
Durward Robson, of the State De-
partment of Conservation at Lansing
and P. S. Hamilton of the Newberry
Chemical Co. of Newberry, Mich., will
lead a discussion on "Forest Fires as
a factor in Sustained Yield Produc-
tion in Michigan" at the afternoon
session beginning at 1:30 p.m.
The second discussion of the af-
ternoon will be on "Costs and Re-
(Continued on Page 6)

have indicated the growing interest of
Russia in western Europe, Dr. Stan-
ton outlined, are her entrance into the
League of Nations, her series of de-
fensive alliances-the Five Year Plan!
being described essentially as a mili-
tary rather than a social plan-and
her championship of weaker coun-
tries in+ Europe, particularly those
most menaced by fascist nations.
As to the feasibility of a-war break-
ing out in Europe with Spain as the
curtain-raiser, Dr. Stanton is skepti-
cal. There is not a country in Eur-
ope which can afford a war today, he
said, much less Russia. Then, too,
the Soviets will not get French aid
in a war unless Russia is first at-
tacked, or, on the other hand, France.
can not count on Russian help if
France is not attacked. Futhermore,
with Poland acting as an unwilling
shock-absorber between Russia and
Germany, the two greater powers may
safely threaten each other with war
remaining improbable for there can
be no "border incidents" as may oc-
cur on Russia's Far Eastern fron-
tier.
Russia, herself, Dr .Stanton point-
(Continued on Page 6)
vens To Talk
At .Art Cinema
MeetingToday
Joris Ivens, distinguished Dutch di-
rector of the films to be shown under
Art Cinema League auspices tonight
and tomorrow night will deliver a
short lecture before his films are
shown and give running commentary
during their showing, it was an-
nounced yesterday by- Mitchell Ras-
kin, '37, manager of the league. The
programs will begin at 8:15 p.m. in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The four films to be shown to-
night, Industrial Symphony, Rain,
New Earth and Borinage, are char-
acteristic of Ivens' ability to "go
straight to actuality," according to
the National Board of Review Mag-
azine. Unlike fiction films,' Ivens
films are documentary pictures of ac-
tual life.
"The beauty in them that is per-
ceived under the surfaces of life
by sensitiveness and sympathy and
is recreated with such restraint that
it pervades the man's whole work
without ever obtruding or calling at-
tention to itself" is the description of
Ivens' films by the National Board
of Review Magazine.

Russian Policy Manifestation
Of Interest In Western Europe
Russia Trying To Regain j back to western Europe, finding her
Prestige It Once Held Oi interests lying in the internal condi-
tions of the country and in Asiatic
Two Continents affairs. This was the course she pur-
sued for a decade and a half. Russia,
By IRVING S. SILVERMAN it was shown, is in the awkward po-
The aggressiveness of Soviet Rus- sition of a "straddler of two contin
sia's demands in the Spanish strug- ents" who has found it more exped-
'gle "may mean nothing more than a lent to take care of one continent at
warning to other nations that Russia a time.
is not to be trifled with, that she is But in the last five years, with the
determined to play a very important rise of fascism in western Europe and
part in European affairs," in the opin- Russia's apparent failure in Asia-
ion of Dr. John W. Stanton of the ill-success in her policy in China-the
history department. Her action is her Soviets have again turned to western
latest step to assume leadership in Europe. Specifically the events which

Washtenaw Tries
To Swing Election
By 'Big Old' RallyR
The Washtenaw Coalition Party is
prepared today to hurl all its force
into what it terms "a clean sweep
victory over State Street." Last
night fifty representatives of morei
than 40 sororities, fraternities, and
independent groups, unanimously ac-
claimed John Jordan as their choice
for treasurer, thus swinging Theta
Delta Chi, State Street fortress to
Washtenaw.
Jordan, prominent member of the
Michigan football team, was selected
when Tom Haynie, independent, was
found to be ineligible. Washtenaw's
acquisition of Theta Delta Chi was
reported to have caused pandemo-
nium in State Street circles.
Washtenaw lost one house with
three sophomore votes yesterday to
the rival group while they gained.
Delta Upsilon, Psi Upsilon, Theta
Delta Chi, Pi Beta Phi, and several
others. State Street politics was re-
ported thrown into confusion by the
upset.
The Washtenaw campaign will be
climaxed Tuesday night at 8 p.m. by
an old-fashioned political rally at the
Sigma Nu house. Featured will be
Major Brumm's Bottle Blowers, a
Ziegfield Follies star, and speeches
by Frederick Janke, Phi Kappa Sig-
ma, on "Who has ridiculed the foot-
ball team-Washtenaw or State
Street?" and by Marcia Connell, Delta
Gamma on "What Washtenaw has
done for women."
Cigars, cider, songs, speeches-the
whole-thing will be the order of the
rally. Flaunting their slogan "Win
with Washtenaw," the coalition group
last night announced, that if they
are chosen in the voting, they will
let the students pick from a list of
five dance orchestras the band to
play for the Sophomore Prom.
Sandwich Vendors
AgainArraigned
C Ray Riksen, and J. E. Taylor,
602 Monroe St., have been once again
called before Justice Jay H. Payne's
court on the charge of selling sand-
wiches without a city license, pleaded
-not guilty to the charge after they
declared that City Council said they
were within the law peddling their
sandwiches to campus fraternity
houses without a license.
Riksen and Taylor previously had
been convicted of peddling without a
license and had appealed to the cir-
cuit court, meanwhile continuing to
sell sandwiches.
Warren Wood, 4111/2 Thompson St.,
pleaded guilty to the same charge and
was fined $10 and asked to pay costs
of $5 by Justice Payne. Riksen and
Taylor furnished $100 bonds and are
to appear for examination Oct. 27.

Germany Demands
Pact With France;
Italy Promises Aid

Diplomats Agree Treaty Is
Necessary To Maintain
Peace In Europe
British Guarantee
For Plan Is Asked
Russia Would Be Banned
From' Future Meetings
Of Lacarno Powers
PARIS, Oct. 22.-P)-High diplo-
matic sources tonight said Italy had
promised to back up Germany in a
demand for a Franco-German pact.
These sources reported that Italian
Foreign Minister Count Galezzo Ci-
ano, now in Berlin, and German For-
eign Minister Konstantin Von Neu-
rath, had agreed such a pact was
necessary to keep the peace of Europe.
The two foreign ministers were
asserted to have further agreed that
this bilateral pact should be guaran-
teed by Italy and Great Britain.
Three Points
Diplomatic sources also stated that
three points:
1. Germany and Italy would
recognize the Insurgent government
in Spain.
2. That they would adopt a com-
mon policy toward the League of Na-
tions.
3. That they would resolutely ban
Russia from any future meetings of
the Locarno powers.
Diplomatic sources said the ques-
tion of a military or other alliance
between Germany and Italy, as well
as German recognition of Italian
sovereignty ovr eEthopia, had been
left untouched in the Berlin conver-
sations.
The proposed action by Germany
and Italy had anything but a quieting
effect on European fears after Rus-
sian intervention. This union of the
fascist nations is certain to antagon-
ize the Soviet state, continental for-
eign offices are afraid, and they be-
lieve that steps by Russia, and pos-
sibly France, will be taken to coun-
teract the aid given to rebels by Italy
and Germany.
War Threat Looms
Although no word was tonight
forthcoming from Russia, sources
close to the foreign office here hinted
that the Italo-German agreement
might bring a similar step from the
Communist nation, and hasten inter-
vention. The threat of a general Eur-
opean war, as a result of this reas-
oning, loomed darker than ever to-
night.
F.DR.To End
NRe w England
Drive Tonight

tered By Nazis I
rization Program
German young mene must now
spend two years in compulsory mil-
itary service as well as six months in
the labor service, where National So-
cialist idealogy is taught to the fu-
ture soldiers. While in Germany,
Professor Heneman talked with young
German soldiers and asked them
what they thought of the vast mili-
tary program of that nation. "We
must be ready to fight Russia," was
the ready answer.
An interesting comparison between
the press of Germany and of France
in their treatment of the Spanish
situation was drawn by Professor
Heneman. "In Germany the papers
invariably recounted terrible atroci-
ties that had been allegedly commit-
ted by the government forces, atroci-
ties that were committed at the ex-
pense of the church. This was all
amusing because of the treatment
accorded to the Catholics in Ger-
many by the National Socialists on
their advent to nnwer.

Absentee Voter's
Deadline At 5 P.M.
The deadline for securing absent
voter's ballots through the Union
bureau falls at 5 p.m. today, Union
officials announced yesterday.
Ballots are still available for stu-
dents whose homes are in Michigan,
Ohio, West Virginia, Minnesota, Wis-
consin and Illinois. Only students
who are already registered will be
accommodated through the Union bu-
reau.
More than 2absent voter ballots
have already been secured for stu-
dents, it was announced. The service
is provided free of charge to al lelig-
ible students.
Any student desiring an absent
voter's ballot should apply today at
the Student offices in the Union.
The Union will write to the city or
county election officer of the state
and secure a ballot. When the ballot
is delivered and voted, it should be
returned to the Union where it will
be notarized free of charge and re-
turned to the respective voting place.
Naval Air Corps Cadet
Is Killed In Collision
PENSACOLA, Fla., Oct. 22.-OP)-
Two naval training planes collided
at 1,000 feet today, killing Cadet E.
T. Hoganauer of New York City and1
seriously injuring Cadet M. L. Gour-
ley.
Two other naval aviation cadets,
G. C. Gibbs and J. L. Mueller, saved
themselves by leaping in parachutes.
Naval air station officials said then

Rain is the abstract and imper-
sonal depiction of mere rain. Indus-
trial Symphony depicts the workers
of a radio corporation and Borinage
is the picture of miners in the coal re-
gion of Belgium, where Van Gogh
spent some of his youth.
Ivens' latest film, New Earth, is
reputedly his best. It is a record of
the making of new farm land for
Holland by dyking off some of the
Zuyder Zee, and, after long years of
labor, the growing of the first wheat
crop.

FOREIGN RELATIONS CLUB
ThEpItNRE GAT.BritCLWITH ROOSEVELT MOTORCADE
The position of Great Britain in IN CONNECTICUT, Oct. 22.-(/)-
the presentinternational situation President Roosevelt swung southeast-
the meeting of the International Re- tw d u o fh iCoNew Englada -
lations Group held last night. Prof. the windup of his New England cam-
Howard Calderwood of the politicale paign in Stamford, saying along the
science department acted as chair- than in 1932 and that the adminis-
man. The next meeting of the club tration was seeking a "permanent
will be held at 7:30 p.m. Thursday, I prosperity."
"-n R prspe

I NOV. 5.

Stason Reviews Four Proposed
State Constitution Amendments,

Addressing the annual meeting of
the Parent-Teacher's Association of
Ann Arbor Prof. E. Blythe Stason of
the Law School presented the pros
and cons of four amendments to the
state constitution of Michigan last
night.
The first two are not exceedingly
vital, but the latter two are far1
reaching, he told his audience in the
Pattingill Auditorium of Ann Arbor
High School. The first amendment
may be called the "search and seiz-
ure" amendment, the second the
"county home rule amendment," the
third, which is a vital one, is en-
titled the "sales tax amendment,"
and the fourth is known as the "prop-
erty tax abolition amendment."
The "sales tax amendment" would
remove the levy on bread, milk,
spices, other necessary foods and pre-
pared meals, Professor Stason ex-

ment facing the voters of Michigan."
"We cannot cut off the depart-
ments in any material amount. We
cannot cut off welfare, for we
might then have to face the problem
of calling troops to quell riots," Pro-
fessor Stason said.
"The remaining alternative would
be a new source of income. Levying
an income tax would be dangerous
for it would involve the possibility
of unconstitutionality.
Amendment four would abolish the
tax on real property." Owners of
mortgage bonds w ou1d benefit
through improved values. "On the
other hand," Professor Stason point-
ed out, "the amendment would cut
off approximately $120,000,000 from
the revenues of the state. Of this
amount 85 per cent is devoted to the
support of local government," Pro-
fessor Stason explained. "Loss of

He rode in an open car through
one industrial city after another, wav-
ing his hat to huge and sometimes
unruly crowds, pausing at several
points for informal talks.
His objective was to win Connecti-
cut's eight electoral votes for the
New Deal a week from Tuesday. And
as he started out in Hartford in mid-
morning, he told tens of thousands
of shouting people spread for hun-
dreds of yards through Bushell Park:
"I am glad that prosperity is back
with us again and believe me, it's go-
ing to stay. And I believe that on the
third of November sometime in the
evening I'm going to get a telegram
telling me that the State of Connec-
ticut ig in the Democratic column."
As he toured the state, his special
campaign train was moved from
Hartford to Stamford, to take him
back tonight to Washington where
he expected to remain at .least over
the week-end taking care of official
business.
Repeatedly along the way he spoke
of "prosperity." At 'Waterbury, in
l a park thickly packed with people,
he said also that for three and a
half years the Administration had
been seeking greater "security" for

Brueker To Speak
Tonight At Meeting

the National Socialists, according to
Professor Heneman, who spent the
summer studying the situation in
Germany, France and Great Britain,
contends that all nationalist nations

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