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October 08, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-10-08

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The Weather
Generally fair, rising temper-
atures in north today; tomor-
row, unsettled.

C, 4r

A-
A4W A6F

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Editorials
Playing With Figures ...
Italy Devaluates ...

VOL. XLVn No. 10 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCT. 8, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Landon Urges Election To Be Choice Between
Voters' Check TwoEvils, Say Aigler, Durfee

I

On Roosevelt,
Kansan Says President Is
'So Careless With Facts
And Figures'
Candidate Begins
Midwestern Tour
Detroit Address Tuesday
Switched From Olympia
To Navin Field
LANSING, Oct. 7.-(P)-Promise of
an overflow attendance led the Re-
publican State Central Committee to-
night to transfer arrangements for
Gov. Alf M. Landon's appearance in
Detroit from Olympia to Navin Field.
TOPEKA, Kas, Oct. 7,-(I)-Gov.
Alf M. Landon said today President
Roosevelt is "so careless with facts
and figures" that every voter should
"get out a pencil and check recently
issued New Deal figures."
In a statement issued on the eve of
his fourth major campaign tour, the
Republican presidential 'nominee
questioned an assertion by his Dem-
ocratic opponent in his recent Pitts-
burgh speech and then, without men-
tioning Secretary Wallace by name,
referred to the "recklessness" of re-
marks made in Iowa "by the Presi-
dent's agricultural spokesman."
Remarks Fallacious
"An ordinary knowledge of arith-
metic, without even the use of a pen-
cil," Landon said, "would show the
fallacy of the President's recent
statement at Pittsburgh that 'over a
billion and a half went for the pay-
ment of the World War veterans'
bonus thisyear instead of in 1945'
and 'that payment is now out of the
way and is no longer a future obliga-
tion of the government.'
"Leaving out of consideration the
question of the bonus itself, I would
like to ask: if the billion and a half
paid in bonus is not a future obliga-
tion, what is it? It was largely paid
in bonds and some day the govern-
ment will have to pay those bonds."
To Discuss Budget
(Mr. Roosevelt's Pittsburgh speech
dealt with the federal budget, a sub-
ject Landon will discuss in Chicago
Friday night.)
Landon did not specify the state-
ments of Wallace to which he re-
ferred.
Landon issued his statement from
the executive mansion where last-
hour preparations were underway for
his eight-day political tour starting
tomorrow through Illinois, Ohio,
Michigan and Indiana. Major ad-
dresses are scheduled for Chicago, Oc-
tober 9, Cleveland, Oct. 12 and De-
troit, Oct. 13.
Black Friday
Will Be Held
November 13
Fall Games To Determine
Whether Freshmen Can
Discard Pots
Black Friday will fall on the om-
inous date of November 12 this yeai
by decree of the Men's Council which
met last night and decided to hold
the Fall Games from 3 to 5 p.m. on
that date and Cap Night that eve-
ning.
The outcome of the Fall games de-
termines whether or not the fresh-

men will be able to discard their pots
that evening, for if they do not win
they will have to wear them till the
Spring Games. But provided they
do win, and the odds are in their
favor, that night, according to the
Men's Council plans a torchlight pa-
rade will be led by the Varsity Banc
down State Street to South Ferry
Field where with appropriate cere-
monies the frosh will forever aban-
don his pot.
Plans for a "Varsity Day" celebra-
tion tomorrow night in Hill Audito-
rium were also approved. Because of
the adolescent conduct at last week's
pep meeting, the Council decided to
exclude all high school students fron
the auditorium.
Class elections were discussed by
the council and the election of San-
ford M. Ladd, '37, James Walker, '37,
INi4hv+ Wr1WofA ' T.pnidp.8 to .n

Law Professors Debate
On Coming November
Presidential Contest
By SAUL R. KLEIMAN
Conviction that the problem for
,he electorate in November is the
lesser of two evils-planned economy
"r a policy of government non-inter-
ference with business-resulted from
the debate between Profs. Ralph Ai-
gler and Edgar Durfee before the
Lawyers' Liberal Club at the Union
last night.
Professor Aigler took the stand
that "if our government continues
along present lines it will lead to a
totalitarian state." The dangers in
a system of laissez-faire are worth
daring, he said, as an alternative to
what would surely lead to the under-
mining of our democratic institutions.
From Prof. Durfee's point of view,
'the major problem of government to-
day is the control of economic power."
To solve this problem, he said, we
must have strong executive leader-
ship for our parliamentary govern-
ment.
He pointed out that the question
of the undermining of our democratic
government all depended on what'
Nye Maintains
Elliott Roosevelt'
Case Is Closed
Goal Of Public Hearing Is
S did To Be 'Smear The
President'

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was meant by democracy. Professor
Durfee started with Lincoln's con-
ception of democracy as "govern-
ment of the people, by the people, for
the people." Government by the
people, he said, "has its chief value
insofar as it attains government for
the people."
Decentralization Worse
He said that our forefathers in
their desire to get government by the
people decentralized our system, put-
ting as little power as possible into
the federal and state governments,
spreading the authority to counties,
and townships as far as was possible.
This decentralization results in "no
government at all" for our huge in-
terstate commercial interests, he said.
We need a President who will be
the leader of his party in Congress,
he said. "I don't see where the Pres-
ident's having exceptional powers are
so dangerous as long as Congress is
still there; what is important is how
far do we have government for the
people?"
Planned Economy Undesirable
Prof. Aigler, however, maintained
that "government should continue to
be government by the people in order
to be government for the people."
However, he said, even were we to
disregard the matter of democracy,
a planned economy is still undesir-
able. Public officials are incompetent
to handle business direction. And a
planned economy would necessitate
the elimination of certain personal
liberties,
Landon will not bring perfection,
Professor Aigler said. In fact "there
are some things I don't like about
Landon. I think lie is out-promising
Roosevelt." But, he said, voting for
Landon is the "best way to get rid
of Mr, Roosevelt.
Men's Rushing
Season To End
Tonight At 8:30
More Pledges Expected;
Formal Selection Begins
Tomorrow

Loyalists Rally
To Halt Rebels
BeforeCapital
Trench Digging Started In
Madrid In Preparation
For Fascist Approach
New Troops Called
Out By Government
Hardships Of Defenders
Because Of Approaching
Winter Is Emphasized
RABAT, French Morocco, Oct. 7.
-(P)-The Spanish insurgent radio
at Seville broadcast tonight that Ma-
drid government leaders had fled to
Alicante and were ready to embark
on a Russian ship.
The broadcast termed the capital's
situation "desperate" and said citi-
zens were forced to join the militia
under threats of being shot if they
refused.
Madrid airports again were
bombarded, the radio station said.
MADRID, Oct. 7.--(/P) - Socialist
and Communist defenders dug in to-
night for "last ditch" street fighting
if their comrades outside the capital
fail to stem the advancing Fascists.
To speed the work of scoring the
streets with trenches and throwing
up barricades, the government set up
a fund of $650,000.
At the same time, cabinet ministers
voted to call into military service all
men in the 1932 to 1935 classes from
Almeria and Huesca provinces.
Meanwhile, poorly-clad govern-
ment fighters were battling in the
cold to hold defense lines West of
Madrid against a frontal attack by
Fascist forces in the Avila sector.
Fascists Threatening
A Fascist flanking movement south
of Navalperal, the war ministry said,
threatened to trap the government
force between two bodies of insurgent
troops.
Brisk fighting was reported near
Santa Cruz del Retamar, on the Ma-
queda-Madrid highway. The ap-
proach of winter added to the hard-
ships of the defenders, many of
whom were clad in tattered civilian
clothes.
The war ministry said the militia
was holding its ground in the West
and a two-day battle had resulted in
the recapture by government troops
of the strategic town of Siguenza, 43
miles Northeast of Guadalajara.
Militia holding Ground
Officials admitted Fascist artillery
f fire had cut communications on the
Western front between government
outposts and the supply base at Cer-
breros. The base is just south of the
Alberche River dams which the gov-
ernment opened a fortnight ago to
flood out advancing insurgents.
I The ministry reported a govern-
ment patrol south of Talavera de la
Reina had captured Villa Terboso
and seized a train of supplies after a
battle in which 22 Fascists were
killed.
A.S.C.E. DISCUSSES PLANS
Plans for the annual initiation
banquet, to be held Oct. 21 at the
. Union, were made last night by the
local chapter of the American Society
of Civil Engineers last night in the
West Engineering Building. Com-
mittee chairmen appointed were
e William Olsen, '37E, membership;
z Sidney Steinborn, '37E, publicity
- Richard Snell, '37E; program; and

D Chester O'Dell, social. Carlton Nel-
- son, '37E was appointed Engineering
Council representative.

i

Russians

Will Intervene

in Spain Unless Support
To Rebels Is Withdrawn

Mussolini Demands Starhemberg'
Be Given Control Of Heirnwher

WASHINGTON, Oct. 7. - () -
Chairman Nye (Rep., N.D.) of the
Senate Munitions Committee, who
yesterday ordered publication of de-
position saying President Roosevelt's
son Elliott had contracted in 1934
to sell military planes to Russia for a
$500,000 commission, today declared
the incident closed.I
"Since no sales were made, it is ob-
vious that the President's son did
nothing illegal, and so far as the M'i-
nitions Committee is concerned the
incident is closed," he told a press
conference.
Nye asserted that the deposition,
made by Anthony H. G. Fokker, for-
mer Dutch airplane manufacturer,
would not have been released with-
out a public hearing had it not been
for an intimation by an aviation
magazine (Aero Digest) that the
committee had concealed evidence
and facts.
Previously, he said, members of the
Munitions Committee, including my-
self and the other Republicans, Sen-
ator Vandenberg of Michigan and
Barbour of New Jersey, were con-
vinced by a thorough study that a
public hearing would serve no other
purpose than to "smear the Pres-
ident."
Denying he ever had agreed to sell
military planes or that he had re-
ceived anything under an unfulfilled
contract with Fokker, 25-year-old El-
liott Roosevelt said at Fort Worth,
Texas, that he thought Nye had done
"exactly the right thing" in making
public the deposition.
He said he believed his rights as a
private citizen had been infringed,
3 however, and that he intended to go
to New York early next week to con-
fer with counsel.
A.S.M.E. Addressed
By Prof. Anderson
More than 100 members and pros-
pective members of the student
branch of the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers attended the
group's first meeting of the year last
night in the Union.
Prof. H. C. Anderson, head of the
department of mechanical engineer-
ing delivered the main address of the'
evening on the work of the faculty,

I Duce Enters Austrian I
Feud; Grooms Ciano As t
Eventual Successor
d
VIENNA, Oct. 7.-(P)--Major Emil b
Fey, fiery "ousted" leader of the i
Vienna Heimwehr, tonight challenged P
Prince Ernest von Starhemberg to a g
dual.
Stung by Starhemberg's public r
charge that his conduct, at the time I
of the assassination of Chancellor t
Engelbert Dollfuss, was "never satis- o
factorily explained," Fey sent his
second to his arch rival demanding
an opportunity to vindicate his honor. n
"I want a settlement in keeping a
with the tradition of the Austrian
army," Fey said. 1'
s
ROME, Oct. 7.-(P)-Premier Mus-
solini today stuck his finger in the
pepper pot of Europe with a demand,c
informed sources said, that AustriaI
give complete control of the Heim- t
wehr to his friend, Prince Ernest vont
Starhemberg.
Austria's state secretary for spe-
cial affairs, Guigo Zernatto, was re-I
called hurriedly to Vienna followingi
a telephone conversation with Chan-1
cellor Kurt Schuschnigg during whicht
Zernatto was understood to have re-r
layed Mussolini's wishes on the fu-
ture Austrian policy as it involved
Germany and Italy.I
II Duce Displeased
Informed persons said Il Duce ex-
pressed positively his displeasure over
the Austro-German reconciliation
treaty signed in July, believing it was
indicative of increased Nazi sympa-
thies.
In Vienna, however, it was said in
official circles that the treaty had1
done nothing save stem the influx of
Nazi propaganda and that Austrian-
Swedish Flier
Rescued Near
West Ireland
VALENTIA, Ireland, Oct. 7 -(A')-
Forced down in the Atlantic on an
attempted direct flight from New
York to Stockholm, Kurt Bjorkvall
was rescued tonight by the trawler
Imbrin off the Western-most point
of Ireland.
The first word from the long over-
due Swedish airman, who had not
been reported since he took off from,
Floyd Bennett field at 7:35 ' a.m.'
E.S.T., Tuesday, came in a wireless
message from the trawler.
"Bjorkvall Sauve (saved)," it said.
The 31-year-old flier, the trawler's
skipper said was "minding his appa-
ratus."
"Will attempt to take in tow to Va-
lentia tomorrow," added the message
received here. Valentia is an island
on the Western coast of Southern
Ireland.
(Bjorkvall's flight" ended, it was
- estimated, about 2,375 miles from
g New York and approximately 1,000
miles short of Stockholm, his goal.

Rushing for men ends tonight and
the formal selection of pledges
through the office of the Dean of
Students begins at 9 a.m. tomorrow
before which time fraternity prefer-
ence lists are to be presented atI
Room 2, University Hall.
More men are expected to pledge
this year than last, according to
John Mann, '37, secretary of the In-
terfraternity Council, because the
730 men registered with the Council
has set a new high. The necessity of
registering before handing in a pref-
erence list was pointed out by Mann,
who said that from 3 to 5 p.m. today
and tomorrow those who have not
registered may do so in the office of
the Council in the Union.
Fraternities were urged by Mann
to make sure that their prospective
pledges had registered and that they
were familiar with the pledging pro-
cess.
Rushees were also reminded by
Mann of the period of silence from
8:30 p.m. today until 12 noon Mon-
day during which time there shall be
no contact whatsoever between a
member of a fraternity and a rushee
Article IV of the Interfraternity
Council Constitution pertaining to
rushing is printed below:
On or before 9 a.m. of the Friday
of the second week of rushing th
fraternity shall present to the Dean
of Students a list, in order of prefer-
ence, of the rushees it is willing to
pledge, with their, addresses, stipu
(Continued on Page 2)
Loopholes Ii
Pointed O

talian relations were never better.
Mussolini's reported demands for
he installation of Starhemberg as
Heimwehr chief would inject ItalyK
lirectly into the longstanding feud
between Starhemberg and Major Em-
l Fey, last week ousted from the
private army at Starhemberg's insti-
gation.
With Starhemberg as the supreme
head of the private army, informed Lh
talian circles said, Italy would feel ts
hat Austria had her best guarantee s
of security. P
Ciano Rated Favoritea
With the Austrian situation upper- m
most in official circles tonight, it wasE
also reliably asserted Mussolini was t
grooming his son-in-law,Count Ga-
eazzo Ciano, as his eventual succes- st
sor.
Ciano, at present foreign minister, g
would be placed at the head of the w
abinet, informed sources said, while p
Il Duce wouldretainhis dictator's m
itle "Cajo del Governo" (Head of o
the government).
Count Ciano has occupied high
governmental positions since he was R
married to Il Duce's daughter. He R
formerly was propaganda minister, a]
He was decorated for aerial action in u
the Ethiopian campaign, and his ad- a:
mirers hold he possesses many qual- w
ities similar to those of Mussolini.
si
d
'Varsity Night'
To Fete Son S a
25thBirthday al
0
of
Co-Authors Will Conduct'
Anniversary Celebration
In Hill Auditorium n
"Varsity" will be 25 years old to- f
morrow and its birthday celebration o
will be conducted tomorrow night in a
Hill Auditorium with the assistance
of its co-authors: J. Fred Lawton ofa
Detroit who wrote the lyric and Prof. c
Earl V. Moore, director of the music p
school who wrote the music. F
Fielding H. Yost, director of ath-
letics, to whom the song "Varsity" 1
was dedicated, will also speak on the
program along with Judge James O.
Murfin, regent of the University, who v
was among the first to hear the songr
and help in raising it to popularity. a
Lawton and Professor Moore haver
planned a re-enactment of the writ-s
ing of "Varsity" on Oct. 7, 1911,
which they will present in threep
scenes at the "Varsity Night" cele-t
bration in Hill Auditorium. It wasr
a fortuitous meeting between Profes-
sor Moore and Lawton on a Detroit
street in 1911 that brought aboutt
their dashing off the song that day
which destined to become one of the
most inspiring college songs ever
written.
"Varsity Night" will serve a dual
purpose, because it will also be the
occasion for the pep meeting before
the Indiana game Saturday, accord-
ing to plans made by the sponsors of
the program, the Men's Council. Be-
sides the speakers mentioned, the
program will include musical enter-
tainment by the Varsity Men's Glee
Club under the direction of Prof.
David Mattern and by the Varsity
Band directed by Prof. William D.
Revelli, Sherwood said.

oviet Delivers Ultimatum
To Nations Suspected
Of AidingFascists
uropean Capitals
Fear Grave Crisis
agan Specifically Points
To Germany, Italy And
Portugal As Offenders
GENEVA, Oct. 7. - (') - Some
eague of Nations sources expressed
e opinion tonight an event of
rious importance to European
eace might occur within 24 hours
s the result of Russia's warning she
ight end her collaboration in
uropean non-intervention in Spain.
Particular concern was voiced in
iese circles regarding the effect the
nnouncement might have on the
ability of the French people's front
overnment of Premier Leon Blum,
hich gained power through a tem-
orary alliance of Sociailsts, Com-
unists, Radical Republicans and
ther groups.
ROME, Oct. 7.-(P)-Well-in-
)rmed sources said tonight that
ussia's ultimatum that she would
bandon the Spanish neutrality pact
nless violations ceased did not in
ny way change Italy's attitude to-
'ard the non-intervention accord.
It was saidin official circles that
ince the arms embargo had been
eclared there have been no viola-
ons by Italy.
LONDON, Oct. 7.-(/P)-Russia's
ccusation that Germany, Italy and
ortugal have violated the agreement
or non-intervention in Spain prob-
bly will split the neutrality plan wide
pen and produce another European
ar scare, informed observers said
onight.
The French and the British ;face
he prospect of standing by in
ningled chagrin and anger as they
ee possible failure in their care-
ully nurtured plan to prevent Eur-
pe from splitting up into communist
nd fascist blocs, these sources said.
The whole non - intervention
cheme has been recognized generally
s ineffective from the beginning be-
ause of Portugal's absence. Many
ersons have expressed wonder why
Russia, naturally sympathetic to the
people's front regime at Madrid, de-
ayed as long as it did:
MOSCOW, Oct. 7.-GP)-The So-
viet Union in an ultimatum issued to-
night declared it would seek again
a free hand in Spain unless Portugal,
Italy and Germany immediately halt
military assistance to the Spanish in-
surgents.
The ultimatum was delivered by
Moiseyevich Kagan, Soviet represen-
tative on the Non-Intervention com-
mittee, to representatives of the sig-
natory countries in London.
"If violations are not stopped im-
mediately, the Soviet government will
free itself from any obligations to the
agreement," the ultimatum said.
Kagan specifically charged Ger-
many, Italy and Portugal with send-
ing arms and war planes to the in-
surgents in direct violation of the in-
ternational neutrality pact which
they signed.
Rebels Use Foreign Planes
"The Soviet government," his state-
ment declared, "cannot consent to
conversion of the non-interference
pact into a screen for concealing mil-
itary assistance rendered the rebels
against the government by some par-
ticipants of the pact.
"The rebels now possess many
bombing planes of German and Ital-
ian origin which did not belong prev-
iously to the Spanish army," he de-
lared, "and the testimony of wit-
iesses prove that supplies of arms
from Portugal continue."

His statement, which he said was
delivered on instructions of the Rus-
sian government, charged that 14
planes have been sent from Hamburg
to Seville through Portugal; 12 large
German planes have been sent to
Seville; and that Italian poison gas
had been sent from Lisbon to the
Spanish frontier.
Loyalists Protest
Kagan's statement declared that
the Spanish government on Septem-
hcr. 'orn+ nrntarc4~, +rn +sto, +1 ..

i Present Pure Food Act
ut By Prof. Nelson In Talk

t
t
1
i
c
r
4

and the society in connection with By WILLIAM SHACKLETON Dr. Nelson yesterday in supplement-
the student mechanical engineer. He Loopholes in the present Pure Food ing his remarks of the previous night,
stressed the fact that the coopera- and Drug Act which cost the Amen- merely "closes the channels of inter-
ation of the students with one an- state commerce to adulterated or
other would play a great part in can consumer millions of dollars misbranded foods and drugs." Adul-
helping the student to make contacts every year were pointed out by Prof. teration of foods was defined as the
wi th the men who count in engineer- Erwin E. Nelson of the pharmacology addition of deleterious substances
ing. department in a talk Tuesday night which may prove injurious to health
Other features of the meeting in- before the Junior Research Club. or render the food injurious. Artifi-
eluded short talks by former Hon- Dr. NeIhon, who returned to the cial coloring, preservatives and spray
orary Chairman Boston, Dean H. C. University Oct. 1, has been on leave residues were cited by Dr. Nelson as
Sadler, and Honorary Chairman H. of absence since January, 1935, for examples of such adulteration.
E. Keeler. the purpose of organizing a pharma- Debased food not so labelled is an-
John F. Ingold, '37E, presided over cological division in the Food and other item which comes under the
the meeting. Drug Administration at Washington. provisions of the act, he continued.
Patent medicines which "cure-all" Here, he noted, the injury done byI
Capt. Patanelli May Not on the carton, yet are carefully non-- illegal sale of such articles as butter
ID__ T.. __ r, -_ I committal on the bottle label; cos- lacking the requisite percentage ofI

I

T-rugs, 4to -pass &I-n- Aa r '

Drugs, to pass the Administration's
inspectors, must have no false and
fraudulent claims on the label of the
bottle, Dr. Nelson continued. That
"and" in the "false and fraudulent"
is the joker in the bill, he emphasized.
Patent medicine or drug manufactur-
ers hailed into court on charges of
misrepresenting their product need
only to claim ignorance for an al-
most air-tight defense, he pointed
out. A plea that some third party(
had convinced the offending manu-I
facturer of the potency of the pro-S
duct in question has been conspicu-
ously successful in such cases, Dr.
Nelson said.
The standards to which most drugs

The program will begin at 8 p.m.,
according to Sherwood, and last 45
minutes.
Browder Files Suit
In Indiana Arrest
TERRE HAUTE, Ind., Oct. 7.-(])
-The arrest here last week of Earl
Browder, Communist candidate for
president, had another repercussion
today when attorneys for the candi-
date filed suits against Mayor Sam
Beecher and Chief of Police James C.
r .-a , Cc'ivn' rfNl rl larva s ,, harnncp

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