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March 03, 1936 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-03-03

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Mussolini Must
Choose Between
Peace, Oil Ban
Will Invite Italy, Ethiopia
To Negotiate By Means
Of League Framework
(Continued from Page 1)

Japanese Premier Who Resurrected Himself

'Ii. , .. .

holding the door of peace open tc
Mussolini - but only briefly.
An oil experts' report before the
Sanctions Committee points out that
an oil embargo applied by all League
states would be effective if United
States' exports to Italy were limited
to the normal level of those prior tc
President Roosevelt's statement in
connection with his signing an ex-
tension of the Neutrality Law was in-
terpreted here as moral pressure on
American producersto keep their oil
exports to Italy to that normal level.
The Committee of 13 itself must de-
cide whether to issue an appeal to
both sides to cease fighting, but it
was expected some form of tele-
graphic appealwillbe sent to Il Duce
and Emperor Haile Selassie.
Domestic Situation Worse
A spokesman for the Little Entente
said today that Italy's domestic ec-
onomic situation is growing worse be-
cause of sanctions and that Mussolini
probably would be disposed to ne-
gotiate peace.
On the other hand, League officials
warned against over-estimating the
chances for peace, foreseeing an ex-
tremely critical situation if Il Duce
rejects the opportunity - which some
observers think he is more likely to
do because of the oil embargo threat
injected by Eden today.
TheSanctions Committee decided
not to meet until after the Council's
Committee on Conciliation has re-

J r

t All Comes

Out In



-Associated Press Photo.
Prenier Reisuke Okada, whom the whole world believed assassinated
during the Japanese rebellion, turned up very much alive with the
revelation that his brother-in-law had been slain instead. He is shown
with his son, a naval officer, accepting tea from his daughter-in-law.
Catholic Doctrines Incompatible
With Communism, Ryan Says

Doctor Dumond
k Will Publish
(Continued from Page 1)
sor Dumond related, "Birney emanci-
pated all his slaves, and went to Cen-
tre College in Kentucky, where, for
one year, he was the agent of the
American Colonization Society in the
Southwestern United States. This so-
ciety was fostering the re-settlement
of slaves in Africa.
"The letters we have discovered
have all Birney's correspondence and
his account book during the period
when he was' agent for this society,"
Professor Dumond declared.
But then Birney turned against col-
onization, Professor Dumond con-
tinued. "He became an abolitionist,
published an attack on colonization
which was widely circulated, and pre-
pared to publish an anti-slavery pa-
per in Kentucky. This proposed pa-
per became the subject of a violent
controversy, and Birney was finally
prevented from publishing it," he
Correspondence in connection with
this dispute is in the recently dis-
covered group of letters.
Prevented from establishing the
Kentucky paper, Birney went to Cin-
cinnati, and, in 1832, founded The
Philanthropist, the first great anti-
slavery paper in the West, Professor
Dumond related.
"Birney edited The Philanthropist
until it was destroyed by a mob," he
continued. "Then he went to New
York City, became corresponding sec-
retary of the American Slavery So-,
ciety, and, in 1840, went to London
as delegate to a world anti-slavery
In 1840 and again in 1844 Bi'ney
was the presidential candidate of the
Liberty Party, he said, and until
1853 he resided in Michigan, carrying
on a widecorrespondence with men
who were thinking of an anti-slavery
gIt was during these years that the
ground-work was laid for the Repub-
licans," Professor Dumond stated.1
"The letters written during this per-
iod are among the most important we
When the Birney letters are in
print, only two of the most important
groups of anti-slavery correspon-
dence, if they are still in existence
and can be found, will remain to be
published," Professor Dumond de-
"These are the letters of Augustus
Wattles, a companion of Weld in
early years, who later directed the
settlement of fugitive slaves on farms
and in trade schools," Professor Du-
mond explained, "and the letters of
Hiram Wilson, who went to Canada
and supervised the settlement of
slaves there."
The Birney letters will be placed
in the General Library when the work
of editing and publishing them has
been completed.
Mr s. Hewitt Is ll,
Fights Extr adli tion

Modified Socialism May
Harmonize With Church,
Such extreme forms of collectiv-
ism as Communism are completely
incompatible with the doctrines of
the Catholic Church, declared the
Rt. Rev. Fr. John A. Ryan, Profes-
sor of Moral Theology and Indus-
trial Ethics at the Catholic Universi-
ty of America, in an interview short-
ly before his address in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre Sunday night.
"Howe er," Monsignor Ryan add-
ed, "soe forms of socialism have
been so much modified of late that it
is difficult to say dogmatically wheth-
er such a form of collectivism would
be incompatible with church doc-
Monsignor Ryan, who arrived Sat-
urday from Washington for his first
appearances in Ann Arbor, was one of
the first persons to openly advocate
the entry of the United States into
the League of Nations. He voiced re-
gret that America did not enter im-
mediately after the war, holding:
"the League might have been en-
tirely different if the United States
had entered. Of course, the entry of
the United States at this particular
time is a debatable question, but we,
should join the League when the
Italo-Ethiopian crisis is over."
Organization of labor is strongly
favored by Monsignor Ryan. "Un-
doubtedly the strength of organized
labor is one of the best ways to ame-
liorate the present social and ec-
onomic maladjustments. I believe,
also, that labor cannot be organized
in all instances by the old craft union
method. In our larger industries there
are so great numbers of unskilled
workers that organization by craft
unions is almost a joke."
In regard to commenting upon
Father Charles E. Coughlin's policy
of entering into the political realm,
Monsignor Ryan was a bit reticent.
However, he did say that he did not
Local Delegates Are
Asked To Germany
An invitation to be represented
at the celebration of the 550th anni-
versary of the founding of the Ru-
precht-Karl University to be held
June 27-30 at Heidelberg, Germany.
has been received by the University,
Dr. F. E. Robbins announced yester-
Professors Dewitt H. Parker, chair-
man of the philosophy department,
and Aloysius J. Gaiss of the German
department have been commissioned
to bring the felicitations of the Uni-
versity to Heidelberg.

wholly agree with Father Coughlin's
monetary theories.
"It is unfortunate that the Nye
plan for neutrality did not go
through," Monsignor Ryan said, "but
possibly one cannot expect Congress
to go ahead at too rapid a rate." He
expressed a hope that when the neu-
trality question comes up again in
1937 that Congress would then enact
neutrality legislation of a more perm-
anent nature.
Talk Series On
Libraries Will
Begin With Bay
Crerar Librarian Will Give
Lecture Here On March
6, 7, 13 And 14
J. Christian Bay, librarian of the
Join Crerar Library in Chicago,
speaking here March 6, 7, 13 and 14,
will be the first of a series of lec-
turers to be presented by the library
science department of the University,
it was announced yesterday by Dr.
William W. Bishop, librarian.
These lecturers will be brought to
Ann Arbor through funds provided
by the Carnegie Corporation. The
public is invited to attend these talks
but they are given principally for
the library science students and the
staff of the University Library ac-
cording to the announcement.
Mr. Bay will devote one of his lec-
tures to the John Orerar Library
since, according to Dr. Bishop, it is
one of the most excellent, up-to-date,
successful libraries in the world. He
will also speak on "Books of Western
Travel and Adventure,' 'and other
topics not yet announced. On Fri-
day 6 and 13 he will lecture at 4 p.m.
and on Saturday 7 and 14 at 10 p.m.
in Room 110 of the General Library.
James I. Wyer, director of the New
York State Library and formerly head
of the New York State Library School,
will be the second speaker, presented
on April 2, 3 and 4. An illustrated
lecture on "The Presidents of the
American Library Association in the
Nineteenth Century" will comprise
one of Mr. Wyer's talks.
Louis Elbel's Nephew
Opens Music Store Here
Robert Elbel, Jr., nephew of Louis
Elbel, who in 1898 wrote Michigan's
famous marching song, "The Victors,"
announced yesterday that he is open-
ing a music store in Ann Arbor.
Elbel comes from South Bend,In d.,
the home of Louis Elbel and other
members of the family, many of
which have had musical careers.

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