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May 01, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-05-01

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The Weather
Showers today or tonight,
and tomorrow; not much
change in temperature.

C, 4r

Sirtian

:43 tl

Editorials
The WPA Theatre,. ..
History Repeats Itself ..

VOL. XLVI No. 149 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 1, 1936

PRICE 5 CENTS

Defeat Is Seen
By Fitzgerald
And Comstock
Leaders Foresee Possible
Victories For Opponents
In National Election
Vandenberg Hits
Presidential Poll
Announces It Is Calculated
To Cut G.O.P. Showing
To Minimum

By FRED WARNER NEAL
LANSING, April 30. - (Special to
The Daily) -The spectacle of Gov-
ernor Fitzgerald foreseeing a possible
Democratic victory in Michigan and
of former-Governor William A. Com-
stock predicting a Republican victory
took place here today.
Michigan, quoted in the American
Institute of Public Opinion's poll as
"doubtfully Democratic" is regarded
as anything but "in the bag" for the
Republicans in the national election,
and some observers even go so far
as to predict that Fitzgerald may be
defeated by a Democratic opponent.
May Endorse President
Governor Fitzgerald emphatically
denied that a Democratic State ad-
ministration "ha a chance" of getting
in, but he admitted that Michigan
probably favors, Roosevelt now, and
may endorse him in November. The
nomination of Senator Vandenberg
at the Cleveland convention, he said,
will "unquestionably swing the state.
Comstock, who although he has an-
nounced in no uncertain terms his
opposition to the New Deal is still
looked on as one of the state's fore-
most Democrats, declared that he
"just can't see Michigan going for
Roosevelt" this fall. About the state
going Democratic, he'd like to see it,
but he's "afraid it isn't in the cards."
He said that the death of Horatio
J. Abbott "could not help" but have
a "demoralizing influence" on the
Michigan Democratic party. "Ab-
bott was always a stabilizing influ-
ence," the former-governor asserted.
Michigan Doubtful
Admitting that Michigan may be
"doubtfully Democratic" at the pres-
ent time, Senator Vandenberg wrote
today from Washington that it is be-
cause of the fact that "President
Roosevelt does not yet have an iden-
tified opponent." The preponderance
of Roosevelt sentiment throughout
the nation, Senator Vandenberg said,
is because "the choice at the moment
is between Mr. Roosevelt and some-
body as yet unnamed. It is the old
story that you cannot beat somebody
with nobody."
The poll is "exceedingly unfair,"
Senator Vandenberg asserted, "and I
think it is well calculated to reduce
the Republican showing to a mini-
mum. The moment the Cleveland
convention has written a construc-,
tive and spirited program and has
chosen an acceptable Republican no-
minee for President, the man on the
street will be able to make a far
(Continued on Page 2)
Main Library
Holds Annual
Visitors' Day
As special features of the annual
Visitors' Day at the General Library
and the department of library science
to be held today, Lionel R. McColvin,,
librarian of the Hampstead Public
Library and Dr. George H. Locke, li-
brarian of the Toronto Public Library,
have been secured as lecturers by Dr.'
William W. Bishop, University libra-
rian.
Mr. McColvin, also honorary secre-
tary of the Library Association, will
speak at 9:30 a.m. on "Some Features
of Public Library Work in England."
At 3 p.m. Dr. Locke, vice-president of
the British Kipling Society will dis-
cuss "Kipling." Both lectures will
be held in Room 110 of the Generalj
Library.
The lecturers are being broughtr
with the aid of Carnegie Corporation
grants and will be the third and1
fourth speakers to be presented in1
the library science lecture series.
Dr. Bishop has extended an invi-
tation to all the librarians of Mich-1
igan and neighboring states to in-
spect the libraries of the University
and the library science department.

Prof. Reeves Returns
From Brussels Today

Repentant Robber
Brings Big Relief
To Fretted Pi Phi's
Yesterday morning when the post-
man made his matutinal invasion of
the Pi Beta Phi sorority house hej
deposited in addition to the customary
sheath of letters a curiosity provok-
ing package. Unending conjecture
failed to suggest to the girls what the
peculiar box might contain, and when
Gi ace Snyder, '37, the girl to whom
it was addressed, finally relieved the
tension by unwrapping it, the general
reaction was one of high exuberance.
Carefully padded by several sheets
of a Detroit newspaper the six-inch
loving cup was finally brought to
light. It had be.en missing since last
Saturday night when it was awarded
to the Pi Phi's for having the prize
winning booth at the Penny Carnival
and disappeared shortly after the
presentation from their booth.
Though the package bore a return
addressit was fictitious and no at-
tempt will be made to identify the
repentant robber.
The cup is the property of the
Women's Athletic Association and
until the mysterious package was
opened the Pi Phi's seemed to be faced
with the ironical duty of purchasing
a new one.
University Host
At Homecoming
May 15, 16, 17
Visitors To See University
In Actual Operation;
Final PlansCompleted
Final plans for the sixth annual
Spring Homecoming, to be held May
15, 16 and 17 for former students,
alumni and guests who are returning
and desire to see the University in
actual operation, are practically com-
pleted John C. McCarthy, '36, record-
ing secretary of the Union, 'stated
yesterday.
President Alexander Ruthven, in a
statement issued to those planning
to attend the Homecoming stated that
'you have at all times the cordial
invitation of the University to visit
its campus but I wish to ask that
you make a special effort to be inl
Ann Arbor the Homecoming week-t
end."
Visitors will be welcome in thet
laboratories, lecture rooms, and
classrooms, and members fo the fac-
ulty and administration will co-
operate in the Homecoming and willt
endeavor to demonstrate the insti-
tution in the regular course of itst
activities.
A complete announcement concern-1
ing the program for the week-end has
been sent out to about 5,000 per-
sons interested in the University.e
Special invitations have been issued1
to the parents of all students who
are residents of Michigan and othersI
have been sent to the relatives of
those living in the larger cities such
as Buffalo and Chicago.
Supplementary information as toI
the program will soon be availables
either at the Union or at the League
The two student organizations arec
sponsoring the Homecoming jointly,
and the high point of the week-end1
will be the reception to be held at 4:30Y
p.m. May 16, in the League. President t
and Mrs. Ruthven and other faculty
nembers will receive the Homecom-
ing guests, May Festival artists and 1
students at the reception.1
Registration of the guests will take t
place at either the Union or the

League, and student guides may be;
obtained at the Union who will show
visitors to the campus, around the
various buildings and outstanding
lisplays.

700 Students
Will Receive
Honors Today
1.3th Annual Convocation
To Be Held At 11 A.IM.
In Hill Auditorm
Frank Aydelotte Is
Principal Speaker
All Classes Except Clinics
To Be Dismissed Early
To Attend Assembly
More than 700 students in all
schools and colleges of the University
will receive public recognition for
scholastic achievementl at the 13th
Annual Honors Convocation, which
will be held at 11 a.m. today in rill
Auditorium.
All classes, with the exception of
clinics, will be dismissed at 10:30 a.m.
for the occasion. However, President
Ruthven has announced that stu-
dents in clinical classes who are re-
ceiving honors at the Convocation
will be excused in order to attend.
Dr. Frank Aydelotte, president of
Swarthmore College, has been se-
lected as the principal speaker by a
committee head by Dean Joseph A.
Bursley. President Alexander G.
Ruthven will be the presiding officer.
Instituted in 1924 by the late Ma-
rion LeRoy Burton, the Convocation
has been held annually since that
time in order to give the University
the opportunity to honor publicly
those students who have shown out-
standing scholastic ability and
achievement.
Dennison Was Speaker
The Convocation always hears an
educational leader. Last year at the
Convocation, held April 26, Henry
Sturgis Dennison was the speaker.
Among the famous educators who
have addressed the Convocation are
Robert Maynard Hutchins, president
of the University of Chicago, James
Rowland Angell, former president of
Yale University, George Edgar Vin-1
cent, former presient of the Uni-
versity of Minnesota, and Rev. Lynn
Harold Hough, distinguished scholar
of the University of Vermont. -
All seniors and graduates in the1
honors groups have been asked by thet
committee in charge to wear the tra-
ditional cap and gown at the Con-
vocation, and a section of the Audi-
torium will be reserved for those re-
ceiving honors. Special invitationsf
to attend the Convocation have been
sent to parents of students in ther
honors group.-
Announce honor Students r
At the same time as the honoringr
of the recipients of scholarships, fel-
lowships and prizes, announcements1
will also be made of elections to Phi1
Beta Kappa, Pi Kappa Phi, Sigma
Xi, Phi Eta Sigma, and other honor-
ary campus scholastic societies. Im-
mediately preceding the address by
Dr. Aydelotte, Dean Bursley will pre-
sent the honor students to the presi-
dent. Palmer Christian will be the
organist for the occasion.
Students who will receive seniorr
honors recognition are those whor
rank in the highest 10 per cent of
the senior classes in the varioust
schools and colleges of the University.-
Junior, sophomore, and freshman
honors will go to those students who
have attained an average equivalentt
to at least half "A" and half "B."
Honors will go to 144 recipients ofr
special scholarships and awards, 1201
graduate students, 108 holders ofr

graduate fellowships and scholar-
ships, 187 seniors, 72 juniors, 82 soph-
omores, and 93 freshmen.

400 In 11igh School
Musical Festival
More than 400 participants took
part in the High School Music Festi-
val held yesterday in Morris Hall,
under the direction of William D. Re-
velli.
The high school solo and ensemble
festival, the purpose of which is to
promote education through music,
was spotmnsored by the band and or-
ciestra department of the School of
Music in collaboration with the music
section of the Michigan Schoolmas-
ters' Club.
The judge were Mr. Forest Buch-
tel, Chicago and Mr. Anthony Guer-
rera, LaPorte, Indiana. Entrants were
(judged by five honor ratings, and
Ann Arbor High School students win-
ning first division ratings were Bea-
trice Parsons, viola, John Wallace,
oboe, and Ann Hansen, violin.
Townsend Plan
Denotinced As
'l1hmey Racket'
Former 0ff icers Criticize
Old Age Pension Clubs
At Congressional Probe
BATTLE CREEK, April 30.-- (P) -
Two formier officers of Michigan old
age pension clubs testified at a Con-
gressional hearing today they de-
serted the Townsend organization
because they were convinced it was
"a money racket."
The testimony was given by the
Rev. David B. Moore, 60, of Tra-
verse City, and Mrs. Juanita H. Jack-
son, of Jackson, before a small au-
dience of elderly people who booed
repeatedly at criticism of the $200-
a month proposal..
Rep. Clare E. Hoffman (Rep.,
Mich.), conducting the investigation
in his home state, previously had
declared in a formal statement that
the hearings had convinced him "the
plan is a racket, whatever the origi-
nal purpose may have been."
Hoffman concluded the hearing to-
day.
The white haired Mr. Moore said
he believes strongly in pensions for
the aged, but testified he had re-
tired as president of the Traverse
City Townsend club because "the
Townsend plan is a money racket."
Mrs. Jackson described in detail
conversations she said she had with
Dr. Francis E. Townsend, founder of
the plan, when he spoke at Jackson
in January, 1935. "All he could talk
about was money," she said. 1
Mrs. Gladys Brittain, secretary of
a club at Niles, Mich., told of discov-
ering a shortage in club accounts
when she took office. She advised
national and regional headquarters
of the Townsend organization of the
misappropriation, she testified, but
received no reply.1
S ,A To Make
3 Day Survey
OAni Areas
Off for a three-day sociological
survey of Chicago, 40 University stu-
dents will leave by railway and auto-
mobile at 1:20 p.m. today with an
itinerary including among other
things, visits to the Ghetto, to Bug-
house Square, to the stockyards and
slum areas.1
This is the last of the series of field1
trips sponsored this semester by theI
Student Christian Association to
nearby cities, William Wilsnack, '37,
president of the organization, an-
nounced yesterday.I

Since the second semester, SCA
trips have been made to Toledo and
Detroit, and in each city the students
saw the best and the very worst to be
seen. The purpose of the field trips
was to enable the 100 students that
took part in them, to study at first
hand actual living conditions of
American families.
Officers of the SCA hope to con-
tinue the trips next year it was made
known.

Law School Research Man
Shows That Congress
Can Take Jurisdiction
By RALPH W. HURD
Seldom realized by the average
"man on the street," according to Dr.
Ralph A. Martig, legal research as-
sistant of the Law School, is the fact
that Congress is not at the mercy of
the Supreme Court, and that Con-
gress has power, under the Constitu-
tion, to regulate and make excep-
tions to the appellate jurisdiction of
that Court.
Writing in the March edition of the
Michigan Law Review, Dr. Martig
pointed out that "despite popular
concern about the Court's powers of
judicial review, Congress definitely
has the whip hand."
In an interview yesterday, Dr. Mar-
tig expressed the belief that Con-
gress is not likely soon to exercise
this power, and that an important
restraining influence undoubtedly has
been the fact that "our legislators
are answerable to the electorate."
However, he cautioned, although
Congress has not attempted to upset
the tripartite balance of powers, this
has not been due to any lack of
power. "The power is there, and with
it the danger," he asserted, "and this
proper use of what might otherwise
be an arbitrary power is a happy
commentary on the soundness of our
basis priciples of government."
"Thought-provoking" in view of
this Congressional power, according
to Dr. Martig, is the much-publicized
statement of President Roosevelt,
made in reference to the "carrying
out of the laws of the land" and in-
cluded in his annual message to Con-
gress January 3:
"The Congress has the right and
can find the means to protect its own
prerogatives."
Among the "rights" and "means"
available to Congress is the Consti-
tutional provision:
"In all cases affecting ambassadors,
other public ministers and consuls,

and those in which a State shall be
a party, the Supreme Court shall
have original jurisdiction. In all the
other cases (before mentioned), the
Supreme Court shall have appellate
jurisdiction, both as tolaw ard fact
with such exceptions and under such
regulations as the Congress shall
make."
An example of the use of this pow-
er, according to Dr. Martig, is the
famous "MCCardle case" of 1868.
While it was under advisement, a
revenue measure, drawn up in the
Treasury Department, was amend-
ed in such a way as to deprive the
Court of appellate jurisdiction in the
MCCardle case. The amended bill
was passed without any serious op-
position, and it was not until two
days later that the Democratic mi-
nority realized that the Radical ma-
jority was seeking to deprive the
Court of that jurisdiction.
In spite of President Johnson's
veto (he was standing trial for "high
crimes and misdemeanors" at the
time) the Radical majority had no
difficulty in commanding the re-
quired two-thirds vote to enact the
measure.
The amendment was actually suc-
(Continued on Page 2)
Europe Recady
For May gay
Demonstrationi
United Labor Front Hopes
To Smash Fascism And
Prevent War
LONDON, April 30. --- (P) -- Work-
ers of Russia, Great Britain, France
and Spain tonight prepared for huge
May Day demonstrations calling for
a united labor front to smash fascism
and prevent war.
The demonstrations come as nations
of Europe, tense over the Rhineland
situation and the Italo-Ethiopian war,
are piling up more armaments.
The Communist Internationale in
Moscow issued a proclamation to
workers of the world urging them to
join a "united front" against fascism
and war.
London's May Day organizers pub-
lished a resolution calling for a world
conference of labor in the interests of
peace.
Preparations have been made here
for the most extensive workers' dem-
onstration against war since the 1926
general strike.
These leaders have issued a flam-
ingly worded program in which, "with
the shadow of war and fascism over'
Europe," they announced their aim
of "welding all peace lovers into one
single front against war" so as to
"deal a smashing blow at the govern-
ment, sufficient to overthrow it."
A University professor, a Com-
munist and a labor leader will ad-
dress the United Front May Day
meeting at 8 p.m. today in Labor
Temple here.
The meeting is sponsored by the
Ann Arbor TIrades Council of the
American Federation of Labor, the
Conference for the protection of Civil
Rights, the American Civil Liberties
Union, the Farmer-Labor party, the
Socialist Party and the Communist
Party.
Prof. Harold J. MFarlan of the
College of Engineering will speak for
the Federated Teachers' Union, the
Rev. H. P. Marley of the Unitarian
Church for the civil rights confer-
ence, Harold A. Franklin for the Fed-
eration of Labor, Ira Welch for the
Communist Party and George Taylor
for the Workers' Protective Union.

Congress Has Whip Hand Over
SupremeCourt, Says Dr. Martig

The Worm Turns
As Medic Students
Wreak Vengeance
"Is there a doctor in the house?"
The question would have brought a
roaring affirmative from the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre last night,
where present and prospective medi-
cos filled every seat to see the All-
Medic Smoker presented by Galens,
honorary medical association.
The All-Medic Smoker is the one
time during the year when the stu-
dents of the Medical School are free
to drop all - well, almost all-of
their natural social inhibitions and
take a round-house swing in skits and
lyrics at their faculty and fellow stu-
dents.
Take, for example, the last of the
five full length skits and three entre-
acts that were presented tonight-
supposedly the trial of Dr. Badgleet
(Carl E. Badgley) for malpractice
as a result of which a can-can dancer
couldn't. Dr. Badgleet took the stage
and the witness stand with a huge
sucker, clad in full fishing regalia in-
cluding rod, creel and waders. When,
at the end of the performance, Dr.
Badgley was called on the stage, to be
presented with the fish his counter-
part had snared in a Detroit fish
market, Dr. Badgley stared at Dr.
Badgleet and then said, "Go ahead
and talk, you look more like me."
Other faculty men who went for a
ride last night were Drs. Smeller
(Carl Weller,) Holler (Frederick A.
Coller) and Wurstenberg (Dean Al-
bert C. Furstenberg..
Aydelotte Rated
College Presid
Dr. Frank Aydelotte, speaker at
today's Honors Convocation and for
15 years president of Swarthmore
College, is recognized as one of the
outstanding college presidents in the
United States.
Aside from his duties at Swarth-
more College, he is American secre-
tary to the Rhodes Trust, chairman
of the board of the Guggenheim
Foundation, and trustee of the In-
stitute for Advanced Study at
Princeton.
Writing in the Atlantic Monthly
last June, Edwin R. Embree of the
Rockefeller Foundation, in rating the
American institutions of the higher
learning, said, "If I were picking a
smnl nnllp-n T chilA nnl -nr+I'. -

Teachers
To Open
Assembly
IHayden To Address Group
On 'Changimg Orient' At
Morning Session
Dewey rToSpeak
At Banquet [oday
Propose dTeachers G uilds
D~iscussed By M''oehhnan
At ThursdayMeeting
After preliminary sessions which
met yesterday, the Michigan School-
masters' Club will open its full pro-
gram this morning with a business
meeting, general assembly, and 11
of the 19 special conference sec-
tions of the society.
Edith L. Hoyle of University High
School, president of the Club, will
open the annual business meeting at
8:45 a.m. in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, and after the election of
officers and other business the meet-
ing will be converted into a general
assembly of the Club to hear Prof.
Joseph R. Hayden of the political sci-
ence department speak on "The
Changing Orient." The meeting will
be dismissed in time to let the audi-
ence attend the University Honors
Convocation.
Dewey To Speakc
The other main feature in today's
program is the Golden Anniversary
Reception and Banquet, to be held at
5:15 and 6 p.m. in the Union ball-
room. Dr. John Dewey, well-known
leader in education and one of the
four surviving members of the School-
masters' Club's first meeting in 1886,
will give the principal address at the
banquet.
Yesterday's program centered
around the morning meeting of the
Allied Conference on Teacher-Edu-
cation, presided over by Dean James
B. Edmonson of the School of Edu-
cation. Prof. Arthur B. Moehlman of
the School of Education spoke on the
proposed teacher guilds, which, he
said, had been suggested as a united
front to the emergencies which from
time to time confront the teaching
profession.
He listed a number of greatly di-
versified organizations now in the
field, citing as the most conservative
the National Association of School
Business Officials, and as the one
having the greatest "leftist" tend-
encies the "Educational Section of
New America, whose membership and
aims are secret." He estimated their
membership at anywhere from 500
to 5,000.
Outlines Ideal Guilds
The ideal guild, or "united profes-
sional organization," as the more con-
servative teachers call it, according
to Professor Moehlman would follow
the organization, aims, and activities
in its own field that the American
Medical Association does in its profes-
sion.
A panel on the proposed certifica-
tion code for Michigan teachers came
to the conclusion that the new reg-
ulations are fundamentally desirable,
but questioned whether certain of the
provisions would have their intended
(Continued on Page 2)
Hull Announces
New Program

Of Reciprocity
Trade Measure Designed
To Maintain World Peace
And Expand Commerce
WASHINGTON, April 30. -(A) -
Warning of a "rising danger" of a
new world war, Secretary Hull was
applauded by the Chamber of Com-
merce of the United States today as
he outlined the administration's re-
ciprocal trade program designed, he
said, to expand world commerce and
maintain peace.
A short time later a resolution call-
ing for continuance of the trade
agreemeents under adequate safe-
guards for American agriculture was
adopted by the chamber along with
others attacking the new tax bill,
and declaring opposition to govern-
ment regulation of wages and hours
and competition with private indus-
try.
Describing the twelve trade agree-
ments the United States has con-

Prof. John Dewey To Attend
Dinner Of Schoolmasters' Club

By PAUL D. JACOBS
The one man who, more than any
other, was the moving force toward
the creation of the Michigan School-
master's Club exactly 50 years ago,
and who today has attained the repu-
tation of being "the greatest Amer-
ican educator of modern times," will
tonight be present at the golden an-
niversary reception and banquet of
the association. This man is Prof.
John Dewey of Columbia University.
Prof. A. A. Whitiey, Dean-Emeritus
of the School of Education, has char-
acterized his greatness as being due
to "a persistent spirit of revolt against
the mechanical rote methods of tra-
ditional American education. "Pro-
fessor Dewey is one of the pioneers

"Dr. Dewey is the only Amemrican who
I~~~~~ ho w- nll"plnllnif rit

has ever influenced me ud o du-
cation in Germany."
Professor Dewey has, on many oc- Wisconsin Students
casions, had official connection with
the University of Michigan. In 1884, Like Beer, But Gosh-
he accepted the post of instructor of
philosophy here at the suggestion of MADISON, Wis., April 30. - UP) -
Prof. George Morris, who at that time The Interfraternity Council at the
comprised the entire faculty of the University of Wisconsin countered a
philosophy department. In 1888 he proposal to ban the drinking of any-
was called to the staff of the philos- thing but beer at social functions
ophy department of the University of with this suggestion today:
Minnesota. "No attempt will be made to limit
One year later, Professor Morris drinking at University functions but
died and Dr. Dewey was recalled to individual cases of misconduct due
the University where he remained for to excess drinking will be dealt with
five years. as customary by the Fraternity and
fh 7e1:111f- o mit or n fltin

Leader Amongr
lents Of America
1921, President Aydelotte said of
Honors Work in America, "We seek
to give those students who are really
interested in the intellectual life
harder and more independent work
than could profitably be given to
those whose devotion to matters of
the intellect is less keen, to demand
of the former, in the course of their
four years' working, a standard of at-
tainment for the A.B. degree dis-
tinctly higher than we require of
them at present * * *. Our examina-
tions should be less frequent and
more comprehensive, and the task of
the student should be to prepare him-
self for these tests through his own
reading and through the instruction
r-rrar hs.+1- nr 7n ,,

;I

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