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February 20, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-02-20

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The Weather
Generally fair, not quite soi
cold today; tomorrow probably
snow and not so cold.



D ooOAItN441

A New License Law ...
Will Hitler Learn
From Musslini?...

VOL. XLVI No. 97




House Will

Students Voice Approval Of'
Double Standard Of Morality


Pension Plan
Investigating Committee
Has Both Parties On It
To Find 'Real Facts'
$200-A-Month Plan
Called Fraudulent
Townsend Branded Quack
Of Nation's Social Ills
By Author Of Inquiry
WASHINGTON, Feb. 19.--(P) -
The House voted 240 to 4 to investi-
gate the Townsend and other old age
pension movements today after hear-
ing them defended from such charges
as "fantastic" and "fraudulent."
Speaker Joseph W. Byrns said that
he would consult both Republican and
Democratic leaders before appointing
the eight-member investigating com-
mittee. The stand of members for or
against the Townsend plan, he said,
would not govern the selections.
Rep. C. Jasper Bell (Dem., Mo.),
author of the inquiry resolution, prob-
ably will be committee chairman, with
the major political parties given equal
Representatives Usher L. Burdick,
(Rep., N. D.), Karl Stefan (Rep.,
Neb.) Vito Marcantonio, (Rep., N.Y.),
and Theodore L. Moritz, (Dem., Pa.),
who cast the dissenting votes, indicat-
ed their belief that the investigation
would cost $50,000 to $60,000 and pro-
duce no definite results.
"We started to investigate the
Power Lobby here last year and the
whole thing fell flat despite the
fact that it concerned one of the
most outrageous scandals in several
years," said Burdick. "I doubt if this
investigation will accomplish any
Bell branded the Townsend Plan as
"fantastic, impossible and fraudu-
lent." He told the House he had. re-
ceived letters from all parts of the
country "demanding that the people
9f t1y Un.ited States be given an
opportunity to know the real facts
behind this vat promotion."
"I want to say I cast no reflection
whatsoever on Dr. Townsend as a
medical doctor," said Bell, "* * * but
as a doctor of the ills which afflict
our social structure, he is a charlatan
and a quack."
The Missourian said the depres-
sion's widespread want and unem-
ployment "has been a fertile field in
which these quacks and charlatans,
these false prophets of social reform
have promoted their schemes and
rackets, reaping vast sums in unholy
profits at the expense of tens of thou-
sands of good and faithful, but de-
luded, followers."
Rep. Verner W. Main, (Rep., Mich)
recently elected on a Townsend plat-
form, told the House he favored the
inquiry but that he was "beginning
to recognize the symptoms of polit-
ical jitters which I was told were
evident in Washington."
Soviet Movie
To Be Shown
Jonathan Swift's Lilliputians will
come to life tonight in the persons
of 3,000 puppets which, along with a
12-year-old boy, comprise the
cast of "The New Gulliver," the So-
viet film offering of the Art Cinema
League at the LydiaMendelssohn

This movie has been held by critics
to be the precedent for the inclusion
of figurettes in historical pictures of
the future.
The film to be shown tonight, Fri-
day matinee and evening and Sat-
urday evening, tells the story of a
young Russian boy who falls asleep
reading "Gulliver's Travels" and
dreams he is shipwrecked on the
shores of Lilliput, the land of people.
the height of a man's finger. The
entire film is done in a highly saUr-
ical vein, with even the accompany-
ing music expressing the critical idea.
Expressions on the faces of the fig-
urettes and especially on that of the
Chief =of Police of Lilliput is repre-
sentative, it is said, of the usual police
chief. The King, however, is a com-
bination of Alfonso of Spain and the
late George of England.


- I

Birth Control Is Approved,
But Men, Women Differ
On Pre-Marital Morals
Seeming to conform squarely to a
"double standard" of morality on
other controversial matters, men and
women. students in the University
registered a concerted approval of
birth control methods in a survey re-
cently conducted on the campus.
From the 400 replies to question-
naires a base group of 200 was se-
lected; of this number 105 answers
were made by men and 95 by women.
Asked "Do you approve of birth
control?" 87 per cent of the men
and 88 per cent of the women an-
swered in the affirmative. Ninety'
per cent of the men and ninety per
cent of the women approved the dis-
semination of birth control informa-
Men and women students differed
widely, however, in answering ques-
tions on moral standards. Fifty-
eight per cent of the women agreed
affirmatively to the statement that
women should have a higher moral
code than men, while only forty-two
per cent of the men students indicat-
ed an approval of the proposition.
Men and women also held opposite
opinions in answering the question
"Would you have intimate relations
with the person you intend to mar-
ry?" Sixty-one per cent of the men
answered affirmatively, while only
twenty per cent of the women con-
curred in this belief. According to
49 per cent of the men and 32 per
Zero Weather
Keeps Its Grip'
On Ann Arbor
Lowest Mark 6.3 Below;
Warmer Temperatures
May Be OnWay
Tuesday's sharp temperature drop,
the most severe in many winters of
Ann Arbor weather history, yielded
yesterday to slight gains which still
kept the mercury hovering around
and just below the zero point for the
greater part of the day.
The lowest temperature for the day
of 6.3 degrees below zero came dur-
ing the early morning hours and con-
tinued until about 8 a.m. This tem-
perature represented a substantial
rise from the sub-zero low of 11.8
for the previous day.
The temperature continued to rise
throughout the morning and early
afternoon, and reached the high
point for the day, 7.8 degrees above
zero, at about 3 p.m. The tempera-
ture reported by the University Ob-
servatory Weather Bureau at 7 p.m.
yesterday was four degrees above
Clear weather and a bright sun
served to dull the edge of the cold, but
a strong wind, blowing about 10 miles
per hour, continued throughout the
Associated Press reports indicate
that a similar rise in temperature is
taking place throughout the coun-
try, and forecasts in many areas sub-
stantial continuation of this relief.
Warmer weather was reported in the
northern Rocky Mountain States, the
central plains, and many of the Mid-
west states.

cent of the women, pre-marital re-
lationships were justified by econ-
omic handicaps to marriage.
Fifty per cent of the men students
and only eleven per cent of the
women students would have extra-
marital associations if their mates
were incapable. Seventy-five per
cent of the men and ninety-two per
cent of the women would not have
extra-marital relationships if their,
mate were away from home the
greater part of the time.
Disloyalty during the engagement
period would change plans formar-I
rying for 82 per cent of the men and
64 per cent of the women. A con-
verging of morality views after mar-
riage to eliminate the double stand-
ard was indicated in the answers to
the causes for divorce. Both men and
women considered infidelity the most
basic reason; desertion and sexual
incompatibility both were cited byI
nearly the same number of men and
A broad censure of free love was
made by both men and women, Only
23 per cent of the men recorded an
(Continued on Page 2)>
Bell To Talky
On Interviews
With Diplomats
Europe And Asia Covered
By Newshawk Who Met
And Questioned Leaders
A man who has hobnobbed with
every prime minister and every for-
eign minister in Europe and Asia,
whose wanderings have taken him'
over 38,000 odd miles in those con-
tinents, Edward Price Bell, will give
an account of his experiences next
Thursday in Hill Auditorium under
the joint auspices of the University
Oratorical Association and Sigma
Delta Chi, national professional jour-
nalistic fraternity.
His subject will be "Interviewing
the Leaders of the World," and he was
commissioned by the Literary Digest
to make this extended tour of Eu-
rope and Asia with the express pur-
pose of interviewing governmental
leaders in the countries visited.
Mr. Bell was the London corre-
spondent for the Chicago Daily News
for more than 20 years previous to
his association with the Literary Di-
gest. He is a member of Sigma Delta
Viewed from the standpoint of
those governmental leaders who were
largely responsible for their occur-
rence, Mr. Bell's interpretation of
recent European events should be
timely and of interest to patrons
of the Oratorical Association Lecture
Tickets at the regular price of 35
cents are obtainable at Wahr's State
Street bookstore.
Norman Thomas, nationally prom-
inent Socialist twice a candidate for
the presidency on that ticket, will
address three audiences here tomor-
row. His first address will be given
at 1:30 p.m. in the Ann Arbor High
School assembly; his second at 4
p.m. in the Masonic Temple where
he will address public school teachers
of Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti; and his
third at 8:15 p.m. in Hill Auditorium,
where he will speak on "A Program
for Our Times."

Leibowitz Out
Of Fight For
Bruno' s Life
Noted Criminal Attorney
Drops Case After Long
Talk With Hauptmann
Scottsboro Lawyer
Gives No Reason

Fisher Says
Youth Unity'

__ _

Condemned Slayer Wants
Interview With Jafsie
To Prove Innocence
TRENTON, N. J., Feb. 19. - (P) -
Samuel K. Leibowitz, New York crim-
inal lawyer who entered the Haupt-c
mann-Lindbergh case several daysI
ago with the avowed intention ofr
getting Hauptmann "to tell theI
truth," tonight withdrew.b
"I want no further part in any ofI
the case," he said a short time aftert
he finished a four-hour and 25-min-
ute interview with Hauptmann at the
death house in state's prison. L
Leibowitz was asked point-blankP
whether his interview with Haupt-c
mann today and the two interviewsf
preceding it led him to believeI
Hauptmann was guilty.
"I will merely stand by what Ic
said," he replied, referring to hisI
announcement he was quitting the
case. "I cannot see how I can servei
the interest of justice by any furth-i
er participation."
Later the Brooklyn lawyer, whoI
had recently figured in the defense
of the Scottsboro case, added, "I for
one have refused to associate my-
self as this man's lawyer."
C. Lloyd Fisher, chief of Haupt-t
mann's defense attorneys, met Lei-
bowitz's announcement with a firmt
statement he was "still convinced of
the condemned man's innocence, andY
confident that he would not be elec-
trocuted for the crime."
From his cell in the quiet of the
death house, Hauptmann, the con-1
demned kidnap killer of the Lind-
bergh baby, tonight asked to see Dr.1
John F. Condon, because he feels "I
can prove to him I am not the man
he dealt with" in the ransom nego-
Hauptmann's request to see the,
gray-haired "Jafsie" of the ransomE
negotiations was made known after
the condemned man had conferred
with Leibowitz, and C. Lloyd Fisher,
chief of defense counsel.
taly To Lose
Says Israels,
Lauding Haile
Guerilla Warfare, Rains
And Natural Barriers To
Save Ethiopians
A bright prospect of the future for
the Ethiopian cause was voiced last
night by Josef Israels, New York
Times correspondent and personal
friend of Emperor Haile Selassie, in
the seventh and one of the most en-
tertaining of Oratorical Association
lectures at Hill Auditorium.
Mr. Israels believes Ethiopia will
win in its struggle with Italy, not
because of any superior organization
or strength of Ethiopian armies,
but partly as a result of "almost in-
credible" natural barriers, partly as
an outcome of Ethiopian strategic
guerrilla war tactics," and partly as a
personal triumph of the "one man
brain trust," the man who "consti-
tutes within himself the sole center
of the intricate details of a vast and
heterogenous population"- Haile Se-
Better known to foreign corre-
spondents as "little Charlie," accord-
ing to Mr. Israels, all Ethiopia would
"fly apart of its own centrifugal
force" were the Emperor to be as-

Speaks On Orient

, Is Important
Great Loyalty Of Nation,
Especially Of Youth,
Seen As Essential
Failure Inevitable
For U.S. Radicals
Italy And Germany Cited
As Examples Of Unity In
Road Conference Talk
The coming of a "democratic so-
cialization arising out of our great
American ideals" was prophesied last
night by the Rev. Dr. Frederick B.
Fisher, former Bishop of India, now
pastor of Central Methodist Church,
Detroit, to nearly 300 members of
the State Highway Conference, at
a dinner in the Union Ballroom.
"Any Communistic or Fascist drive
is sure to fail here," Dr. Fisher, who
is a former pastor of the Ann Arbor
MethodistChurch, asserted, "because
our youth has been taught to think
for themselves and not to be servile.
But we will work out our own so-
cialization, which is inevitable, and
our own democracy." He foresaw the
building out of "our great freedom
and democracy a democratic social-
ization that will not kill individual-
ism for the sake of the mass, but
will give the individual a greater
power than ever before."
Need United People
The crying need of the United
States today, Dr. Fisher declared, is
a united American people, especially
the youth, built around a great ideal
to which it is unswervingly loyal. This
the Communist and Fascist countries
of Russia, Italy, Germany and Japan
have, he said.
Dr. Fisher, who made his third
trip to Russia this summer, spoke on
"What Americans Can Learn From
Russia." He painted a vivid descrip-
tion of the Soviet experiment, which
he said, greatly increased literacy
and loyalty to the state, but he crit-
icized the Communists for their nar-
rowmindedness and intolerance. He
said that he came out of Russia "more
American and more Christian than
ever before but with a great doubt
and wonder."
Russia Counts On Youth
He declared he saw the Soviet
Union building on its youth, which it
had imbued with complete loyalty
to the communist ideal, and despite
the fact he complimented the inde-
pendent thinking of American youth
he deplored the lack of unity and
lack of faith in any ideal on the part
of the coming generation here. He
said that in America he discovered
that "we have a sophisticated, blase
and heterogenous youth that doubts
its professors and its ministers and
is not built around any ideal.
"It is our duty," Dr. Fisher told
the engineers, "to measure the youth
of the United States that we want
truth and honesty and convince them
to fight for our ideals of freedom
and democracy. If we succeed in do-
ing this, you need never fear that
we will have Communism or Fascism
in this country."
He slapped at Fascism as "pagan
naturalism" and at Communism as
"intolerant atheism." In Russia's
anti-religious museums, he said, re-
ligion is portrayed in the form of
ignorance and superstitition, and the
part it played in the lives of great
scientific men, revered by the So-

2 Students
Badly Hurt
In Accident
Dorothy Goebel Suffers
Skull Fracture In Crash
Of TobogganYesterday
Madaline Meyers
Gets Scalp Injury
One Of Three Persons On
Sled Escapes Unscathed;
Two InHospital

S * *
Hayden States
China's Future
Is Up To Japan
Far East's Fate Dominated1
By Nippon, Says Former
Change will be the "most striking
characteristic" of the Orient during
the next 10 years, Prof. Joseph R.
Hayden of the political science de-'
partment, former vice-governor of
the Philippines, told more than 700
persons yesterday in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Speaking on "The Changing Or-
ient," Professor Hayden painted a
picture of a chaotic, paradoxical
China, fearing an ever-encroaching
Japan, with the new Philippine Com-
monwealth, under an American pro-
tectorate, standing in between.
In the coure of time, Professor
Hayden declared, China will be able
to gain its political, social and ec-
onomic objectives, but the question
the Chinese ask is, "Will we be given
the time?" The answer to that, Pro-
fessor Hayden believes, lies with Jap-
an. He refused to say what the out-
come of the Nipponese aggressive
actions in China will be, but, refer-
ring to Japan's "openly declared in-
tentions," declared that it is certain
that the Japanese army is playing
a free hand in North China.
The most fundamental change
that has occurred in the Far East be-
tween 1900 and 1936, in the opinion
of Professor Hayden, a change that
may affect the future of the entire
world, is that "the peoples of Eastern
Asia have within that period become
the masters of their own fate." How-
ever, he warned, Japan, playing the
most important role in the Orient,
dominates that fate. He said that
the world is "immediately concerned"
with Japan's Asiatic policy, and de-,
clared his belief that Japan has an
even greater interest in its puppet
state of Manchukuo than does the
United States in China or the entire
Far East.
He termed the Japanese motives
"sincere," and pointed to the develop-
ments in Manchuria as "the build-
ing, under pioneer conditions, of a
civilization different from anything
else in the world, a unique contribu..
tion of the Orient."

A head on crash of a toboggan into
tree in the Arboretum at 3:30 p. m.
esterday resulted ,n a fractured skull
or Dorothy A. Goebel, '39, 14919
tanbury Ave., Detroit, and Univer-
ity Hospital reports at 12 midnight
ast night described her as "danger-
>usly ill."
Madaline A. Meyers, '39, Detroit,
received a bad scalp laceration which
was not considered serious by Dr.
Albert C. Kerlikowski, chief resident
physician, and Elizabeth B. Hender-
on, '38, Detroit, the other student on
he toboggan, escaped from the crash
without injury.
Dr. Bell Issues Warning
A warning concerning skiing, to-
ogganning and other winter sports
was issued to all students by Dr. Mar-
garet Bell, director of physical edu-
cation for women. Dr. Bell pointed
:ut that the accident yesterday was
but the most serious of several which
have occurred during the past two
"Different students have suffered a
broken leg, a serious back injury, a
fractured clavicle and a broken spine
while participating in various sports
during the 1935-36 school year," she
stated. "I hope the unfortunate ac-
cident today will serve as a warning
to all students to be careful here-
after," Dr. Bel Isaid
Toboggan Out Of Control
The crash occurred yesterday when
the toboggan on which the three
women were riding suddenly got out
of control and after swerving down
the hill from the right to the left and
narrowly missing several shrubs fin-
ally smashed into the tree.
Miss Henderson, the one of the
group to receive no injuries, said that
the load on the sled was too light for
its size and resulted in its being dif-
ficult to guide. Miss Goebel was
seated behind both Miss Henderson
and Miss Meyers, who were seated
first and second in the toboggan re-
Dr. Kerlikowske told The Daily at
1 a.m. today that Miss Goebel had
not yet regained consciousness and
said that "we don't anticipate any
immediate change in her condition.
Miss Goebel is in a very serious con-
dition, however."
Student Injuries Numerous
Miss Meyers was confined to the
Hospital to enable her to recover
partially from shock, although her
scalp wound was not believed ser-
ious. It is very probable that she
will be released from the Hospital to-
University authorities pointed out
the great number of injuries to stu-
dents which have occurred in winter
sports this year. The cold weather
and the great amount of snow has
resulted in the great increase of ac-
cidents, officials continued and they
hoped "students would take especial
care to avoid and prevent accidents
during the remainder of the year."
Hanging Your Pin
Involves No Option
Say Chicago Girls
CHICAGO, Feb. 19. -R() - Uni-
versity of Chicago co-eds agreed to-
day with Dean of Women Irma
Voight of Ohio University that the
wearing of fraternity pins is no long-
er a "sure sign" of engagement -
but not without a few objections.
Of a dozen young university wom-
en who commented on the Ohioan's
declaration at St. Louis Monday,
"putting out the jewelry" didn't mean
what it used to. Not one would say
she thought wearing a pin was now
a sign of betrothal,
Eleanor Jaicks, of Hinsdale, Ill.,
and rnnni Rrtrnit. of Tnth

Supreme Court Ultimate End

Of Ticket Case,



Military History Of Revolution
Traced In English Map Display

ta. !li I'kT'l'lLIkT tL II"XT f+Y.lD

The recent attachment by the col-
lector of Internal Revenue in De-
troit of more than $22,000 in a Uni-
versity bank account was described
yesterday by Prof. Ralph W. Aigler
of the Law School as a step which was
"neither a surprise nor a shock" to
University officials but rather an ac-
tion which they had made possible
in order to carry on the University's
litigation on the validity of a federal
tax as applicable to Michigan athletic
The admissions tax, Professor Ai-
gler stated, applies a Federal tax of 10
per cent to all admissions over 40
cents, and the University's objection is
based on the grounds that a Federal
tax on a state-supported institution
is unconstitutional.
"The dispute regarding the liability
of the University for the federal ad-
mic-innq tav rpallyhinnhresthe aues-


the tax, Professor Aigler continued,
the University collected the tax and
paid it over to the United States with-
out any objections, although some ac-
tion was even then being planned.
This year, however, the University re-
fused to collect the tax, stating in-
stead on the face of the football,


tickets that 10 per cent of the face sassinated or bombed.T
value had been added to the purchase I Disregarding such a possibility, Mr.
price to cover any possible loss the Israels expects the last vestiges of
University might stand if it lost in I'alidkr hopes of conquest to be
the litigation on the validity of the washed away in the spring rains,
tax. The proceeds from the increase which are due in April and which fall
were then deposited in a special ac- "torrentially" each day for seven or
count where they might be levied eight hours.
upon by the federal collector. Interviewed after the lecture, Mr.
Similar cases have already been Israels stated that readers of news
litigated by universities in Georgia dispatches concerning the Ethiopian
and Iowa, with the difference, how- affair should discount 80% of what
ever, that these two institutions col- comes out of Rome, 50% of the news
lected the tax and then refused to pay from Addis Ababa. (pronounced
it, instead of refusing to collect it A-bay-ba).
ac a - m a - e u o o Vro irn h c A " Tn - <k r nm n nonrehp.,<. Pnin A -

Tracing the course of the Revolu-
tion from its military beginnings to
its final culmination in the battle
of Yorktown, 21 contemporary Rev-
olutionary maps have been put on
exhibit in the William L. Clements
Library under the direction of Lloyd
A. Brown, director of the map di-
vision of the Library.
All but one of the maps are orig-
inals drawn by an Englishman, pub-
lished by Englishmen, and showing
decidedly the English influence. They
are undoubtedly biased, according to
Mr. Brown, but form the best primary
source of material of the campaigns
of the war and outlines the strategy
of the opposing armies.
The first of the maps, depicting
Se h-+tnco ef unnhr T-i11 T~v-

by a third map including a superim-
posed section showing two phases of
the same campaign.
This latter map contains an error
which has probably resulted in the
confusion of the place of the actual
fighting of the battle, whether on
Bunker Hill or Breed Hill. The battle
is correctly shown as taking place on
the correct hill but the names of
the hills are interchanged -Breeds
Hill being called Bunkers Hill, Mr.
Brown explained.
In the map illustrating the plan of
attack on Fort Sullivan, the key to
Charlestown in South Calolina, an
inaccuracy is shown which cost the
English a battle. The map shows'
a sketch of shallow water from Long
Island to Sullivan Island which was
"'7 feet t iinw tr "Pr T nwovnthia

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