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March 19, 1936 - Image 1

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The Weather

Increasing chnidiuess, some-
what warmer, rain or snow ex-
treme west today; tomorrow
warmer.

i E4r

Sic igmi

~Iaiti

Editorials
War And Freedom Of The Seas
The Vocational Lectures

VOL XLVI No. 120 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 19, 1936
- _ _ __ ---------

PRICE FIVE CENTS

400 Come
Here For
Academy
Science, Letters And Arts
Group Convenes Today
For 41st Session
First Seetion Meets
At 2 P.M. In Museum
13 Convention Divisions
Will Assemble Friday
And Saturday Also
More than 400 members of the
Michigan Academy of Science, Arts
and Letters will convene in Ann Ar-
bor this week-end for the 41st an-
nual meeting of the Academy to be
held here today, Friday, and Satur-
day, to hear nearly 250 papers to be
read in the three-day session of the
organization.
The convention will be opened at
2 p.m. today with the meeting of the
section of anthropology, one of the
13 sections of the Academy, in Room
3024, University Museums. Other
meetings for the first day include
that of the council, which will dis-
cuss the agenda for the Academy's
business session at 3 p.m. Saturday,
and a reception for the members of
the Academy at 8 p.m. in the Mu-
seums.
Jefferson To Speak
The section on anthropology, under
R. Clyde Ford of Michigan State
Normal College, will be opened by a
paper on "Anthropology and Modern
Life," to be given by Prof. Carl E.
Guthe, director of the Museum of
Anthropology. The paper will be
followed by a round-table discus-
sion.
A second speech, on "House and
Folks," to be given by Prof. Mark
Jefferson of Michigan State Normal
College, will close the afternoon's
meeting.
The reception committee for the
annual reception will be headed by
Mrg. Alexander G. Ruthven as hon-
orary chairman, and Mrs. George R.
LaRue as chairman.
Meetings of the other 12 sections of
the Academy will open Friday, and
together with the anthropological
section will continue through Satur-
day afternoon.
The Michigan Academy is officially
affiliated with the American Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Science.
Special exhibits during the three-
day session will be on display in the
University Museums, the Museum of
Classical Archeology in Newberry
Auditorium, and the corridors of the
Natural Science Building.
Mmbers From Michigan
Academy members come mostly
from the University, Detroit universi-
ties and colleges, and the various state
colleges and normal schools such as
Albion, Michigan State Normal Col-
lege, and Western State Teachers
College.
The thirteen sections of the Acad-
emy deal with anthropology, botany,
economics and sociology, forestry,
geography, geology and mineralogy,
history and political science, lan-
-guage and literature, mathematics,
philosophy, psychology, sanitary and
medical science, and zoology.
Four of these sections are headed
by Michigan professors, and among
the officers of the Academy are Prof.
Leigh J. Young of the forestry school,
secretary; Prof. Alfred H. Stockard
of the zoology department, editor;

and Dr. William W. Bishop, director
of the University libraries, librarian.
The Academy is headed by Dr. A.
M. Chickering of Albion College, who
will give the presidential address on
"Evolution in Spiders" at the annual
banquet Friday night.

Coming To Ann Arbor

121 Billions
Are Sought
By Roosevelt

Powers Tied
WhenFrance
Rejects Plan

Scores Perish As Floods

Relief Budget May Need German Delegation Flies
Even More, President To London To Consider
Says In Speech Rhineland Proposals

MAJ.-GEN. SMEDLEY D. BUTLER
Smedley Butler
Will Give Talk
Here Thursday
Students' Alliance Brings
Former Marine Chief To'
Discuss War Racket
Maj.-Gen. Smedley D. Butler, re-
tired officer of the United States ma-
rines, will tell why he thinks "War
Is a Racket" at 8:15 p.m. next Thurs-
day in Hill Auditorium. His talk is
being sponsored by the Students' Al-
liance.
Three essay contests are being con-,
ducted by the Students' Alliance in
connection with the Butler talk; one
for freshmen and sophomores, an-
other for upperclassmen and grad-
uates, and a third for Ann Arbor
High School students.I
Prizes of $5, which may be in-
creased as the contest progresses, will
be offered by the Students' Alliance
in each of the three contests. A com-
mittee of faculty men will judge the
entries of University students.
General Butlei, famous veteran of
wars in France, China, Nicaragua,
Haiti, Mexico, and Cuba, has declared
that "never again will I fight out-
side the United States." He has
been active in recent months in writ-
ing-,and speaking extensively against
war.
Perhaps the best-known living
United .States military, man,. General
Butler has had a tempestuous career
both .as a soldier and in civil life.
In 1924 he was placed at the head
of the Philadelphia police force to
head a campaign to rid the city' of
thugs and bootleggers. In two years,
under his vigorous leadership, arrests
increased astonishingly and the crim-
inal element was to a great extent
driven to cover.
It was he who, in 1929, accused
Italy's Fascist leader, Benito Musso-
lini, of a hit-and-run crime. For this
"discourteous" remark, he was
placed under arrest by Secretary of
the Navy Charles Francis Adams, but
the proposed court-martial was never
prosecuted.
Ellis Cowling
Talks Tonight
At Lane Hall
SCA Brings Illinois Man
To Discuss Cooperative
Purchasing Movement
The Rev. Ellis Cowling, connected
with the cooperative association of
Waukegan, Ill., will speak on co-
operative buying at 8 p.m. today in
Lane Hall under the auspices of the
S.C.A. committee on social study and
action and the Ann Arbor Coopera-
tive Association, which is now in the
process of formation.
Mr. Cowling is one of the best in-
formed persons in the country on the
cooperative movement, according to

Holds Employment
Increase Is Vital
New WPA Appropriation
Faces Hot Opposition
By Congressmen
WASHINGTON, March 18. - UP) -
President Roosevelt today appealed
directly to business to increase em-
ployment, declaring that upon it rest-
ed the responsibility as to whether
the new $1,500,000,000 relief fund be
asked of Congress would be adequate.
In a special message asking that
a lump sum deposit of a billion and
a half be placed to the credit of
WPA for the 1 37 fiscal year - a re-
quest that stirred protest and brought
promise of a major battle in Congress
-the Chief Executive placed special,
emphasis upon a call to industry to
"organize a common effort" to pro-
vide more jobs.
Declaring that about $1,600,000,000
would be available to add to the $1,-
500,000,000 he requested, Mr. Roose-
velt presented this picture of the pres-
ent relief situation: 5,300,000 families
and unattached persons are in need of
public assistance (3,800,000 on the
works program and 1,500,000 on local
and state rolls).
Fight Predicted
Even as his message was read in
the Senate and House, however, sig-
nals were hoisted that a fight would
be made to earmark the new fund for
specific purposes .
Speaker Joseph W. Byrns was one
who foresaw a battle over earmarking.
Sen. Bennett C. Clark, (Dem., Mo.)
asserted that he was "tired of sign-
ing blank checks." Sen. Charles L.
McNary, of Oregon, minority leader,
said no appropriation should be made
"without a bill of particulars."
Rep. Bertrand Snell, of New York,
the Republican leader, termed the
request "a last grab at the treasury
before the election," and asserted that
"the demoralization of the Federal
relief work by spoils politics, incom-
petence, waste and futile boondog-
gling cannot be ignored longer by
the Congress."I
Holt Wants Investigation
Soon after the message was read,
Sen. Rush D. Holt (Dem., W. Va.)
arose and demanded a "thorough and
searching" investigation of the Works
Progress Administration.
He reiterated charges that "poli-
tics" controlled the WPA in West Vir-
ginia and asserted that if Harry L.
Hopkins, administrator, "is as hon-
est as he says he is and has any re-
spect for the integrity" of the Federal
government, he could not oppose a
senatorial inquiry.
Hopkins during the day wrote all
state administrators that "no per-
son shall be employed or discharged
on the ground of his support or non-
support of any political organization."
He added that no WPA worker was
required to make any political con-
tributions and that any employee who
solicited such contributions would be
immediately discharged .
HITCH-HIKERS BEWARE
SAGINAW, March 18.-Hitchhik-

Nazi Minister Sees M
Open Peace Road
British Stand By Belief.
That Temporary Neutral
Zone Would End Tension
LONDON, March 18. - A)-A flat
refusal by the French even to con-
sider a British proposal for a Franco-
German demilitarized zone along the
Rhine brought the Locarno powers
into a deadlock again today.
Representatives of Great Britain,
France, Belgium and Italy struggled
in the Foreign Office to find a new
way to restore the shattered security
framework of Western Europe.
A delegation of German diplomats,'
assured of Great Britain's consider-
ation of Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler's
new peace proposals, was flying by
airplane from Berlin but was due too
late for today's session of the League
of Nations Council.
Despite a violent storm of criticism,
the British did not abandon their
belief that a temporary neutral zone
between the German and French mil-
itary forces would materially aid the
situation.
The French, who seemed virtually
panic-striken by the British tendency
to compromise with Germany, served
notice that they were not prepared
to enter into any negotiations with
Germany until in May-after the
French and German parliamentary
elections.
BERLIN, March 18-(IP)--The Ger-I
man government viewed the interna-
tional situation with the greatest op-
timism tonight after the departure of
its delegation for the League of Na-
tions Locarno talks in London.
No Answer Yet
In Hell Week
Quiz B Council.
The investigation into the Hell
Week practices of 10 fraternities,
started Monday by the ExecutiveI
Committee of the Interfraternity
Council, was concludedyesterday, but
no decisions as to guilt or discipline
have as yet been reached, George R.
Williams, '36, president, said last
night.
An air of mystery surrounded the i
conclusion of the investigation as
both Williams and Paul W. Philips.
'36, secretary of the Council, de-
clined to coment as to possible disci-
plinary action. "All I can say now,"
said Williams, "is that announce-
ment of disciplinary action has been
postponed to a future date and we
don't know whether that will be this
week, next week, or even later."
It is believed, however, that de-
spite the present delay, the commit-
tee will take definite disciplinary
measures against the individual
houses which violated the Hell Week

Devasta
New En
900 National Guardsmen
Patrol Pittsburgh As
Rivers Reach Crest
Food Profiteering
Confronts Citizens
Waters Inundate Business
Section And Sweep Away
Thousands Of Homes
PITTSBURGH, March 18.-)-
Nine hundred national guardsmen
patrolled this terrified city of 700,-
000 tonight while fearful residents
watched rivers reach their crest and
turned to the new terrors of possible
food shortage, darkness, disease and
pillage.
The waters reached the record-
breaking level of 45 feet, 20 feet above
flood stage, before they began to re-
cede slowly. Weather observers said
the slow subsidence would continue
through the night although a new
rain began.
Food profiteering, with prices soar-
ing skyward in the inundated area,
confronted Pittsburgh. Public safety
director Thomas Dunn told Mayor
William N. McNair of the rising prices
and asked a proclamation to curb
profits at the expense of the suffer-
ing.
"I'll sign the proclamation as soon
as it reaches me," the Mayor said.
The flood covered whole blocks of
the famed "Golden triangle"-part
of the city's business district, and
hundreds of homes were filled with
water. The list of homeless rose rap-
idly into the thousands.
The guardsmen went on duty in
the "triangle" to prevent looting and
also lend aid to refugees.
The biggest flood of history in this
section was rolling on toward cities
down the Ohio with misery yet to
come for them. Wheeling, W. Va.,
expected 30,000 homeless by morn-
ing. The Sixth island, in the middle
of the Ohio River, was under water
and its 10,000 residents without shelt-
er.
Fire and explosions added to the
burden borne by the steel metropolis.
Two identified men were dead.
At least 49 persons were injured by
a series of explosions and fires that
tore through flooded buildings in the
low-lying suburbs.
BOSTON, March 18.-(IP)-New
floods ravaged New England tonight,
brought the number of dead in the
last week to 18 and caused inestim-
able property damage.
A southeast storm deluged the area
and mountain snows softened by con-
tinued warm temperatures poured
thousands of tons of water into rag-
ing rivers, which, in turn, engulfed
whole communities, submerged high-
ways and railroad trackage, swept
bridges before them and cut lines of
power, light and telephonic communi-
cation.
WASHINGTON, March 18-(P)-
The Federal Government today
rushed help to the sufferers of the
Eastern United States flood front as
it sought to stave off deluge from its
own Capital doors.
NORTH HAMPTON, Mass., March
18.-GAP)-State police reported the
huge power dam on the Connecticut
River at Vernon, Vt., went out at

11:10 p.m. today.
Emergency warnings were sent out
by state police for residents of the
Conneticut valley below the dam to
flee.
State Congressmen
Face Patronage Rift
WASHINGTON, March 18.-(R) -
Michigan's Democratic delegation in
Congress, faced with new factiona
disturbances within the State organi-
zation, was reported unsettled Tues-
day on a move to obtain a District
Attorneyship appointment for Chas
P. Webster, of Pontiac, Mich.
Leaders of the delegation disclosed
receipt of unfavorable reaction from
some quarters that former Gov. Wil-
liam A. Comstock was being given a
fraa harlt a -nmar1Wshzf. M

Vallee Misses, But 1
White Doesn't; One
Bent Nose Results
NEW YORK, March 18. -(P)-
Rudy Vallee was out of the cast of
the "Scandals" tonight after a back-
stage fist fight with its producer,
George White, over a proposal to
slash salaries.
The slap-bang contest between the
crooner and producer last night, af-
ter the regulair show, was strictly a
no-decision bout, watched by starry-
eyed chorines and others of the cast i
of 200.-
Versions agreed that Vallee called i
White a something-or-other and that
the two then tangled, White landing
about five blows to Rudy's none. Some
said Rudy's recently rebuilt nose was
marred, but this was indignantly de-
nied -by Hyman Bushel, Vallee's at-r
torney.t
Bushel said Vallee was willing to c
take his usual singing role this af- a
ternoon, but was refused admittance r
to the stage by White. Later Bushel
said, White "never showed up" at an c
equity meeting designed to launch ar- c
bitration proceedings on Rudy's con- h
tract.
Nobody seems sure about a rumor
that Vallee had swung first-and mis- e
sed. But several persons agreed thor-
oughly that when White swung, he
didn't miss.s
Gee Is Named f
Varsity Cage
Team Captaint
Bristol Elected To 1937f
Manager Position; Takesr
Place Of John Cawley
John Gee, '37, Michigan's six-foot-
nine-inch center, was elected captain
of the 1937 Varsity basketball team,
Coach Franklin Cappon announced
yesterday. Gee will succeed Chelso
Tamagno, who led the 1936 squad 1
through 20 games with but five lossest
and third place in the Conference.-
Hubert M. Bristol, '37, was elected
senior manager of the team to re-c
place John Cawley, who was man-t
ager of the 1936 squad.1
Gee, one of the four returning let-
termen, has played Varsity basketball
for two years and has been a mem-
ber of the starting five as well as aI
letter-winner both seasons. He is
also a member of the Varsity base-1
ball squad and will probably be one
of the two starting pitchers this
spring.
The new captain was the leading
Michigan free thrower of theseason
with a record of 16 out of 24 tries
in Conference competition and 22
out of 31 during the whole season.
He scored a total of 50 points during
the 12-game Conference schedule.
Gee, in Cappon's opinion, would1
have been the star of the Wolverine
squad if it hadn't been for the pres-
ence of John Townsend, all-Confer-
ence center and sophomore sensation
of the Big Ten, despite the fact that
he had never played basketball until
he entered Michigan. In high school
his rapid growth made it impossible
for him to compete and therefore it
has been the job of Michigan coaches
to develop him.
His desire to work and excellent
mental attitude, although he was far
behind his teammates in the knowl-
edge of the sport, showed to best
advantage in the final game of the
season against Purdue in which Gee's

left-handed hooks and effective work
on the back-board play were import-
ant factors in keeping the Varsity
in the game
Arinstrong Will Not
Con-test Wife's Suit
n Frank H. Armstrong, II, '36L, said
- last night that he did not intend to
a contest a divorce suit filed in Chicago
yesterday by his wife whom he mar-

Fires And Explosions Add
Terror In Pittsburgh;
Steel Plants Closed
Quick Thaw, Rains
Cause Destruction
Johnstown, Heaviest Hit,
Deserted As Citizens Flee
To Mountains
Killing scores of persons and leav-
ng destruction in their wake, floods
paralyzed Pittsburgh last night, de-
uged Johnstown and spread through
New England and the South.
The flood situation at a glance:
(By The Associated Press)
PENNSYLVANIA - Twenty-eight
eported dead; Pittsburgh, Youngs-
own, Johnstown and scores of other
cities flooded; fires and explosions
and general power failure add to ter-
'or in Pittsburgh.
MASSACHUSETTS-Man and two
children swept to death when bridge
collapses; North Adams engulfed;
highways washed out at Warwick.
VERMONT - Four dead.
MAINE - One life lost; damage
estimated by Governor Brann at $10,-
000,000.
CONNECTICUT - Dozen buildings
swept away at New Hartford as dam
crumbles.
'NEW HAMPSHIRE - Highways
flooded at Hinsdale.
NEW YORK-One thousand home-
ess as Susquehanna rises; communi-
cations disrupted at Ithaca; hundreds
evacuate homes at Binghamton; na-
tional guard mobilized.
VIRGINIA- Two drowned; Shen-
andoah Valley damaged by wind.
MARYLAND - One dead; streets
flooded at Cumberland; damage at
more than $1,000,000.
WEST VIRGINIA - Thousands
along Ohio River leave homes; inun-
dation of Wheeling Island expected.
GEORGIA -Two killed, in wind-
storm.
NORTH CAROLINA-Hundreds of
school children in western part of
state marooned by snowdrifts.
A sudden spring thaw accompanied
by rain and storms spread destruc-
tive flood waters over vast areas of
the East Wednesday.
With at least 39 found dead, incal-
culable property damage and many
thousands of persons homeless, the
flood waters swept sections from
Western Pennsylvania to Vermont.
The steel capital - Pittsburgh -
was in a state of almost complete
paralysis.
The famous flood city of Johns-
town, Pa., was largely deserted as
citizens fled in panic after reports
circulated that the Quemahoning
Dam had broken or was weakening.
Indications were, however, that the
dam would hold.
Nineteen persons were known to
have perished and nine others were
feared lost in Pennsylvania alone as
floods ravaged that state for the
second time in as many weeks.
Additional casualties reported from
Maryland, Virginia, New York, Mass-
achusetts, Maine and Vermont
brought the total death list to at least
39.
Upwards of 25,000 persons were
left homeless and shivering before the
ravaging rivers and slashing storms
had done their work.
Thousands of persons fled from
their homes as the frenzied flood wat-
ers rolled along the Allegheny, Mon-
ongahela, Ohio, Potomac and other
rivers.
Forum Course

Will Be Given
In High School
A forum course in contemporary
social and political problems, to meet
once a week at Ann Arbor High
School, was announced last night by
George Alder of the Ann Arbor pub-
lic schools' extension service.
Following along the general lines
of the recent Student Senate, the

te Pennsylvania,
igland And South

ing in Saginaw is out. Police Chief j regulations, as one committee mem-
Fred H. Genske Tuesday declared war ber commented last night that "def-
on the practice and warned offenders, nite action on some of the houses
mostly high school students, to keep will undoubtedly be taken, but we are
their thumbs in their pockets. still collecting evidence."

j Harold Gray, chairman of the tem-
Flo rida W orker 1 porary committee appointed to draw
F up a charter and by-laws for an Ann
Is Crucified In Arbor cooperative organization. The
speaker is a minister of the Church
of Christ at Thorntown, Ind., and
City ark W ood is the author of a widely-circulated
j booklet, "A Short Introduction to the

,

Explodes Rumoi
Tower Site Is
= By CLINTON B. CONGER
Rumors to the effect that (1) the!
excavation at the site of the proposed
Burton Memorial Tower had uncov-
ered quicksand which would make it
impossible to build the tower in that
location; (2) the soil had been found
incapable of bearing the weight of
the tower; and (3) that the excava-
tion had struck water, making it im-
possible to lay the foundation, were
laid at rest yesterday by Edward C.
Pardon, superintendent of the build-
ings and grounds department.
Soil load tests made by Prof. Wil-
liam S. Housel of the civil engineering
department, research consultant of
the State Highway Laboratory,
showed that the soil at the site ofI
the excavations is bearing a weight
of nc hiohs 9o4 fnn .er ,manfnn

rs That Burton
Over Quicksand
drilling to a depth of 200 feet suc-
ceeded in locating nothing but gravel,
more gravel, and still more gravel.
Pouring of the concrete foundations
for the tower will be started as soon
as the necessary steel arrives.
The soil load tests made by Pro-
fessor Housel are done by means of
a hydraulic jack exerting pressure on
a steel disk, with a measurement of
amount of 'give" under the various
pressures.
The jack is ballasted by an 80-
ton load of cement, and rests on a
wood 12-by-12. The beam in turn
rests on the 18-inch steel disk, which
is three-quarters of an inch thick.
A dial on the pump supplying the
I pressure for the hydraulic jack meas-
I ures the pressure exerted by the beam
nn th ar li i in ,nrm of+ - o r, -a

OCALA, Fla., March 18. - ( ) -I
Nailed hand and foot to a heavy
wooden cross and his lips sewed to-
gether, George Timmerman, 39-year-
old unemployed carpenter, was freed
today from a crucifixion which he
laid to a group of unidentified men.
Timmerman, nailed to the rough
cross by thirty-penny nails, was re-
leased by police summoned to a wood-
ed section of a city park by James
WhXite a friend of Timmerman Whitea

Cooperative Movement."
The meeting will be attended by
both students and townspeople, ac-
cording to Miriam Hall, Grad., chair-
man of the SCA committee on cooper-
ative study. The speech and follow-
ing discussion will be open to all in-
terested, she said yesterday.
Mr. Gray said last night that more
than 200 had indicated an interest in
the formation of a cooperative society
here. At the present the organization
of such , aroun ha snromrosn no

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