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March 12, 1936 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-03-12

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The Weather

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VOL. XLVI No. 114 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

C Ceek

Grani Admits
Dishonesty
In NYA Work
Small Percentage Receive
Salaries Without Doing
Work, HeSays
Student Cheaters
Called 'Scallywags'
Hits Collier's Magazine
Article As Exaggeration
Of Minor Flaws
Probably one to five per cent of
the students on the NYA roll are re-
ceiving NYA funds "dishonestly,"
Prof. Lewis M. Gram, director of the
NYA stated yesterday in answer to a
Daily editorial, but he held the "un-
qualified belief that the vast majority
of students on the rolls were hon-
est."
The editorial pointed out the fact
that at least two students were known
to have received NYA money Without
having worked for it, through care-
lessness in the checking of work hours
by NYA supervisors.
"I presume that there are anywhere
up to 50 students on the NYA pay-
roll who are dishonest enough to re-
ceive NYA money without working
for it," Professor Gram stated, "but
such students represent only a neg-
ligible percentage of the entire group,
and there doesn't seem to be any way
of eliminating these few."
Supervimrs Not To Blame
Professor Gram did not believe that
carelessness of supervisors is an im-
portant cause of this minority of
"cheating" on the NYA. "Either the
students are honest or they are of
the type which thinks it 'smart' to
'beat' the NYA administration out of
unearned money, and these dishonest
students will always find some way to
get something for nothing," he as-
serted..
Even if the supervisors do impose
a rigid check on the number of hours
put in by the students, Professor
Gram held that the dishonest ones --
'scallywags' he called them - will loaf
on the job or devise other means to
cheat the NYA.
Professor Gram referred to the
campaign of The Daily last semester
to illustrate the difficulty of ferret-
ing out these "smart" boys. The
studen~t body was urged by The Daily
to report cases in which cheating on
the NYA was known. Only a few
replies were received - all anonymous
- and careful check on these failed
in the majority of instances to reveal
any actual dishonesty among the stu-
dents.
Article Is Exaggeration
The articl by Walter Davenport
entitled "Youth Won't Be Served,"
in March 7 issue of Collier's mag-
azine, a sweeping criticism of NYA
activities throughout the country was
attacked by Professor Gram as an
exaggeration of minor flaws in the
workings of the NYA.
In any sort of relief or welfare work,
according to Professor Gram," a cer-
tain amount of undeserving persons
will be given aid, but to deny the en-
tire worth of such agencies on the
basis of these few cases is unjusti-
fiable."
English Ruler
Asks Fund For
Possible Queen

Communication Brings Up
Names Of Five Eligible
Princesses For Monarch
LONDON, March 11.- (/P) - Ed-
ward VII, the first bachelor King of
England in 176 years, opened the way
tonight for a queen to sit beside him
on the British Throne.
His action consisted only of a royal
request to the House of Commons to
take account of financial provision
for a prospective queen, but it spurred
speculation throughout the nation of
possibility of a regal wedding.
"His Majesty desires that the con-
tingency of his marriage should be
taken into account so that, in that
event, there should be a provision for
her majesty," said the King's mes-
sage, which was read by Neville
Chamberlain, chancellor of the ex-
chequer.
Actually, he asked the Lower House
of Parliament to bear in mind that
his queen, if he marries, would needj

Sellars, Slosson, She pard Speak
On Fascism, Naziism And Hearst

Faculty Men Appear At
Symposium Sponsored
By Student Alliance
By ARTHUR A. MILLER
"The psychology of the Fascist is
the psychology of the cheater and the
whole basic psychology of Fascism is
that of deceit." said Prof. John F.
Shepard of the psychology depart-
ment last night before more than 500
students and others assembled in the
Unitarian Church to hear Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson of the history de-
partment, Prof. Roy W. Sellars of the
philosophy department and Professor
Shepard in a symposium on war and
Fascism sponsored by the Michigan
Student Alliance.
Two Types of Fas'sm$
"There are two types of Fascist,"
Professor Shepard said. "The delib-
erate one who puts forth specious
reasons for opportunism and the ser-
ious, Hitler type."
The contradictions of the German
economic situation are so great, Pro-
fessor Shepard stated, and Nazi
hatred for Socialist solutions so deep,
that Hitler and his followers have
found a rational approach impossible.
"Intuition instead of reason rules
Naziism and since no two men have
the same feelings, Hitler's are su-
preme."
In his talk on "Hearst and the
Growth of Fascism in America," Pro-
fessor Slosson began, "if by Fascism
one means the full blown totalitarian
state, I think we can say we will never
live to see it in the United States.
Attacks Hearst
"The true seeds of Fascism are in
this country," he added, "but you
can't establish such a regime unless
the internal conditions are ripe for
it."' Despite the fact, however, that
Americans would revolt against a
gagged press, abolition of the ballot
and are "reluctant to obey even if
they are not reluctant to fight."
The brunt of any invective his
speech contained, however, drove
against "William also Randolph
Hearst," who, Professor Slosson held,
"is the example of the nearest ap-
Technic Picks
Staff Members
For New Year
Baldwin, Sutin, Walker E
Appointed To Positions
Of MonthlyMagazine I
7 %

proach to a Fascist who could appeal
to the American mind. His clever,
jingoistic, chauvinistic appeal to na-
tionalism is at the bottom of his
whole career.
Differences between original Italian
and German Fascism, Professor Sel-
lars saw, as mainly arisingnfrom the
Ifact that Mussolini had no definite
piogram at his advent but continued
in power governmentally eating "from
hand to mouth." The philosophy of
Nietzsche, he said, is quoted by Mus-
solini who has taken many tenets
of the "superman" doctrine. Nietzsche
admired war, Professor Sellars said,
and believed in the supremacy of
the strong man.
The fundamental impetus for Fas-
cism, however, Professor Sellars said,
are not philosophical. "Intrinsically,
fFascism is preparation against a
threat, for a struggle against So-
cialism and Karl Marx's teachings,"
he stated.
Housel States
Board Favors
Water Softener
Says Problem Should Be
Divorced From Question
Of SupplySource
The Board of Water Commissioners
is fully in favor of building the new
water softener here, Prof. William
Housel of the engineering college,
a member of the Board, told the
Ann Arbor Citizens' Council last night
in the City Hall.
The reason that the Board did not
take action sooner, Professor Housel
told the Citizens' Council, "is that
the question has never been present-
ed properly." He emphasized that
"never before have we been able to
divorce the problem of a water soft-
ener from the problem of water
source." He cited briefly the con-
troversy that has been waged for
50 years over Ann Arbor's water
supply, the chief question being
whether or not it should come from
wells or from the Huron River."
The city is fortunate, Professor
Housel declared, in having two sources
of water. He announced that a "com-
prehensive survey" shows that the
ground west of the city, near the cite
of the proposed water softener, is
adequate to handle the water here
for years to come, although he said
there is a question of whether it can
be done "within a reasonable cost."
Lewis W. Ayres, designer of the
proposed water softener, who preced-
ed Professor Housel, pointed out that

Court Checks
Lobby Group
By Inj unction
Holds Senate Committee
Over-Stepped Limitations
Of Bill OfRights
Subpena Violated
Fouirth A1! 'endment
Black Threatens Passage
Of Law Limiting Power
Of District Court
WASHINGTON, March 11. - (P) -
The Supreme Court of the District
of Columbia today rebuked the Sen-
ate Lobby Committee - with a pre-
liminary injunction - for over-step-
ping the limitations of the Consti-
tution.
It ruled that a subpena issued by
the committee for all telegrams sent
and received by Winston, Strawn and
Shaw, Chicago attorneys, between
Feb. 1 and Dec. 1 of last year consti-
tuted "unreasonable search and seiz-
ure" in violation of the Fourth
Amendment to the Constitution.
"Feeling as I do, that this subpena
goes away beyond any legitimate ex-
ercise of the right of the subpena
duces tecum," said Chief Justice Al-
fred A. Wheat, "I think I am bound
to grant the injunction as prayed
for."
No Appeal Intended
Both Chairman Hugo L. Black,
(Dem., Ala.), of the Senate committee,
and attorneys on both sides of the
case said the injunction issued by
Justice Wheat, in effect, was perma-
nent since neither party intended to
appeal. The formality of a further
motion remained, however, and Frank
J. Hogan, famed Washington attor-
ney, acting for the plaintiffs, said
that he would take that technical
step on Friday.
The injunction had been asked by
Silas Strawn, a .member of the Chi-
cago firm, prominent Republican and
formerpresident of the Chamber of
Commerce of the United States, who
charged that the committee was con-
ducting a "fishing expedition" against
opponents of the New Deal in de-
manding that Western Union pro-
duce the telegrams.
Arguments Incomplete
The decision, announced orally even
before Strawn's attorneys had fully
completed their argument, loosed a
train of circumstances filled with
possibilities of a spectacular conflict
between the Senate and the courts.
Plainly aroused, Chairman Black,
who had threatened to seek legis-
lation restricting the jurisdiction of
any court which presumed to limit
the Senate's investigating rights said
that the committee would "go over
the briefs which the judge did not
seem to have time to read" before
making a final decision upon a course
of action.
Girl Suffers Face
Injuries In Crash
Jewell Fingerle, 26 years old, of
1332 Geddes Ave., suffered lacera-
tions of the face and scalp at 10:45
p.m. yesterday when the light coupe
she was driving was involved in a
head-on collision with a Ford coach
driven by Arthur E. Greene, 35 years
old, 516 E. Liberty St.
The injured woman was taken to
St. Joseph's Mercy Hospital by a pass-

ing driver after flying glass from her
shattered windshield had cut her
about the head.

Banquet Will
Mark Peak In
Tower Drive
Osborn, Former Regent
And Governor, To Talk
At AnnualMeeting
Progress Toward
$25,000 Goal Made
Campaign For Entire City
Will Begin Immediately;
Distribute Cards
The peak of the drive for student
contributions to be used for the con-
struction of the superstructure of the
Burton Memorial Tower will be
reached at 6:30 p.m. tonight at the
University of Michigan Alumni Club's
annual stag banquet.
Chase S. Osborne, former regent
and governor of Michigan, and Pres-
ident Alexander G. Ruthven will
speak at the banquet. It will be the
first appearance of President Ruth-
ven since his leg injury suffered early
in January.
It is planned to announce at the
banquet the total amounts of the
contributions of the various frater-
nities toward the Tower. Last night
the exact amount was not reported,
but it was believed that many more
i lnt.ributions had come Into the
Alumni office during the day to raise
the total of student organizations
much higher than the $500 reported
day before yesterday.
The banquet tonight, while it will'
mark the climax of the student drive,
will mark the beginning of the drive
by the University club which will can-
vass the entire city.
Special efforts will be made by the
Tower committee of the local alumni
organization to distribute pledge cards}
to the entire community. The goal
set for the local club is $25,000 and
it is planned to raise approximately
one fifth of the amount by student
contribution and the remaining
amount by subscription of the towns-
people.
The major part of the banquet pro-
gram will consist of the discussion
coficerning the building of the Burton
Tower and complete plans for can-
vassing the city will be laid. Results
of the subscriptions from students
and townspeople will be announced
and the exact amount needed to reach
the goal will be determined.
Students, members of the local
club, and non-members of the club
were urged to attend by officials in

League's Existence
Threatened As War
Looms Over Rhine

i

Cohen Loses Fight
For Readnissiou
LANSING, March 11. - (P) - Sam-
uel Cohen lost his State Supreme
Court fight todayto compel the Uni-
versity of Michigan to accept him
again as a student. He was one of a
group of peace day demonstrators
in Ann Arbor last spring.
The court without comment refused
to issue an order directing the Uni-
versity regents to show cause why
they should not re-register him.
Cohen complained in his petition
that although he had been a student
in good standing since 1933, Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven of the
University notified him July 9, 1935,
that he could not return. He con-
tended that the president's action
caused him a $4,000 loss.
Cohen had argued he is entitled
to a full hearing before faculty mem-
bers before he can be excluded.
i~i
Subcommittee
Gets Modified
Tax Program
Treasury Offers List Of
New Schedules; Seeks
Levies On Corporation
WASHINGTON, March 11. -(A) -
More than a dozen new tax schedules,
some far less drastic than earlier sug-
gestions, were given by Treasury ex-
perts today to a House Ways and
Means subcommittee.
With some committeemen still un-
convinced that an additional yield
of $620,000,000 is possible through a
levy on undistributed profits, the sub-
committee threw a curtain of secrecy
around its proceedings.
It was learned, however, that some
of the new tables contemplated tax
rates of 10 to 15 per cent on around
10 to 20 per cent of net undivided
corporate income, graduating upward
to 50 or 55 per cent on larger por-
tionsnot distributed among stock-
holders in dividends.
One committee member asserted
privately that the tables might offer
a basis for periitting corporations
to accumulate a "cushion" reserve to
carry firms over "hard times" without
decreasing the potential yield to the
Treasury.
Another member said he under-
stood that the Treasury was prepared
to insist that banks, insurance com-
panies and fiduciary corporations be
brought within the corporate tax plan.
but the committee also was cnsid-
ering a solution that might produce
sufficient revenue without including
them.
Originally, he explained, the treas-
ury contemplated that such institu-
tions should be subjected only to
taxation under present levies. Since
they are permitted special exemptions
and deductions already from their
net income, it was contended, they
might well be brought under the pro-
posed corporate tax.r
Volz Is Arraigned
On Three Charges
Herman Volz, 46 years old, Ypsi-l
lanti beer tavern operator, was ar-i
raigned today before Judge Jay H.
Payne, here on charges of arson, fel-I
onious assault, and reckless driving,c
and bound over for examinationi
under $13,000 bond, following a fam-
ily altercation in which, it is assert-f
'ed, he assaulted his wife and set fire
to the barn of his father-in-law, Gus
Sandusky, of Dexter Road.

Volz has been held in the Washte-
naw County Jail here since early Sat-
urday morning. Monday noon he
severed an artery in his left arm with
a tin can cover in an alleged suicide
attempt while in his cell and was
staken to St. Joseph's Mercy Hospital
for two days to recover.
At the arraignment Volz, upon his
.attorney's advice, demanded exam-
ination on all three charges, and+
withdrew his previous confession. The
examination was set for March 20.

I

Great Britain Determined
To Attempt Mediation
Between France, Nazis
French Attitude Is
Termed Mere Bluff

Announcement of staff positions on while the degree of hardness of the
the Michigan Technic for the com- well water now supplied is 450 parts
ing publication year was made at the per million and that of the Huron
annual banquet held last night in the River 250, the softener will bring it
Union. i'down to 85 pairts per million.
Robert H. Baldwin, '37E, was chosen d _____parspe __n_
editor-in-chief, Hillard A. Sutin, '37E,
managing editor, and James H. Wal- Post Office Bill
ker, Jr., '37E, business manager. Col.
H. W. Miller of the Advisory Board TO
made the announcement and present- Is Stripped Of
ed keys to the retiring staff mem- ee e
bers.Ship Subsidies
Prof. John L. Brumm, chairman of b
the journalism department, was the
principal speaker of the evening. His WASHINGTON, March 11. (P)--
subject was "Engineering Values." Two possible threats to early ad-
Other speakers were Professors John Topnmsitlespirats o Cress
D. Emswiler, Robert D. Brackett and Journment aspirations of Congress
James H. Sains, Jr. arose today out of the course of Sen-
Lower staff posiclons will be filled ate affairs.
by David B. Lansdale, '38E, as ac- The Senate's action in ripping out
counts manager, Goff Smith, '38E, of the treasury post office appropria-
sales and publicity, James G. Eck- tion bill, a $26,500,000 item for ocean
house, '38E, publication editor, Fred main subsidies was accompanied by
M. Kempton, '38E, alumni editor, hints of a filibuster against legisla-
Harold Luskin, '38E, circulation man-
ager, S. M. Smith, '38E, Spec., articles tion to provide outright Federal aid
editor and Sydney Steinborn, '38E, to shipping.
college and professional notes. The $976,000,000 treasury post of-
Baldwin closed the meeting and fice bill was snapped through pas-
outlined new policies of the Technic sage by the Senate and sent to con-
for the coming year. ference after debate on the ocean

charge last night. It was especially
emphasized that students could at-
tend by making reservations in ad-
vance either at the Union or with
Dr. Dean Myers, president of the local
club.
U.S., British Plan
Exchange Of Views
LONDON, March 10. - (P)-An ex-
change of views between Great Brit-
ain and the United States on the
question of fortifications in the Pa-
cific may be undertaken before the
United States delegation to the naval
conference leaves for home.
An authoritative source said that
such discussions were contemplated
because the Washington naval treaty
of 1922, which provided for the status
quo of Pacific ocean fortifications,
will be terminated next Jan. 31.
Both British and American dele-
gates were reported to favor an ex-
change of views. It was said that no
formal understanding was being
sought, but that each nation desired
to have full information as to the
intentions of the other.

Say Little Entente Would
Join France Should She
Desert League
LONDON, March 11.-(P)-Great
Britain, on the eve of a momentous
conference of Locarno signatories
here tomorrow, faced the problem of
holding the League of Nations intact
and staving off a "preventive war"
against Germany for its recent re-
militarization of the Rhineland.
The situation was admittedly ser-
ious tonight and negotiations of the
next few days will determine whether
Europe will return to 1914, or whether
a series of lasting peace pacts can be
evolved from the wreckage of Ver-
sailles and Locarno.
With French spokesmen threaten-
ing an immediate war against Ger-
many and withdrawal from the
League, Britain is still determined to
follow a ''middle-of-the-road course"
and to try to mediate between France
and Germany.
Russia Backs France
A high diplomat here tonight de-
clared that he regarded the French
threat to quit the League as "mere
bluff." But the real danger lay, ob-
servers said, in the possibility that
France, backed by Russia, Italy and
the- Little Entente, would feel safe
in launching a war against Germany
without England and the League.
"Why not now when we have a
chance to win? It will come in two
years anyway." This was the grow-
ing French attitude, an attitude all
the more dangerous since it was
coupled with declarations throughout
France that "French honor was at
stakV." Diplomats, remembering the
dark days of 1914, recalled how all
efforts to mediate between the pow-
ers were balked because they failed
to satisfy "national honor."
France Has Allies
If France withdraws from the
League, she will not be alone. It was
regarded as certain that the Little
Entente would follow her. Small
nations, fearful that rearmed Ger-
many is deliberately scrapping de-
fensive alliances to make Europe
helpless to act when Hitler starts to
seize the small states, feel that now
is the time to strike, if war needs be.
France's allies were also increased
today, when Turkey, whose hard-
fighting troops were directed by Ger-
many military genius in the last war,
declared that she would help enforce
Locarno against Hitler.
French Attitude Is
Critkcized By Nazis
BERLIN, March 11. - (R)- A
French threat to leave the League
of Nations because of the Locarno sit-
uation was seized upon by German
officials tonight as proof of Nazi
charges that France would not let
the League "work against her."
"Now it is clear," a foreign office
spokesman said, "Germany's conten-
tion was correct. Furthermore, the
Franco-Russian pact is gradually be-
ing smoked out.
"Russia's eagerness to back France
to the limit against Germany justifies
our fears the pact had more behind
it than was admitted.
There were strong indications, how-
ever, that if the council formally in-
vites the Reich to attend she will do
so.
Italy Will Assume
'Reserve Attitude'
ROME, March 11. - (P)-Italy, an
official spokesman said today, will
adopt an attitude of "absolute re-
serve" at the London Locarno talks,
refusing to collaborate with France
and Britain as long as sanctions are

applied against her.
(French officials admitted in Paris

Weaver Speaks At
Alpha No Initiation

mail subsidy had simmered down to
a vote which struck out the $26,500,-
000 item.

Eight Hours Sleep Are Essential,
Local Medical Authorities Hold

Senator Glass
charge of the bill,

(Dem., Va.), in
conceded the com-

TL-). .fln rr I wrATI-XTI !n 'AT

merce committee recommended the R ED WAINLI NLL
Alpha Nu, campus speech society, ocan mail provision be eliminated in How much sleep must you have?
heard Prof. Bennett Weaver of the order to force action on direct sub- Or, rather, how little sleep can you
English department at a banquet sidy legislation. If this failed, he get away with?
last night in the Union, following said, the $26,500,000 item would be The answer to this question, which
initiation of five members in Angell attached to a later deficiency bill. every student has asked himself at
Hall. ________
.< aeone time or another, is, according to
The attitude of the speaker de- J FlUniversity medical authorities, eight
pends on his audience, and a speaker Urge Federal Workhours at least! And it doesn't make
should talk neither over or under its eeaydfeec hte o'eaby
intelligence," Professor Weaver said. For Civil Engineer any difference whether you're a boy
and he stated that a public speaker Ciilo gr.
must feel response of his listeners That's only if you are the Average
and govern his remarks accordingly. Opportunities for civil engineers Student, however. If you're above
Pledges were welcomed in a speech will continue to expand rapidly with average, you possibly can get away
by George Sipprell, '36, former pres- "the increasing volume of public with seven without impairing your
ident, and a response was given by works," R. L. McNamee, Ann Arbor physical or mental efficiency. But

Camp said, "I think one can ac-
custom himself to less and still keep
a high degree of efficiency. Like eat-
ing, it is a matter of training."
Dr. Camp does not believe that go-
ing without adequate sleep actually
lowers one's resistance to disease. He
disparaged the idea that certain dis-
eases may be brought on by going
without the amount of sleep needed,
"at least for a considerable time."
Butt Dr. Margaret Bell of the
Health Service, director of Women's
physical education,takes a slightly
different view. Dr. Bell holds out for
eight and a half hours for everybody.
She admitted that it. "depends on the

I-

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