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March 11, 1936 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-03-11

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TIlE MICHIGAN DXIIY WEDNESDAY

, MARCH i, 193

[

200 In Danger
Of Losing Relief,
a gg Declares
City Council's Refusal To
Appropriate $4,000 Is
Blamed For Shortage
Unless the City Council retracts its
refusal to appropriate approximately
$4,000 in relief funds, 200 unemployed
residents of Ann Arbor will be com-
pletely cut off from all outside aid in
five days, Charles F. Wagg, adminis-
trator of the Washtenaw County Wel-
fare Relief Administration, said yes-
ter day.
More than180eadditional unem-
ployed in the rest of the county
will also be without relief if local
governments fail to contribute ap-
proximately $6,000 by March 15, he
added.
An unnamed committee of inde-
pendent citizens announced last night
that it will present a petition to the
City Council today or tomorrow ask-
ing that a special meeting of the
Council be called before March 14 in
order to vote funds to meet the emer-1
gency.
Half of Burden Is Local

German Troops Whose Advance Stirs France

-Associated Press Photo
For the first time since the World war, German and French trops
faced one another on the Rhineland frontier, in some places "within ma-
chine gun distance," as the result of Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler's remili-
tarization of the zone. Fear of frontier incidents that might lead to
armed conflict swept along the border. Machine gun-equipped German
troops are shown at left during recent war games.
League In Advance Of Pollock's
Aency In Civil Service Work

,

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*
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The present emergency arises from
the cut of state relief appropriations
and a new plan of financing relief
costs which were announced last
week, Wagg said. The new method
requires thatlocal governments bear
45 per cent of the relief costs and
the state government the remaining
55 per cent. Until last week the
localities had been paying 22 2per
cent.
The reduction came so suddenly,
Wagg stated, that it was impossible
for him to make provision for it. He
had expected, before the cut was an-
nounced, that the state and local
funds would carry the agency through
March.
His office has consequently been al-
lotting payments of state money into
March and unless the city and other
local governments appropriate funds
immediately, there will not be enough
money to feed 380 people in the
county after March 15.
Counted On State Aid
The relief agency has been count-
ing on state appropriations but since
they are not forthcoming, the im-
mediate responsibility has been shift-
ed to the localities under the new
agreement.
Those affected in this emergency,
with few exceptions, have been de-
pending on state relief. They are
healthy and are therefore employ-
able, Wagg said. Some of them have
worked on WPA projects but for most
of them there have been no positions.
Aside from its inability to care for
the 380 workers forced off the rolls,
the agency has also been forced to
discontinue all supplementary relief
to WPA workers. Until now, workers
on Federal rolls have been entitled
to supplementary aid from the state
fund if their budgets, or necessary ex-
penditures, are 15 per cent more than
their incomes.
U. S. Delegates
May Be Asked
To Sign Treaty
France And Great Britain
Planning New 'ripartite
Naval Agreement
LONDON, March 10. - (P) - With
the international naval conference
rapidly drawing to a close, the United
States delegation cabled today to
Washington for instructions as to
whether it should sign the tripar-
tite treaty now being drawn up be-
tween the United States, Great Brit-
ain and France.
The action was necessitated by an
eleventh-hour change in the plan of
the delegates of Great Britain and
France, who previously had expected
only to initial rather than sign the
treaty.
'The American delegates also asked
what chance there would be for an
early consideration by the senate of
the treaty which would become ef-
fective Jan. 1, 1937, provided the
signatories had ratified it.
The pact, which probably will be
completed next week, will be "an
open treaty," to which any power
later can adhere.
The French and British hope the
Italians soon will adhere while the
Americans and British entertain
similar hope regarding Japan.
Germany and Russia probably will
sign bilateral treaties with Great
Britain and not enter the general,
multilateral treaty.
The feeling was expressed among
delegates that the United States'
ratification may be made with res-
ervations depending upon the entry
of Japan and Italy.
dI

Today and Thursday

Cooperative Project Ready
To Help Cities In Setting
Up Personnel Programs
By I. S. SILVERMAN
The cooperative Project which has
been set up tq aid Michigan cities
in establishing merit systems is today
at a more advanced stage than the
State Civil Service Commission head-
ed by Prof. James Pollock, which
is still in its fact-finding state, it
was explained yesterday by Maxwell
DeVoe.
Mr. DeVoe is field representative of
the Civil Service Assembly of U.S.
and Canada, which, together with the
Public Service Commission and the
Michigan Municipal League, has al-
ready initiated a program of setting
up personnel systems in Michigan
cities.
Therefore, in view of the more ad-
vanced state of the Michigan Mu-
nicipal League's work, a comparison
between the cooperative personnel
program and the governor's commis-
sion which is at present making a
study looking towards the desirability
of establishing a state civil service
program cannot be made, Mr. DeVoe
said.
"In the first' place the two projects
are dissimilar," he said. "The gov-
ernor's commission is essentially a
temporary fact-finding committee to
determine through public hearings
the sentiment in regard to civil serv-
ice and through these special hear-.
ings to get the reaction of State de-.
partment heads to civil service."
"Secondly," Mr. DeVoe continued,
"the commission has not crystallized
on any proposed legislation and it
would be premature to make any pre-
dictions as to what might be com-
bined in such legislation."
Two years ago plans were discussed
Pack Forestry
Essay Contest
Ends March 15
Essays intended for the Pack essay
contest must be in the office of the
forestry school secretary by March
15, it was announced yesterday by
Prof. D. V. Baxter and Prof. W. Ky-
noch of the school of forestry and
conservation.
The contest, open each year to
forestry students, is made possible by
a gift from Mr. Charles Lathrop Pack
of Englewood, N. J., a former resident
of Michigan who is president of the
American Tree Association.
According to the forestry office, 23
students have signed slips indicating
the title of their entry. There is a
$50 first prize for the best popular
article on a forestry subjectrdesigned
to interest the public in forestry.
If there are more than five entrants
a second prize of $20 will be given,
and a third prize of $5 is offered if
there are more than, ten submissions.
Essays are limited to 2,500 words.
Last year's winning manuscripts may
be examined in the forestry library.

for the setting up of an independent
project in "Michigan in the absence
of any State civil service agency.
These plans have materialized in the
foim of the present cooperative Proj-
ect., The work in the State is being
done through the Michigan Municipal
League of which Harold D. Smith
is director.
"However, the Project is not a pro-
motional program to foster civil serv-
ice," he stated, "but is being under-
taken by the League with the belief
that cities will benefit through a
proper professional approach to their
personnel problems. The League will
undertake to provide this service only
in the event that there is sufficient
public interest and sufficient inter-
est on the part of the management
of cities that some form of merit
system is desirable, whether that be a
full civil service program or a par-
tial program embodying some of the
important principles of a merit sys-
tem.,"
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Law Discussed
By Dean Bates
As Profession
Bar Associations Praised
And Lawyers' Requisites
Described In Speech
That the American bar has in re-
cent years been greatly improved by
the growth of Bar Associations which
have been developed in recent years,
and which have purged the bar of
shyster and other undesirable law-
yers was the opinion of Dean Henry
M. Bates of the Law School in a talk
given yesterday before a group of
literary college students interested
in studying law.
Although the bar still has a num-
ber of dark spots in it, said Dean
Bates, the Bar Associatons which
have been organized in 15 states,
have done, and will continue to do a
great service, in adding to the dignity
and honor of the American bar.
Understanding Needed
It is necessary, said Dean Bates,
that the student planning to study
law ascertain whether he has in him-
self certain faculties of concentration
and understanding of modern life.
The old style of dramatic oratory
which characterized such men as
Daniel Webster, he said, is no longer
necessary, though it is desirable that
the young lawyer of today be able to
speak accurately and intelligently.
The old idea that a student of ar-
gumentative disposition is particular-
ly well-suited for the law is a mis-
taken one, Dean Bates stated. In
fact, he added, such a lawyer is likely
to find that he incurrs the disfavor
of both judge and jury. It is more
important, he said, to be able to pre-
sent a case logically, clearly and
concisely.
A Study of Human Nature
Dean Bates emphasized the idea
that the change in the tempo of life
has brought about a new type of law-
yer, a man with an active imagina-
tion, who is able to face situations
for which there is no precedent with
confidence and intelligence. It is im-
portant, he said, that the student
planningfi to enter Law School realize
that the law deals with the study of
human nature as well as the study
of exact science. To these abstracts
the lawyer must add his own imagin-
ation and his own ideas, logically and
cleverly thought through, he said.
Dean Bates discussed the unique
functions of the lawyer which modern
business has developed. Among these
he said, the outstanding one is per-
haps, that of the "law engineer,"
whose duty it is not only to help his
client in time of trouble but also to
plan for his client, and to direct his
activities so that he will not encount-
er difficulties.
The future of women in the law is,
according to Dean Bates, not very
bright at present, though he said it
is slowly improving to make way for
women of high ability.
Musical Group
Completes Tour
Of Eastern U.S.
The University Little Symphony,
composed of fourteen assistants in
instrumental instruction of the
School of Music, returned to the
campus Sunday night after a five-
week concert tour which included
fifty-eight concerts in sixteen states
extending from Michigan to the Gulf
of Mexico, and covering the major
portion of the eastern and southern

states.
Most of the concerts were given in
the leading institutions of higher ed-
ucation in the states visited. Ap-
proximately 22,000 people attended
the concerts of the Little Symphony,
and on all concerts this unique mu-
sical group was most enthusiastically
received and was also acclaimed by
the press in many instances as being
one of the finest organizations of its
kind now on the concert stage.
Ruby Peinert, violoncellist, Romine
Hamilton, concertmaster and violin-
ist, Raymond Kondratowicz, pianist,
and John Krell, flutist, were soloists
in the concerts.l
On Sunday evening, the LittleI
Symphony will present the second in.
its series of informal musicales in
the Ethel Fountain Hussey Room in
the Michigan League. The concert
will begin promptly at 8 p.m. Romine
Hamilton will be soloist with the
group. There will be no admission
charged and the public is invited to
attend this concert. Thor Johnson,
Grad., will conduct.

Ann Arbor's Own
Student Vox Pop
Is On VWJR Today
Turning from the sidewalks of New
York, Chicago, and other great cities,
the "enquiring reporter" will be cur-
iously quizzing students upon the
campus from 9 to 9:15 a.m. tomor-
row in front of Morris Hall.
Sponsored by the University Broad-
casting Service, under the direction
of Prof. Waldo Abbot, the "enquir-
ing reporter" program will be broad-
cast over WJR, a Detroit station. The
queries which will be aimed at stu-
dents returning homewards from
classes will be supervised by Gerald-
ine Elliott, Grad., Charles Harrell,
Grad., and William Dixon, '36, as
part of their work in the Laboratory
Class in Production, taught by Pro-
fessor Abbot.
This is the second time that this
program has been given upon the
campus, Miss Elliott explained. Last
year, during the spring, the ques-
tion asked of passerbys was, "Do you
think fraternities are an advantage in
after life?"
Industrial Tax
Gets Approval
Of House Body
Committee Adds Demand
That Firms' Reserves Be
Given Protection
WASHINGTON, March 10. - (') -
President Roosevelt's corporation tax
revision program moved forward to-
day with the approval of the Demo-
cratic majority of the House Ways
and Means Committee.
But the committee majority in-
formally approved the plan with the
understanding that it should be mYod-
ified to protect corporations in lay-
ing aside sufficient reserves to
"cushion" the concerns in lean years.
This proposal was bitterly opposed
by administration experts who in-
sisted the program as originally pre-
sented did not prevent corporations
from building up reserves for a rainy
day.
With the committee majority's
approval, a sub-committee set to
work today to draft the President's
recommendations into bill form, and
to work out a system of moderate
taxes for "cushion" reserves. Despite
administration opposition, the ways
and means sub-committee was
considering several proposals for per-
mitting corporations to lay aside
"cushion" reserves without paying
high taxes on them.
Much discussed was a proposal to
graduate the tax scale according to
the percentage of annual profits
turned into surplus. Thus a corpora-
tion might keep 10 per cent of its
profits in surplus without paying
more than the present corporation tax
of about 16 per cent on it.
Speaker Byrns and other adminis-
tration leaders were opposing this
plan. They argued that even with a
tax of 33 1 3 per cent, a corporation
could keep half its profits in surplus
without paying more total taxes than
at present.
Opposition was reported to have
been expressed by many of the ways
and means committee majority mem-
bers to the President's proposal for
temporary revival of the processing
taxes on a broader but thinner scale.
APPLE POLISHING FAILS
COLUMBUS, O., March 10. - To
obtain the highest grades with the

feast effort, don't fall to indulging
apple polishing," advise various pro-
fessors of Ohio State University. "In
my experiences with both students
and professors," observes C. Wells
Reeder, junior dean of the College of
Commerce and Administration,
"there have been comparatively few
instances when a grade has been
raised by a student impressing a
professor by methods other than the
actual quality of his work and a sin-
cere interest in his course."
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FOR RENT: Wish to sublet room,
now paying $4.50. Three blocks
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Fascism To Be
Topic Of Talks
At Symposium
Three aspects of Fascism will be
discussed by prominent University
professors tonight when the Michigan
Students' Alliance presents the first
of a series of three symposiums at
7:45 p.m. at the Unitarian Church.
Prof. Roy W. Sellars, of the philos-
ophy department, Prof. John Shep-
ard, of the psychology department,
and Prof. Preston W. Slosson, of the
history department, will be the speak-
ers.
"The Philosophical and Political
Aspects of Fascism," will be discussed
by Professor Sellars, "The Psychology
of Fascism" by Professor Shepard,
and Professor Slosson will speak on
"Mr. Hearst and Fascist Tendencies in
America."
The subject of the second sympo-
sium, the date of which will be an-
nounced soon, according to Alice
Brigham, '36, will be "Fascist Or-
ganizations in America and Their
Influence." The third symposium
will consider "How to Prevent Fas-
cism in America."
All students, faculty members, and
townspeople are invited to attend the
discussions, according to Miss Brig-
ham.

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