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October 19, 1935 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-10-19

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The Weather
Fair today and tomorrow.
Warmer today and somewhat
cooler tomorrow.

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tit an

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at

Editorials
Handbill Passing Vs.
A College Education ...
The Philanthropies
Of Carnegie ...

VOL. XLVI No. 18 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1935

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Powers Act
o Prevent
World War
France, Italy And England
Agree To Pact Designed
To Localize Conflict
Britain Withdraws
Part Of Naval Fleet

Geographer Fails To See What
Mussolini Can Gain In Ethiopia

Peaceful Settlement Of
Italo-Ethiopian Fight Is
Yet Possible
ROME, Oct. 18. - W) - Faced with
the growing threat of a disastrous
European war breaking out at any1
moment, the three great powers of
Europe - England, France and Italy
- got together here today and, it was
reliably reported, reached an agree-
ment designed to prevent the Italo-
Ethiopian conflict from spreading.
The agreement, informed sources
said, included these points:
1. Britain will withdraw part of
her fleet from the Mediterranean.
2. France will substitute French
naval units for those withdrawn by
Britain.
3. Italy will reduce her forces in
Libya.
While officially only. a bare an-
nouncement of visits to Il Duce by
the British and French ambassadors
was made, diplomatic circles attrib-
uted great importance to them. This
impression was strengthened by is-
suance of an official communique say-
ing that the doors to a peaceful set-
tlement of the Anglo-Italian differ-
ences in the Ethiopian affair "are not
shut."
Atmosphere Improved
The atmosphere here was notice-
ably improved and great hope was
held that war in Europe could be
averted. At the same time, it was
pointed out in semi-official circles
that the agreement between Britain,
France and Italy, it confirmed, would
permit continuation of conversations
aiming at terminating the war in
Ethiopia.
Danger of a Franco-British mis-
understanding was at the same time
removed by official announcement by
the French Government that it had
replied affirmatively to the British
demand for assurance of French mil-
itary assistance in case her fleet were
attacked in the Mediterranean while
carrying out sanctions imposed upon
Italy by the League of Nations.
Paris Announces Reply
France's "favorable" reply to Great
Britain was announced officially in
Paris tonight.
It was dispatched to London,
French officals said, after Premier
Laval had been appeased by an as-
surance that Great Britain has no
present intention of taking military
sanctions of erecting a blockade
against Italy.
Paris officials declined to comment
on a report that Premier Mussolini
has indicated a willingness to submit
terms for peace with Ethopia.
The French note to London was
reported reliably to have interpret-
ed Paragraph 3, Article XVI, of the
League Covenant as making mutual
support imperative for any member
of the League which might be the
object of reprisals by an aggressor
nation.
This was regarded in informed
circles as meaning that France will
expect Great Britain's instant aid if
she ever is attacked by Germany
while taking League sanctions in the
future.
Italian Planes
Bomb Northern
Ethiopian City'
ADDIS ABABA, Oct. 18. - () -
Ethiopia's war embroiled government
claimed tonight that a fleet of low-
flying Italian airplanes had raked
the strategic northern village of Ma-
kale with machine guns.
Forsaking more expensive bombs,
the government said, the Fascist fly-
ers sprayed the natives with bullets.
Casualties were not announced. (An
exchange telegraph dispatch said that
60 were killed at Makale by both ma-

chine guns and bombs).
Makale is 60 miles southeast of
Aduwa, Ethiopia's "Verdun," which
was taken by the Italian armies in
their first big push in the north.
Ras Seyoum, the Ethi pian com-
mnander in the north was said offi-

By FRED WARNER NEAL
What can Italy gain in Ethiopia?
Probably very little, declared Dr.
Henry M. Kendall of the geography
department in an interview yester-
day.
After describing the geography of
Ethiopia, Dr. Kendall said, 'All in all,
I don't see what Italy has to gain.
As far as wealth is concerned, it ap-
pears that Mussolini is barking up the
wrong tree."
Ethiopian imports - chiefly cotton
cloth, arms and munitions - are rela-
tively small, he said, and "the climate
and conditions of the country are such
that not much of anything can be
gained in the line of actual coloniza-
tion."
Dr. Kendall doubted the wild tales
of Ethiopian wealth, which date back
to Biblical stories of the vast riches
of King Solomon and the Queen of
Sheba, but admitted that "there is a
possibility that they are true." Coal,
petroleum, copper and diamond de-
posits have been found in the country
of Haile Selassie, he said.
"But the consensus is," he held,
"that the conquest of Ethiopia will
hardly pay for all the capital and;
energy that is put into it."
The main difficulty of the Italians
will be to maintain their communica-
tions, Dr. Kendall said because there7
are hardly any roads in Ethiopia.
The contour of the country itself,

while it is generally either very rough
or arid, does not present unconquer-
able difficulties, he explained. Trouble
on that score will come from the fact
that the rivers-such as the Blue
Nile in the northwest cut deep can-
yons in the country, which are dif-
ficult to cross.
In the east, around Aussa; he point-
ed out, the country is very dry and
barren, the temperatures very high
and there are some active volcanoes.
In the southeast, the rivers Juba and
Uebi are the sole water sources, cut-
ting across the great desert between
British and Italian Somalilands, and
any fighting will be done for the water
holes, he said.
In the northeastern mountains of
Ethiopia, where the fighting is now
the heaviest, the land rises sharply
as high as 7,000 feet, Dr. Kendall as-
serted. The west side of the land is
a series of abruptly separated terraces,
he continued, at different average
levels of from 1,500 to 8,000 feet.
It is in the north, according to Dr.
Kendall, that the highest mountains
are found. Ras Dashan, the highest
peak, just . southwest, of Aduwa,
reaches 15,000 feet. The land in this
area is volcanic and roughly cut up,
he said.
"In the midst of this great rugged-
ness, lying in a deep basin in the
north central part of the country, is
Lake Tana, the natural reservoir of
(Continued on Page 2)

Zenge Guilty;
Life Sentence
Recommended
Defense Attorney Says
Appeal To Be Taken;
Jury Out 4 Hours
CHICAGO, Oct. 18.-WP)-Mande-
ville Zenge was convicted tonight of
the emasculation murder of Dr. Wal-
ter J. Bauer, his rival in love, and
heard a criminal court jury recom-
mend a sentence of life imprison-
ment.
The 26-year-old Missourian, cen-'
tral figure in oneof the most sensa-
tional criminal cases here in recent
years, mantained the impassivity that
characterized him throughout the
trial as the verdict was delivered.
His counsel, Attorney Joseph
Green, announced immediately that
an appeal would be taken.
The jury deliberated four - hours
and twenty-five minutes before
reaching its decision which disregard-
ed entirely the defense's contention
that Dr. Bauer was attacked during
a fit of temporary madness.
Under Illinois statues, Zenge would
be eligible for parole in 20 years, with
time off for good behavior while a
prisoner. The prisoner's father and
brother, with other relatives, heard
the verdict and left to inform his
mother, Mrs. Alice Zenge, who was
awaiting the report at the home of
a relative.
Mrs. Louise Schaffer Bauer, who1
jilted Zenge, her childhood sweet-
heart to marry the Kirksville, Mo.,
osteopath, was not in the courtroom.
Judge Corneilius J. Harrington set
Oct. 25 to hear defense motions for
a new trial. Three bailiffs brought
the defendant into the packed court-
room, when word came that the jury
was ready to report. Though Zenge
was calm his face was pale.
MI.S.C Gets Power
To Expel Students
The governing body of Michigan
State College, the State Board of Ag-
riculture, voted itself the power yes-
terday to dismiss students "not of
good moral character or whose con-
duct is subversive of authority," Lan-
sing dispatches said.
In the past the college has had the
power to ask undesirable students to
leave school. Recently, however, the
right to enforce the demand if stu-
dents defy the college has been ques-
tioned.
The Board of Agriculture legally
has the right to vote itself the au-
thority, according to Harry S. Toy,
attorney general.
The full text of the Board's resolu-
tion follows:
"The State Board of Agriculture
shall have the authority to dismiss
from the Michigan State College stu-
dents, who, in the judgment of the
administration, are not of good moral
character or whose conduct is sub-
versive of authority."
HIT-RUN DRIVER ESCAPES

F.P.A. To Be Regular
Feature In The Daily
Franklin P. Adams' daily col-
umn, "The Conning Tower," starts
today on the editorial page of The
Daily and will be a regular fea-
ture.
F.P.A., one of the country's fore-
most columnists, attended the
University in 1899 and 1900. He
is the author of several well-
known books and plays, once col-
laborating with O'Henry on a
musical comedy. He has worked
on some of the best newspapers
of the United States and at pres-
ent writes for the New York Her-
ald-Tribune.
Churches Will
Sponsor Talks
For Students
Prof. Slosson Continues
Series On Joan Of Arc;
To Conduct Forums
According to local ministers, most
of the churches have scheduled pro-
grams and meetings which are espe-
cially intended for students and
which are designed to promote stu-
dent interest in church activity.
The Presbyterian Church is con-
ducting Student. Forums at 9:45 a.m.
Sunday, and the topic of the present
discussions is "The Destructive and
the Constructive Forces in Modern
Life."
The Rev. Allison Ray Heaps will
give a sermon on "Does God Speak
to Men?" and Prof. Preston W.
Slosson, of the history department,
will continue his series of lectures
with 'Joan of Arc, Christian Patriot'
at the morning service of the First
Congregational Church, which startsf
at 10:30 a.m.
In the evening the Roger Williams
Guild will have as their speaker Col.
H. W. Miller. Col. Miller's subject
is to be "The Possibilities of Peace."
The regular student meeting is to
be held Sunday evening at Harris
Hall. The guest speaker will be Mr.
John J. Ryan,Warden of the United
States Detention Farm at Milan, who
will give a talk on "Our Prisons."
The sermon at the Trinity Luther-
an Church tomorrow morning will be
"What Makes a Christian Home," and
will be delivered by the Rev. Henry
0. Yoder, pastor of the church. In
the afternoon the Lutheran Student
Club will meet at the Zion Luther-
an Parish Hall for an outing at the
Saline Valley Farms. Transporta-
tion will be provided for all those
desirous of going.
Medical School To
Vote For Officers
Elections of class officers in the
Medical School for the current year
will be conducted next week by the
Men's Council.
Senior medics will go to the polls
from 12 to 1 p. m. on Saturday, Oct.
92 in the Pathnnov Amnhitheatro Af

Social Work
Conference
Elects Head
State Sociologists Name
Elroy Guckert President;
To Succeed Comstock
Business Meeting
Will Close Today
Training Prisoners For
Useful Work In Society
Urged ByBates
Elroy S. Guckert, a director of the
Flint Community Fund, was elected
president of the Michigan Confer-
ence of Social Work at the annual
business meeting of the conference
yesterday n the Union. He will suc-
ceed Miss Harriet J. Comstock, sister
of former governor William A. Com-
stock.
Mrs. Kathleen J. Lowrie, chief pro-
bation officer of the Detroit Record-
ers Court, Dr. Ernest B. Harper, Kala-
mazoo regional director of the Fed-
eral Emergency Relief Administra-
ton, and Fred R. Johnson, Detroit,
director of the Michigan Children's
Aid Society, were elected first, sec-
ond, and third vice-presidents, re-
spectively.
The executive committee will in-
clude J. J. Miller, Lansing, Miss Elba
Morris, Marquette, Dr. William
Haber, Lansing, Mrs. C. F. Remer,
Ann Arbor, and Miss Comstock.
Parker Is Treasurer
Earl H. Parker, director of the De-
troit Council of Social Agencies, was
elected treasurer and C. R. Hoffer,
professor of sociology at Michigan
State College, was chosen secretary.
At the- afternoon session of the
conference, Sanford Bates, director
of the Federal Bureau of Prisons,
speaking on "The Federal Govern-
ment Looks at Crime," asserted that
"our prisons and reformatories should
not be conducted in the interest
of the prisoner, but soley with the
thought in mind of protecting our
communities."
Declaring that "all those who go
to prison must someday return to
society except those who die in the
electric chair or the prison hospital,"
Mr. Bates urged that prisoners be
adequately trained during their terms
in jail for a useful social career after
their release.
"In the pursuit of this program, no
one need fear that the prisons of
the country are becoming places of
pleasant sojourn. The deprivation of
liberty is the greatest penalty," he.
said.
Lurie Speaks
In a "Rank and Filers" meeting
held at 4:30 p.m. in therUnion, the
problems of the social workers them-
selves were discussed.
The speakers at this session were
Harry Lurie, contributing editor of
"Special Work Today," and Joseph
H. Levy, western vice-president of
the National Coordinating Commit-
tee of Rank and File Groups in So-
cial Work.
The conference will close today
with a luncheon at 12:30 p.m. at
which Mr. Guckert will preside. The
closing speaker will be Dr. Hugo
Freund of Detroit, who will discuss
"Illness as a Challenge."
At the morning session of the con-
ference, beginning at 9 p.m., a panel
of three speakers will consider "So-
cial Action in Michigan." The talks
will be "The Future of Mothers' Pen-
si6ns in Michigan," by Judge Ruth
Thompson, president of the Probate
Judges of Michigan; "Needed Action

(Continued on Page 2)1

Wolverines

Against Wisconsin Today

Adult Education
Speaker Defines
Woman's Status
Sex Discrimination Scored
By Mrs. Pinchot In Final
Lecture Of Conference
In the final lecture of a series
sponsored by the Adult Education In-
stitute of Michigan at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theater yesterday, Mrs.
Cornelia Bryce Pinchot, wife of Gif-
ford Pinchot, ex-governor of Penn-
sylvania stated that she believed wom-
an's place in the solution of modern,
economic, social and educational
problems was clearly defined and as-
sumed a definite meaning.
There is too much sex discrimina-
tion in the political world today, ac-
cording to Mrs. Pinchot, and women
must lose their femininity in regard]
to intelligent matters of national im-
portance. "Sentimentality must be
ruled out. As long as women continue1
to function politically as they have
in the past, men like Mussolini will
be able to attack their interpretationsi
of the term 'peace,' and their dis-]
torted views of economic situations,"
the speaker added.
Talks Of Own State
Mrs. Pinchot further stated that
her native state of Pennsylvania was
perhaps as hard hit as any by the
depression, because of its almost total
dependence upon the production of
industrial construction materials,
namely steel and other capital com-
modities.
It is an interesting fact that sta-
tistics show that 25 per cent of the
people in the state of Pennsylvania
wereunepinloyed after the depression
had been in existence but one year,
although conditions have improved
greatly in the past two years with the
increase in the buying power of the
populace, she added.1
Mrs. Pinchot blames the conserva-
tives of the Hoover period for the
widespread influence of the American
depression. Such men stated that
"relief is entirely a local question,"
and refused to ask the federal govern-
ment for aid in controlling the spread
of the recent depression, she de-
clared.
Refutes Arguments
"Their chief argument against
federal relief is the request to 'see
what the dole has done to England'
and to act accordingly. Rather," said
Mrs. Pinchot in refutation of the con-
servatives' argument, "rather should
expenditures be stabilized to a large
extent, eliminating cycles of pros-
perity and depression."
Mrs. Pinchot believes that the re-
cent period of economic insecurity is
the fault of Wall Street bankers, who,
in assuming receivership of business
firms demanded large wage cuts or
loans would not be made to the cor-
porations. "Albert Henry Wiggin, of
the Chase National Bank of New
York," Mrs. Pinchot alleged, "raised
his own salary of $83,000 annually
while on the other hand he was mak-
ing necessary huge cuts in the wages
of common laborers."
Mrs. Pinchot described her visits
(Continued on Page 2)

Brain Work Held
As Income Basis
Of Manual Laborer
The theory that manual laborers
depend mostly upon their brawn and
comparatively little upon their brain
for the basis of their income is due
to be exploded soon, if the figures
of a mathematically inclined lecturer
in Physics 35 are generally accepted
at their surface value.
According to the lecturer's compu-
tations it would seem that the net
daily worth of the work done by a
mason's assistant, for example, would
be a mere one-third cent if measured
on the same basis as electrically
powered work. In other words one-
third cent's worth of electricity could
have done as much shovel-lifting,
cement dumping, and wheelbarrow
pushing as one man could do in a
working day.
And since apparently the princi-
pal difference between electric pow-
er and man power lies in the lat-
ter's possession of a brain, it seems
that the great excess in his prevail-
ing rate of payment must be account-;
ed for by this difference. And that
is how it happens that the manual
laborer gets paid chiefly for his brain]
work.
Famed Singers
Will Begin New
Concert Series,
Quartet Of Metropolitan'
Company To Appear In
First Concert Tonight
Giovanni Martinelli, tenor; Ezio
Pinza, baritone; Queena Mario, so-]
prano; and Dors Doe, contralto, mem-
bers of the Metropolitan Opera Quar-
tet, will inaugurate the fifty-seventh,
Choral Union series at 8:15p.m. today
in Hill Auditorium.
Presenting a program of favorite
operatic solos, duets, and quartets,
the four singers, each a luminary of
the Metropolitan Opera Company
and interpreter of major operatic
roles, will appear before one of the
largest crowds to attend a Choral
Union Concert since 1929.
In spite of an exceptionally heavy
advance sale of tickets for both this
concert and the entire series, Pres.
Charles A. Sink of the School of Mu-
sic reported yesterday that there are
still a number of desirable seats
available in all sections. They may
be secured at the offices of the School
of Music on Maynard Street until 4
p.m. and will again go on sale at the
box office in Hill Auditorium at 7 p.m.
Tonight's concert will mark the
eighth appearance of Martinelli be-
fore a local audience, and the Ann Ar-
bor debut of the other three mem-
bers of the quartet. All are nationally
renowned and have scored repeatedly
in numerous familiar operatic roles.
As in past years, the doors to the
auditorium will be closed on time and
there will be no seating of patrons
during numbers. . In view of this
President Sink has requested that all
partons arrive early enough that they
may be seated in time for the first
number. Mr. Sink also stated that a
new driveway has been built on the
east side of the building which will
enable those attending to leave their
cars on either side of the auditorium.
(Continued on Page 2)
Rural Libraries
Needed In State
ST. JOSEPH, Oct. 18. - (P) -
Twenty-five per cent of the citizens

of Michigan are without public li-
brary service. Miss Ruth Rutcen of
Detroit, told the 45th annual con-
vention of the Michigan Library As-
sociation tonight.
"The largest part of the unserved
25 per cent are in villages under 2500
and in counties having less than 25
residents per square mile," said Miss
Rutcen, who is chairman of the as-
sociation planning committee and
chief of circulation of the Detroit
Public Library.

Injuries Of Joe Rinaldi,
John Viergever, And Art
Valpey Weaken Line
Renner Out-Kicks
Sweet In Practice
Badger Squad Polishes Off
With Offensive Drill And
Pass Defense Workout
By WILLIAM R. REED
(Sports Editor)
MADISON, Wis., Oct. 18.- Al-
though weakened by injuries, Mich-
igan's thirty-two man football squad
showed in its workout at RandalliField
here that despite these handicaps it
was ready to win its second consecu-
tive conference tilt against the Wis-
consin eleven tomorrow.
Johnny Viergever, star left tackle,
though included in the starting line-
up is not expected to play any great
length of time because of an injury
which he suffered in the Michigan
State game. Ernie Johnson may get
his big chance if Mike Savage does
not show better form than he has ex-
hibited so far this season. Art Valpey
will not be able to replace Savage
because of an old injury.
Still very weak from the cold that
kept him out of uniform for three
weeks, it is also doubtful if Joe Rin-
aldi will see much if any action
against the Badgers. Chris Ever-
hardus is in better shape than before
the Indiana game although should he
weaken Kipke will have Stark Ritchie,
sophomore halfback, to replace him.
Ritchie is almost completely recovered
from his knee injury that has slowed
him down so much the last few weeks.
Hold Light Workout
In the light workout this afternoon
Capt. Bill Renner surprised everyone
by outkicking Cedric Sweet, Wolverine
fullback whose punting was an out-
standing factor in the Varsity's win
over the Hoosiers last week.
Wisconsin polished off with an of-
fensive drill and a pass defense work-
out, which failed to impress specta-
tors. The Badger eleven failed to
show any real confidence of winning
their Conference opener and the
Michigan eleven is conceded to be a
slight favorite.
Coach Harry Kipke was the main
speaker at a great Wisconsin pep
meeting tonight. Despite the fact
that the game is not of major na-
tional importance the Badger fans
have worked up great enthusiasm and
still have high hopes of upsetting
the dope.
The Wisconsin eleven is at full
strength for the first time this sea-
son. The return of Ed Christianson
and Paul Jenson, regular tackles, and
Len Loveshin, end, should make the
Badgers a vastly improved team over
the squad that lost to Notre Dame last
week by a 27 to 0 score.
To Play For Breaks
The home team will be playing for
a break, much as the Wolverines did
last week, and if they get it will play
stubbcirn defensive ball that will
necessitate a real show of power on
the part of the Varsity. Even if the
Badgers fail to score early in the
contest they still will be a tough team
in the opinion of Coach Bennie Oos-
terbaan, who scouted them last week.
Michigan's hope for victory lies in
the right arm of Captain Bill Ren-
ner, acknowledged by fans here as
the premier passer in the Conference.
Doc Spears, Wisconsin mentor, has
been working on a defense against
Michigan's air attack all week, and
the game may resolve itself into an
aerial battle between Renner and the
Badger backfield.
The probable line-ups are as fol-
lows:

Michigan P os Wisconsin
Patanelli ....... LE...... ....Null
Viergever.......IT......... Jensen
Bissell .......... LG .......Hovland
Wright ........C .........Glauss
Sobsey ......... RG......... Nellen
Kramer ........ RT .... Golemgeske
Savage .........RE........ Lovshin
Renner .........QB........ Parrott
Everhardus ......LH ........ Mortell
Smithers........RH.... Tommerson
Sweet ..........FB...... Jankowski

To

Try3

Second Conference

For
W in

I

w

Mrs. Pinchot Advises Women
Who Are Engaged In Politics-

By JOHN P. HINCKLEY1
Women in politics need to forget ;
that they're women, and in a class by]
themselves, the attractively-gowned
Mrs. Cornelia Bryce Pinchot, wife of
the former governor of Pennsylvania,
declared in an interview after her lec-
ture at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
yesterday.
"They must act and vote exactly as
if they were without femininity, be-
cause they're face to face with prob-
lems which require serious considera-
tion. The sooner women realize that,
the sooner national problems will be
adjusted to the satisfaction of every-
body," she said.
Mrs. Pinchot, a granddaughter of
Horace Greeley, returned a few weeks
ago from a tour of the South Seas,
with her husband. Both are active
in nnlitico circeps and were in need

tian-hared type, who enthusiastically
applauded at the conclusion of her
lecture, and was presented with bou-
quets from the admiring audience.
She graciously accepted these and
left to attend a tea given in her hon-
or by the Adult Education Institute.
She was enthusiastic about Mich-
igan in general and praised the Uni-
versity in no uncertain terms. Of
her own schooling she remarked, "I
really had no right to talk to a group
of educators - I never went to school
in my life, as my family didn't believe
that girls should attend schools.
"I am afraid I missed a great deal
of enjoyment through my strange
schooling, which was conducted by
governesses who, I'm inclined to be-
lieve, didn't know very much anyway.
The freedom of women at the present
time is in my opinion a great help

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