THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 27,
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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t W UYebfPSt 6
=1934 itit 9 3.5
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MANAGING EDITOR ................WILLIAM G. FERRIS
a u O.........................JOHN HEALEY
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR ...........RALPH G. COULTER
SPORTS EDITOR .................ARTHUR CARSTENS
WOMEN'S EDITOR ........ .............ELEANOR BLUM
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BUSINESS MANAGER ..............RUSSELL B. READ
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derfer, Geraldine Lehman, Betty Woodworth.
T HE CRITICISM leveled against
tGcvernor Fitzgerald's proposal to
close two of the state's normal schools bears in-
The governor is frantically looking for some
means to restrict state expenditures - a necessary
and commendable effort. He is trying to economize
regardless of the political consequences, and in
his opinion, one of the best ways to do it is to close
two teachers' colleges.
The principal objector is Dr. Paul Voelker, state
superintendent of public instruction. Why does Dr.
Voelker object? He claims that to close thednormal
schools would be to "endanger education in Mich-
igan." He refers to the teacher's colleges as "worthy
enterprises," and says that "if restrictions in ex-
penses must come, let it be found in some other
field in education. We must not tamper with so
vital a thing as the machinery by which our teach-
ers are trained.'
With regard'to this criticism, we feel that the
following facts should be brought out:
There is no other field of education in the state
where retrenchment has not already gone the
A large percentage of the students in Michigan
normal colleges come from other states, and there-
fore attend one school as easily as they could
A large percentage of normal school students
come from all parts of the state and do not neces-
sarily attend one school simply because it happens
to be in the vicinity of their home.
At present no Michigan normal college is crowded
with students. All could take more and would
correspondingly profit from absorbing those who
had been attending the two schools which it is
proposed to close.
The governor does not recommend the closing of
the colleges as a permanent measure.
There is an immediate need for drastic cuts in
The most recent criticism has been voiced by
the Council of Teachers College Presidents. They
simply reiterate, in effect, what has already been
propounded by Dr. Voelker. Well, you would expect
the Council of Teachers College Presidents to op-
pose the closing of any teachers' colleges.
All will grant that it is too bad that any normal
colleges have to be closed - even temporarily. But
these are unusual times, and many unusual steps
have to be taken. There may be some arguments
against the governor's plan that are irrefutable, but
as yet we have not heard of them.
Byy DUD BE ArD
YOUR COLUMNIST LOOKS AT EXA:i1NATiON S
Examination is a horid word! After two
years it is still unwholesome. Somehow, some-
where, I have acquired a sort of exam-veneer,
worn shiny i! spots, and scratched in in-
numerable places with the dents of econoic
tests, and English themes but the veneer is still
As a freshman I took to heart everything
everyone told me about exams and a little
more. I believed all my professors to be ogres,
all exam rooms to be lions' dens, and I had
none of the characteristics of a Daniel. I was
in the zenith of my note taking career, then,
and for nights before exams I would sit down
to study the reams and reams of scribbly facts
and attempt to digest them. Finally when I
went into ,the examination, I was paralyzed,
remained partially so during the final, and
never gained my composure until I received my
In my sophomore year, I learned to subtract
99 from every 100 things people told me about
my professors and their exams. I acquired dur-
ing that year the technique of crying out loud
and pitifully at every suggestion of an exam
by the professor.
Then I managed, or tried to manage, to
worm out of him what kind of exam it would
be. This helped.
Also I narrowed my weeks of pveparation for
finals into hours, and the reams of notes into
a sheet or two. Still I entered the room fgh-
tened, remained so throughout the final, and
went around with a heavy feeling in the vi-
cinity of my heart until I received my grade.
Now as a junior looking at examinations, I
have already done, or contemplate doing the
1.I believe absolutely nothing anyone tells
me about my professor or exams.
2. I have found :n all cases, judging from
midscmesters, etc., that the professor with the
worst bark just doe 't bite at all, and the
mildest and pleasantest are the toughest.
3. I shall study for my exam in the follow-
ing way. I shall read over every text book, until
I can define each and every chapter heading, I
then shall close the book, turn on the radio,
and retire in time to get nine hours of beauty
4. When I walk into exams it will be with
only only one thought in mind - that in about
three hours I shall walk out of that door fin-
5. I shall manage to smile puzzlingly at the
professor every time the professor looks at me
during the exam.
6. I shall write in large and legible manner,
and very firmly. The latter point shows char-
acter, according to hand-writing experts.
7. I shall hand my paper to my professor
personally. Never throw it on the desk. This
conetes carelessness and indifference. (If you
are a little hazy about your grade, tell him
what a fair exam it was, and tell him how
much you admire him for being so broad-
minded in encouraging answers that indicate
a person's intelligence and not his memory.)
Then I shall make my exit gracefully.
8. Out of the door and out of mind. Nary
a thought shall I give that exam until the
9. Meanwhile, I shall pray.
-- Catering to Your Better Taste -
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NIGHT EDITOR: COURTNEY A. EVANS
The Peace Poll..**
T HE EARLIEST RETURNS in the
College Peace Poll currently being
conducted by the Literary Digest and the Associa-
tion of College Editors are a rather surprising com-
mentary in that they very definitely refute the
opinion of many regarding the attitude of the aver-
age college student toward war.
The answers to the seven questions which have
thus far been tabulated are sufficient in number to
give a good indication of the general opinion of
college students on war. If these early results are
a good criterion, the trend on American college
campuses is very definitely towards peace.
This would seem to indicate, then; contrary to
the opinions of many learned individuals, that
the college student has not forgotten the last war,
its cdsts and its results. The contention has fre-
quently been advanced that the nations of the
world have forgotten the lesson taught them in the
last war, but the results of the poll seem to dis-
The seven-to-one majorities favoring govern-
mental conscription of capital and labor in order
to control all profits in time of war prove that the
current munitions investigation at Washington has
served to arouse considerable sentiment against
wartime profiteers. Startling revelations made by
the investigators have caused the public to be
suspicious of the activities of munitions makers.
Several years ago there was little opinion on this
subject, but now a strong prejudice which threatens
to bring about the downfall of the armament in-
dustry has developed.
Although college students seem to favor the
entrance of the United States into the League of
Nations, the present results on this question show
that opinion is almost evenly divided. This would
seem to indicate a desire on the part of the under-
graduate to keep the United States out of war, and,
at the same time, to keep it out of any entangling
agreements. Perhaps, the apparent indecision of
the student on this subject is due to a lack of
knowledge about the League.
More significant than all this, however, the early
results of the poll are a further indication of the
intelligent interest American campuses are now
taking in political questions. Evidences of this are
that more than 30,000 students out of 325,000 orig-
inally solicited have already returned their ballots,
and that the poll itself was planned by univer-
sity students, the Association of College Editors.
The many critics who have frequently decried the
college student's supposed attitude of apathy to-
Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors are asked to
be brief. the editor reserving the right to condense
all letters of over 300 words.
Next War's Conscription
To the Editor:
The results of the peace poll and the observa-
tions of Professors Slosson and Strauss thereon re-
call a bit of information unearthed by the muni-
tions inquiry but buried by the press in general
relative to America's entrance into the World War.
On March 5, 1917 Walter H. Page, U. S. ambas-
sador to Great Britain, sent a cablegram to Pres-
ident Wilson urging him to declare war on Ger-
many. A full statement of the message may be
found in the February issue of the magazine
"Fight," published by the American League Against
War and Fascism. Briefly, the argument was: The
financial situation of the Allies is desperate, the
"pressure of this approaching crisis . . . has gone
beyond the ability of the Morgan financial agency
... if England and France are to continue their
extensive purchases in the U.S. they must have
credit from the U.S. government - "We cannot
extend such credit unless we go to war with Ger-
many." . . . Then . . ."we could keep on with
our trade and increase it, till the war ends, and
after the war Europe would purchase food and
enormous supply of materials with which to re-
equip her peace industries. We should thus reap
the profit of an uninterrupted and perhaps en-
larging trade over a number of years and we should
hold their securities in payment."
That was on March 5. On April 2, President
Wilson gave his war message to Congress. "The
world must be made safe for democracy . . . We
have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no con-
quest, no dominion. We seek no material compensa-
tion for the sacrifices we shall freely make." April
6, 1917, war with Germany. Our couutry made sac-
rifices, the whole world made sacrifices; 70 million
people were killed, wounded, orphaned, widowed or
left homeless - they got "no material compensa-
tion," but our country was enriched with 18,000
more millionaires. And Professor Slosson, God bless
him, publicly announced sometime ago that "we
fought a just war !"
A majority of the students are said to have
voted in favor of "conscripting both labor and cap-
ital in time of war." Most of these students prob-
ably had their eye on the conscription of capital
part. But that's a mockery. The last war was
fought for capital and so will the next. The fear of
capital is that in the next war labor will decide
to stop the predatory war and take over the
factories and other means of production and use
them for human welfare, whether capital likes
it or not. They are preparing to chain the hands
of labor so that it will not be able to do that.
The weapon is conscription of "both capital and
labor"; in substance this means the establishment
of an open dictatorship of capital and abolition of
democratic rights for the majority of the popula-
tion, it means the establishment of a fascist regime
which will conscript labor for the profit of capital.
These students who voted for this measure would
probably laugh at the idea of fascism coming to
this country; in fact, they have fallen for one of its
Is the One Event of the Year
At Which You Must Look
As Others See It
On The Anti-Hearst Front (Cont.)
rfHECOLLEGE EDITORS did not polish off
Hearst's red scare in a day. Neither did yester..
day's column finish the arguments of the editors.
many of which are well worth the space they took
Failure to mention Cornell University as a seat
of communism gave the Cornell Daily Sun these
Cornell alumni groups throughout the coun-
try must have consoled themselves with the
thought that if the present generation of Cor-
nellians can't turn out a football team, at
least the youngsters are healthy-minded in
When an authoritative writer in the current
issue of The American Scholar says that if the
conversion of the intellectuals to the radical
cause continues at the present rate there
won't be a literary defender of laissez-faire
capitalism left in the United States in another
ten years - Cornell undergraduates should at
least be discussing the problem.
What Representative Fish calls "hot-beds of
Communism" probably are for the most part
places where an intelligent liberal viewpoint
and heated discussions are prevalent. That he
did not include Cornell on his list shows that
it's students are far behind the other great
universities of the country. It's high time they
came out of their lethargy.
The Daily Californian considered details and
possibilities and found no solace:
Syracuse and Columbia have already fallen
... The rest of the colleges will doubtless be
brought into the scare, a few at a time, until
all institutions of any importance will be in-
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