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October 09, 1932 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1932-10-09

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THE MiC-iG'N DAILY

MICHIGAN DAILY
Established 1890

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Published every morning except- Monday during the
University year and Summer Session by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Associa-
tion and the Big Ten News Service.
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Associated Press is exclusively entitledstothe use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this paper and the local news
published herein. All rights of republication of special
dispatches are reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class matter. Special rate of postage granted by
Third Assistant Postmaster-General.
Subscription during summer by carrier, $1.00; by mail,
$1.50. During regular school year by carrier, $4.00; by
mail, $4.50.
Offices: Student Publications Building, Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan. Phone : 2-12 14.
Representatives: College Publishers Representatives,
Inic., 40 East Thirty-Fourth Street, New, York City; 80
Boylston Street, Boston;612 North Michigan Avenue,
Chicago.
EDITORIAL STAFF.
Telephone 4925
MANAGING EDITOR..............FRANK B. GILBRETH
CITY EDITOR.....................KARL SEIFFERT
SPORTS EDITOR .................. JOHN W. THOMAS
WOMEN'S EDITOR.................MARGARET O'BRIEN
ASSISTANT WOMEN'S EDITOR......ELSIE FELDMAN
NIGHT EDITORS: Thomas Connellan, Norman F. Kraft,
John W. Pritchard, Joseph W. Renihan; C. Hart Schaaf,
Brackley Shaw, Glenn R. Winters.
SPORTS ASSISTANTS: Fred A. Huber, Albert Newman.
REPORTERS: Edward Andrews, Hyman J. Aronstam, A.
Ellis Ball, Charles G. Barndt, James, Bauchat, Donald
R. Bird, Donald F. Blankertz, Charles B. Brownson,
Arthur W. Carstens, Donald Elder, Robert Engel, Ed-
ward A. Genz, Eric Hall, John C. Healey, Robert B.
Hewett, Alvin Schleifer, George Van Vleck, Cameron
Walker, Guy M. Whipple, Jr., W. Stoddard White,
Leonard A. Rosenberg.
Eleanor B. Blum, Miriam Carver, Louise Crandall, Carol
J. Hannan. Frantees Manchester, Marie J. Murphy.
Margaret C. Phalan, Katherine Rucker, Marjorie West-
ern and Harriet Speiss.
BUSINESS STAFF
Telephone 2-1214
BUSINESS MANAGER.............BYRON C. VEDDER
CREDIT MANAGER.......... . ,. ...HARRY BEGLEY
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER.......DONNA BECKER
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS: Advertising, Grafton Sharp;
Advertising Contracts, Orvil Aronson; Advertising Serv-
ice, Noel Turner; Accounts, Bernard E. Schnacke; Cir-
culation, Gilbert E. Bursley; ,Publications, Robert E.
Finn.
ASSISTANTS: Theodore Barash, Jack Bellamy, Gordon
Boylan, Charles Ebert, Jack Efroymson, Fred Hertrick,
Joseph Hume, Allen Knuusi, Russell Read, Lester Skin-
ner, Joseph Sudow and Robert Ward.
Betty Aigler, Doris Gimmy, Billie Griffiths, Dorothy
Laylin, Helen Olson, Helen Schume, May Seegfried,
Kathryn Stork,
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1932

Michigan Athletics,
A Giant Corporation..

.

M ICHIGAN has a great football
.team. 55,000 people saw the Maize
and Blue machine play Northwestern at the Sta-
dium yesterday. More than $100,000 poured into
the coffers of the Athletic Association.
The Michigan athletic plant has become a giant
corporation, with all of the executive boards, bond
holders, and professional staffs of a great busi-
ness enterprise.
While we are not insinuating that Michigan
football players are professionals, nevertheless, it
is true that in many cases the Varsity serves as
a "farm" for the "big leagues" in football.
One has only to look at the number of former
Michigan gridiron heroes who have graduated
from the "minors" to the "majors" upon receiv-
ing their diplomas to appreciate this situation.
Only a few who have reached major positions in
this way, either on coaching staffs or profes-
sional teams, need be mentioned. This list in-
cludes such names as Friedman, Kipke, Daniels,
Gembis and Hewitt.
While many of these men, it is true, took
courses in physical education in preparation for
coaching positions, nevertheless, it is very doubt-
ful if they could have secured the positions they
now hold without the prestige gained in /he
"minors."
Perhaps large gate receipts, tremendous run-
ning expenses, and the popularity of the "farm"
with the "big leagues" explains why football has
been taken away from the students at the Uni-
versity. - ,
Perhaps these also explain why students do
not get the consideration at football games ten-
dered to alumni, guests, and bond holders. Per-
haps that is also'wiy students are rudely ejected
by professional ushers when they attempt to take
chairs in empty boxes, instead of their assigned
places on the 10 and 0-yard lines.
We are not condemning the Athletic Associa-
tion. We realize that football supports many of
the minor sports, and consequently must be man-
aged like a big business. We also realize that the
large gate receipts might well be mishandled un-
der student supervision.
We are merely making the point that football,
as a sport, owes its popularity to students of uni-
versities, such as Michigan, and, for this reason,
it is with regret that we see that football has out-
grown the University and, except for the actual
players, University students are no longer an es-
;ential cog in the orporation and are treated
accordingly,
"w
qrt rc To Be Commended.*
RUE to its reputation of years'
standing, the Oratorical Associa-
tion this year is presenting a list of highly dis-
tinguished speakers, each of whom has a notable

$3.00, now can be obtained for $275; and the
balance of the tickets sell for $2.50. This repre-
sents a reduction of 12 to 14 per cent, and in-
cludes all government taxes,
The excellence of the program is attested by the
lead-off speaker, Lowell Thomas, who is well-
known for his travel and adventure books, and in
addition enjoys so great a reputation as an his-
torian of current events that his service in this
capacity under various flags has culminated in
the presentation to him of the Legion of Honor.
Because of this presentation, which will take
place on Oct. 22, the previously scheduled date
for his lecture, the association has voluntarily
released him from this contracted date, and has
postponed his speech until Oct. 29, when he will
lecture on "From Singapore to Mandalay."
He will be followed on Nov. 10 by William
Butler Yeats, who will discuss "The Irish Re-
naissance." Next comes Frederick William Wile,
newspaper correspondent, who will lift the veil
from some of the more obscure political and social
phenomena of our national capitol when he tells
what goes on "Behind the Scenes in Washington,"
on Dec. 1.
Will Durant, noted philosophical historian, who
wrote the "Story of Philosophy" and various more
recent works dealing with past and present phi-
losophical subjects, will lecture on "The American
Crisis," Jan. 11. Carveth Wells, whose humorous
and startling monologues on the wonders of na-
ture have delighted audiences all over the world,
will present motion pictures of "Noah's Home
Town" on Feb. 21.
Dr. Raymond L. Ditmars, curator of the New
York Zoological Park, will discuss nature in the
raw from a slightly different angle when he pre-
sents, on March 9, motion pictures of "Our Ani-
mal Friends and Foes," the last picture of the
series.
The Oratorical Association has made itself
known all over Michigan by its programs during
the past years. It is especially to be compli-
mented, however, for its courage and its confi-
dence in University audiences as manifested by
its 1932-3 billings and its startling reduction in
prices. This confidence has been fulfilled thus
far by the exceptional volume of mail orders
received. An over-the-counter sale will be an-
nounced soon, for the benefit of those who have
been unable to get their tickets through the mails.
It is assumed that a full house will greet every
lecturer.
Student Health
DEFINING HEALTH
Few words signify so much of importance to
mankind as the word "Health." For a term of
such significance, a clearly definable meaning
seems desirable. At first thought the term has a
definite meaning to most people, but in attempt-
ing to state its definition the word "health" as-
sumes many features of abstraction and rela-
tivity.
For the most part, people think of health in
negative terms, such as, the absence of disagree-
able sensations of pains, deformity, and disease.
To speak of the absence of disease is to introduce
another term eually difficult to define. The
word "normal" frequently comes to mind in this
connection, but it can be defined little better than
as an average; it hardly means the desirable op-
timum.
Some of the most important recent develop-
ments in the field of health have made a concep-
tion of the word even more intangible. When we
think of health in terms of soundness of body
organs only, it is simple as compared with the
situation where organ function is considered also.
More recently a complex factor sometimes spoken
of as "mental function" has been recognized as
playing a part in individual health. This feature
very frequently deals with the problem of personal
feelings, emotions or reactions to situations. It
certainly is the basis of much conduct and behav-
ior as influencing or revealing personal health.
While these later ideas have tended to make
more complex a present definition or clear state-
ment of the meaning of the word "health," they
have at the same time added very much to the
solution of personal life problems. These addi-

tions to the interests of personal health have very
much extended the scope of the physician or other
health worker to include psychology, biology, soci-
ology, child training, etc.
The broader concepts of personal health and
attention to the factors upon which it depends
has transferred much health work from the phy-
sician whose interests and training are not pri-
marily health but specific processes of disease.
With this increase in scope and the number of
separate interests involved, it is possible that we
should speak of health not as a single term but in
a collective sense; physical health, emotional
health, mental health, etc.
The social point of view is introduced in a
definition used by an author of a text-book on
hygiene when he defines health as, "that quality
of life which enables one to live most and serve
best."
Editorial Comment
EDUCATION HOLDS
AN INVENTORY
American higher education, after an era de-
voted to the expansion of physical facilities fost-
ered by the boom years, appears to have paused
for an appraisal of its aims and methods. Much
constructive criticism in this field has come from
Mr. Abraham Flexner, and now President Lowell
of Harvard speaks his mind in an article ent i red
"Universities, Graduate Schools, and Colleges" ap-
pearing in a recent issue of the Atlantic Munthly.
To President Lowell the principle purpose of a
graduate school should be to produce outstanding
scholars, who are best nurtured in an institution
which arouses their intellectual enthusiasm bilt
leaves them free to follow their own studies un-
checked by restricting supervision. The graduate
school fails to provide the proper environment, lie

nite steps. The colleges should raise their stand-
ards and give undergraduates the freedom from
narrow restrictions which the mature student
merits. With this fuller education provided by
colleges graduate schools would not be crowded
with so many men who merely want to round out
their undargraduate work. Finally, the author
recommends the formation of "Societies of Fel-
iows," small groups loosely organized to permit
individual freedom, but at the same time provid-
ing reciprocal intellectual contact and stimula-
tion.
President Lowell's criticism of graduate schools
as over-run with inferior men working merely for
the prestige of a degree is undoubtedly to some
extent true. The cure for this evil would seem to
lie, however, in universities giving promotion to
professors on a basis of teaching ability rather
than on the possession of a Ph. D. Moreover, the
charge that the graduate school hampers the de-
velopment of the college, though probably true at
smaller institutions, does not seem to apply at
Princeton, where the four-course plan and com-
prehensive examinations have gone far toward
fostering a true university education.
In his proposal for the establishment of "Soci-
eties of Fellows," however, seems to lie the uni-
que contribution of President Lowell's article.
These groups might go far toward the develop-
ment of the true scholar. Freedom,'isolation and
stimulation of intellectuual contacts would com-
bine to produce what the crowded graduate school
cannot. To be sure, these "Societies" would have
to be composed only by men most eminently quali-
fied, but granting this standard was maintained,
they should, as the author suggests, provide "a
more stimulating atmosphere . . . and a more defi-
nite independent opportunity to productive' pur-
pose. -Daily Princetonian
WE DEMAND A FACULTY
FREE FROM INTELLECTUAL COWARDICE
Not the least grave result to the recent political
agitation for censorship of thought and teaching
in the university, is an inordinate and, for the
most part, unwarranted timidity which it has in-
duced in those who should above all be willing to
follow the truth wherever it may lead,
Whereas, professors and teachers at Wisconsin
may have felt no great danger hitherto in pre-
senting the facts as they have seen them after
careful study, now there has been noticed a mark-
ed shyness, a cringing fear of expressing truths
which may not coincide with some of the views
now current.
This self-censorship, we maintain, is far more
important a phenomenon, far more dagerous a
repression, than open censorship imposed from
without, such as Mr. Chapple would institute.
Now, we certainly would not imply that there is
no real danger of the university being forced into
an intellectual straight-jacket. Certainly, our va-
rious perorations pointing out the immediacy of
such censorship even in the free and' liberal state
of Wisconsin have made our genuine concern quite
clear.
However, it is all too easy to allow this valid
fear of repression to evolve into a phobia of self-
restraint, of self-imposed restriction of thought,
of intellectual shyness. And certain happenings in
recent days have confirmed in our minds the sus-
picion that such an unhealthy and positively
dangerous condition actually exists on the campus
and in the classrooms of the university.
There need be no apology made for the truth.
Freedom of thought is its own excuse for being.
When professors, rendered timid and fearful and
cowering by an unparallelled campaign of vicious
propaganda, deem it manly or fair' to their own
consciences to elect to public office a candidate
who stands for everything to which they as pro-
fessors should be opposed unalterably, then, we
say, it is high time that we begin to express legi-
timate fear.
We as students demand the truth. We want to
hear, not convenient truths, nor truths upon
which everybody can agree, but honest expressions
of honest opinion on the part of professors whom
we respect. For, by compromising truth, by apolo-
gizing for a difference of opinion, one renders it
intellectually sterile. We demand a free faculty,
freed both from Chapple repression from the out-
side and intellectual cowardice from within. We
want to learn, not to hide.
Wisconsin Daily Cardinal
SOUND FILMS A STEP TOWARD
MODERNIZING EDUCATION
Research indicates that most people have "vis-
ual" memories, in that the impressions received
through the optic centers are retained longer
and more clearly than the impressions received
through the other senses. The first Eastern'
schools which tested motion pictures in classrooms
found that pictures accelerate comprehension.

By installing film sound equipment, the new
Junior college takes a step forward in education,
along with Harvard, and the Universities of Chi-
cago and California, where films, it has been
found, may successfully supplement present edu-
cational technique.
-The Minnesota Daily
Campus Opinion
BRING BACK DIAGONAL
To The Editor:
It is with great regret that many of us read in
this morning's paper that the inimitable Diagonal
has been discontinued. Since early last spring it
has been an integral and vital part of your paper.'
It has become a veritable institution, and now it
is to be taken from us. The feature to which so
many of us have turned in order to get in a pre-
sentable frame of mind to take us through our
early-morning classes is no more to be. And all
because ther are those on the campus who cannot
take a friendly dig.
Yesterday morning we read a letter complain-
ing of the tbloid nature of your column. This is
true, as you explained at the very outset of the
colimnn in question which appeared Thursday
nioiinig. You announced at that time that this
was merely a one-day policy, yet there are those
who are so kcking iI sense of humor that they,
cannot bear it, even for one day.
In a univei'sity of this size, a feature of this sort
plays a most inpo'tant part. Besides causing
anmuemneiit, it deals with the intimacies of student
life which make that life most interesting.
1 ihink that the objections to your column may
be considered negligible, because for every pro-
testor there must be almost a hundred enthusi-
asts. Why not let those who' cannot take a "ride"
send you their names so that you may avoid mak-
ing fun of the sensitive ones.
I T t hirik in.- m - #Pq1fi iro ,'nxinn.,-+ sally lea onlIP

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Youti the J Udg9-e
William Tell's skill wouldn't have won him much renown
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date equipment. Realizing this, we spent thousands of
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Dil 24214
Al!CHIGAN DAILY

Classif ied Advertising

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214 South State -1115 South University Avenue - 113 East Liberty
701 South State Street, corner Monroe --703 Packard
Phone 4213

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