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February 28, 1933 - Image 6

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1933-02-28

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

5-Year Term Is
Prophesied For
itler Ministry
Leader Of 'Steel Helmets'
Predicts Nazi Victory In
Next Sunday's Elections
CampaignHeightens
Eight Deaths In Political
Rioting OVer Week-End;
Kaiser's Son Speaks
BERLIN, Feb. 27. - (A) - Franz
Seldte, one-armed chief of a million
'Steel Helmets" now fighting side by
side with Hitler's "Brown Shirts" for
victory in next. Sunday's elections,.
predicts the Hitler coalition cabinet
will remain in power for five years.
This was an outstanding statement
in the flood of oratory loosed over
the week-end curng which eight
more deaths were laid to political
violence. It comes in the wake of
statements by leading Hitlerites that
Sunday's voting may be the last ever
held in Germany and that the result
cannot end the Hitler regime.
Suppress Newspapers
Three of the eight slayings oc-
durreed Sunday, Meanwhile, the lead-
ing Communist organ, Rote Fahne,
was put under a six weeks ban and
the Baamberger Volksblatt, a Catholic]
paper, was suspended four days.
Two persons were shot fatally in
a Communist-Nazi fight at Wupper-
tal. Five were wounded. Two Nazi
youths were stabbed, one fatally, at
Linderfels. Another Hitlerite was
stabbd at Breslau and three were
shot and wounded at Falkensee.
Skldte, who is minister of labor in
the Hitler Cabinet, spoke Sunday in
Berlin. He said the Cabinet, in which
3- ti nalist party members outnum-
her the National Socialists, including
Chancellor Hitler, would not even
Change in composition for at least
five years.
Cabinet United
H" e declared dte cabinet was united
in purpose. (The motto of his Steel
Helmets is "the fatherland above all
parties" and Seldte joins Hitler in
denouncing parliamentary govern-
ment. At present they are seeking,
however, to increase their minority
support to majorities in both the
reistag and Prussian diet in the
Sunday elections.)
Prince August Wilhelm, familiarly
known as "Auwi," fourth son of the
ex-kaiser, was loudly cheered in
Magdeburg, Saxony, Sunday when he
delivered an address while planes
tearing Nazi emblems flew overhead.
He is an active leader in the Hitler
forces
Nazi flags waved from the Hohen-
Zollern castle at Potsdam where Wil-
helm Frick, minister of interior,
made a speech, Vice Chancellor
Franz von Papen and Hans Kerrl,
president of the recently dissolved
Prussian diet, were other pro-govern-
ment leaders who made Sunday ad-

C . r
Capitol Hill Prophets Foresee 7'hese New Faces Around 'Ihe LCdbinet I'able

Worrell Discovers
W"y To.Pronounce
Ancient Egyptian

Scholars can now pronounce as
well as read the inscriptions on the
monuments along the Nile, written in
the ancient Egyptian symbols.
Prof. William H. Worrell, of the
department of Oriental Languages
and Literature accomplished the
remarkable feat of figuring out how
the ancients pronounced their lan-
guage, by applying the general rules
of phonetic changes to the changes
which have come into the language.
E The discovery has attracted atten-
tion because this language has the
longest history in written records of
any language known to men today.
The first records date back to some-
where near 3,000 B. C., and the lan-
guage was still used as late as the
Tenth Century after Christ.
Study Pronunciation
For almost 100 years, now, scholars
have been working on the problem
of reading ancient Egyptian, now
they will be able to pronounce it as
well.
Professor Worrell said that he
used Coptic, a language of Egyptian
written in Greek letters, as his start-
ing point, since its pronunciation was
known.
"By this method we established
certain principles of vowel changes,"
he said. "For example, we found out
that the sound 'k' changed to 't,' and
by establishing a principle, in this
case the principle of palatization, we
presumed that the sound 'g' changed
to 'd,' and so on.
"By checking our results at several
places along the way, we were able
to make sure that we were on the
right track," he declared. "The whole
process was one of .comparison with
cognate tongues."
Proper Names Clue

-Associated Press Photo
Seven of the men shown above have been definitely chosen by President-Elect Roosevelt as members of the "New Deal" cabinet. They
are Sen. Cordell Hull, secretary of state; James A. Farley, postmaster- general; William H. Woodin, secretary of the treasury; George H. Dern,
secretary of war; Harold Ickes, secretary of the interior; Sen. Claude A. Swanson, secretary of the navy; Henry A. Wallace, secretary of agri-
culture. Other selections which are conceded by informed Washington circles are that of Daniel C. Roper for secretary of commerce, Sen.
Thomas J. Walsh for attorney-general, and Miss Perkins for secretary of labor.

Admiral Bleary: Tells1- Story Of,
Thrilling Dash Through Tunnel

SSlosson Says
British Spirit
Fights Crisis

Irison Costs As
Much As College
ALBANY, N. Y., Feb. 27.-It costs
as much to keep a man in prison as
it does for a father to -send his son
to college, according to the calcula-
tions of New York State's parole
commissioner.

ScholarshipsI
Provided For
Prep Students
Create 50 More Awards
For Incoming Students
}1,o ill Michigan Schools
Outstanding students of the high
schools of the state will again be
aided in entering the University this
fall by the granting of 50 more Mich-
igan Alumni Undergraduate Schol-
arships, according to Dr. Clarence S.
Yoakumi, vice-president of the Uni-
versity.
These scholarships are granted to
students who have established them-
selves as being on a scholastic plane
considerably above the average, it
wa aidand are awarded to en-
courza~ thec attendance of those who
would not otherwise be able to enter
the University.
Recommendations are made by the
University of Michigan Clubs
throughout the state and the names
are sent to the University, where the
final decision is made on the basis
of past records. Sometimes compe-
titive t? :inations are held to de-
termine the most worthy of the ap-
plicants.
At the same time, Dr. Yoakum
stated that there is a possibility the
scholarships of this type now held
hy sophomores in the University may
be renewed for the junior year. It
v:s originally intended that they
ould be for o'y the first two years,I
but in eaes of students who have
made excellent records in the firstI
Iwe years this rule may be amended,
DC. YoaNkum said.

Ed. Note: The following article is
the firs; installment ofthe official ac-
count by Admiral Robert M. Bleary,
famous explorer and scientist, of his
daring Wiiti nto the mystery-shrouded
heating tumnnels of the University of
Michigan. Another installment will ap-
pear in an early issue,
By ROBERT M. BLEARY
From my earliest school days I
have wondered at the unknown fate
of Captain Bartholomew Prender-
;ast and his gallant company of 11
anen who, in 1897, ventured into the
unexplored recesses of the tunnels
honey combing the earth imediate-
ly beneath the buildings of the Uni-
versity of Michigan at Ann Arbor,
Michigan.,
In the fall of 1932 ' was approach-
ed by men representing various busi-
ness interests who urged me to un-
dertake a survey of these strange
subterranean passageways. The Sec-
retary of the Navy graciously granted
me a furlough of two years and I im-
mediately began preparations for the
Expedition.
Space will not permit the enu-
meration nor description of all the
problems I had to face. I was partic-
alarly fortunate in obtaining the aid
f such capable and experienced men
'as Doctor Cyrenus T. Winklehaus, in-
ternationally known authority on the
phycochromologic aspect of blue-
green algae, Professor Cornelius Van
Valkenkleek, prominent Dutch phys-
icist, Cadwallader Alonzo Tunicliffe,
III, millionaire sportsman, and other
men equally outstanding in their
fields of endeavor.
Following are excerpts from my
journal in which I carefully recorded
my experiences during the dash
through the tunnels:
"12:03 a. m.--Everything is ready
for the start. I have chosen this
early hour as the best time in which
to travel without arousing the natives
of the place. These curious people,
called Custodians, have occasionally
been observed in our world but usu-
ally content themselves *with scutt-
ling from.,one edifice to another and
disappearing from view. Little is
known of -the home life or habits of
this race but they are 'reported to
be of a mild and self-effacing dis-
position except when aroused. In
such a state it is said that they dis-
play unusual anger and gnash their
teeth most vilely while muttering un-
intelligibly to, themselves.
"12:07 a. m.-The weather report
is just coming in on our midget set
designed especially for me by the In-
ternational Radio Cbrp. P e r civ a
Proctor Blascombe, the brave fellow
who accompanied-me on the explor-
ation of the Ghost Land of Western
Madge!scar, is sitting calmly by tak-
ing the,.radio message. The only
sound breaking the oppressive quiet
is the shrill, sharp buzz from the in-
strument.
"The equipment is all packed on a
shiny coaster wagon selected after
exhaustive tests from the stock of
Montgome(ry, Ward & Co.
. .m.-Here'sthe report.
'Temp. minus 11 degrees. Air press'
347.1 m.m. Wind velocity 27 m.p.h.
Forecast: Continued clear but colder.
Good Luck . . , Jeckerson.' Condi-

like structure for a distance of 50
yards. I dislike the idea of giving
notice of our presence, but our elec-
tric torches would not last long were
we to use them. The walls and ceil-
ing are of good brick construction
and seem fairly recent. Onward.
"12:24 a. m,-Gettn, much war-
mer. Thermometer registers 88 de-
giees. Proceeding cautiously. As yet
we have seen little signs of life other
than the brick construction of thel
walls. We are .just passing small pools1
of warm, brackish water that haveI
formed in shallow depressions in the
fior., This would seem to indicate
that we are continually proceeding
deeper into the bowels of the earth.
Have passed several branches of the I
low passageway but have kept to
what seems to be the main line.
"12:42-a. in My God, it's hot.
Temp. 103 degrees. The air is so close
that Percy and I can scarcely breath.
By this time we must have covered
two miles, at least. The passage is
so winding that the distance is hard
to estimate. A short time ago the na-
ture of the tunnel changed notice-
ably. We are now in a much older
part. The ceiling is so low that I must'
bend my head to keep from bump-
ing it. The walls are of worn red
brick and are crumbling.
"12:53 a. m.--Here is our first ma-
terial obstacle. The tunnel seems to
run into another at right angles. The
passage is almost entirely blocked by
a huge steam pipe. To go on we
must climb over the hot pipe. What
lies on the other side? Perhaps this
is an outpost of the Custodians. We
approach silently. By climbing on
top of the pipe and cautiously shin-
ing my flashlight around I perceive
that no one is about. We must aban-
don the wagon and equipment.- With
it we leave our coats and proceed in
shirt sleeves. We will recover them
when we return.
"1:04 a. m.-There seems to be anI
air of foreboding surrounding us. The
silence is so intense that it fairly,
beats down upon us. Something is
going to happen."
"1:10 a. m.-A low hum that sounds
as though it was emanating from
some giant turbine can now be heard.
We are proceeding without the use
of the overhead lights for fear of
attracting attention. On our right
is an opening that seems to go into a
larger room. At any rate the rays of
our pocket lamps are dispersed in-
stead of being reflected by walls.
This is a crucial point in our trip,
We can go on down the tunnel or
we can go into the chamber? What
is there? We must find out."
(To Be Continued)

Former
Writes
Britisli

Isles

British buoyancy of spirit sur-
mounting the difficulties of the trade
crisis, unemployment and debts, and
taxes which are higher than those in
either France or the United States
is-the picture which Prof. Preston W.
Slosson, of the history department,
presents in a tter which was re-
ceived r-ecently from England.
Professor Slosson is lecturing at
the University of Manche ;ter under
the auspices of the Carnegie Foun-
dation for Internation- Pwiv'- ''ter
having completed a successful series
of lectures at the University of Bris-
tol. He wlil go next to the University
of Glasgow in Glasgow, Scotland.
No Prosperity Since War
If the Englishman cannot say
"business as usual," writes Professor
Slosson, he is holding firm to his
second famous motto, "we'll muddle
through somehow."
Another factor which makes it
easier for the Briton to bear the
present situation, according to Pro-
fessor Slosson, is the fact that it ha,
been going on so long. American
minds, he says, stretch back as far
as the prosperity of the period from
1923 to 1929, while the"British have
not known a prosperous year since
the War.
"The American, rightly or wrongly,
still thinks of the conditions which
have existed since 1929 as abnormalI
and sure to pass," he wi'ites.
Unemployed in Best Years
Even in the best years which Brit-
ain has had, says Professor Slosson,
there have been at least one. or two
million unemployed to burden the
budget.
"It is not at all improbable that
the population of Great Britain has
passed the economic optimum, and
that the country has already about
as great a population as it ever will
have," according to the letter.
The birth-rate inhEngland has
been falling off greatly during the
last few years, he says, and emigra-
tion proves to be of little avail as a
method of reducing the population
Chicken Sandwich 10c
OPEN ALL NIGHT
BALTIMORE DAIRY LUNCH
Across from Augell Hal
Ladies Invited

The commissioner said, "Prisons
ncw cost $4,000 a cell to construct,
and it costs the state $500 a year to
keep a man in prison who should
be out working to support a family.'
Yet it costs only $75 a year to super-
vise him when he is out."
There are 7,000 convicts in prison
and 7,000 out on parole in New York
State, said the commissioner. The
commissioner's problem is to devise a
pLan to keep the right men in jail
and let the right men out, thereby'
effecting a great economic saving for
the state, he said.
o a size which can be employed
gainfully under the existing indus-
trial conditions.
Overbalance of Industry
"The United States and the British
DoIninions are closing their doors on
unrestricted immigration; and in any
case the town-bred artisan or clerk
is poor material for log cabin pio-
neering and has no capital for sci-
entilic farming, says Professor Slos-
son's letter.
The preponderance of industry
over agriculture was seen by Profes-
sor Slosson as a contributing factor
to Britain's economic ills. "No other
nation in the world has such an
overbalance of industry as compared
with agriculture," he says, "which
means that no other' nation is so
dependent on the world market."
"The present attempt to reverse
the trend of the last 150 years by
'Empire Tariffs' and 'Buy British'
campaigns may be justified as a
temporary expedient," says Professor
Slosson, "but in the long run, noth-
ing but a general revival of world
trade and an extension rather than
a contraction of freedom of trade
can set all the factory chimneys
smoking again."
Tired? Thirsty? Hungry?
CALL 3494
Sodas - Sundaes - Shakes
Cokes --G-Ales - Orangeades
Tasty Sandwiches
Prompt Delivery

Professor Here
Of Conditions In'

Babylonian, Greek, Hebrew, Ara-
bian, and Coptic as spoken in church
ritual were used by Professor Worrell
as he checked back his results against
the other languages.
Proper names which were carried
from one nation to another were a
clue to pronunciation of many letters,
as were names of objects used by one
people and not by another, accord-
ing to Professor Worrell.
"When Herodotus wrote, he used
names of Egyptian persons and
places, and his works afford us a
chance to compare the way the same
sounds were spelled in different lan-
guages at the same time."
Professor Worrell has been inter-
ested in rationalizing the sound
changes in the language, and this
has helped, he said, in rationalizing
the grammar changes as well.
Slutz Will Lecture
Twice Tomorrow
Frank D. Slutz, well-known edu-
cator, will deliver two lectures hereI
Wednesday, one on the subject of
marital relations at Lane Hall and
another on the formation of a new
third political party in Natural Sci-
ence Auditorium.
Dr. Slutz has been educational ad-
viser of Chicago Teachers College
since 1927. In the past he has been
superintendent of schools in Alliance,
Ohio, and Pueblo, Colo. He is also
a member of the Natioanl Educa-
tional Association and the Progres-
sive Educational Association.
Four years ago he and Sherwood'
Eddy wrote the book "Am I Getting
an Education?" At the present time
he is vice-president of the Dayton
Structural Steel Company and the
Northwoods Camp Company.
Dr. Slutz is a graduate of Mt. Union
College, Alliance, Ohio, and holds de-
grees from Harvard and the Univer-
sity of Denver.

D e auw Dean
Sees A Change
In Fraternities
Believes College Students
Are Unable To Manage
Fraternity Finances
CHAMPAIGN, Ill., Feb. 25.-(Big
Ten) -Fraternities and sororities
will learn three lessons from the
present depression, writes G. H.
Smith, freshman dean of men at De-
Pauw University, in an article en-
titled "Fraternities Feel the Depres-
sion" appearing in the January issue
of Banta's Greek Exchange.
According to Mr. Smith the fra-
ternities will learn that it is un-
reasonable to expect a youth 19 or
20 years old, of limited, financial ex-
perience, to handle finances for the
entire management of a business
which requires the annual collection
and disbursement of approximately
$20,000.
The second point made by Mr.
Smith is that undergraduates in
charge of chapter finances should be
selected on a basis of merit and abil-
ity rather than because they are
crack football players and in need of
money to go to college,
Finally he says that fraternities
must limit their building program so
that chapter rivalry will not lead to
the construction of houses too large
and elaborate for the needs and best
interests of the group.
Zoologists Will
Contribjute To
New Magazine
Museum Of Zoology Staff
llembers To Write For
'Michigan Sportsman'
Staff members of the Museum of
Zoology are to contribute short ar-
tiles each month to a department
called "Nature's Own iaiy" In "The
Michigan Sportsman," a new outdoor
magazine, the first issue of which
was placed on sale late last week.
The new monthly, devoted to the
promotion of all outdoor Interest in
Michigan, is edited by Jack Van Coe-
vering; who also edits the wild life
page of the Detroit Free Press; and
'is published by a group of Michigan
sportsmen, with offices at Lansing.
More than 60 pages of articles and
departments are contained in the
March issue. In addition to the de-
partment written by the Museum
staff here, the present issue contains
a photograph of the Museum's
mounted timber wolf, the largest ever
taken in Michigan in recent years, in
connection with an article, "Why
We're AAfraid of Wolves."
In "Nature's Own Diary" for
March are contained articles on the
"Fowler's" toad of the Lake Michigan
sand dunes, snow buntings, which
migrate to Greenland for the sum-
mer, and cecropia moths. The mu-
seum will gladly answer inquiries
concerning the fauna of Michigan
and identify specimens, it is an-
nounced.
Other contributors to the first is-
sue of the Sportsman are Bob
Becker, Ben East, Carl Johnson,
Chase S. Osborn', "and 0. M. Ken-
nedy.Qus sBabcock is writing several
"believe it or not" stories of the
North woods, the first of which is
"You Can't Kill ,a Swede,"

WATERVILLE, Me., Feb. 27.-Free
tuition is being given to unemployed
graduates of Colby College this year
if they desire further study, Franklin
W. Jones, president of the institution,
recently announced.

:I

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Sunday Dinner 50c

Dinner 40c

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