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November 18, 1931 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1931-11-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

___THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Published every morning except Monday during the University yeal
the Board in Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Association.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use fo r e-
tication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise
lited in this paper and the local news published herein.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as second
s. matter. Special rate of postage granted by Third Assistant
tmaster General.
Subscription by carrier, $4.00; by mail, $4.50
Offices: Ann Arbor Press Building, Maynard Street, Ann Arbor,
bigan. Phones: Editorial, 4925; Business, 21214.
EDITORIAL STAFF
Telephone 4925
MANAGING EDITOR
RICHARD L. TOBIN
oral Director .......... .Beach Conger, Jr.
yEditor...................................Carl Forsythe'
as Ed tor .... ..... ....................David M. Nichol
its Editor ...... ... ....: Sheldon 0. Fullerton
men's Editor .. rgaret M. Thompson
istant News Editor.........................Robert L. Pierce

ments, the two are advocating cuts in armament
expenditure.
Laval's visit this fall was the second meeting
in which the President's foreign policy program
and financial difficulties were talked over. The
results of that conference cannot be known for
quite a while. And now Fascist Italy's foreign
minister, Mussolini's right hand man, will talk
over Italy's, and probably Germany's, difficulties
with the President.
What Hoover's position is in these conferences
is not clearly understood. It is not wholly likely
that these men trained in the finesse and intrigue
of European politics would come to an ex-engineer
for advice although that may be precisely the
reason. It is our opinion that the aid of the United
States is asked in every conference. Both France
and Italy want to have their war debts either!
reduced or suspended or even completely wiped
out. Great Britain wants to be able to count on
America's aid in her many internal and imperial
problems. These conferences, at least, can do no
harm.
They do mark, however, a departure from the
precedent set by Hoover's two predecessors. Both
Coolidge and Harding, although they were repre-
sented in armament conferences, did not appar-
ently take much of a part in our attitudes on
foreign affairs.
Now, however, the administration is decidedly.
active in them. The United States today is the
most powerful nation in the world and other na-
tions realize it. They look to America as her
leader for advice and progress and naturally ex-
pect aid. Hoover, experienced as he is, has real-
ized the position the United States is in and is
taking advantage of the fact. There ought not
to be any danger that he will overstep his bounds
-the President nows his politics.

1

Moses Gomberg

1I

She prefers

(Editor's Note-This is the second
of a series of articles on outstand-
ing members of the University fac-
ulty. Others will be published in
this column on Wednesday of each
week.)

i

A PIPE

/O

(For you)

By E. Jerome Pettit
Amid the test tubes, beakers, and
crucibles of Michigan's chemistry
department, dividing his time be-
tween teaching and research, dili-
gently labors one of the world's
foremost' chemists. Dr. Moses Gom-
berg, head of the department of
chemistry, h as for thirty-seven
years devoted his time to satisfy-
ing the desires of science by disre-
garding all monetary and mater-
ial personal gains to the end of
creating one of the leading de-
partments of chemistry in the
country.
First recognition \f this man's
extensive study of the science of
chemistry came when his position
was firmly established as the dis-

B. Gilbreth
Goodman
Karl Seiffert

NIGHT EDITORS
J. Cullen Kennedy James Inglis
Jerry E. Rosenthal
George A. Stauter.

ier J. Myers
Jones
ey W. Arnheim
on E. Becker
is ConnelIan
el Q. Lllis
el L. Finkle
B. Gascoigne
thy rkmran

Sports Assistants
John W. Thomas
REPORTERS
Fred A. Iluber
Norrman Kraft
Roland Martin
]teary Meyer
Marion A. Alilczcwskt
Albert H. Newmans
E. Jerome Pettit
Georgia Geisian
Alice Gilbert
Martha Littleton
Elizabeth Long
IFran ces Mvnchester
Elizabeth Mann

John S. Townsend
Charles A. Sanford
John W. Pritchard
Joseph Renihan
C. Hart Schaaf
Braeldey Shaw
Parker R. Snyder
G. R. Winters
Margaret O'Brien
Hillary Barden
Dorothy Runden
Elma Wadsworth
Josephine Woodhams

H ER name is Ruth. She's a popular
co-ed on a famous campus. Yes,
she'll have a cigarette, thank you (and
smoke it very prettily). But for you she
likes a pipe.
That's one smoke that's still a man's
smoke. (And that's why she likes to see
YOU smoke a pipe.)
There's something
companionable
aboutapipe.Friend-
ly, cool, mellow.. .
it clears your mind,
puts a keen edge on
your thinking.
And you sound
the depths of true
smoking satisfaction
RUTH when you fillup its
bowl with Edgeworth.
There, men, is a REAL smoke. Choice
mellow burleys, cut especially for pipes
-blended for the man who knows his
fine tobaccos. It's cool, dry, satisfying
-and you'll find it
first in sales, first
choice of smokers,
in 42 out of 54 lead-
ing colleges.
We'd like nothing
better than to
drop in tonight
and toss our own
private tin across
your study table.
But since that can't
be, just remember YOUR smoke-
that you can get
Edgeworth at your dealer's -or send
for free sample if you wish. Address
Larus & Bro. Co., 105 S. 22d St.,
Richmond, Va.
E DG E WOR TH
SMOKING TOBACCO
Edgeworth is a blend of fine old burleys,
with its natural savor enhanced by Edge-

Discoun t
On All Laundry

Just bring your work

CASH AND CARRY

to our nearest

branch office where it will receive the

best attention that
up-to-date laundry.

can be had in an

a urnLaaI
Feldman
nee Poster

Branches at

BUSINESS STAFF
'Telephone 21214
ARLES T. KLINE.......................Business Manager
KRIS P. JOHNSON.....................Assistant Manager
Department Managers
ertising. ...."paen"ag...............Vernon Bishop
ertising Contracts........................Robert Callahan
,ertising Service.. ........ .......Byron C. Vedder
lications ...............................William T. Brown
ulation ............... Harry R. Begley
unts ....s..s.......................Richard Stratemeir
men's Business Manager.. ............... ..Ann WV. Verner

Press Building

609 Packard Street
Phone 21280

Maynard Street
Open until 8 P. M.
Phone 21816

Ypsilanti:
II1 North Washington Street
Phone 1567

ChId Crime in

)nson
Bursley;
nn
cker
ne Cissel
Field
ischgnund
"eyer
rriman

Assistants
John Keysee
Arthur F. Kohn
James Lowe
Bernard E. Schnacke
Anne Harsha
Katharine Jackson
Dorothiy Layin
Virginia McComb
Carolin "Mosher
I ellen Olsen
Helen Schmeede

Grafton W. Sharp
lDonald Johnson
Don-Lyon7
Bernard H. Good
May Seefried
Minnie Seng
Helen Spencer;
Kathryn Stork
Clare Ungert {
Mary Elizabeth 'Watts

NIGHT EDITOR-JAMES INGLIS
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 18,,1931
Prohibition and
Liquor Consumption: IV
TEN YEARS of "prohibition" have had their
effect on the collective mind of the American
people.
No longer does one see a private citizen aroused
by the outrages perpetrated in the name 'of "tem-
perance" or by the violence done for the sake of
enforcement. People get used to things; the
American people are getting used to reading of
gang wars, of river piracy; they are becoming
accustomed to buying their liquor from smugglers
and drinking it behind locked doors.
And someone is profiting. Let the enforce-
ment crowd kill a few unfortunate 'leggers; let
the gangs wipe out each other; let poison liquor
flood the market; someone reaps the revenue.
Prohibition, dry authorities tell us, is a success.
Such men as Amos W. W. Woodcock, admin-
istrator of federal prohibition enforcement, and
the Rev. R. N. Holsaple, head of the Anti-saloon
league of Michigan, point to the fact that the old-
time saloon is gone and aver that liquor sales are
on the decrease.
Actual figures prove that this is untrue; on
the contrary several statisticians have noted a dis-
tinct increase. According to a statement of Col.
Ira L. Reeves, former administrator of the fourth
enforcement district, the nation's annual drink bill
has increased from $I,817,ooO,ooo in 1913 to $2,848,-
ooo,ooo in 1930. These figures represent the actual
cash cost of liquor sold in the United States.
From another reputable source we find that
New York City, at the time prohibition went into
effect, had a total of 16,ooo licensed saloons. In
1929 a survey was made'which revealed the aston-
ishing fact that these places had been replaced by
30,000 speakeasies, none, of course, licensed, and
none, obviously, paying federal taxes.
How, in the face of such facts, can anyone, as
ignorant as he may be of crime conditions, main-
Lain that liquor sales are on the decrease? Col.
Woodcock told Michigan students that he could
give no accurate figures on the subject because of
the fact that his department had never made a
survey of that type.
Is one to believe that a federal department em-
ploying thousands of men and spending millions of
dollars annually is ignorant of conditions of this
sort? Can it be possible that, after 13 years of
organization anh investigation, the federal enforce-
ment officers should remain innocent of knowledge
that might lead to the success of their - under-
taking?,
Or is one to arrive at the conclusion that the
result of the enforcement department is not really
enforcement after all, but the maintenance of a
highly-paid organization because of an unenforce-
able law?

Our Enlightened Era
ITHIN the past year, the number of murders
by very young children is difficult to take
into account. They are like an epidemic, breaking
out and spreading until a check can be made. The
check in these cases, however, seems to be 'a re-
birth of legal revenge, a thing which penolgists
hoped had long been turned aside.
It is difficult to ascertain why people act in
different ways; yet when the bounds are exceeded,
the penalty is exacted. Four instances of murders
by youths within the last several months hav
brought severe penalties. Russell Williams, 17,
his been sentenced to death in Illinois. Jesus
Borja, a i5-year-old orphan, must serve a life sen-
tence in California. Herbert Niccolls, only 12
years old, faces the remainder of his natural life
in prison darkness. The fourth youth, only 16,
awaits the electric chair in the death house at Sing
Sing prison.
The United States was one of the first countries
to bring about penal reform. One of the most
notable advances in this movement has been the
feature which distinguishes from minds which are
mature and those which are not; and, in the latter
case, seeking a remedy m reformatories and juven-
ile courts.
In its report on penal institutions, the Wicker-
sham commission recognized this distinction. It
urged the improvement of reformatories, juvenile
case work, probations, and paroles. To execute
minors or to cast them into prison for life is to
retrace the steps which led to twentieth century
Ienlightenment.

Corner Catherine and Detroit Streets
Phone 4117

Main Plant

White Swan

1.

,

i'

I

CAMPUS OP[NIOH

I

11

1 , - -'

To The Editor:

The radio review of campus news over station
WJR Sunday afternoon mentioned an interview with
Professor O. J. Campbell which appeared in the Daily.
It seems that Mr. Campbell voiced his ideas on the
college man's reading and expressed opinions to the
effect that college men never bought or read good
books.
If this is true, it strikes me that it is a severe
indictment of Professor Campbell himself and his
colleagues in the English departments of our colleges
and universities. If college men do not purchase and
read good books it must be because their college
English professors have failed to arouse in them a
desire to read good books.
Perhaps things have changed in the last six or,
seven years, but at the time that I took courses from
Professor Campbell and his associates in the English
department they were so busy craming a certain
prescribed amount of material down our throats that
if we ever did read books after graduation it was
in spite of their teachings and not because of it.
They taught us to hate and not to love books.
Perhaps Professor, Campbell would do better to
spend some of this time considering how to improve
the college man's reading and book purchasing habits
rather than criticizing them.
Sincerely yours,
An alumnus.,

-RentchlerPhoto worth's distinctive.
-Rontschler Photo and exclusive elev-
coverer of trivalent carbon. This enth process. Buy
achievement demonstrated that the Edgeworth any-
old order, holding that atoms must where in two forms
be of constant valence, was not --EdgeworthReady-
true, and consequently revolution- Rubbed and Edge. All
ized the study of chemistry. This sizes, 15pocket
one accomplishment marks Doctor package to $1.50
Gomberg as one of the men who pound humidor tin.
opened the way to our modern con-
ception of atomic structure.
Born in Russia, coming to Ameri-
ca, working his way from the posi-
tion of laborer in the Chicago -_--
stockyards to that of one of the
leading men in the field of chem-
istry, Doctor Gomberg has had one
of the most colorfulhcareers of
ing America educators.
He was born in the small town
of Elizabetgrad, Feb. 8, 1866, and
received his earlier education at
the gymnasium there. His father
was accused of being a political4
conspirator and his property be-
ing confiscated, he fled to the Unit-
ed States, settling in Louisiana.
The son followed three years later
when he was 18 years of age, and
through the aid of friends, came
to Chicago.
Lacking a knowledge of the Eng-
lish language, both father and son
were forced to make a living by
working at any thing they could
find. By attending night school the
younger Gomberg was able to re-
ceive his high school education and
also, following the death of his
father, support his mother and
younger sister, Sonia.
One of his instructors had a bro-
ther attending the University of
Michigan and, becoming interest-
ed in the perseverance and ambi-
tions of the yoing man, advised
him to take entrance examinations
for this institution. This Doctor
Gomberg did and he matriculated
as a freshman in 1886.
While attending the University
he became assistant to Prof. A. B.
Prescott, one of the American pio-
neers in organic chemistry. After
his graduation he remained as a
graduate student and received the
degrees of M.S. and Sc.D.
Two years after receiving the
latter degree he was given a leave
of absence and went to Europe for
further research activities. There
he spent two semesters in Baeyer's
laboratory at Munich and one se-
mester at Heidelberg under Victor
Meyer. He received much praise at
both these institutions for his suc-
cessful attempts to solve chemical
problems which had bothered stu-
dents of the science for some time.
Since 1904 he has been head of
Michigan's department of organic
chemistry and in that capacity has 2
received recognition as one of the
leading eminent chemists of the ,-.\
world.
He is one of Michigan's three
faculty men who are members of1

GXRADj
cc

I

I'l

Lau ndry
and-
DRY CLEANING CO.

WHAT'S GOING ON

I

Our New

WEDNESDAY
Michigan: "Palmy Days" with Eddie Cantor.
Majestic: "Side Show" with Winnie Lightner.
Organ Recital: by E. William Doty, at 4:15 in Hill
auditorium.

nI'r'lr-mfrr~ I

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