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November 12, 1930 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1930-11-12

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PAGE FOUrR

TlIlE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1930

-a-

MMOM..,A

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; .,

Published every morning except Monday
Luring the University y'ear by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Member of Western Conference Editorial
kssociation.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled
co the utse for republication of all news dis
patches credited to it or not otherwiseecredited
n thie paper and the local news published
herein.
Entered at the postoffice at Ann Arbor,
Michigan, as second class matter Special rate
of postage granted by Third Assistant Post-
master General.
Subscription by carrier. $4.oo; by mail,
$4.So.
Offices Ann Arbor Press Building May
hard Street.
Phones: Editorial, 4925; Business, a214,
EDITORIAL STAFF
Telephone 4925
MANAGING EDITOR
Chairman Editorial Board
HENRY MERRY
City Editor
Frank E. Cooper
News Editor ...............Gurney Williams
Editorial Director ...........Walter W. Wilds
Sports Editor ...............Joseph A. Russell
Women's Editor ............Mary L. Behymer
Music, Drama, Books........Wm. J. Gorman
Assistant Cizy Editor ......Harold O. Warren
Assistant News Editor......Charles R Sprowl
telegraph Editor ........George A. Stauter
NIGHT EDITORS
S. Beach Conger John D. Reindel
Carl S. Forsythe Richard L. Tobin
David M. Nichol Harold O. Warren
Sports Assistants
Sheldon CyFullerton J. Cullen Kennedy
Robert Townsend
Reporters
Walter S. Baer, Jr. Parker Terryberry
aing J. Blumberg Robert L. Pierce
Thomas M. Cooley Win. F. Pyper
George Fisk Sher M. Quraishi
Morton Frank Jerry E. Rosenthai
Saul Friedberg George Rubenstein
Frank B. Gilbreth Charles A. Sanford
Jack Goldsmith Karl Seiffert
oland Goodman Robert F. Shaw
James H-. Inglis Edwin M. Smith
Denton C. Kunze' George A. Stauter
Powers Moulton Alfred R. Tapert
Wilbur J Myers Tobn S. Townsend
FRnhbt D_ Towsend

ities have escaped. Its proponents
feel that such a freedom is worthy
of mistakes.
The Bamburger idea will not
seriously frighten other educational
institutions. It is an experiment;
yet all inventions must be experi-
mented with before becoming prac-
tical success. Our patriarch, Ben-i
jamin Franklin, experimented with
his Junto public library. Thousands
of suchhlibraries now educate
masses the world over. Possibly:
Bamburger's idea is that of a
Franklin. But for the present, it's
emphasis upon the purely intellect-
ual is the chief distinction to which
it may lay claim.
BLESSED ARE THE MEEK.
A few days ago we observed that
Mussolini's belligerent utterences
on foreign affairs, and in specific,
his rash statements in the naval
dispute with France, might be a
show staged to distract the Italian
voter and prevent the reaction a-
gainst the Fascist regime. In Eng-
land and the United States, dis-
content over economic conditions
has visibly changed the personnel
of the governments, but this nor-
mal course of flux and change is
opposed by Dictator Mussolini, des-
pite the fact that Italy is suffering
terribly from the depression and
quite naturally is manifesting a

Music and Drama

I I

PORTABLE
TYPEWRITERS

L

Corona, Underwood,
Barr-Morris, Remington,
Royals.

FRATERNITY JEWELRY PARTY FA
ARCADE JEWELRY SHOP
CARL F. BAY
JEWELER AND OPTOMETRIST

LYORS

Ko erz . iownsn
desire for a change in administra-
Lynne Adams Margaret O'Brieti tion at Rome.J
Betty Clark Eleanor Rairdon,
Elsie Feldman Jean Rosenthal Now we learn that the Fascist
Elizabeth Gribble Cecilia Shriver regime has made mass arrests of
3mily G. Grimes Frances Stewart
Elsie M. Hoffmeye Anne Margaret Tobin conservative, liberal, and military
lean Levy Margaret Thompson edr o r o
D Lrth agee Claire tTrussell n leaders for participation in a plot
Mary McCall Barbara Wright to overthrow it. Investigations, ex-
BUSINESS STAFF i1 e s, imprisonments, espionage,
Telephone 21214 and censorship have followed; the'
BUSINESS MANAGER victims include college professors,
T. HOLLISTER MABLEY industrial leaders, bankers and a
Assistant Manager cabinet minister.
KASPER H. HIALVERSONBy these works, Mussolini is prov-
Department Managers ing just another cheapegotisti
Advertising .................Chre T. Klinein jutaohrcep egisP
dvertisi..... . Thomas M. Davis autocrat who will pass as most
Advertising.. Willi. W. Warboys others have done into oblivion a-
Service................ Norris J. Johnson oteshv dneioobiona
Publication..........-Robert W. Williamson mid cries of "Sic semper tyranus."
Circulation........ ...... Marvin S. Kobacker
Accounts..............Thomas S. Muir While the Dictator knows enough
Business Secretary ............Mary J. $enan of the Napoleonic style to make ef-
Assistants forts to please the people, his
Harry R. Beglev Don W. Lyon
Vernon Bishop William Morgan spoken menaces and verbosely ag-
William Brown HcFred Schaefer gressive foreign policy are evident-
William W. Davis Noel D. Turner Ily losing their charm for Italian
Richard H. Hiller Byron C. Vedder 'ears. The natural course of such
Erie Kightlinger
events will provide a change, and
Marian Atran Mildred Postal allow the blood normally to circu-
Helen B~ailey' Marjorie Rough
Josephine Convisser Ann W. Verner late through the arteries of govern-
Dorothy Laylin Mary E. Watts
Syiv a Miller Johanna Wiese ment. Temporarily Dictator Musso-
Helen____Olsen____ lini may have to step aside; but he
may rise again, as Disraeli and
Gladstone won and lost-and woni
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1930 again. But under the present pol-
Night Editor - HAROLD WARREN icy, the Iron Man is showing signs
___________________of corrosion, and the plight of
those in such plight is never to
THE BAMBURGER EXPERIMENT I rise again, not even for a "hundred
A university without rules, that 1 days."

MEDIEVAL MUSIC
GREGORIAN CHANTS: Sung by
the Choir of Monks of the Abbey
of Saint-Pierre de Solesmes: Victor
Musical Masterpiece Series Album
No. 87.-
On St. Cecilia's Day, 1903, Pope
Pius X issued an edict from Rome
officially restoring the Plain or
Gregorian Chant as the correct
music for liturgical services. Act-
ually, the decree was pontifical
recognition of a great labor of love,
done by the Benedictine Monks of
the Abbey of Solesmes, France.
These monks had traveled all over
Europe collecting original manu-
scripts dating from the fourth cen-
tury. Next, working quietly in their
cells, they set about the task of
arranging scores chronologically
and noting the distortions and
various corruptions that sceular
music left on the conception of the
Gregorian Chant. The result of
fifty years labor was the restora--
tion to purity of the great treasury
of chants which Gregory the Great
collected in his "Antiphonarium."
The persistence of these monks in
their works suggests that it wae
fascinating. Perhaps they found
this scholarship a fine focus for
their efforts to think themselves
back into the great ages of their
faith-periods friendly to their
sensibilities. Their ability to deter-
mine the purity in the medieval ex-
pression of religious emotIon they
probably thought of as a test o:.
the purity of their own religious
emotions. Beyond their careful.
elaborate textual criticism they
must have finally referred to their
own states of mind as religious men
for final judgement of a pure or
corrupt chant., Ideal conditions for
scholarship.
The results of their research and
the personal fervor of the research-
rs are beautifully communicated
by one of the finest albums Victor
Phonograph Company has ever
conceived. The complete choir of
monks of the Abbey of Solesmes
sing forty of the typical Gregorian
Chants that their predecessors had
restored. In its authentic presenta-
tion of a unique mode of musical
language and in its insight into
the medieval emotions, this collec-
tion of records is priceless.
The Gregorian chant is a mode
of musical language which cam
into existence by the inflection
into melody of the monotonic reci-
tation which, previously had been
the way of reading the liturgy of
the mass. These monks (the choir-
master writes an introductory
pamphlet to the set) think of the
Chant as the Voice of the Liturgy:
as the inevitable, divinely inspired
manner of "speaking" the divinely
dictated hymns and responses o
the liturgy.
Several attempts have been made
in modern times (by Wiliam Butler
Yeats with a psaltery and by Edith
Sitwell with an elaborate mega-
phone) to find a simple monodic
setting for words, a musical setting
suggested by the words themselves.
Neither succeeded as well as does
the Gregorian Chant. The musical
idiom of the Chant in rythm and.
melody is at all times close to
language: might be thought of as
sanctified language. All the aspects
of the idiom, as described by the
choirmaster and as they sound to
the listener, contrive to give the
profound peace necessary to prayer.

The "composer" of a chant finds
himself severely disciplined and
limited. The melody, besides being
refused the relief of harmony,
must be strictly diatonic (the semi-
tone was thought of as an imper-
fection) and is allowed to progress
only by contiguous steps, from one
note to the one next to it.
These fundamental d e m a n d s
which must be satisfied in each
chant give a basic tone or ethos
(the unsympathetic would call it
monotony) which impresses one as
the ordered, disciplined mind nec,-s-
sary to prayer.
The conception of rythm makes
possible richness and variety of
expression. Rythm is completely
free of periodic strong beats (what
contemporary theorists tend to call
the "tyranny of the bar-line"); it
is never identified with progres-
sions to intensities of sound. Rythm
is completely free, allowed to be an
undulating line, revealing what
are called "basic pulses," of which
there are infinite variety.
The result is a medium which
can express a variety of emotions

T H I S AFTERNOON: Pal-
mer Christian, University or-
ganist, appears in recital at
Hill auditorium at 4:15.
ANN ARBOR ARTIST'S
EXHIBITION
The Eighth Annual Exhibition of
the Ann Arbor Art Association-
the largest in their history I under-
stand--continues to be open to the
public and students until Novem-
ber 21. The Exhibit is interesting
as an explicit record of an ener-
getic and rather unique effort of
Ann Arbor-a small community
after all-to realize itself in the
plastic arts. The diversity and in-
tensity of that effort-whatever the
quality of the products-means
something like "civilization." Cer-
tainly it means a freedom from the
deplorable values which obviously
reign in all but a few American
communities.
One very mature talent lends
weight to the whole exhibition.
Jean Paul Slusser, in two mediums,
oil and water-color, shows striking
invention, sensitiveness to the
formal aspects of his subject mat-
ter, and a forcible craftsmanship
with which to execute them. Rather
more than anyone in the show I
think, Mr. Slusser thinks his sub-
jects out. The result is a distinc-
uion of design (which most of
other pictures notably lack): de-
sign that shows itself in various
ways: sometiics in the satisfying
motion oered the eye (as in
"Landscape"); or in the harmon-
*ous relations of colors (as wit-
ness the respective powerful unities
of color in the finely contrasted
'Warm Still Life" and "Cool Still
Life," Warmth and Coolness made
visible); or- inthe intelligent spac-
ing in all his pictures. That this
consistent sense of design does not
stifle fresh and forceful feeling
there is the exciting" Poker Plants"
to show: with all its "ntricate
riot" of color. Mr. Slusser, besides
the desire to paint, has a sense of
responsibility to the medium (de-
rived no doubt from longer exper-
ience) which urges him to reasoned
composition. His work is distin-
guished.
Other paintings, that on the
surface appear competent, a r e
distinguishable rather than dis-
tinguished. There is no novelty of
erspective or proportion to chal-
lenge fresh attention. One merely
recollects other pictures. Typical of
these are the mild, sentimental.
conventional tributes to the open
spaces ("A Summer Afternoon,"
"The Eternal Hills," "The Old
Homestead") by Ernest Harrison
Barnes. If Mr. Barnes were frankly,
instead of bashfully, impression-
istic, he might give his scenes at
least the mobility and quiver of
light waves lapping over them. But
instead they are merely dull.
Myron Chapin's three water-
colors are attractive. Mr. Chapin's
approach is pleasantly tricky. He
has an impulsive approach to
water-coloring that makes his vis-
ion of the American scene engag-
ing. There is plenty of color and
that color is just so slightly, even
sweetly, blurred that his pictures
whisper the sensitive joys of ob-
servation-the joys of the artist-
without disagreeing with the qual-
ity of his subject matter.
Margaret H. Chapin has two
pastels, "Portrait Composition" and
Child's Embrace." Pastel is a cur-

ious medium for such large portrait
compositions; and Mrs. Chapin
uses it not for its plastic possibil-
itieN but for atmospheric effects
and tonal qualities. Both have
charm. In "Child's Embrace," the
best of the two, there is an inter-
esting attenpt to abstract or gen-
eralize the mother and child by
deliberately darkening and obscur-
ing the texture.
The average level of the rest of
the large exhibition is on the whole
gratifying. Many of the pictures
are mere regional reports: the pre-
occupation being with things rather
than with the arrangement of
things. Many of them are decor-
ative, more or less charmingly so.
The appearance of more fearful
mannerisms might suggest more
vitality and promise. The opulent
style of Marina Timoshenko, for
xample, suggests importance. But
then ag'ain the total irresponsibility
about color relationships in Har-
riet Waite's Nude Study and Still
Life is perhaps a little terrifying.
Lois Maier, too, seems to trust to

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m cxaaism.u____________________

Mesae to

-Those

Who Are

will center about a small faculty
of distinguished teachers rather
than on expensive buildings or
championship athletics is the most
recent addition to educational insti-
tutions of the country. The Louis
Bamburger Institute of Advanced
Study, made possible by an endow-
ment of $5,000,000, will experiment
with the theory that freedom of
thought, encouraged by groups of
interested intelligentsia, is more
beneficial to the best welfare of
modern youth than the mechanical,
somewhat standardized methods of
training forwarded by methodical
exponents of the university.
As outlined by its director, the
institution has numbered its prin-
ciples as four. Practice of collegiate1
ideas that he has deemed vital in
the life of the college will be a
nonentity. Athletics and extra-
curricular activities will have no
place.
Quality and not size will be the1
main concern. To quote the direc-
tor, Dr. A. Flexner, "If we can find
no first-rate teacher of mathema-
tics, we will have no course in
mathematics." The institute, fur-
ther, fondles the hope that re-
muneration of its faculty will be
more fully commensurate with the
importance of their positions than
does financial reward of the aver-
age college professor. Lastly, there
will be no monarchial board of
directors of the institution; the
faculty members will co-operate in
the management of the school, and
have places on the board of trus-
tees.
Such a departure from the tra-
ditions of the American collegiate
educational system has much to
commend it. Yet it inspires the
question will the dancing youth of
today forsake his destination of
career and pleasure for one of
intellectual satisfaction? It is true
that the institute hopes to secure
only those seeking the latter end;

FIVE FORTUNATES.

Those who are adverse to the
mass production of typical state
universities review with interest
and eagerness a plan for liberal-
izing for formal curricula which
has recently been put into practice
at Dartmouth college.
The governing heads of this in-
stitution realizing that a fact learn-
ed through interest is worth ten
learned by rote have instituted the
following system: five members of
the junior class are selected by the
faculty as possessing outstanding
qualities of scholarship and in-
tegrity of character besides leader-
ship and other desirable qualities.
At the end of their third year at
college these men having proved
themselves exceptionally earnest
and promising students are given
absolute assurance that they will
receive diplomas t h e following
June. The authorities do not spec-
ify that any of the chosen five ac-
complish one iota of work during
the coming year. Their only re-
quirement is that those selected
will reside during their senior year
at Hanover. The services of the
professors, the library and all the
equipment of the college is avail-
able for their use, but none of
these things is imposed upon them.
A good answer to the obvious ob-
jection that the chosen students
would spend their unsupervised
year in unproductive indolence is
the simple statement that the
proof of the pudding is in the eat-
ing. Most of the students that have
been thus tried at Dartmouth have
completed research work of their
own design, often entailing as
much effort as that which would
be expended by a serious graduate
student.
It is quite easily realized that
such a plan depends for its success
upon the fact that only a limited
and well chosen group of Juniors
be selected for this special privi-
lege. While this plan affects only

The value of the "Michigan Daily" can not be realized
until a continuous contact has been made with it. It is
a medium that brings everyone into the realm of
World, Local and University news, carrying with it
the latest Associated Press dispatches.

i

Ann Arbor's only morning

newspaper has a

distinct

interest in the progress of this. city, and its attention
can not he continued unless it reaches everyone.
You will find a .subscription order in your paper this

morning.

Mail it in o rmerely call 21214 and place

your subscription order.

It is a wise investment, and

what you receive in return will be the best in news-
paper service.
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