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May 20, 1931 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1931-05-20

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

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. .

outside activities is regretable, yet
such is the conclusion one must
ay dur- draw. We must have honor and
control efficiency at all costs.
al Asso-

D. A. R. -ISM

,j

Michi
rate~ fl

by mil, $4.60.
iding, Maynard
usiness, 21214.

far4

Editor-

hA. Rtussell
L. Behnyer
J. Gorman
rn J. Askwith
s R. Sprowl
re A. Stauter
m. E. r'yper

Broadening of the state's powers
in handling undesirable aliens is
the aim achieved by the Cheeney
bill, recently passed by the sen-
ate. The measure, according to
press reports, is designed chiefly
to give the government of the state,
a new weapon in combating com,'
munist activities. It virtually gives
Michigan the power to deport all
persons convicted of being unde-
sirables.
been overzealous in their patriot-
ism. They see in any communist or
socialist movement only a menace
to existing government. To them,
it seems, any follower of an un-
orthodox political belief is unde-
sirable. They forget, however, that
in indirect suppression of commun-
istic views, the government ap-
pears, to the satisfaction of the
communists, at least, to doubt its
sijperiority and to fear an open and
unprejudiced comparison.
As long as there is free speech,
free expression of political views,
there will be progress and a heal-
thy spirit in government. Any open-
minded person will admit that we
may benefit by study of the gov-
ernmental philosophies and the ex-
periences of- other nations and by
honest consideration of the views
of parties not in power.
Under a policy of suppression, we
encourage not ;only an undercur-
rent of discontent among commun-
ists and other radical groups but
also a chauvinistic attitude among
ourmore conservative c it ize n
which seriously impair intelligent
progress in government.
Political feeling in America would
u be much more wholesome if we had
,more the attitude of Frank Mur-
phy, Detroit's liberal mayor, anc
,less that of Rep. J. Hamilton Fish,

About
JOHN GAY'S LONDON: by
William Henry Irving: The Har-
vard University Press.
Thackeray, writing in 1850 about
Prior's poetry remarked "how mod-.
ern" were the famous love lyrics.
"Would you not fancy that a poet
of our own days was singing?" he
asks. Mr. Irving, speaking now of
the verse of the time of Prior cur-
iously enough repeats the thought
of Thackeray. "How modern," he
says about the Augustan poets and
the Augustan temper. Obviously one
,of the two must be wrong. No one
can possibly claim that the roman-
tic era of Thackeray is analogous
with our own, which of course must
be the case if both are right. I be-
lieve that if the idea be examined
it will be found that both Mr. Irv-
ing and Mr. Thackeray are wrong,
both allowed themselves to be mis-
led by the desire for the security
one feels through such comparisons.
Mr. Irving in fact contradicts him-'
self. The Elizabethan child "who
" fears the dark, had passed," in
" Anne's time, "into the college soph-
omore.:
Life is a jest and all things show it;
e I thought so once, now I know it.

J. Cullen Kennedy

1d

Tobin
"son

Less Manager
ant Manager
aries T. Eline
mas M. Davis
W. Warboy'
is J. Johnson
W. Williavnou

r

4a1

WEDNESDAY, MAY 20, 1931
it Editor - JOHN D. REINDEL
EVALUATION OF ACTIVITY
'ie question of strict regulation
extra-curricular activities has
* been a moot question withI
dpus organizations. It has been
gnized that, for the welfare of
sutdent, no one who has not
eved a certain scholastic stand-
,may participate in outside ac-
ies. Yet the point system for
nen seems to carry the principle
egulation to an extreme.
he purpose of this point sys-
is "the distribution of the hon-
and duties of college life in
r to promote efficiency in the
vity and group consciousness
i larger number of university
aen." Apparently, efficiency is
to be obtained without the
tt system. Efficiency in activity
not be promoted by means of
'stem-it rests with the talent
ibility of the individuals con-
ed, and cannot be gained by
ag points for participation in
or another phase of extra-cur-
lar work.
hat a point system is necessary
he proper distribution of honors
luties is a debatable question.
lents taking part in many typesI
,ctivities find what; honor they
n appropriate in the satisfaction
aving done their particular job
and are recognized by their
w-students for that achieve-
t. And /the distribution of du-
automatically takes care of it-
through the elimination of
e students whose lack of ability
not enable them to assume
higher responsibilities.
adership is another essential to
e who would excel in activities.
b this quality can be ascribed to
particular individual by reason
high number e points is obvi-
y ridiculous. Personality, talent,
ty, originality-all these inher-
qualities go hand in hand with
recognition of achievement in
rity fields, and until it is possi-
to prescribe some method for
uating these characteristics, a
ematic scheme for measuring
rities must be valueless. Hours
,ddressing envelopes as chair-
of one committee may return
Zany points as the designing of
rations or direction of some
icular phase of an activity. Yet
e exists a difference in the,

suppressor of communists extraor-
dinary.
-; o
Editorial Comment
WHAT IS A UNIVERSITY
It is commonly said that the pur-
pose of a university is to educate
its students. To educate does not
mean to drive in, but to draw out.
Education is a process of develop-
[ment, and development is only by
individual effort. A " t
Since education is a matter of
individual effort, the purpose of a
university is not to educate its stu-
dents. Its purpose lies in the fact
that the student, left to himself,
does not know how to develop his
mind because he never has done so,
and he is not interested because the
easiest activities are physical ones:
thought comes hard.
. Then the purpose of a university
is two-fold: to provide opportunity
for the student to educate himself
and to guide and inspire him in the
effort, Of these, to inspire the' stu-
dent is the most important. Oppor-
tunity is everywhere, and method
can be acquired without great diffi-
culty, but the spirit of interest in
the intellectual adventure is not
easily found.
It is not to memorize the alpha-
bet that a person comes to a uni-
versity. Facts he can get anywhere.
It is to be inspired with a love for
intellectual effort and for truth.
With this in mind, it may be well
to ask: To what degree is Minne-
sota a university?
THE JESTER
(The Daily Iowan)
James J. (Genial Jimmy) Walker,
New York's charming and pictur-
esque mayor, strikes back at his
Republican tormentors by charging
that the cases against him have
been "trumped up" to withdraw
attention from the national eco-
nomic crisis.
Mr. Walker makes the statement
"The Republicans can not, or have
not done anything to relieve their
terrible responsibility .growing out
of their campaign promises in 1928
to keep good times and prosperity
in the country. So they fall back
on the old fashioned but moth-
eaten alibi of the concentrated at-
tacks upon alleged or trumped up
mistakes of the Democratic admin-
istration of the city of New York."
Granting that all Mayor Walker
says may be true, is he not making
4 serious mistake in falling back on
the age old alibi of being persecuted
by a rival political faction? During
the brief and spasmodic investiga-
tion of the New York City adminis-
tration he tendered no support and
did nothing to further clearing up
the matter than to make numerous

"Today the Englishman, grown
up, dons his frock coat and silk
hat, looks at life and death alike
seriously, and expects th world to
take him at his own estimate." The
self-consciousness we show in our
play and work had no place in the
frolics of the watering places and
the, ice carnivals. And surely Mr.
Browning would decisively deny
adolescence. However we express
the distinctions, they are there. If
in two hundred years someone
shouldcollect a work such as Mr
Irving's about this era, it would be
remarkable for the serious attempts
it would show on our own parts to
give motives in consciousness for
our own conduct. The overwhelm-
ing impression one receives from
the literature of "John Gay's Lon-
don," as collected and arranged by
Mr. Irving is the lack of such at-
tempts. Although Gay and his con-
freres, in their careless journey
through the London scene were re-
markably conscious of what they
were doing (conscious enough to
write splendid comedies of manners
about themselves), they were just
as remarkably unconscious of th
"why's" of their conduct.
The considerable virtue of Mr
Irving's book lies in his making this
fact plain. The meagerness of his
texts might on first sight seem to
leave him open to Norman Foester's
charges against the literary histor-
ian. That this is not the case is
due to his perspicacity in realizing
fully the times he discusses, and in
choosing the subtlest and best man-
ner for translating those times into
a book. Mr. Irving has collected a
tremendous amount of hithert
scarcely -known poetry which he has
rather loosely organized into th
headings "The Town, Gay anc
Grub Street," "London in Classica
Types," "Trivia and the Life of the
Streets," "The Rake," "Amuse-
ments and "Vignettes of Street
and River." Issue might be taker
with the organizationof the ma-
terial, and some of the excerpts
repeat themselves, but then issue
might be taken with the organiza-
tion of the time itself, and no on
took care not to repeat. Mr. Irving,
by not allowing himself to indulge
what must have been a temptation
to depart from the literature itself
and bring in his own considerable
background for long reconstruc-
tions of the geography, history anc
individuals of the period (which
would admittedly have been more
easily percieved than the result
of the method he has used), gives
us a perfect and indispensable back-
ground of the time. In that back-
ground we can place the literary
men in whom we are interestec
and understand them andi their
work to better advantage. S. F.

Books
ANOTHER LITTLE REVIEW
Innocence Abroad: by Emily Clark:
Alfred A. Knoff: Review copy court-
esy Slater's Book Store.
"Innocence Abroad" is a chron-
icle of the wavering fortunes of the
"Reviewer," a small critical maga-
zine edited in Richmond, Va., be-
tween the years of 1921 and 1925.
After a short introductory chapter
in which Miss Clark, one of the
three editors, outline,, the history
of the Reviewer and states its pol-
icy, "to make articulate the new
Southern consciousness then be-
coming apparent,' she continues
the story by a series of short, in-
formal essays on the writers who
had a hand in making the maga-
zine the refreshingly phenomenal
instrument which it was while it
lasted. James Branch Cabell, who,
b e si d e s contributing frequently,
edited the , magazine' for three
months, is the subject of the first
sketch, and is followed by most of
the important Southern writers of
that period; Ellen Glasgow, Amelie
Rives, Elinor Wylie, rances New-
man, Julia Peterkin, Du Bose Hey-
ward, Paul Green, Gerald john-
son, and a few less local but equal-
ly well-known men such as Ernest
Boyd, Carl Van Vechten, Joseph
Hergeshemer, and H. L. Mencken.
The best of these essays are those
on Cabell and Hergesheimer, but
in all of them the author is not
so much interested in the person-
alities of her subjects as in their
relation, to the magazine, and
quotes principally t h e i r letters
which refer to the Reviewer-espe-
cially the flattering ones. In fact,
the one personality which does
stand out clearly from the mass is
that of the author, a "langorous
Southern lady," to use her own de-
scription, who succeeds by some
occult process in persuading most
of the famous and expensive liter-
ary figures of that period to writ
si for her magazine gratis, "for fame
not specie."
r To the reader, it becomes increas-
~ ingly wonderful that the Reviewe
I survived as long as it did, startin
- out with no more material asset
y than the enthusiasm of its editor
- and the fact that it fulfilled a defi
~ nite function in the re-birth o;
Y good writing in the South. Whil
- under the editorship of its found
y ers, not a manuscript was paid for
a the theory being that the presenc
s of well-known names in the con
t tributors column would furnish th
e equivalent of cash payment t
young and obscure writers. Beside
. having the distinction of publishing
s the first work of Miss Peterkin, Mis
s Newman, Mr. Johnson, and the firs
a prose of DuBose Heyward, the con
s tributors included such distinguish
- ed European artists as John Gals
s worthy, . Edwin Muir, Gertrud
Stein, Achmed Abdullah, and Mar
i jory Latimer.
- As well as being interesting fo
) its beautiful tribute to Elinor Wyli
I and to Frances Newman, and fo
D the sustained high quality of Mis
s Clark's piose, Innocence Abroad i
e valuable as a contribution to th
d very small group of books whicl
1 deal enlighteningly with the sub
e ject of American literature. D. M.

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Telephone Home
Long Distance Rates
are Surprisinly
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The representative rates listed below are for day
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A Station-to-Station call is one made to a telephone
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BOOK NEWS
Covici-Friede has just published
the' first edition in English of "The
Complete Works of Francois Villon"
in something like definitive form.
This edition has been translated
from the variorum edition publish-
ed in France recently by the poet
J. U. Nicolson. Copious notes, an
explanatory index of historical per-
sonages and an introduction by
Lewis Galantiere are included in
this large single volume.
The recently formed Cheshire
House of Publishers has just an-
nounced the publication of "The
Vigil of Venus' rendered into Eng-
lish rhyme by Joseph Auslander.
This nocturne written by an un-
known poet of the 4th Century is
one of the great romantic love
poems.. The nature of it is familiar
to readers of "Marius the Epicur-
ean" wherein Walter Pater devoted
many pages to a description of its
origin and popularity.
Hilaire Belloc, who spends most
of his time writing the most dis-
tinguished, prejudiced history of
the age, is even better known in
England for his remarkable light
verse. Harper's has just published
his most recent volume called "New
Cautionary Tales." And speaking of
light verse, Viking announces for
next month "Death and Taxes," a
book of verse by Dorothy Parker.
Miss Parker is so much the vogue(

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