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March 06, 1931 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1931-03-06

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Published every morning except Monday
during the University year by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Member of Western Conference Editorial
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled
to the use for republication of all news dis-
iratches credited to it' or not otherwise credited
an this paper and the local news published
Entered at the postoffice at Ann Arbor,
Michigan, as second class matter. Special rate
of postage granted by Third Assistant Post-
zaaster eneral'.
Subscription by carrier, $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
Offices: Ann Arbor Press Building, Maynard
Street. Phones: Editorial, 4925; Business, 21214.
Telephone 4925
Chairman Editorial Board
FRANK E. CoOPER, City Edito=
News Editor.............Gurney Williams
Editorial Director...........Walter W. Wilds
Sports Editor............:aoseph A. Rssell
Women's Editor .......... Mary L. Behymner
Music, Drama, Books........Wm. J. Gorman
Assistant City Editor.. ,.... Harold 0 Warren
Assistant News Editor......Charles R. Sprowl
Telegraph Editor.........George A.EStantet
Iopy Editor G................Wn. . Pypet

-.- - -- - - - - - ~ ~ -

S. Beach Conger
Carl S. Forsythe
David M. Nichol

John D. Reindel
Charles R. Sprowl
Richard L. Tobin
Harold 0. Warren

Seldon C. Fullerton T. Cullen Kenned,
Charles A. Sanford , a a

Thomas M. Cooley
Morton Frank
P ut Friedberg
rank B. Gilbreth
ito k Goldsmith
oland Goodman
Morton Helper
James Johnson
Bryan Jones
Denton C. Kunze
Eileen Blunt
Nanette Dembitz
Elsie Feldman
Ruth Gallmeier
Emil G.Grimes
ineLevro n te
Susan Manchester

Powers Moulton
Wilbur J. Meyers
Brainard W. Nies
Robert L. Pierce
Richard Racine
erry E. Rosenthal
Karl Seiffert
George A. Stauter
ohn V. Thomas
john S. Townsend
Mary McCall
Cile Miller
Margaret O'B~rien
Eleanor Rairdon
Anne Margaret Tobin
Margaret Thompson
Claire Trussell

ties of other schools more capable'
of paying for their services.
While the phrase of Dr. Ruthven
that "The vultures are gathering"
is somewhat inclusive, in the light
of the several dangers to which the
University would be exposed per-
haps its ambiguity is justified. One
would have far to seek for a more
deserving recipient of the $400,000
than the University to which it
No one having the slightest inter-
est in international politics can
deny the commotion which Sir
Oswald Mosley's "New Party" will
stir up in English politics.
This young radical statesman
whom all the leading political lead-
ers of England are beginning to
consider seriously as a threat to
the long established tradition of
the three great parties has awak-
ened other incorrigibles of the na-
tion and with them has organized
a party which is certain to cause
a furore in the politics of Great
As he himself has said, the new
party is formed to make a work-
shop instead of a talkshop out of
the present economic crisis of Eng-
land. As much as anyone else, Mos-
ley realizes the dire straits in which
his country is plunged, with mil-
lions unemployed and a general
feeling of unrest throughout the
whole Empire.
It need hardly be said that Eng-
land's present predicament is ex-
ceedingly precarious. The incum-
bent Laborites are striving man-
rfully to keep the government on an
even keel and has all but been sub-
merged in a rough political sea.
Mosley's new party is not pro-
posed as a cure for the ailing Brit-
ish lion, neither is it to be a pre-
ventive for all of the peculiar and
dangerous ills which have been cen-
tered in Parliament. It is however,
the simulus which England needs.
Led by a man who is known for
his honesty, frankness, political
ability and standing, it has gather-
ed unto itself young blood-men
who will be England's leaders in
future years when the present crop
of statesmen will be history.
These men have young ideas and
can put these ideas into England's
politics, thereby rejuvenating much
of what is slowly dying in that na-
tion. It is not a sudden burst of
life that we would expect from this
party, but a slow process of recon-
struction, truly and typically Eng-
lish, which the other parties appa-
rently cannot undertake.


About Books...

I .= --- --- _ -

Queer things seem to be happen- tion to John Livingston Lowes I
ing at Harvard which I, who have whose "Road to Xanadu," what-
never been to Harvard, choose to ever else it did, showed what a
interpret by a process of giving terrific discipline literary criticism
them rather distant significances as is. And then, of course, I am told
depressing. that Mr. Kittredge has spent his
H. W. Garrod, who holds the Pro- life at Harvard insisting on the
fessorship in Poetry at Oxford Uni- very same thing; that is, on the
versity, was last year appointed to tremendous discipline of scholar-
the only other seat like it in the ship that must be brought to bear
world - that at Harvard. The on the minutest aspect of criticism
Charles Eliot Norton lectures which until the adequate solution of any
Garrod delivered there have just one minute problem almost makes
been published (Poetry and the one the "universal man," knowing
Criticism of Life: Harvard Univers- all. How does this compare with
ity Press. The last lecture in the criticism as "a field of infinite de-
book called "Methods of Criticism light in which our talents and our
In ((why not Of) Poetry" may be ingenuities may wander harxiless-
only an unimportant anachronism. ly . . . and our personalities maust
But considering that the holder of be emphasized . . . and our read-
the two greatest lectureships in ers must be pleased, etc. . ..
poetry in the world delivered it at I insist that if Harvard had been
one of the greatest universities, I loyal to the traditions for which
chose to see it as a vicious contem- it is noted, it would have booed
porary event.
The amiability of the lecture Garrod, made a scandal of his ami-
must have been charming in the able self-satisfaction, sent him back
lecture hall. It is a poor substitute to Oxford with his "all's right and
for sound, serious thinking in print. easy with criticism" attitude shat-
The nature of Mr. Garrod's think- tered by the force of more serious
ing could not be reproduced. Mr.
Garrod like a true gentleman and strenuous convictions. They
achieves a comfortable fusion (or should have informed him of the
erasure) of all the problems of motives which prompted them to
criticism. Basic in the lecture is an bring I. A. Richards to Harvard
incredible "all's right with criti- and the motives which prompt their
cism" attitude, the gracious stupid- love of Kittredge, Lowes, and Irv-
ity of which would make a French- ing Babbitt.
man scream. But the lecture has to Or perhaps they shouldn't have

i _...__.._____. ._.___- av - A_____


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Harry R. Beglev
Vernon Bishop
William Brown
Robert Callahan
William W. Davis
Richard H. Hiller
Miles Hoisington

Erie Kightlinger
Don W. Lyon
William Morgan
Richard Stratemetr
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be read to make that understand- been so passionate but should have
able. been silent in contempt. But a re-
I can, however, quote and com- !cent news article from the Harvard



Any success which attends the
plans of the state legislature to cut
off part of the University's revenue
from the annual mill tax would not
be without its ironic consequences.'
For the past decade the University
has been urged and stimulated to
undertake more and more responsi-
bility for the offspring of Michi-
gan's 'taxpayers who happen to be
attending the state university; the
institution has not only assumed
the onus of this task, but has ex-
panded its curriculum and improved
its teaching staff. Despite this good
faith, state officials look to the
university as a most desirable, if
iot the most natural, place in whicl:
they can economize. Further, aftei
a period of internal stricture and
ennui folowing President Little':
resignation, the University needs
all of its resources to recover it:
weakened morale and personnel
When President Ruthven's admin-
istration has just completed its re-
habilitation and adjustment pro-
gram and stands on the brink of
undertaking some solid construc-
tive efforts on its own, the loss of
$400,000 in annual revenue would
be disastrous.
But to point out the irony of such
a possible situation is perhaps toc
seasoned an outlook. Any move to
cut the mill tax funds would be
false and dangerous economy. It
would not involve a reduction in
taxes, but would divert $400,000
from the mill tax income of the
University to other purposes. In
actual figures, however, the pro-
posed reduction would mean a
saving in taxes of half a dollar on
a $10,000 valuation.
The principle of economy is not
only false and negligible, but the
political issue concerned is likewise
without substantial precedent. For
sixty years the University has been
free from the necessity to lobby for
funds; the mill tax has insured a
constant income, freedom from
political influence, and the ability
to undertake the work of educating
Michigan students under circum-
stances approaching the ideal for
a state university. In fact, much of
Michigan's genuinely deserved re-
nutatlion foren.mpah-P and o,-,,4

Campus Opinion
Contributors ate asked to be brief,
confining themseh es to less thaL. 300
words if possible. Anonymous com-
nmunications will be disregarded. The
names of commnunicants wili, lbowtver,
be regarded as confidential, upon re-
test. Letters published should not be
construed as expressing the editorial
opinion of The Daily.
To the Editor:
I notice by this morning's Daily
'hat you quote a part of Mr. John
.. Watkin's speech before the Na-
tional Women's Organization for
National Prohibition Reform, but
rou do not quote answers to it from
,tatements made by Col. Heinrich
k. Pickert, collector of customs, or
Thomas H. Brennan, Michigan
)rohibition administrator.
I do not know how many errors
hese three articles contain, but I,
to know that Mr. Watkins is grossly
n error when he says what he does
tbout conditions in Ann Arbor
vhen he was in college and now.
le says: "But I know that between

ment on some of the more outrage-t
ous statements in it. Reference isX
made to "the solid and impressiveG
body of agreed opinion there isr
about the best poetry . . . For in
truth, is anything about poetryl
more marvelous than the fact thatj
we nearly always agree upon it?" 2
To comment on that, I mention
that the Harvard faculty this sem-
ester contains a man I. A. Richards,
another Englishman. Last year Mr.
Richards published a book "Prac-
tical Criticism" which showed thej
terribly disquieting results of work
he had been doing with students1
at Cambridge University, England.
Advanced students ( Mr. Richards
insisted on calling them "proto-
cols" to show that their right to
the name was subject to experi-
ment) in English literature at'
Cambridge, and thus I take it fair-
ly representative of educated taste,
were submitted certain poems
without their author's names and
given a few days to write a critique
on each one. The results were so
astoundingly diverse and incor-
rect that any remark about "the
impressive body of agreed opinion
about poetry" should be, just at
present, absurd. The protocols
were aware of the "agreed opinion"
about the men who had written the
best poetry. But Mr. Richards took
them off balance by submitting
them anonymous poems. That was
unfair. It was also disastrous. For,
using loose figures on the basis of
100, the only poems that received
majority judgement were a poem
from "More Rough Rhymes of a
Padre" by a Rev. G. A. Kennedy
and a poem by one J. D. C. Pellew.
One of the best of Donne's divine
sonnets (the one beginning "At the
round earth's imagined corners ..),
an excellent poem of Hardy's and
another one of Gerard Hopkins re-
ceived 30 per cent approval. At any

Crimson, reprinted in the New York
papers, seems to suggest that the
students in literature at least, are
rather on the side of Mr. Garrod.
The piece of news is amusing,
but I shall wish to insist, disgrace-
ful. It seems that the students en-
rolled in the course in Comparative
Literature 11, conducted by Profes-
sor Babbitt, have formed a lottery
based on the number of writers
which he mentions in each lecture.
Tickets, numbered 1 to 100, are sold
for ten cents a piece. The man
holding the ticket corresponding to
the total of writers that day wins
the lottery. The average total is
given by the dopesters as 47, but
anything in the 70's is always a
good guess.nAn idea of the people
being quoted: Byron, Wordsworth.
IWackenroder, Hazlitt, Novalis, Her-
der, Rousseau, Goethe Voltaire, St.
Augustine, Confucius, Iristotle, St.
Paul, Socrates, Dante, Plato, Mar-
cus Aurelius, etc...
Now all that is jolly. Good un-
dergraduate fun, entirely under-
standable from almost any students
on the Harvard campus except the
students in the class. The students
in his class, I take it, are nearly the
cream of Harvard students of liter-
ature. And with that in mind, their
elaborate whimsy can only be in-
terpreted as vulgar mockery of Prof.
Babbitt's conviction that, they would
be grateful for an inclusive ap-
proach to p r o b1e mn s discussed.
Mockery, that is, of his feeling that
they seriously believed discussion of
literature to be a strenuous affair,
mockery of the ideality of his con-
ception of teaching and of his view
of them.
I purposely elaborate the signifi-
cance of the lottery-jollity. Be-
cause, symbolically at least, it
seems to have that significance.
The cream of England's taste could
not even read poetry. The cream of
America's students of literature
think Mr. Babbitt's erudition a
huge joke. Taken together, they
show why Mr. Garrod's geniality
from the two chairs at Oxford and
Harvard is vicious. It is the persis-
tence of such amiable reassuring
optimism as his which eventually
accounts for the other two events.
Literature is not approached
strenuously enough. It is approach-
ed by too many people, by too many
students in America who lack sig-
nificant interest in it. In all Ameri-
can classes of literature there are
large flocks of students who have
no notion of what the reading or
the study of it involves. Mr. Gar-
rod's attitude only strengthens
them in their determination to re-
fuse to become aware of what is
involved. The teacher of literature
is probably fighting a losing battle
against such flocks. He is very
probably stunned by their refusal
to see the reading of literature as
a discipline as strenuous as that of
life- more strenuous in that, taken
in body, it represents life's most
intense and significant moments.
The teacher of literature, it seems,

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Wassily Besekirsky


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And priced







he saloons that were in Ann Ar- rate, the books showed conclusively
>or at the time I was in college that good poetry had no advantage
end the conditions existing there over bad poetry, that not only were
ow, there can't be any compari- good students unable to reach
crtiiII9) . ;,, ~ r . iviU . h 44-n or

Let us do a little figuring. When
\lichigan adopted the dry amend-
nent. November 7, 1916, it was con-
)ervatively estimated that Ann
Arbor was spending $500,000.00 in
ts saloons every year. The popula-
.ion of the city and the number of
-tudents has more than doubled
Since then. I am told that the price
)f liquor has advanced more than
our times. Now the produce of
our and two is eight and eight
imes $500,000 makes $4,000,000. Is
wnybody so dumb as to think that j
this city, including the students, is
spending annually this enormous
Sum for liquor? L. D. Wines.
To the Editor:
I know that the Ann Arbor police
serve a valuable purpose in inspir-;
'ng Gargoyles, but I don't think I
"abel myself a Philistine when I
>uggest that they do something
else also. I refer to the amazing
uraffic situation at noontime on the
southern corner of the diagonal.
Since the university cannot for-
hirl fin rnhlin a on loomnn theimp ,on f I

agreementi in jdgig, u prvuu
themselves incapable of the act of
reading a poem.
But to return to Garrod: "We
should be better critics, I fancy, if
we more often thought of criticism
as a field of infinite delight in
which our talents and our ingenu-j
ities may wander harmlessly . . . Of
what has been written about poetry
the best, all the world over, is, I
cannot but think, what has been
written freest, with the least worry
of head, the least disposition to
break the heart over ultimate ques-
tions. The laws of poetry are serv-
iceable not that the critic may for-
ever be reminding us of them, but
because so secure are they that he
can afford to forget them. He can
afford to indulge his temperament,
he can allow himself infinite ex-
periment, he can be a creature of
likes and dislikes."
That by the above, Garrod means
that criticism best locates itself
over the tea-table, he himself cor-
roborates: "Indeed, when I ask
what the aim is, or should be, of

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