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November 16, 1926 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1926-11-16

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1 y.itor's note: This is the tenth of a
series of interviews with prominent authori-
ties on the crime :situation in the United
States. Copyright 1926 by The Michigan
D~aily. f
By Prof. Preston 1. Slosson
Many criminologists tend to regard
crime as merely a form of disease.
If so, it has a strangely uneven dis-
tribution, for a single American city.
will produce more murders in a year
than all England. Obviously law en-
forcement can reduce crime to a small
proportion of its present volume, even+
though it may not remove the morbid
or selfish impulses which underlie, it.j
Severity of punishment does ,little
or nothing to check crime, for every
criminal has the gambler's tempera-
ment and will risk a heavy penalty
if there is a good chance of escaping
altogether. A hundred years ago when
scores of offenses were punished by
the death penalty in England that<
country was far more lawless than it
is today, perhaps as lawless as mod-
ern America!j
The line of progress in law enforce-

ment would seem to be: (1) take
police departments out of "politics"
and place at their head trained spec-
ialists holding office for life or goodE
behavior; (2) make judges appointed
for life in state or local as well as in
Federal courts; increase their pay
and raise their qualifications; (3)
abolish bail in important cases, re-
duce jury challenges and other causes'
of delay, reject all appeals to higher
courts based on formal, trivial or ir-
relevant grounds; (4) abolish the gov-
ernor's pardoning power, and vest it
in a high court of appeal, holding of-
fice for life and independent of popu-
lar favor; (5) repeal hundreds of
petty unenforced or unenforceable
"deal letter" laws which bring law it-
self into contempt (6) establish salar-
led "public defenders" as well as pros-
ecutors so that the chances of the ac-
cused will not depend so much on!
ability to hire talent; (7) cut down
on the pistol supply; (8) inject a new
spirit of relentless regularity into!
judges, juries, sheriffs and other of-
ficers of justice.




Mellon Sees Income Tax Cut As
Practical Way To Return
Surplus To Public


(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.-Secretary
;Mellon today again boosted the ante
on the plan of President Coolidge for
income tax credit, declaring that itI
would be safe to permit taxpayers a
saving of at least 15 per cent on their
next year's income levies.
The 15 per cent minimum credit was
predicated, Mr. Mellon explained, on
a prospective surplus of $300,000,000
for this fiscal year. This estimate
made by the President indicated a sur-
plus of $200,000,000 and on that
ground he proposed a ten per cent
credit which later was boosted to 12
per cent.
There were definite indications to-
4ay at the treasury, however, that no
tears would be shed there if Congress
turned down the proposed credit plan,
threats which have been seen in some
of the conflicting views expressed by
leaders, and forced the application of
this year's surplus to debt retirement.
No Rate Cut Possible
But if the surplus is going to be
returned to the taxpayers, Secretary
Mellon made it clear that he saw no
other practical way to do it. He also
reiterated that no permanent tax rate
would be sanctioned at this time.
At an round table discussion of'
taxes with newspaper men, Mr. Mellon
frankly called for. alternative pro-
posals to the plan to give a credit on
next year's income levy as a means ofj
returning to the taxpayers the pro-
spective surplus.
Some suggested that the credit be'
given on the excise and corporationj
taxes alone; others that the surplus
be divided in greater proportions
among the individual taxpayers, so
that those who pay small levies would
get greater credit, and some proposed
that the entire surplus be applied to
retirement of the debt.
Mr. Mellon replied he didn't feel it'
would be fair to take the surplus cre-
ated largely by income taxpayers and
apply it on reduction of the excise1
taxes, including the automobile and
admission dues.
Might Apply On. Debt
It would be difficult also, he said,
to give the smaller taxpayers greater
credit because their payments now
were so small. This, plan, he added,
also would be prejudicial to the other
The secretary did not deny, how-
ever, that he would just as soon use
the surplus towards retirement of the
public debt, but added that the debt,
which now stands at about $19,600,-
000.000 would be touched by well over
$500.000 this year, which he considered
Queen Marie Visits
Chicago Steel Mills

Life Members Of Union Receive First
Choice Of Tickets Forf
"Front Page Stun"
With the mailing of applications
yesterday to full paid life members of
the Union, ticket distribution was be-
gun for the Ann Arbor performances
of "Front Page Stuff," the 21st an-
nual Union opera, which will open
on Dec. 6 at the Whitney theatre.for
a week's run, before beginning its
road trip throughout the Middle West
and East. Applications for tickets to
T performances in other cities will not
be available before the Opera makes'
its first appearance in Ann Arbor this
year, according to announcement made
yesterday from the office of the Opera
Applications for tickets were also
mailed yesterday to the cast, choruses,
members of the various Opera com-
mittees, and the orchestra.-
Following the two day preference1
allowed paid life application blanksf
for tickets will be available for all
yearly and participating members.j
Distribution of applications to these
members will take place Thursday,
Nov. 18 and any time thereafter, atj
the main desk in the Union lobby.
Men students of the University who
have paid yearly Union dues, come un-
der this group.
All applications from the former
groups must be filled out and return-
ed to the Union by Wednesday, Nov.
24, in order to obtain preference.
Women students may present pre-,
ference slips at the box office in Hill
auditorium, Monday, Nov. 29. These
preference slips may be obtained be-
fore that time from the dean of wom-
Students who fail to secure appli-
cations for tickets in the time men-
tioned previously may obtain appli-
cation blanks at the Union every day,
from Friday, Nov. 26, to Friday,
fDec. 3.
IGeneral public sale of tickets will
begin Friday, Dec. 3, at the Whitney
theatre box office. Townspeople and1
all others may procure tickets at this,

Price Of $3.54 Will Prevail Until
Christmas, After Which It i
Wil Be $4.00!
Applications for the 1927 Michigan-
ensian will be received at six campus
booths reserved for that purpose from
8 to 4 o'clock today, tomorrow and
Prior to Christmas the price of the
book will be $3.50, to be raised to
$4.00 after Christmas. Applicants may
make their payments at the Michigan-
ensiap office in the Press Building at
any time.
Three of the booths will be located
on the diagonal. There will be one
at each end of the walk and the third
will be in the center of the campus
in front of the library. Another booth
will be located in front of U Hall,
another in front of Angell hall, and
the sixth booth will be placed in the
square in front of the Law building.
In carrying out the new plan where-
by each house on the campus may)
receive a complimentary copy of the
yearbook, application blanks have
been distributed to most of the fra-
ternities, sororities and dormitories,
and those which have not already re-'
ceived the blanks will have them de-
livered today.
One point will be given for each
unpaid subscription and two points for
each subscription paid in full at the
time of solicitations. Each house
credited with thirty points will re-
ceive an 'Ensian with the name of the
organization engraved thereon. All I
subscriptions taken on the campus
will be credited to the houses, if the
preference is indicated.{
(By Associated Press)
- WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.-Counsel
for seven states seeking to curb Chi-
cago's drainage diversions from Lake
Michigan completed the main struc-
ture of their case today with testi-
mony, before Charles E. Hughes, spe-
cial master of the Supreme court, sup-
porting the contention that higher
transportation costs occasioned by
lower levels in the Great Lakes im-
poses an indirect burden upon the
entire nation.
This testimony, together with pre-
liminary evidence in support of New
York interests in the maintenance of
the $200,000,000 barge canal from the
Hudson river to Lake Erie and On-
tario made up the last increment of
the 1,500 pages of evidence adduced
in the eight day hearing.
After completion of the plaintiff's
case in a short session beginning Dec.
1, the hearing will again be adjourned
until January 10, when the defense
will open. Two weeks probably will
be required for defense testimony and
argument, after which Mr. Hughes
will submit the record, together with
a digest of the law involved and re-
commendations, to the Supreme Court.'
Henry R. Trumbower, professor of
economics at the University of Wis-
consin, submitted evidence today
showing that 85 per cent of all the
United States iron ore production and
approximately 700,000,000 bushels of
wheat, moved annually in the Great
Lakes traffic.
The wide distribution of these basic
commodities, the complainants con-
tend, spreads the burden of lake trans-
nvttinn onet over the entir nation

Europe's Large Industries And Pro-
jects Are Financed By Capital;
Large Sum Invested
America is unpopular across the
seas because she holds all Europe in
the bondage of debt, declared Dr.!
George S. Lackland before a group
banquet at Lane hall last night. "The
Allies' debts to the United States," he
continued, "amount to 11 to 12 bil-
lions of dollars. But that is only a
part; their total war debts are 189
billions. Practically all this money
was spent in the United States.
"Uncle Sam is the economic Mus-
solini of the world," stated Dr. Lack-
land. "Our wealth is 50 per cent'
greater than that of Great Britain,
France, Germany and Italy combined,
the four leading nations of Europe.
We have 30 billions of dollars invested
abroad and are increasing the total
by one and a half billions every year.
Italy's shipbuilding program and other
large industrial movements are financ-
ed by American resources."
Ways Of Payment
The ways in which the war debts
might be payed were listed and dis-
cussed by Dr. Lackland. Payment by
gold would be impossible, he showed,
because of the limited supply. They
might be payed by buying up securi -
ties and turning them over to the
creditors, but such purchase would
have the same difficulty as the first
method, he explained. Payment by
servies or by merchandise would be
possible, he declared, althoughthey
would and are faced by protest of the
creditor nation, due to the economic
upset caused by conflict with its own
industry. Lastly payment by means
of loans, which as he explained i,
being carried out by the Dawes plan.
"But in the opinion of an expert," de-
clared Dr. Lackland, "the loans car
never be repayed unless the world's
financialtcenter is shifted from the
United States."
"The war was due, fundamentally,
to economic causes," asserted Dr.
Lackland. "Peace pacts can not set-
tle such troubles. The solution to the
problem must be sought after in an
economic direction."
Traveled In Russia
Dr. Lackland was a member of the
Sherwood Eddy group that studied
conditions in Europe last summer
hearing the opinions of the greatest
European leaders on subjects of im-
portance. He has been prominent in
labor circles since his taking a pas-
torate in Denver in 1918, and suc-
cessful in bettering the status of the
workingman through such positions
as head of the Denver Labor college
and a leader in the Denver Open
Other subjects discussed by Dr.
Lackland during his stay in Ann Ar-
bor, which will continue until
Wednesday, will be "American Debt-
ors," "Mussolini, the Alternative to
Democracy," "The New Germany,"
and "Research and World Peace."
Speakingrunder the auspicescof the
Industrial Research commission of
the Student Christian association, Dr.
Lackland will deliver a lecture this
afternoon at 4:15 o'clock in Natural
Science auditorium. Dr. Lackland
has chosen for his subject, "Lessons
from European Labor Movements."1
Hoppins Will Speak
At Business Dinner
Through the efforts of 0. 0. Mc-
Leish, local secretary, arrangements
have been completed to have G. H.
H-oppins, secretary of the Stout Air-
plane Motors company, speak at a
Chamber of Commerce luncheon to.
Mr. Hoppins, who is also an official
of the Detroit-Grand Rapids air line,
was the designer and builder of the

first Ford plane. He will talk on
"An Air Port for Ann Arbor."
A special invitation has been ex-
tended by officials of the chamber to
all students who have elected the new
course in aeronautics, offered by the
University in co-operation with the
United States government to attend.
The luncheon will be held in the
Chamber of Commerce building at
Fourth avenue and Ann street. Tickets
are priced at 50 cents.
Butler Gives Report

"I predict the blow-up of Musso-. plete control. Much of the real infor-
lini's government soon, possibly within mation can be obtained outside the
two years," declared Dr. George . country, from refugees who have fled
his wrath.
Lackland in an interview yesterday "Mussolini's power is that of force,"
evening, "But on the whole," he con- continued Dr. Lackland. "The system
tinued, "I believe Mussolini's influence of Fascism is like that of the Ku Klux
and government has been beneficial Klan. It is a secret organization,
to Italy. He has put the men to work working in the dark, and no one
and fostered industry. He is in ab- knows where it may strike. Every
solute control, but he is honest and man of importance in Italy is of the
sincere. I believe he imagines him- Fascisti."
self a combination of Christ and Na- As a member of the Sherwood Eddy
poleon Bonaparte." commission which investigated con-
"Mussolini's secret of power is ef- I ditions in Europe last summer, Dr.
ficiency and honesty," he added. "His Lackland was enabled to gain a clear-
is not a policy of graft. He has given ( er insight into the workings of Euro-
to Italy the best government it has pean government and problems. He
enjoyed in modern times." made a special trip to Italy, in order
"The question," continued Dr.I to study the government set up by
Lackland, "is of the price. Is the im- Mussolini.
provement worth the price of aban- Dr. Lackland believes that when the
doning democracy? There is no lib- Mussolini government falls, as he ex-I
erty there. Attack on Mussolini is a pects it to do within the next two
capital crime. The government is in years, there are other men who can
absolute control, and Mussolini is the take his place, even though he is a
government. No one dares to criti- genius and has given a most remark-
cize Mussolini or his policies,. and able domestic administration to thej
every newspaper is under his com- country he rules.

Former Attorney General Will Discuss
Entrance Of United States
Into World Court
George W. Wickersham, former
United States attorney general, who
has just returned from Geneva, will
speak on "The Present Probability
of American Adherence to the World
Court," at 8 o'clock Friday night in
the Natural Science auditorium. Mr.
Wickersham's appearance will be un-
der the auspices of the League of
Nations Non-Partisan association.
While in Europe this year, Mr.
Wickersham attended the onference'
of states signatories of the Permanent
Court of International Justice statute.
This body met to consider the five,
American reservations provided by the
Swanson resolution last winter, and as
a result he brings to Ann Arbor in-
formation on the European view of
the situation.
The speaker attended Lehigh uni-
versity for two years, and graduated'
from the University of Pennsylvania
law school in 1880. He holds hon-
orary degrees from Pennsylvania, Le-
high, and Harvard universities, and
from Hobart college. He has prac-
ticed law in New York city since 1882.
Mr. Wickersham was attorney gen-
eral under President Taft from 1909
to 1913. Among other public offices
which he has held, he was chairman
of the Judiciary committee of the
New York Constitutional convention
in 1915, president of the Bar associa-
tion of New York from 114 to 1917,
president of the American Prison as-
sociation, and is a trustee of the Car-
negie institution of Washington, the
University of Pennsylvania, Barnard
college, and the Cathedral of St. John
the Divine in New York city. He is an
officer of the French Legion of Honor.
He is now a member of the firm of
Cadwalader, Wickersham and ITft,
I of New York.
Dr. Henry M. Bates of the Law
school will introduce Mr. Wickersham,
who will be the guest of the Law club
during his stay in Ann Arbor.aThere
will be no admission charged to the
lecture, as the expenses of the League
of Nations Non-Partisan association
are defrayed by Detroit and Ann Ar-
bor supporters of the League.
Rescue Crews Work
To Find Lost Miner
(By Associated Press)
MOUNDSVILLE, W. V., Nov. 15.--
Fresh resuce crews were laboring in
the Granville Coal and Coke com-
pany's mine here tonight in an effort
to locate Thos. Robbins, a miner who
was entombed by a blast which early
today took four lives and injured two
workers. Robbins, a veteran under-
ground workman, was believed to be
fighting a lone battle against fumes
and smoke after having barricaded
himself in one of the rooms along the
entry, where the explosion occurred.
Eleven men escaped alive following
the blast. Members of rescue crews
whichcame out of the mine this af-
ternoon said they had heard sounds,
as if some person was knocking, in
the direction of the spot where Rob-
bins was thought to have been work-
ing. They were unable to reach the'
I- rin a mnwP sr hne..llPo th bad

Speaker Says That Latin And Greek
Classics Give UsBest Light
On Western Civilization
Dr. A. E. Lowe, lecturer on paleo-
graphy at Oxford university, delivered,
a University lecture yesterday after-I
noon in the Natural Science auditori-
um on the subject: "How the Classics
Came Down to Us," illustrated with
slides of manuscripts which were
either original or copies of the clas-
The lecturer declared, in opening,
"our Latin and Greek classics give
us "the best light on the beauties and
glories of the ancient Western civil-
zation." Dr. Lowe, in tracing the de-
velopment of classical learning, stated
th'at in the sixth and seventh cent-
uries the learning was rapidly sink-
ing. But due to the'work of St. Bene-
dict and Gregory the Great, the clas-
sical learning had a great revival, so
that in the ninth and tenth centuries
the classics were reproduced in num-
erous copies. Each town or province
preserved and made copies of they
classics of their native writers, and
those copies have passed down to us
"Statistics concerning the classics
are interesting," declared the doctor,
"for out of the 772 Latin authors only
144 have their works surviving and of
these 64 are lost with 43 remaining
practically sufficiently rich to possess
poetry." The change from the roll to
the book form in keeping manuscripts
was made in the third century, is the
opinion of the lecturer.
The slides used illustrated the early
classics of Homer and Plato in their
tenth and sixth century copies from
the original. Manuscripts of Virgil
in the original were also shown be-,
sides the writings of Latin poets, in-
cluding the work of Titus Livius,
copied in the sixth century. The oldest
work of Caesar was also illustrated in
the slides.
Due to insufficient time for arrange-
ments since his arrival here yesterday
morning, the aeronautical lecture
which was to be given yesterday af-
ternoon by Prof. Theodor von Kar-
man, head of the aerodynamical lab-
oratories at Achen, Germany, has
been definitely postponed. He will
deliver the remaining two lectures on
his schedule this afternoonrand to-
I morow at 4:15 o'clock in room 1042
of the East Engineering building.
"Present Day Applications of Modern
Aerodynamical Theories" will be his
Professor von Karman is making a
tour of the United States under the
auspices of the Daniel Guggenhiem
fund for the promotion of aviation.
While on his trip, he is visiting all
the universities which are offering
courses in aeronautical engineering.
The German aviation expert spent
yesterday touring the campus and
town, and inspecting the aeronautical
laboratory of the University.
(By Associated Press)
1 PPRTX n riN T Mnv r '1-.

600 Members Must Attend Meeting For
Quorum; Two-Thirds Majority
Necessary For Passage
All male students of the University,
will be given an opportunity to vote
on the proposed amendments to the
Union constitution at a general meet-
ing t? be held at 7:45 o'clock tomor-
row in the assembly hall of the Union.
These proposed amendments were
adopted recently by the board of di-
rectors of the Union to take care of
the life membership proposition as
affectedsby the Board of Regents' ac-
tion last spring in increasing the
Union portion of each man's tuition
from $6 to $10. The other $4 of the
nmen's tuition increase goes to the
University ealth service.
According to the Union constitution,
the meeting tomorrow must be at-
tended by at least 600 members before
a vote may be taken on the proposed
amendments. A two-thirds vote is
necessay for the passage of such a
change. Insufficient attendance at
the meeting or failure to pass th
amendments would result In a con-
tinuation of the present system under
which life membership drives are held
annually, and the payment of the
Union fee tuition is not credited to-
ward life membership.
Passage of the proposed amend-
ments, on the other hand, would do
away with annual life membership
drives. Entering freshmen this fall
will automatically become life mem-
hers under this plan upon the comple-
tion of four years in the University.
Present participating life members
will be iven $10 credit toward their
life membership from this fall's tui-
tion ; the same amount from any other
year's tuition will be credited after
this fall until the life membership fe
of $50 has been paid.
Fully 'paid life members will be
given a $10' refund from this fall's
tuition, under the proposed plan: also
in any succeeding year fully paid life
members will be given the $10 refund
from their tuition.
Members of the life membership ad-
justment committee will be in the
lobby of the Union this afternoon from
2 to 5 o'clock to answer any questions.
Copies of the proposed amerdments
may also be obtained in the student
Brookhart Asks For
Session Of Congress
To Act On Farm Bil
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Iowa, Nov. 15.-
Senator-elect Smith W. Brookhart, to-
day advocated a special session of
Congress next summer to complete
enactment of special farm relief leg-
islation, which he believes should be
started in the session opening next
"I want to congratulate the farmers
of Iowa upon their emphatic victory,
for it was their victory and not mine,"
Colonel Brookhart said. "The victory
is not due to any strict party align-
ment and those who arose above par-
ty demands to support the farm pro-
gram are entitled to the greatest
credit." A survey of the situation
shows that the farmer bloc easily has
the balance of power in both houses of

the new Congress.
It also shows the administration
still in opposition to any adquat
farm bill.
a"Being opposed to farm relief there
is no chance .that the President will
call an extra session unless the ap-
propriation bills are displaced until
after March 4. This can easily be
done by a dozen senators in spite of
the wrath of the vice-president, and I
see no reason why it should not be
favored by a majority of the old
If farm legislation is passed and
then vetoed, he said, it wou4d be the
issue of the national elections.
Princeton Adds Ohio
I In Place Of Harvard
(By Associated Press)
PRINCETON, N. J., Nov. 15.-Ohio
State replaced Harvard on the Prince-
s nn fnnthalii -hanl f -4t .l

(Br Associated Press) Lime.
CHICAGO, No. 15.-SelEach applicant is allowed four tic-
CtICAGo, Nov. 15.-Shielding her rkets only. Complimentary tickets are
face from the white heat of the fur- issued only to the press. All orders
cul c'oat, Q een Mar of Ro aa will be filled in the order of their
culcotQueen Marie of Roumania t
tramped through the steel mills today Front Page Stuff" will be presented
to watch iron ore and scrap ore con- at the Whitney theatre six times dur-
verted intorails. ing the week of Dec. 6.
Up earlier than she had risen since____________
she left the Pacific coast, her majesty I
was carried by train to the plant of Resolution Raising
the Illinois Steel company at Gary,
transferred to a glass windowed ob-
servation cartwhich carried her to the Price Of Admission
centeraofothemanufactory where she ToJ-Hop Approved
discovered from a sheltered observa-
tion car, Approval by the Senate Committee
on Student Affairs of a resolution re-
Dean Day Presents cently adopted by the J-Hop commit-
tee, has definitely fixed the price of
Rt To Fa ult the tickets for the annual junior party
epor t Vy this year at $10, Thomas Winter, '28,
general chairman, announced yester-
At the November meeting of the day.
literary faculty held in Angell hall There will be no special fee this
yesterday afternoon, Dean Edmund E. year for booths. Last year the price
Day, of the School of Business Admin- of tickets was $7.50, but there was a
istration, as chairman of the commit- I special fee for booths. There were
tee on curriculum of junior and sen- 53 booths last year, and many of the
holders of the 750 tickets did not en-
ior years presented a report whichjythprvlgsothboh; h-
will be discussed and questioned ,at joy the privileges of. the booths; oth-
te Decembersmetingoftetacul ters secured accommodations in the
theDecmbe metig o te fculy.booths without paying their just
In a general way the report would shartIithostsayde j
require students at the end of their There will be 700 tickets sold for
sophomore year to specialize in a par- the hop, it was announced. Booths
ticular department of study. This t h .e-ho , A - fian o ,uc.n ootn

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