THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, APRIL 3, 1926
_________________~. U -- ______
. ... .
(Continued from Page Ten)
llams, I was an undergraduate at a
college, ,a small one to be sure, where
the honor system was one o fthe old
and most prized institutions, and like
him, I feel some diffidence about any-
thing that looks like interference in
so intimate an affair. Still, I have
seen three and a half generations
(college style) of Michigan students
come And go, and if two other insti-
tutions divide the doubtful honor ofI
being my almae matres, I have littlel
hesitation in regarding Michigan atl
least as a kindly and well-disposed
There has been a great deal of dis-
cusslon of the honor system in the
past dozen years which has always
come out at the same place. The
missing something vital as long as
we do not have it and practice it.
Frank R. Robbins.
NOT ENOUGH STUDENT OPINION
Michigan lacks the highly developed
social consciousness necessary to mak
the honor system in examinations op-
erate satisfactorily, in the opinion of
Prof. Joseph R. Hayden of the politi-
cal science department. "I would ex-
pect the system to work satisfactorily
only in well organized, closely' knit,
student bodies," he stated; "one in
which there existed fairly close per-
sonal relationships and which was
generally controlled by an active stud-
ent opinion. I question whether these
conditions exist in the University of
Michigan in sufficient degree to make
the introduction of the honor systemj
at the present time satisfactory either
to students or to the faculty."
big physically and too small mentally
to accept the honor system." Perhaps
mentality does have something to do
with -it, but the working of the systema
here would indicate that the size of
the student body has little to do with
it. The fact that a student, who took
a book from the reserve room in theI
Library without charging it, left the
college rather than face the Student
Affairs committee, while it is an ex-
treme case, shows that the system is
Washington endorses the system on
one year's trial. California endorses
it on a trial that has lasted a long
time. No one will deny that it must
be kept constantly alive; no one will
deny that it occasionally appears to
lapse, but it is infinitely better than a
catch-as-catch-can system with hired
under-cover agents who make a busi-
ness of looking for violators.
Perhaps the difficulty felt in theI
Prairies it is to be found in the col-
lege, not in the system.
FRflM THF F11IFa
tem. The members of the committee
are * * * Johnstone.I
E The plans placed before the class
provided, first, 'for the selection of
the above mentioned senior honor com-
mittee. They further provided for the
method of introducing' the system. A
petition is to be started by a senior in
all classes where fourth year men and
women are in the predominance. it;
will request that all students in those
'lasses lend their support to the plan.
The petition must be presented to the
instructor at least a week before the1
examination, and he can accept or re-
ject it as he sees fit. Those who pre-
fer a proctored examination will be
given theirs in a separate room. The
adoption of the system binds those
who agree to it to sign a pledge saying
that they have neither given nor re-
ceived help during the examination,
and to promise to report all infrac-;
tions of the rules.
Feb. 3, 1921.-That every person who
takes a literary examination under the
Honor System automatically subjects
himself to a dual responsibility was
decided at a conference of members of
tlhn R~ i hn r ni nittn wif nn
cheating is going on, and that if t I
does not cease he will be forced co
I turn in the name of the offender.
Feb. 0, 1921.-The outcome of the
Honor System, on trial tomorrow i
the literary college, is now purely a
matter of the state of mind in which
the students in examination sections
place themselves. The great desira-
bility of the system, if it can possibly
be applied, is no longer a matter of
discussion-the class meetings which
adopted the plan did so without a dis-
senting vote. But enforcement is a
matter of will, involving not only a
disposition not to cheat, but a determ-
ination to enter into the spirit of the
plan. Here are some of the most im-
portant means to make the system a
1. The attitude of the entire class
must be absolutely serious from the
opening of the examination; the Hon-
or System must not be made a joke.
2. Wherever possible, the warning
method should be used. The student
who will stand on his feet and say,
"There is cheating going on in this+
room," is not only giving a possible
offender another chance, but he is
making it improbable that many names
will have to be turned in.
F. Care should be taken to call the
attention of one or more other stud-
ents in the vicinity to any violation, so
that there may be sufficient evidence
when the name is reported.
4. Every student should be careful
I to avoid every appearance of cheating.
Alternate seating arrangements should
be provided for.
j5. At the completion of the exami-
nation, each student should be sure
'to sign the pledge stating that he has
neither given nor received aid.;
answer has always been, "The honor In some smaller institutions, he ex-
system is a fine thing. Personally, plained, the majority of the students
I'm in favor of it, but we've a great, are acquainted, and value each oth-
big institution with all sorts of folks er's opinions, but in such a university
who don't know each other very in- as this, most of the people know very
'timately, and we couldn't make it few of the others in their classes, and
work." I have heard this time and do not care what the others think about
time. again, and the sad thing about them.'
it was, to my mind, that I've heard it The system might be applied prac-
from the finest and best of my friends, I ticably, Professor Hayden said, to
faculty and student. small groups within the University.
I have very little to add that is new 1 "I have never had a class of 20 or
in this connection, but there are two 30 students," he continued, "whom I
thoughts that I would like to express. would not have trusted in an honor
First, this answer which has been examination after they had been to-
given so many times, in one form or gether for a half a semester." How-
another, looks to me dangerously ever, in the large number of lectuie
Ike an "inferiority complex". I would courses, in which great numbers of
hate to see any fixed idea of a similar students are divided up into several
tint invade Ferry field with a Con- recitation sections, a group conscious-1
ference championship at stake, or for ness would be difficult to achieve. t
that niatter, "the classroom. "It is not a question," Professor
Second, there is at the present time Hayden asserted, "of comparative in-
a great deal of discussion among our dividual honesty. Of course the stud.
bleet tdents about closer and better ents at Michigan individually are no
relatogs betwen students and faculty less honest than at any other institu-
relatiou betwen tudents nd facutIfin Rt thcwinoti~ so ti
May 19,20,21, 22, 1926
ANN A RBOR
EARL V. MOORE Musical Director
WHAT AUTHORITIES SAY:
Excerpts from Leters and Edtorials.
@58WP (ABRLLOWITSCH, Conductor IDctroit Syniphony Orchestra:-
II wish to congratulat you on your splendid program. With
such an array of soloists and conductors, and such an excellent
choice of compositions, you are sure to have one of the most
successful festivals held in recent years. I sincerely hope it
may be possible for ine to be among the listeners."
JIAME~S FRANCIS COOKE, President of the Theodore Presser Com-
pany, and Editor of The Etude, Philadelphia:-
"I cannot refrain from complinmenting you most enthusias-
tically upon your initiative; first in presenting three notable
works, such as "Lohengrin,'' "Elijah," anid "Lament for Beowuif,"
and also upon the altogether extraordinary constellation of
musical talent you have concentrated in four days."
I 11 3W 111 ! 11Lm 1 I LLU Mlle sen ior onor commit eewij tean
- Effinger's advisory committee yester-
(Continued from Page Eleven) j day afternoon.
and thex p otIn the first place, each student will
adte examlile of that claiss should I be required to sign a pledge, stating
prove a tremendous influence in favor lerqie osg lde ttn
of successful adoption throughout the that lie has neither given nor received
entire college. nhaid during the course of the examina-
tion. Secondly iN it s drtd tht t
resulti*g in improvements in the con-
duct of our educationalcprocesses.
here. I :believe that to conduct ex-
aminations upon other principles than
those of honor among gentlemen (and
ladies) is to ask the faculty to bear a
'real handicap in any effort that they
jnay make to bring about improved
conditions. At best, proctored exami-
nations can be but a wholly imper-
sonal affair between students and
faculty, with no positive value rela-
tive to the betterment of the condi-
tions I have mentioned. Conversely4
stated, the case is better; an honor
system wholeheartedly adopted and
enforced would be one of the greatest
contributions that the student body
could make toward achieving an ideal
relationship between all of us here
on the campus. The one system em-
phasizes difference, the other same-
However, I chn't settle the matter.'
It is a "student's own" problem. But
I shall never cease to believe in the
honor system as something the basis j
and end of which is good and fine and
worthy, and to feel that Michigan is I
Lion . "uT L ne uncertainty is'ofthe
attitude of groups of students taken
as a whole. Considering this aspect
of the matter, the social conditions
here are not right for the application
of the honor system."
THE HONOR SPIRIT IS UP FOR
(From the Daily Californian)
Argument over the Honor Spirit,
formerly a unique California institu-
tion, has spread, with the system, until
it is now one of the questions of the
day in the college world, particularly
in the West and Middle-West.
According to the "New Student",
which has gone into the question to
some extent, the West favors the lion-
or system: The Mid-West condemns it.
California, Stanford, U. S. C., the
Southern Branch and the University
of Washington believe in the efficiency
of the system, and Illinois, Michigan,
Nebraska, Wisconsin, and Chicago are
working hard to gain another convert
to their belief that the system is all
wrong: the University of Texas.
The chairman of the committee at
Texas says, "the student body is too
There are two cardinal rules of at-
titude which must be followed to make
the Honor System a success: first,,
that the person giving help shall be
considered as guilty as the one re-
ceiving it; second, that failure to re-
port the cheater is dishonorable. The'
observance of these rules and the en-
forcement of honesty by strict trial
J and punishment of cheaters is essen-
tial. Minnesota has upheld the system
for five years by holding to these rules.
The engineering college here, a
smaller and niore heterogeneous body,
has enforced it with a renmarkable dec-
gree of success. The whole question
is simply, one of attitude.
Jan. 15, 1921.--Down Columbus way,
at the University of Ohio, the campus
"is all in a stir" about cheating and
'cribbing" during examinations. The
matter has taken such a serious turn
that several student mass meetings
have been held, addressed by indignant
speakers denouncing the cheaters as
blights on the honor of Ohio State.
The only and most effective method of
remedying this fault, according to sev-
eral emphatic editorials in the Ohio
State Lantern, is for the entire student
body to take concerted action in im-
mediately reporting anyone caught i
a dishonest act during an examina-
Jan. 28, 1921.-The senior lit class
voted unanimously in favor of the
plans presented to it b~y the Honor
System committee to act for the re
nminder of the year, which was ;o
handle the executive work which
comes in connection with the new sys-
LI M . yL; t AJ , n e0 s&&ILA1S Ut Jel O U W a !
,anyone who sees cheating going on it.
'any form shall report the occurrence
Ito some member of the senior honorI
I committee, with the single provision
that he may warn the offender orally!
before the whole class, once. It is ex-j
i pected that in giving such warning a
lstudent will not mention any names,
but simply say that he is aware that
II -u- -u-
WILLIAM E. WALTER, Executive Director, the Curtis Institute of
"The May Festival at Ann Arbor has conic to play a very
Mital part in hte development of musical life in Michigan. The
program which you have outlined for this year strikes me as
admirable in every respect. I only wish that I were able to
attend some of the concerts."
It. E. JOHNSTON, Manager of Musical Celebrities, New York:-
"With two very fine sopranos, one great contralto, one great
tenor, one superb tenor, one fine baritone, one very fine violinist
and one very fine pianist-it is a great course and nothing can
stop the Ann Arbor Festival this Spring."
ARTHUR J. GAINES, Manager, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra:-
"Please accept my warmest congratulations upon the won-
derful array of artists, that you have assembled .Jor this Festival,
not forgetting the wonderful Chicago Symphony Orchestra and
Mr. Frederick Stock."
CHARLES FREDERICK MORSE, Conductor Orpheus and Madrigal
"Let me congratulate you on a fine list-of choral works and
an imposing array of soloists. This well balanced list should
please every taste and I anticipate for you one of the biggest
successes of the thirty-three years of Festivals."
HERBERT WITHERSPOON, President of the Chicago Musical Col-
"I was delighted to know that you are planning such a
splendid musical festival in Ann Arbor. The value of such a
series of concerts as you are going to give can hardly be
Candles Favors Novelties
Whatever your Easter needs may be, patronize the
Student Supply Store. Satisfaction is assured.
1111 South Vuniversity.
I' - ' w
It's little trouble to bring
your clothes to White
Swan Station in the Press
MUSICAL ARE RICA, New York, Editorial; March 20:-
"This array of assisting artists, the tested excellence of the
orchestral and choral bodies and the quality of the major works,
on the program give assurance that this year's Festival will be
a musical event ranking high among similar. summer 'event's in
the United States, and maintaining the very commendable stand-
ard already established by the University School of Music at Ann
Arbor. It is gratifying to note that a place of honor has been
given to the premiere of a work by an American composer."
MUSICAL COURIER, New York, Editorial, March 18:-
"The May Festival at Ann Arbor this year promises to be
the best ever. It promises to be as rich a feast as ever has
Veen spread before a festival audience in this country."
FLORENCE LYNCH, Editor Musical Leader. Chicago:-
The savings are
Which to Choose
Open Cars .
$182 to $211
$96 to $180
"In my opinion the Ann Arbor Festival is second to none
in regard to management and arrangements. All who can avail
themselves of the opportunity of hearing magnificent programs,
famous artists and the great Chicago Symphony Orchestra at
a moderate price should do so. I hope again to be present. It
will be muy twentieth year."
ALBERT STOESSEL, Conductor New York Oratorio Society:-
"Heartiest congratulations on your splendid list of artists
for the coniing May Festival!
I deeply regret that my professional work in New York
City will prevent me from attending the concerts which, judging
by the high calibre of the artists engaged and the works to be
performed, will all be occasions of notable distinction."
LEWVIS I. CLEMENT, Conductor Toledo Symphony Orchestra:-
"I have just been looking over the remarkable list of soloists,
and the fine program for Ann Arbor's 33rd May Festival, and I
want to congratulate you, and others, who worked so loyally
with you, not only on the program offered, but on the interest
you have aroused in good music in Ann Arbor, and even through-
out the world."
Season tickets $5.50, $6.00, $7.00, ordered by mail, will be sent
out about April 1, at purchaser's risk, unless fee of 15c is enclosed
Some for less than $100
I I - In
T ni 11Y A1 (i,- 0.