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January 13, 1926 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1926-01-13

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ESTABLISHED
1890

it 4b

~IaiIv

MEMBER
ASSOCIATED
PRESS

,,

I

VOL. XXXVI. No. 83

EIGHT PAGES

ANN ARBOR, MICH. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1926

EIGHT PAGES

PRICE FIVE CENTS

CONFERENCE FAILS
TO END DEADLDCK;1i
STRIKE' CONTINUES,

ANTHRACITE PARLEY

CLOSES!

f1
CHICAGO TO BE BASE FOR
LAKE PROHIBITION FORCE
(By Associated Press)
CHICAGO, Jan. 12.-Twelve
vessels and two seaplanes will
be based at Chicago by the
United States coast guard next
spring to clear Lake Michigan
of rum runners, it was learned
today with the opening of a re-
cruiting drive for 1,500 men.
Atlantic campaign veterans
will be brought here to train the
recruits and direct the campaign,
which will begin March 1, or
earlier if navigation is possible.
The Tuscarora and the Morrill,
100-foot cutters now used off At-
lantic City, will be ordered here
as flagships. Ten speed boats
ranging from 50 to 75 feet in
length will complete the fleet.

'(

lJo urn alist To
I Speak Friday

WITH 11ORE FRUITLESS
DISCUSSION
COOLIDGE IS SILENT
Governor Pinchot Expected To Lay
Views Of Situation Before
Legislature Today
.(By Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Jan. 12.-Fruitless dis-
cussion for many days on ways to
draft a new wage contract brought
an end to the anthracite conference
today and indicated the continuation
f the strike of 158,000 men and boys
for an indefinite period.
. At present there appear's to be no
way out unless the federal govern-
ment steps in an tries its hand at
mediation. Outwardly there has not
been the slightest indication that
Washington is ready to step in.
Pennsylvania Plans Unknown
aTthe negotiations that came to an
abrupt end today were initiated by
Governor Pinchot, of Pennsylvania,
through the mayors and burgesses of
the anthracite regions. . Tomorrow
the governor is expected to lay be-
fore the Pennsylvania legislature in
extraordinary session his views on the'
.strike situation as it now exists.
Whether the Pennsylvania legislature
hasr any definite plan to bring the
miners and operators together again
was not known here tonight.
The miners and operators left for
their homes and no move will be made
by either side to end the industrial1
struggle that is now in its fifth month.
The next step, both sides indicated,
must come from the "outside".
The miners, before separating, is-
suged a call for a meeting of the an-
thracitescale committee at Hazleton
Thursday afternoon. A report of the ,
sub-committeethat has been negotia-
ting on the conducting of the strike
d the policy of the United Mine'
}Workers, will be considered.
The-Ends Unexpectedly
Th disr1ption of the conference,
which had "been imminent for a week,
came rather unexpectedly. There ap-
peai's to be a better feeling despite.
the fact that the operators yesterday
indicated that they had said their last
word when they presenteda new plan
as the "utmost concession" they could
make.
When the conference met today,'
Chairman Alvin Markle, who has no
vote in the conference, submitted.
some communications giving sugges-
tions for ending the strike. Letters
and telegrams of this character have
been streaming into the conferehce
for days.
It was soon evident that neither
side had anything further to present.
After some desultory remarks, Jesse
B. Warriner, one of the operators'
representatives, referred to the pro-
ceedings of last week when the miners
were said to have told the operators
they lacked courage to end the nego-
tiations. This led to some heated
comments from both sides.
COED CLUB PRESENTS
BERNARD SHAFV'S1PAR1
Bernard Shaw's farce in four
scenes, "Great Catherine," was pre-
sented last evening under the au-
spices of Comedy club before a ca-
pacity house, and will be repeated to
night at 8:30 o'clock..in the Mimes
theatre. A few desirable seats are
still left for the performance this
evening, and will be on sale at the
Mimes theat're box-office from 11 to
5:30 and 7 to 8:30 o'clock today.

At Lane Hall
Norman Thomas, journalist and
member of the League for Industrial
Democracy, who will speak here Fri-
day afternoon in Natural Science
auditorium under the auspices of the
Round Table club, will speak at a
noon luncheon in Lane Hall Tavern
on the same day. This luncheon will
be limited to 50 guests; any students
who wish to hear Mr. Thomas may
reserve their places by calling either
Lane hall or Arnold Anderson, '28,
who is in charge of the luncheon.
Mr. Thomas is a very ardent ex-
ponent of the policy of the League
1 for Industrial Democracy, which is
seeking to educate the labor and
capital of the country to a point
where they will "produce for service,
not for profit." This and other social
reforms have been the chief work of
Mir. Thomas for some time. He has
written many articles for newspapers
and magazines along these lines and,
is a frequent contributor to "Nation,"
through his intimate connection with
Oswald Garrison Villard, the editor.
Following his speech in Natural
Science auditorium at 4:15 o'clock,
Mr. Thomas will go to the Lawyers'
club, where hie will give another talk!
in the eveninig.I

FIRE INSPECTOR DOES NOT
LIEVE SUPPLY IS
INEXHAUSTIBLE

BE.

LEA VITT SPEAKS
ON CONDITION OF
CANAD'S TIMBER

CONSIDEREURO9PEn
DEBATE QUESTIONS.
--
14chigan Debating Team Will Make
First Trip Abroad In The Spring;
Financing Assured
WILL SAIL ON MAY 1
Two debate questions which the
Michigan team might use when it
makes it Spring trip to England to
meet college university debate teams
in that country are at present being
considered by the debating board.
'They are: "Resolved: that extra
territorial rights of foreign powers in
China should cease." and "Resolved:
that the submarine should be out- I
lawed." Other questionssuggested
by faculty members and students will
also be considered and the questions
on which the Michigan international
debaters will prepare will be an-
nounced in the near future, when try-
outs for the team will be held.
The trip to Europe this year will
be the first that a Michigan debate
team has made abroad to debate for-
eign schools. The team will be ac-j
companied by Prof. R. D. T. Hollister,
of the public speaking department.
Financial backing for the trip has
already been assured. At a recent
meeting the Regents voted $900, half
of the $1,800 Angell fund, to help de-
fray expenses. More than $200 was
added to the fund for expenses 'from
the receipts of the Cambridge-Michi-
gan international debate held several
weeks ago in Hill auditorium. The
Oratorical association has voted to
furnish the further financial assist-
ance that is necessary, providing the
money cannot be raised in some other
way.
According to present arrangements,
the team will sail for England on the
steamship, Regina, May 1, from Mon-
treal, Canada. It will return to Newv
York from England on a different
line.
G-E Promotes
Lang, '15, To,
Budget Post
C. H. Iang, '15, was recently pro-
moted to the position of comptroller
of the budgets for the General Elec-
tric company. This position, which
carries large responsibility, came as
the result of his past work with the
company.
During his undergraduate days, and
since graduation, Mr. Lang has been
prominent in Michigan activities. He
was manager of the baseball team
of 1915, of which team George Sisler
was captain. He was also prominent
in the campaign for the building fund
of the Union. As one of the editors
of The Daily, he first became ac-
quainted with printing and publishing
generally,-a knowledge which later
served him in the employ of the Gen-
eral Electric company.
Mr. Lang first came to the General
Electric company in 1919 immediately
following his discharge from the'
army as a first lieutenant of the field
artillery. His work in the account-
ing department, where. he was then
employed, brought him into contact
with the publicity department. In
1922, he was given the position of as-
sistant manager of the publicity de-
partment, which position he has since
held.
In his new capacity, he will pass
upon all of the budgets of the entire
General Electric company, and will
report direct to the vice presidents in
charge of the several departments.

-___ _---

W1LL PRESENT NEW
Wilfred .To Give Second Ann Arbor
Recital To-1orrow light t
In Hlt Auditorium
WILL OFFER 6 NUMBERS
Thomas Wilfred, the Danish-Ameri-
can artist, will present his second Ann
Arbor recital with the Clavilux at 8
o'clock tomorrow night in Hill audi-
torium. This performance will come
with something of a new significance
for Mr. Wilfred's invention, since dur-
ing the past year he has used the color
organ both to provide a colored et-
ting for a theater production in New
York city, and to accompany the
Philadelphia Symphony orchestra in
its recent presentation of the Rimsky-
Korsakoff "Sheherazade."
The Clavilux is still a distinct in-
novation, as it was a year ago, though
whether or not it will ever come into
prominence in the musical and the-
atrical worlds no one can say at
present. Although contrivances simi-
lar to the Clavilux had been tried sev-
eral years ago in America, it remain-
ed for Mr. Wilfred, with his unusual
artist and mechanical ability to make
the device a practical thing, and to
present successful recitals.
The color organ plays a silent mu-
sic of color in much the same way as
an ordinary organ plays auditory mu-
sic; the designs grow ;and fade,
change shape, drift and slide in a
manner difficult to describe. Mr.1
Wilfred's program for tomorrow
night's recital includes the following
numers: "Vision Fantastique,"
"Pastel: A Study in Sphere and Spir-
als," ".Study in Complex Motion,"{
"Through"and Enchanted Forest,"
"Visual Prelude to a Modern Drama,"
and "Motive of Sheherazade" from a
visual setting for Rimsky-Korsakoff's
music
POLITICAL SCIENTISTS
HOLD1.0ANNUA9L MEETING,
During the recent vacation Prof.
Thomas H. Reed, Dr. Paul M. Cun-
cannon, Dr. James K. Pollock, Jr., and
Dr. James Hart, of the political sci-
ence department, attendedthe annual
meeting of the American Political Sci-
ence association which was held Dec.
28, 29 and 30 in New York city at Col-
umbia university. The meeting this
year was the largest meeting ever
held by the national society, and it
was decided that the meeting next
year should be held somewhere west
of the Allegheny mountains, theyex-
act location to be decided later by a
special council.
The convention elected Charles A.
Beard, of Connecticut, formerly of!
Columbia university, president of the
association for the coming year.
This year, as last year, the system
of round table conferences was sub-
stituted in the morning for the formal
reading of papers which had been pre-
valent in preceding meetings. One
evening a joint meeting was held with
the American Economics association!
and one afternoon was spent in a
joint meeting with the American So-

LAUDS PROF. ROTH
Forests Important Part Of Canadian
Life, Offering Sole Means Of
Support To Inland Areas
Canadiap timber resources are not
inexhaustible and can not be consid-
ered a perpetual supply to the United
States, according to Clyde Leavitt, fire
inspector, board of railway commis-
sioners for Canada, who lectured yes-
terday afternoon in Natural Science
auditorium on "The Forestry Situa-
tion in Canada." It will eventually
be necessary to reforestate denuded
areas in the Dominion, although the
present problem is the protection of
forests from fire, he said.
Stating that one-third of the total
area of Canada is acuta ly forested, or
potentially able to be, Mr. Leavitt
pointed out that because of this, 92
per cent of all forests are controlled
by Provincial or Dominion govern-
ments. Because of this, improvements
and policies are always possible
through the government, he continued.
Large Capital Invested
Economically, the forest plays an
important part in the life of Canada
because it offers the only means of
livelihood over a great proportion of
the land areas of the country. Capi-
tal amounting to $600,000,000, of
Swhich two-thirds is il pulp and paper
companies, is invested in the indus-
try, which employs more than 100,000
men. Forest products comprise oe-
fourth of the exports, and bring in
12 million dollars annually to the
government. Because of the economic
interest, Mr. Leavitt asserted, the
maintenance of forest is a national
project which should interest every
citizen.
Comparing the forestry services of
the United States and Canada he said
that, while the work is in general the
same, the main difference is in the
per-centage of forest areas managed
by the respective governments. Can-
ada controls 92 per cent of its forests
while in this country only 15 per cent
is in the hands of the government.
Fire Protection Important
The problem of the forester in Can-
ada was given mainly as :fire protec-
tion, which was chanacterized as "the
groundwork of the forestry situation."
While research is being done with
studies on the natural regeneration
of pulpwood species and on inven-
tories of forest resources, the greatest
problem is in the control of fire. Pre-
vention, detection, and suppression
were given as the main factors to be
considered. Prevention is largely a
matter of public instruction, accord-
ing to Mr. Leavitt, and is being car-
red on through newspapers and forest
I bulletins.
Forests in Canada, considered as a
reproducible crop, is the objective
ideal of the forester, and considerable
progress has been made along this
line. Many private concerns, particu-
larly the pulp and paper companies,
now maintain forestry departments,
recognizing that the future of their
industries and the safety of capital
investment depend upon the perpetual
maintenance of a supply of raw ma-
terial. Although the stage of waste-
I ful exploitation has not yet passed,
,Mr. Leavitt explained that steps are
being taken to make the towns, as
well as the forests, permanent, by a
scientific cutting of timber.
Before beginning his talk Mr. Leav-
itt paid tribute to the late Prof. Fili-
bert Roth of the forestry department,
under whom he received his first for-
estry instruction.
NUMBER Of AUTO LICENSE
VIOLTIONS REACHES 151
Student Offenders Again Warned To
Obtain -,rrect State Plates

More than 95 arrests were reported
to police headquarters by early after-
noon yesterday resulting from viola-
tions of the law pertaining to the lic-
ensing of cars, according to Chief of'
Police O'Brien. Monday's toll of vio-
lators numbered 116. Last Saturday
was given as the last date for the use
of the 1925 plates.
Large numbers of the offenders are
students who are apprehended for4
driving with the license plates of oth-°

Citizenship Is
Topic Of Army
Officer's Talk
As one of the first steps in the plan
of the University R. 0. T. C. advisory
committee to better acquaint the stu-
dent body with the great advantages
of the corps training in its application
to civil life, Col. C. C. Chambers, exe-
cutive officer of Culver Military acad-1
emy will speak at 4:15 o'clock today
in the Natural Science auditorium.
His subject has been announced as
"Training for Citizenship".
The lecture will be illustrated by
several reels of films covering the
training work at the government mili-
tary camps and at the Culver academy.
Among the other military tactics of
the school the horsemanship of the'
cadets will be shown in a number of
riding tricks as well as in the regu-
lar drills.
BINSHAM PRA1IS
FARMING COUNCIL

Says Co-Operative Marketing Plan
Only Solution For Troubles
Of Agricultur.
SEEKS GOVERNMENT AID
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12.-Only in
co-operative marketing, and not in
tariff juggling or federal handling of
crop surpluses, lies solution of the
farmers' problems, the National Coun-
cil of Farmers' Co-operative Market-
ing associations was told today by its
chairman, Robert W. Bingham of
Louisville.
Thecouncil, in annual session while
committees of Congress were debat-
ing various farm relief proposals,
heard Mr. Bingham appeal for a thor-
ough trial of co-operative marketing
by growers, with government support,
but not interference.
Relating that the joint marketing
movement had reached its present
stage only after a long fight, Mr.
Bingham declared the leader of the
movement in this country "now sits
in the White House; and we who have
dreamed and hoped for this day-we
must now follow that leader."
The most important development in
co-operative marketing during the
year, he said, was the "unreserved
recognition" of the movement by
President Coolidge and Secretary Wil-
liam M. Jardine.
Crediting cotton and burley tobacco
marketing associations with great
successes during the past, Mr. Bing-
ham admitted that "what the move-
ment is actually going to accomplish
with the great national products, we
can not now speak with assurance."
"We are just at the threshhold of the
real accomplishments of co-operative
marketing," he added, and "we are
learning from our failures to make
our new efforts promise great suc-
cess."
EARLIEST FOTPINTS
DICOVERE IN CANYON
(By Associated Press)
PRINCETON, N. J., Jan. 12.-Foot-
prints believed to be those of the
earliest land vertebrate, described as
a race of animals that evolved di-
rectly from the fish, were discovered
in the Grand Capyon recently by R.
Milton Fuhle, of Montclair, N. J., mem-
ber of the senior class at Princeton,
it was announced today. Plaster
casts of the footprints were made
and are being studied at the National
Museum of National History.
Mr. Fule came upon the footprints
just off the Yaki trail in the Grand1
Canyon, where he spent three days
with Dr. R. M. Field, of the geologic
department. The footprints are
thought to be those of an ancestor of
+ the frog or salamander and a not dis-
tant relative of the "dawn fish," traces
I of which recently were discovered by
Dr. Howell, of the Princeton faculty.
KIENTANS WILL. SUPPORT?
RECREATIONAL DIECTOR'
Action was taken at a meeting of
the Kiwanis club Monday to provide
for the maintenance of Miss Edith
Milnes as full-time recreational di-
rector for underprivileged children at
the University hospital. The club has
1 aciefsl i thn ennnrf f n lirnfm

Rep. Fred A. Britten
Congressman from Illinois, who has
been leading Chicago's campaign to
persuade army and navy officials to
sanction the moving of the Army-
Navy football game this fall to Sol-
diers' field, Chicago. Final decision
on the question is expected to be
reached today.
Representative Britten is a member
of the naval affairs committe of the
House of Representatives.
REFORMERS OBJECT
TO SPOILS SYSTEMl
!Civil Service League Calls Present
Appointment Method Nation's
Greatest Waste
PROHIBITION DISCUSSED .
NEW YORK, Jan. 12.-The spoils
*system in operation of government bu-
reaus constitutes the greatest leak in
revenue with which the nation has
to cope, the council of the National
Civil Service Reform league stated In
its annual report made public tonight
at the 45th annual meeting of the
league.
"One of the grossest sources-of waste
of the taxpayer's money," the report
said, "is caused by the method now
employed in appointments to postmas-
terships. This is due to the continued
operation of the spoils system in mak-
ing these selections."
Attention was called to the report
of the postmaster general, who said
the postal department was managed
with "a scrupulous exactness and re-
gard for safe economies not equalled
in any great industrial corporation."
Nevertheless, the league's report adds,
the postmaster-general calmly an-
nounced a prospective deficit of $49,-
000,000 for his department.
"The tax collection forces, in which
efficiency and integrity are of the
highest possible importance," the re-
port continues, "represents one of the
most glaring examples of the spoils
system still existing in the federal
civil service."
Prohibition enforcement was touch-
ed upon in the report. "No good will
be accomplished," it stated, "if con-
gress classifies as prohibition - agents
and covers not only those. who are
honest and efficient, but also croks
and corruptionists who now infest it.
[Secretary Andrews has done some-
thing toward weeding out this assortf
ment of criminality foisted upon- the
country by politicians in congress and,
elsewhere under the Volstead law, but
the work is still far from complete."
Picture Contest
To -Start Today
One 1926 'Ensian will be given to
the person submitting the best col-
lection of campus feature pictures to
the editorial staff of the 'Ensian. Any
unusual snap shots taken on the
campus are preferred.' The contest-
will begin today,' and all contributions
must be mailed or submitted' at the
Press building before - Feb. 5. ' Only
pictures having a glossy finish will be'
accepted.
Fail To Ratify
Debt Settlement'
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12.-Ratifica-
tion of the Italian debt settlement was
opposed in the house today by Repre-
sentative Oldfield, of Arkansas, the I
Democratic whip, who charged the
American debt commission had ac-

Chicago's Leader

DETRUITERS HEAR
LITTLE DISCUSS,
CHILD TRAIiNG
UNDERSTANDING OF CHILDHOOD
NECESSARY, PRESIDENT
DECLARES
RACE NEEDS YOUTH
Urges Women's City Club To Consldei
Posterity As Essential Factor
In Cvilization
(By Associated Press)
DETROIT, Jan. 12.-Declaring he
was advocating no particular methods
or propaganda of the control and
training of childhood Dr. Clarence
Cook Little, President of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, addressed the Wo-
men's City club yesterday afternoon
on the necessity of a better under-
standing of childhood and youth, and
the function of youth in civilization,
"There never was spoken a truer
word," Dr. Little said, "than in the
New Testament, which tells us that
unless we become as little children
we shall not enter into the Kingdom.
"The point of view of childhood is
not crystallized as is that of adults.
The child can recover from many
shocks. There are no snobs or class
distinctions among children, and that
social attitude is absolutely essential
in any democracy which shall endure.
Youth has its own essential contribu-
tion to make to civilization, and with-
out it our civilization, I am afraid, is
doomed.
Emphasis On Youth
"It becomes a matter of fundamen-
tal importance,atherefore, that society
should shift its emphasis from the
goal of a satisfactory middle age to
that of a satisfactory youth. And
' that means that children must be con.
sidered as an important end in them-
selves, not merely as a by-product of
a selfish sex instinct. And if they are
to be considered as the most essen-
tial factor in the problem of the con-
tinuity of our civilization, then what
kind of children they are and how
'many there shall be, ac cdin to the
ability torgive them their rightful en-
vironmen and training, becoie prob-
lems which every conscientious per-
son must face.
"The objection has been made to me
that discussion and information con-
cerning birth control is exceedingly
dangerous because young people will
make an immoral use of it. There is
no truth in that objection or sanction
for it.. If young people are selfishly
immoral, would it not really be better
for them to use information to the end
that there should be no children in-
heriting their false attitude towards
society? And if young people are
true in their attitude toward life, as
I certainly believe most young people
are, why should they be handicapped
by ignorance and prejudice in their
purpose to bring the right sort of
children into the world and give them
a fair chance to attain high character
and usefulness?
New Understanding Needed
"If our educational methods are to
keep pace with the rapidly accumulat-
ing forces ad changes of our times
there must be a new understanding
r and a new emphasis of youth. There
are twov pntures in us all, the selfish
'and' tho'nselfish; in response to the
latter' we shall find it necessar'y to
change our educational machinery to
the'end that school merely as a prepa-
ration for greater gain shall be chang-
ed to school for the sake of develop-
ment of thetintrinsic character and
value of youth itself.
"Our children start out in life with
the selfish attitude of self-preserva-
tion. Any party of three-year-olds is
a miniature meeting of Balkan states.

But the glorious unselfishness and
idolism of youth will assert itself
early in life if we give it a chance.
We are not giving it that chance. The
average high school student looks up-
on the educational process as getting
as much out as he can for as little
as possible put in. And that attitude
persists--through college.. It is not
the fault, of -outh that this is so. It
is entirelr the fault of our false em-
phasis on a successful middle age,
henceg our reqiuirement that our chil-
dren' shdll' get in school and-college
that which will enable them to assure
material '"4coess in mhiddie age."
Lawyers To Hear
Three guests will speak at the Law-
yers' club this week. The first, Judge
Hulbert, of the juvenile division of the
Detroit Probate court, will be enter-

A review of last night's per-
formance of "Great Catherine"
will be found in the Music and
Drama column on page four.

k
I
f

The cast includes Amy Loomis,
Valentine Davies, '27, Robert Hender-
son,:'26, Elizabeth Strauss, '27, and
Lillian 'Bronson, '27, in the leading
roles. Special settings have been de-{
signed , and -executed by, Walker I
Everett, '26, - editor of Gargoyle, and
the seventeenth century costumes are
from the Brooks Costume company of
New York city. Incidental music is
also furnished by a trio under the di-
rection-of Joseph Ellis, '26A;
SOrivath
I-,1

3

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