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October 26, 1924 - Image 10

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 10-26-1924

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r .TEN


---- --

A History OfTeStl-t nd University


Tne arliest Known

for. their material Crary and Pierce
slowly andl with infinite care and
foresight evolved the skeleton of the
first great state university. The Old
World contributed ,the general frame-
work, the comprehensive idea of a
university in the fullest sense of the
word, embodying all branches of
knowledge.'- The New world gave the

. -

A. Permanent Wave

Whit SetleentT Te Present Ti mel

Editor's Note: This is the second
of a noires of articles dealing with
the history ofT the University and its
b7ackgrorid in State history. Further
articles in thke series will appear from
time to time in this section.
By Philip Leonard
"Religion, morality and knowledge
being necessary to good government
and the happiness of mankind, schools
and the means of education shall for-
ever be encouraged." With this state-
mient the Ordinance of 1787, applying
to the Northwest territory, initiated
the miovement for heigher education in!
the new region which was rapidly
vbeing developcd and from which later
the great Northwest states were
Two years preciously, in 1785, dur-
Ing a survey of public lands Lot 111
of every township was reserved for
~the- maintenance of public schools
within said township." Thus was a
souti~ce o1: revenue provid4d which
would cnable the people of the terri-
tory, and later of the states, to sup-
port educational institutions. In most
cases the land was sold at much be-
low its real value and the funds de-
rived were only a fraction of what
should have beon realized. Michigan
fared a little better and sod her lands
for approximately, half a million
With this fund at its disposal the
convention which met to frame Michi-
gan's constitution embodied a com-
mittee on Education and the constitu-
tion inl its final form proved that a
university be established as soon as
Michigan entred the Union as a state.
Gcnoral Isaac Edwin Crary, a grad-
unto of Trinity college in Connecticut,
was named as chairman of this com-
nittee and cntrukted with the task
of outlining an educational program
for the state-to-be.
Clei. (rary's schemec of public in-
struction, which he soon completed,
provided for a Superintcndenteof Pub-
lic Instruction. A a matter of -fact
just such an office had been in exi-
tynce for quite some time with John
1). Pierce, a graduate of Brown, as
the incunibent. Crary and Pierce,
both far-sighted, publc spirited men,
then worked together formulating or-
° f;an zation -plans for the University.
That their plans were comprehensive
i,3 evidenced by the fact that half a
ccrtury later they had not all been
The quesion arises, "what was the
a 3nteri:al with which these mnen had
to work?"~ There had been forerun-
1.ers~ of his univerity for which they
weirr pl inning, and there were al-
wayc the long established institutions
in1 the Old World and in the Eastern
section of our own country from
which to draw ideas. Let us conidr
then what use Crary aind Pierce made
of this material.
First they must have turned to the
first "University of Michigan" to see
what it could contribute towards
founding another institution to bear
its name. For there had been another
University of Michigan even before
the time when there was an immediate
possibility of Michigan becoming a
state. Going back 20 years before
1837 we find this first University lo-
cated in Detroit.
Detroit in 1817 was still a frontier
village, a primitive settlement on the
edge of the wilderness. Its scanty
population of only about 1,400 white
people and a few Indians still was
composed largely of hunters, trappers
and tradlers. The picturesque French
frontiersmen, so soon to disappear be-
fore the advance of civilization, still
came down the river in their canoes
and marketed their furs at the trad-
ing posts in Detroit or "drove their
° heavier vessels out into the lakes and
supplied the settlements with lake
The memories of the War of 1812
and Perry's exploits were still fresh
in the minds of even the younger
generation and there were some whro
remembered the 01l1 days of the In-
dian wars and the battles with the
F<rench for possession of the territory.

P ierce a foundation upon 'which they ' ~~"
could lay their plans for a greater tution and the benefit of more modern
University when they undertook the- ideals.
I task in 1.837. But it was but a mere Two months after, Michigan became
foundation. They must turnz else- a state the plan for the University
where for the real structural work wa umteIo tie lgsaue
I andi comprehensive outline for the wa umte o te lgsaue
~I. There was practically no delay.:
Bloth being graduates of. Eastern Crary and Pierce. the real fathers of
colleges they could draw upon their I the University, had (lone their worki
Alma Maters for some of their mza-I well. On,March 18, 1837, the OrganicI
tonral. But Trinity and Brown were I Act of the University of Mi1chigan was
privately endowed institutions, very approvedl and the University came in-
limited in scope. Crary and Pierce] to existence.
wvere laying plans for a great' state
university, an educational system in.________
itself. Harvard and Yale, both already ;I 1For
bearing the dignity lent by age, were
{ hampered by the same limitations and THRILLS
no better source of material.
It was to the great educational sys- a d m r
tems of the Old World that Crary and
Pierce finally turned to secure- a
evcesprors eive, ats andusiamoreC
nueusporsteirwaplatnte tiPruas0
ready operating a conprehnsfve puh, in, Go'] ge
lic educational, systeifl. To- Prussia J~ ~ T
then these liven turned'.Fo rn-e" I
srctheyermad sya thm igh todywee CA
o ethey- mnadse a' thoth -were~
m nuch impressed by'-it anti i. ;a-reit , ECOE
they m~rdelld- helit: own pla~ns cl-~nlr N LO E
'after those cof Prulssia. The_ Froehi clarS fr, rent' anddrive your-
university syste- n ntiturted.- by-Napo- self. Driv'e to, the games. .
lon wag also used to~ soMe-exent ireak
preparing the final- ottline of M1i ' Tak d~wn- th.e number'.
aln's IUniversit~y. Phbne 1O9~
Tb i-s (raiving frmnall th~eeeeso&rces

Sglves the proiublem of liavTiigea lovely ,coffure.
And mnakes it possible for you to appear at class, at any social
function or sports evenlt with prettily waved hair without any of that
frantic rush to-curl your hair!
We also give rain water shampoos, do marcelling,
manicuring and all other forms of personal service
anid have hale dresses, to disguise the bob.



American Lady Girdles,
Corsets, and Corsetletts


;_ - '
, r

Fremb~ily Dainty Lingefie.
modrate prices are.a. wpnder

Every stitch hand mrade.


1:09 W. Liberty St.

JDon't B+rrowc--Subscribe 'Today.

Aba e: rThe ta blet ereeted on the tion from the Ordinance of 1787 which ?
Pike, of the first buzildting of the is now inscribed on tie new Literary "-«r
building. This tablet was mounte~d =
Univerity of ii gan in JLtrort. i the first building to be erected on
Re mvw Tablet !a,a ring the ota the present campus.
Art, --
(. °3
3, r r
3 ELLiert
Phoe 24-F
., I - -PR T A/t ^ 1 1 " 4 Ph 1 0I
I An Arbr YpI~nM
way M Inju , ti .Mjitiiii;iiiiii~lgji~t~zinj~nlijniiui
At thwnescto fwatbcm wast ei tehnsofteedd
later~~~~~~~~' Baesad2ogrs0sretE,-itosanbepesdntrhedpat
mot othe nedetonofhtheblue chents ofbeitheniverfityee ldi-
towecred over the Detroit river, was us ted by coninlicaterj Latin terms, they
built the Catholepisteiied or Univer-' En;ish equivalent of which were i
Iity of Michigania, the first University ~nhr3science, literature, natural I
of MiO ig an. A few rends away ran toy>ol' sh, military science and in- 1212eXIJ 'a i
sn :tl, tributary ; .vc, 1mg > c e telertal s(cience.va
buied beneath the concrete. Up thie; Judge Woodward provided for thel
nc rie cai the Indians and traders uphoep ofrhIs niversity by istitut- ion
in their primitive craft while n('avby ing a fifteenperent increase in state,
thre studlents devoted thsemselves to the taxes and establishing a lottery the i tcass.Iwsa etnrtlnleedY o u r "M S u b sc ri t o
classcs. t wasa seiora a re renue from which was to be used
contrast bhotwecim civilization11al u for the same purpose. This first U7ni-
savagery,.vrsity only survived for four years
To ;odgeA$uutus li x~ouwarad dring that time there were but
Mhl'ro eccenic jurist, gU s - th o"': dr'raY, ings of the lottery.
I redit for (,-abili ig lPhi-s i r t in- At tip{emen of tie four years another "
stitution. A Judge of tho'e 'ritovial nst itii, very imilar in nature,.
Supreme court \Vodw.ard r4 P. ,instru -- 5;eed the ('atholepistemniad. ThefM
mental in mainy of tiroe jroreSSi- ehiet dd ~ierentce between the new uni-
movements of ~i ehimm an' aly dars., rily and its predecessor lay in the
-The most lasting exampnile of his, wo^. exeanztive power being transferred
is the elaborate city plan of letroit, fromn the president and didactors to a
the main thoroughfares branching out ternito ial commiittee, corresponding' -
fronm a snuare en 11he "Campuis Mar- to iii(, present Board of Regents. The
tims." Erilaily elaborate were his ran iaion }clan was also grealyA lsu crpin of$ .0 ot ad byN v m e
plans fear the University. There yre ;suipli,1 and Enrglish' terminologyAlsu crpin.o$35,otadbyNvme
to he thir'teen prolessorsips, the pro- snhst ltued for the Latin., s d a c o$.0 A trte1 t fN v m e
fessors to be known as "didactors. 'bis insitutioni flourished in a very
The adniinistrF.tfl of the University i~:'lest wayJ and gave Creary and

1' ___________------------__

-_ , I

1, 4QUALITY. 1
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Tv"(: or three flash-
-bout <-bhout thie house
arili keep your 11om1e
saie fr:nt the fires that
start so easily froin
the far burnt match
drioppd in the night.
And see how little a
flash light costs and
how handy it r eally is.

lioast to t


abl ,
VIA h/o
anti c
// l z O

ll, 1 ; "t Ior th ork
lke I l ightfo m'1thso,
(oil. orthos

In thics sea o n
t)'an11 a u (l gra
fi'11t 'it l i o:0 dO's1
c _i o are :1'1 n th
platin steel o;_e,

F a r~f0
A Ri
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