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March 18, 1923 - Image 12

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The Michigan Daily, 1923-03-18
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SUNDAY. MARCH 18, 1923

SUNDAY, MARCH-18, 1923




I i

, The Valley Of QuicksandI

Immediately following the termina-! JACK BE
tion of the Fanco-Prussian War, Bis-
marck, the most able stateman ..that't
Germany sever had, proceeded to work ian appropriation amounting to $60,00
out a y atisfactory means of collecting a day. Even this estimate is, in all
the reparations which were accorded probability, extremely conservative.
At any rate, under no conditions what-,
Germany in the treaty of Frankfort. soever, will France be able to with-
To encourage the payment, a series of 1stand this heavy financial drain. Palp-
military zones were set up, from which able signs of this are seen in the
the German troops were to be with- steadily deerasing value of the franc,4
drawn in proportion as the payments and in the present unstabilized condi-f
were made. The effect was magical. tion of the nation, France can be said
The divisions, knowing that they to be with a strong, but unsteady
would enjoy the normalcy that was hand managing the helm of a ship
theirs before the war as soon as sums which she, herself, is steering to the
of money were paid, worked the more shores of ruin.
desperately to bring this about. The
Frenh pasat, n hi aniet toget isFrance, appropriating German fuel,
the last helmet out, hewed at the in-s hindering that country's national
demnity so violently that within a production. Furthermore, such heavy'
conparatively short time the amount charges are placed on what is produc-
was paid. ed, that she can no longer compete
profitably in the market of the world.
Where a small unit at a time is in- The result is manifested in a sharp
evolved, and the fruits of labor remain industrial slump causing much lower-
to make themselves manifest, the re- ing in profits, and incidentally, taxes,
sults are wholly satisfactory, whereas the greatest part of which, have gone
the opposite course continually proves to make ut the reparation payments.;
at failure. If only -for this reason, I emn a otnal euc
herefr e, the proee iurehwas bond. If Germany was continually defunct
therefrehe roeurewin her payments when force was not
applied, and the application of force
At the close of the European War, has proven a failure, what course is
the world, instead of looking back to left? The truth is, though, Germany
this notable precedent contrived by a was paying her debt to the best of
statesman who was a genius in inter- her ability. The foreign balance of
national politics, decided to work out German banks, and German citizens,
a fool-hardy scheme of their own in were estimated by Sir Robert Hore,
which the zone was to be no other recent Chancellor of the British ex-
than the entire nation of Germany. To chequer, at $500,000,000, while Re-
add to the impetus of the situation, ginald McKenna placed the total at
they saddled a reparation on ior not more than one billion. This, con-
which was not only quite impossible stituting a basis for financing German
for her to pay, but as one writer states import trade, when taken away, would
it, "set un machinery for a dozen mean national industrial bankruptcy.
Alsace Lorraines" ignoring the fact Germany, therefore, met her payments
that the original one had been bless- wit h the greatest amount she was
ed by the Prussian Militarist in oppo- able to spare, and in forwarding 800,-
sition to Bismarck. who was far too 000 tons of coal every month, did her
keen a statesman to hang such an al- utmost to fulfill that part df the
batross round Germany', neck. Versailles treaty.
It is needless to mention the various There is one more feature that will
situations that have led uu to the pre help to prove the rosult and the char-
dicament in which the world of today acter of the present occupation. Be-
finds itself. Suffice to say, it was un- fore France had entered the Ruhr,
doubtedly this (-tinued bungling that twelve hundred train/, ran daily. To-
has brought a out the dangerous con- .day, military men can boast but seven-

t of this conference, stated, "We pro-
posed 12,500,000 (indemnity), but it
seined to our French allies that it
ty trains of the former number, that might be possible that the Germans
are running every day. The repara- in the course of fifteen or twenty
tion part of the present situation, de- years could pay that sum and then be
volves but to one fact. Thecoopera- in a, strong a position "as before the
tion of the Germans, and the with- ;war." The French government did not
drawal of forces by the French are desire the money if it came from an
vitally necessary to the successful ful-. economically restored Germany. In
filment of Germany's debt to France, this then she is acting the Shylock.
if the system inaugurated after the Her wish is for the pound of flesh
European War, is going to be one of nearest the Greman heart.
the exceptions to a general rule, and" uhr is the s backbone of the
prove successful. Rhisteicu.-fbakoefte
German nation and the jugular vein of
In spite of the reverse that France
has suffered, she still occupies the-Europe, and France here is out-Prus-
u, and m apsianing the Prussian. Germany's poll-
SRuhr, and from all appearances, cy, when she seized Alsace-Lorraine
means to maintain her stand. French in190 asoen.° Since the present

statesmen had surely perceived the
impending failure shortly after their
audacious venture. What appears
questionable then, is why have they,
continued their policy. Two courses
have been outlined as those which'
France can pursue at present. Failure
has already been shown to exist in the'
first of these two, the hastening of
reparations. There is left, therefore,
the other viewpoint. Tier present
entire action and statements may be
used merely as a camouflage to con-
ceal from the Allies her real purpose
of making the Ruhr Valley her own.
True, there is the extreme danger
from the constant decreasing value
of the franc. In fact, under no con-
'ditions will France be able to with-'
stand this hea y financial drain which

occupation, General Deguette has said .
"It in a thousand years the Germans
have not met their indebtness, in a
thousand years the French will still
be in the Ruhr."
This is but a proclamation on Gen-
eral Degouette's part of the intention
to set up an Alace-Lorraine in the
Ruhr. And this is not done openly,
but by using asa blind the statement
shat shencans to hasten the payment
of the debt that there will be no joint
intervention by the United States and
Great Britain, and that they will con-
tinue to remain faithful.
It is vitally necessary that the Ruhr
adventure be examined closer, for the
more intensely the scrutiny, the more
sinister in all its possibilities it re-

HIGH BUILDINGS VALLEY OF QUICKSAND ing humor of Moussorgsky's "Hopak." wrote in "Alcestis" (V
(Continued from Page Three) Continued from Page Two) .Surely a many-sidedness of which any
as retainers. Over two hundred archi- will shut down. The outcome is in- !artist might be proud! "' t
I To an American public which re- O otedrdie
tects participated at an estimated cost evitble. It must mean either starva-!s et apae for theswaiohare- oforce
to the conpetitors of nearly one half tion or migration for millions of urban sirves it pan for the .etrazinnas no
million dollars- The site, 100 by 139 population, and the creation of eithersierofncE ass T. sainn- Corse"
fee, i oe o te mstimp~n~i ' Blsevim r Fth feat, of singing E-flat in alt. 'simiultun- course."
feet, is one of. the most important An 1. Bolshevism or.Fasxsm. This chaos, eously bowing low or sing the "Vissi ' rat s
Chicago; Up to .a height of 260 feet, while threatening the existence d'arte" lying flat, on her back, Mime.a
this entire. area could be used for Gernmans, does little material injury Clemens' finely-tempered artistry will he is a thinker as wel as
office purposes; beyond this, to a to France except in the cost which she seem tame and detached. The classic Art to him is not mere c
height of 400 feet, an area limited to figured can well be sustained-if her song. pas'sed through the alembic of ing, and composing; bul
3,600 square feet could be used but point is gained. her interpretive genius, makes a sub- sion. In his own wordt
not for rental space. With simple plan Thus it may be said, French control tle appeal which can be felt only by' has not been vouchsa
and structural requirements the real in the Ruhr shall mean French con- .those sensible to the less tangible masters of articulate si
tack was. to design -a building which: trol in German industrial and military qualities of fine vocaization. There would tell you in words
would distinguish itself among ad-' power. And French contr ol of Ger- are supposed to be many of these rarae;marble the things that
joining. office buildings of equal man industry will mean that Germany ayes in Ann Arbor. Surely, therefore, mare th thig ta
height; there was also the specific pro- will be either smashed completely or no press agent should be necessary tosmoewothdhlms
blem of composition, of uniting the become an econome vassal for an in- sell lime. Clemens to an audience most exalted, or most
tower-like unit at the top with the finite number of years, a factor giving which takes such prie in its own mu- you care to listen?~
solid block below and of modelling material aid to France. The result sical discrimination. Americans can be grat
solid biek belowand-of---el-i-- artistic' sanit ^ as this aril
these masses., can, mean but one thing, France will - TAT ndutrianity as tstioy
Soeo h opttr dpe n become the -dominating power-of Eu- LORA I)Q TA'f'Tlinlduistrially mad nation
Some o" the competitors adopted un- eme celm tngpw dts (Continued from Page One) Taft we discover thza al
usural expedients to differentiate the rope. Twtice before she has held this Contne rmPg n)Tf edsoe ht
uligprd e ordinaryncomereposition, once under Louis XlV, and might have conceived the "Fountain of ericans are not given
building from the ordinary commer Time" had lie been a sculptor; for he' liness that is seen by n
cial structure. While a Pisan would again under Napoleon Bonaparte._p_ _ _y
be surprised to find the famous lean- Even at present, she has a position
ing tower standing erect 'in Chicago, not equalled since the fall of Napo-
the free standing arcades give one leon. Her army is superb and ad-
design a diistinctive and uncommer- mirably commanded. She had a sys-
cial character. Giotto would be am- tem of alliances that embraces all FIR S T
azed to see his Florentine campanile smallcr states possessing e ecrive
vibrant with printing presses and amilitarv forcer. And Germany is not N A 'I I N/!.
wireless which can reach no further only disarmed, economically HelplessrNj'IN
than the spirit of the beautiful orig- and politically isolated, but is beingB A
inal. St. Sophia stood at the top of used as a source from which to drain
oneoft.edesinsstadeat little topmanmilitary expense money.
one of the designs, a neat little Roman In the superior position that France O URGANIZED 1803
therefore occupies, a new phase will
to house the modern newspaper in a
cathedral tower, with pinnacles, flying enter. Out of the triendsi that (x
buttresses, traceried windows, carved slf)t he e a rianglo-Frenrh
canopies and sculptured figures. Some self) there will arise Angl l-rene
very skillful and picturesque designs rivalry, which in turn will become
employed these forms of questionable the embryo of an Anglo-French con-
fitness, some of them having howeverflict. Even now the British press
a consistent lightness of scale appro-- terms the French leader as one of
priate for a structural steel skeleton.
est of knaves, who ever strutted upon
Gables and turrets were used to buill the stage of high human destinies". :: OLDEST BANK IN ANN ARBOR
back from the mainrectangular mass and thetadvance in the Ruhr region as OLDEST NATIONAL BANK IN MICHIC
cular or elliptical element. Te whole situation, is advancing to
Some of the designers assumed that a point where the moral policy of
thev need not reveal the structural m,'* .,rm, l '.'-'','wit"av

is even now apparent, if she has mere- veals itself to be. The Ruhr Valley
ly the reparation end in view. Yet if today, is the only section of land that
she truly is masking her real intent if Germany has retained after the war
she really has the second factor as her' where are found her extremely neces-
aim, she is undoubtedly figuring that sary resources and it is only through
in tearing down Germany, and then these resources that Germany will be
using the Prussian resources and in- enabled to work itself back to normal-
dustry or her own benefit, her money cy. Within this valley lies the coal
will regain its value, allowing her to supply which is so vitally necessary
continue in a high position. And in to carry on German industry. How-
this France i4 indeed proceeding to ever, on the other hand, France is
disaster. hindering the normal importation of
To further affiimn, however, that raw. material. In all, therefore, the
sabjection 'f the Ruhr is the real German nation is heading to a status
thought of France, ;he January nego-' of deteriorization and it is merely a
tiat'ons in Paris must be referred to. pIroblemof weeks until the factories
B1cnar Law. in hip recent explanation (Continued on Page Seven)

dition that has the valley of the Ruhr
as its nucleus. And today, there is as Jill I
a result of all this, a singular ques-
tion confronting the world, "What ='-
does France expect to obtami from its
occupation of the Ruhr?" To answer!
it one may suggest two plausible de-
ductions. France has invaded Ger-
many that she may hasten the defunct °-
payment of the reparations due her; =
or second, she means to seize and r-- -
twin permanently "the entire Ruhr
Valley. If her underlying plan is the _
first, from all appearances it is a fail-
ure. On the other hand, if she 15 -
really concerned with makinig the -
lRuhr hers, and she is giving her in- In the physical world we know that "Energy can be transformed but;
vasion a mask in stating it to be ,
seized as an economic pledge against W ii can never be created or destroyed." It seems a shame that the same ruleM
Germany, for reasons of political se- -.
curity against the other Allied nations, does not apply in the scial and financial world. There are far too many
she is undoubtedly travelling a path-' w e t
aytati eaig o o ea fpeople whose efforts are 'getting _ tem nothing but a.lving, no matter how =
wythat 'is 'leading not to a seat of -poi etn imo
immense resou yeu e daster.to omfortable that living may be. Then, too, there are many who are living
hasten reparations, there are a num- within the margi of their incomes, and thus providing a fund for the future.
-ber of factors that will determine her - agnpoiig-
failure. Prior to her present occupa- - -
tion France was receiving from Ger- It is the business of this bank to see that this second class grows larger
many;800,000 tons of coal each month =
at a cost of nothing, but this, never- :by converting the first. 'Will you help us?
theless, fell below the required mark.
In the last forty days France has ob-
tained less than half of the amount she -
formerly forwarded at the staggering
cost of $4.50 a ton. To complete the =
situation, this coal was peddled about
to various European countries in =
direct competition to her former ally-
Grn rtin, and in p gassing, I maThe n ror Savings Bank'_
say that even Germany, through the
medium of R'olland, has been able to .. .,
regain part of it. Yet her present The Dank of Friendly Serice"
policy by no means ends there. Pre-
mier Poincare, going before the com- Resources J 0,6O 0,0O Two Offices
mission on foreign affairs of the
French Chamber, not only affirmed-
the statement that reparations, Anstead
of increasing had stopped, though: the'
French had occupied more territory =
than they had intended to, but that the
occupation was costing France at the_
rate of $55,000,000 a year, requiring IIU1tillllIllltlit11111 HIllll litil#N1i11tHfil#1ggg

frame and treated the enclosing walls
as of ordinary masonry or, as a de-
corative skin beneath which the bony
structure was to be assumed. When
such a design terminated in a dome
or belfry of crushing weight in 'terms
of piers of columns, the weakness of
the theory and the need of a better
relation between the superimposed
parts was obvious. Distinct strata of
different scale cannot produce a unified
effect. Organic unity and not an 'ar-
ranged" effect is needed.
The poorest group of design came
from abroad probably because few of
the better architects entered the com-
petition. It was misleading to give-
each of these an "Honorable Mention"
merely because they were from abroad
and was unjust to other "Honorable
Mentions" and a number of designs
markedly superior to all the foreign
designs with the exception of the one
receiving second prize. This one by
Ehiel Saarinen, a Finnish architect, is
quite generally conceded as the most
original and straight-forward and as
the finest contributon of all the de-
signr submitted. It is by an archi-

a. .rnnrlnna ilretonin r to the m nr-.


vival of the victim than the wound
dealt by Germany a hint that France
will again obtain the mastery of the
continent which is ushering in the
germ of an Anglo-French conflict, and
destroying tranquility and recovery =
in Europe upon the recognition of Bridal rings are seamless, made of one fine meta
French military and political pre- e-
ponderence. engraved, and made in platinum or 18 karat white,
In this. she is leading her Allies to = red
a pcsition where they will rise and = gol.
assert themselves, where instead of
the murmuring which seems to exist Platinum Diamond Mountings
only in the press, there will be a flow a
of action, and France will find that
the Ruhr situation has indeed led her
not to a valley of resources, but to a
valley of quicksand.
(Continued from Page Four)
totally strange idiom a "critic" at -TATE TREET
tempts to express his opinion, and at -
that a crude and sweeping condemna-
tion of the work, shows decidedly the STATE STREET
calibre of his musicianship, not to say,
of his common sense.
Arensky's Valse is very common-
place, but its many brilliant passages i I It UII II lIUI IUllliIIIltii

tect who has never designed a high
building, but who for many years has
been one of the leaders of the pro- I
gressive group in Europe, and a bril-
liant contributor in 1906 to the Hague

Peace Palace competition in which
design is shown the germ of his pre-
sent essay. His project is remarkably
free of applied and unrelated form
and it has beauty to an unusual de-
gree. It rises rythmically and harm-
oniously from . the base upward,
modulating subtly to the top; all the
masses, planes and lines are in unison
as in the master work of the except-
ional nan who appears only at rare
The architect is visiting this coun-
try and he has alreadyreceived wel-
come that was a reward beyond the
winning of any prize, for it was the
acclaim of his fellow workers who be-
lieve that he ha,% hastened the hoped
for solution of our major problem
both by his project and his executed
work of the past twenty years.
If the Tribune competition had done-
nothing more than to produce- this
design .it would have ben well worth


were played with as perfect a tech- tIllIltttlllltlt1iliitl iitllIUItlinlllIIIIIlillHitiill
nique as the Saint-Saens Scherzo or
Variations. .The Arensky Scherzo is
more interesting than the Valse, and -
it also rallied a variety of technique.Te
"A Jazz Study" by a certain E. B. E
Hill relieved the mind from the strain
of intelligent listening, so that thefOg b jman ha re
Orgy by Ihjin sky and the Chabrier
Spanish Rhapsody might be the more *1*
readily appreciated, lljinsky is a W 11i1l O n u e
modern, Russian, though not at all
futuristic in his writing. His Orgy is
an attractive and spectacular com- Due to the fact that our fixtures for the new store
position and' is characterized perfectly '= be here for two weeks, we will continue at the o
by its name. Chabrier's Spanish
Rhapsody, very much more suitable with our sale--an unexpected and last chance
for orchestrabecause of its demand w given you--do not fail to take advantage of this 4
for colour, nevertheless gave the art-slherpa.
ists a final opportunity to display their = prices slashed beyond repair.
brilliance of technique, vivid rhythm.
and remarkable ensemble.
(Continued from Page Five)
majesty of ,Beethoven's "Die Ehre .II. Liaty
Gottes aus der Namur," the poignaul
sorrow of Brahms' "mimer Leiser
Wird Akin Solunmer"' or the i'olliik- '1-. UllmlRE mimilm u !!:

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