The Mcigan Dal
Vol. XCI, No. 22-S
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, June 5, 1981 Ten Cents
Sixteen Pages plus Supplement
ax cut plan gains si
WASHINGTON - President Reagan, Reaganho e ful
persunaiiy iubbyiu ~e
peronaly oD~ ing congressional
friends and fence-straddlers, inched
closer yesterday to the legislative
majority needed to enact his multi-year
tax cut plan.
"Today I'm pleased to announce that
we're prepared to . .. reduce the bur-
den of federal taxes," he said, standing
before leaders of the coalition - many
of them main players in his recent
budget battle victory. Y
"THIS WILL put us back on the road
to a sound economy," the president
declared. "And just as we did on the
budget, we're moving ahead with a
for easy passage
bipartisan coalition in the Congress. We was "quite firm" in his resolve to press
believe that on economic recovery for the so-called "5-10-10" measure
there can be no Republicans and no suggested earlier this week as a com-
Democrats - only Americans." promise.
Rep. Jack Kemp (R-N.Y.), one of the THAT PROPOSAL, with a number of
authors of the original three-year, 30 additional provisions favored by
percent bill Reagan endorsed during various factions, would- grant a five
the campaign, had a private meeting percent income tax reduction to all tax-
with the president yesterday morning. payers - rich and poor - beginning
He told reporters afterward Reagan Oct. 1 and 10 percent cuts in each of the
next two years.
Reagan turned up the heat Wed-
nesday, rejecting the Democratic
position as "not good enough" and
focused his charm on the 47 maverick
Democrats who sided with the
president in the budget battle. But they
reported division in their ranks on the
IN THE Republican-controlled
Senate, where passage of the bill is con-
sidered certain, Majority Leader
Howard Baker called it "a good
package with good broad bipartisan
support and it will pass."
Baker said he is "optimistic that the
House will act prior to the July 4 recess,
that the Senate will act immediately af-
ter the recess, and that the bill will be
on the president's desk for his signature
during the first week of August."
"It looks to me,it's my guess, that
with or without all of the Democratic
caucus he just met with, he'll have
enough votes," said undecided forum
member Rep. Dan Mica, (D-Fla.). He
said the president has the support of 30
forum members, but not necessarily
the same 30 he saw yesterday.
REAGAN SAID the compromise had
been struck with the rock-solid House
Republican minority and Democratic
conservatives. The administration bill,
he said, would be introduced by Reps.
Barber Conable, (R-N.Y.),and Kent
The new plan would reduce individual
tax rates by 25 percent over three
years, starting Oct. 1; cut the
maximum rate on investment income
from 70 percent to 50 percent as of Oct.
1; and ease the "marriage penalty,"
under which a working couple must pay
more than if they were taxed
The Reagan plan would also reduce
gift and estate taxes, especially to
provide relief to farmers and surviving
spouses, provide new incentives to save
and invest, and accelerate business
Doily Poto by rAUL ENGSTRO
. On a sunshiny day, what better way to leave your indelible print at the University-writing graffiti on the Nat. Sci.
By DAVID MEYER
The new Huron Valley Men's correctional facility,
to be opened this fall near Ypsilanti, is a far cry from
riot-torn Jackson prison or Ionia Reformatory.'
Flowers bloom in neat clusters along the walk by
the administration building. Bright yellow and
orange murals decorate the walls of the brick and
glass buildings housing the cell blocks. There are no
steel bars, no huge concrete walls, not even that
much barbed wire.
With its new tennis courts, gymnasium, and
modern auditorium and stage, the Huron Valley
facility looks more like an expensive community
college than a maximum security prison.
THE HURON VALLEY facility should be opened in
September, after the last contracting work is com-
pleted and the new guards are selected and trained. It
represents a definite trend in correctional institutions
in Michigan, away from the "bastilles"-like
Jackson and Ionia-toward smaller, more "human"
prisons, corrections officials say.
The theory behind the trend, according to correc-
tions officials, is that a prisoner will respond better to
an encouraging, productive environment than he will
to a cold, walled dungeon. The emphasis shifts from
the goal of punishment to rehabilitation. Also, the of-
ficials say, the new environment will actually im-
prove security because prisoners will have greater
incentive not to damage their modern facilities.
"People react to their environment," said Bill
Kime, deputy director of the program bureau of the
state's department of corrections. "If you build an
(prison) environment that's hostile (you can expect
prisoners to behave violently). If I put you in a cage,
that defines our relationship."
OFFICIALS, DETERMINED not to put any
prisoners "in cages" at the new facilities, have made
long-range plans to phase-out the old institutions like
Jackson and Ionia, replacing them with smaller
"We're moving to a regionalized prison system,"
Kime said, explaining that such a system would in-
clude a network of at least 20 smaller facilities that
would handle minimum, medium, and maximum
See FACILITY, Page 11