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September 14, 2012 - Image 6

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The Michigan Daily, 2012-09-14

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Friday, September 14, 2012

The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.c©m

Friday, September 14, 2012 The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom

U.N. monitoring agency
condems Iran enrichment

AP Photo/John Minchillo
Dilan Samo, 13, holds a picture of slain U.S. ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens at a candlelight vigil outside the
Libyan Embassy.
Ant1-Isam fi1m used as
alleged cover for attack

Agency fears
Tehran's pursuit of
nuclear weapons
VIENNA (AP) - The 35-nation
board of the U.N. nuclear agency
overwhelmingly rebuked Iran
on Thursday for refusing to heed
demands that it take actions to
diminish fears that it might be
seeking atomic arms, a move
hailed by the United States as
demonstrating international
pressure on Tehran to compro-
Only one country - Cuba -
voted against a resolution brought
before the International Atomic
Energy Agency board and drawn
up by the United States, Russia,
China, Britain, France and Ger-
many. Ecuador, Tunisia and Egypt
abstained, while the 31 other
nations supported the resolution.
Iran denies any interest in
nuclear arms. But it has refused
to comply with U.N. and IAEA
demands to stop activities that
could be used to make soch
weapons and to allow a probe of
suspicions it worked on an arms
Robert Wood, the chief U.S
delegate to the IAEA, said he
hoped he board's near-solid back-
ing for the resolution would serve
as a wake-up call for the Islamic
Republic to heed international
demands to replace its words with
actions that prove it has no inter-
est in nuclear weapons.
"What we are hoping is that
this resolution will keep ... diplo-
matic pressure up and convince
Iran that it has really no other
option than to comply with its
international obligations," he told

But the resolution has its limi-
tations, despite the broad support
it received.
As 11 others before it, the docu-
ment cannot be enforced by the
IAEA board, and as such, may be
shrugged off by Tehran, which
already is ignoring U.N. Secu-
rity Council sanctions and other
increasingly harsh international
penalties meant to force it to com-
Iran appeared unimpressed
Thursday. The country's chief
IAEA delegate, Ali Asghar Solta-
nieh, said pressure on his country
came from "a few Western coun-
tries, especially the United States
(which) are trying to change the
IAEA into a mere U.N watchdog"
trying to penetrate countries'
national security.
Because it is largely symbolic,
the document is also unlikely to
persuade Israel that diplomacy is
working. Israel views a nuclear-
armed Iran as a mortal threat, cit-
ing Iran's persistent calls for the
destruction of the Jewish state,
its development of missiles capa-
ble of striking Israel, and Iranian
support for Arab militant groups.
Israeli government leaders
have become increasingly stri-
dent in suggesting that only mili-
tary action will stop Iran from
getting nuclear arms. For the six
powers sponsoring the resolution,
the onus at the Vienna meeting
was thus to prove that unified
international diplomatic pres-
sure could still be exerted on the
Islamic Republic - even if it was
largely symbolic.
Israeli chief delegate Ehud
Azoulay questioned whether the
resolution would have its intend-
ed effect, telling the board that
"Iran's race towards the nuclear
bomb has not been slowed down

by well-meaning resolutions."
Tehran insists its nuclear pro-
gram is for peaceful purposes
only. But it refuses foreign offers
of reactor fuel if it stops mak-
ing its own through uranium
enrichment. Enriching uranium
is a process that worries the inter-
national community because it
could be used to arm nuclear war-
heads too.
The IAEA also suspects that
Iran has worked secretly on
nuclear arms - allegations Iran
dismisses as based on fabricated
U.S. and Israeli intelligence.
The six powers behind the res-
olution included Russia and China
- which often speak out against
harsh punishment for Iran - as
well as the United States, Britain,
France and Germany, and West-
ern diplomats described the back-
ing of Moscow and Beijing for the
resolution as an example of unity.
In exchange, however, the four
Western powers had to settle
for compromise language in the
text of the resolution, which was
weaker overall than the last one
in November.
While expressing "serious
concern" over continued Iranian
uranium enrichment in defiance
of the U.N. Security Council,
the six nations say they back the
"inalienable right" of countries
that have signed the Nuclear Non-
proliferation Treaty to develop
nuclear energy for peaceful pur-
poses. That is a bow to arguments
by Iran, an NPT signatory, that it
has a right to enrich uranium.
The resolution "stresses" that
the IAEA has not reported any
nuclear material missing from
Iran sites it is monitoring. Miss-
ing material could mean that
Tehran is using it elsewhere for
weapons purposes.

Libyan security
force infiltrators
revealed safehouse
BENGHAZI, Libya (AP) -
Heavily armed militants used a
protest of an anti-Islam film as
a cover and may have had help
from inside Libyan security in
their deadly attack on the U.S.
Consulate, a senior Libyan offi-
cial said Thursday.
As Libya announced the first
four arrests, the clearest picture
yet emerged of a two-pronged
assault with militants scream-
ing "God is great!" as they scaled
the consulate's outer walls and
descended on the compound's
main building.
The rampage killed the U.S.
ambassador and three other

Eastern Libya's deputy inte-
rior minister, Wanis el-Sharef,
said a mob first stormed the con-
sulate Tuesday night and then,
hours later, raided a safe house
in the compound just as U.S. and
Libyan security arrived to evac-
uate the staff. That suggested,
el-Sharef said, that infiltrators
within the security forces may
have tipped off the militants to
the safe house's location.
The attacks were suspected to
have been timed to coincide with
the 11th anniversary of the Sept.
11, 2001, terrorist strike in the
United States, el-Shareftadded,
with the militants using the film
protest by Libyan civilians to
mask their action.
Killed in the attack were U.S.
Ambassador Chris Stevens,
information management offi-
cer Sean Smith, private secu-
rity guard Glen Doherty and one
other American who has yet to
be identified.

EI-Sharef said four people
were arrested at their homes
Thursday, but he refused to give
any further details. He said it
was too early to say if the sus-
pects belonged to a particu-
lar group or what their motive
was. Libya's new prime minis-
ter, Mustafa Abu-Shakour, said
authorities were looking for
more suspects.
One of five private security
guards at the consulate said the
surprise attack began around
9:30 p.m. when several grenades
that were lobbed over the outer
wall exploded in the compound
and bullets rained down.
The guard was wounded in the
left leg from shrapnel. He said he
was lying on the ground, bleed-
ing and in excruciating pain
when a bearded gunman came
down the wall and shot him
twice in the right leg, screaming:
"You infidel, you are defending

JOIN Narcotics'
DA LY arrested ii
D eNE WS. Costilla Sanchez
E-mail rayzag@ controlled the most
michigandaily com lucrative smuggling

i Mexico



RELEASE DATE- Friday, September 14, 2012
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Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis

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believed to be the leader of the
Gulf drug cartel, which controls
some of the most valuable and
violently contested smuggling
routes along the U.S. border, was
arrested by Mexican marines
and presented to the public
Thursday morning.
The capture of Jorge Edu-
ardo Costilla Sanchez is a major
victory in the military battle
against drug trafficking, but it
could open a power vacuum and
intensify a struggle south of the
Texas border in northeast Mex-
ico, a region that has seen some
of the most horrific violence
in the country's six-year war
among law-enforcement and
rival gangs.
Adm. Jose Luis Vergara, a
navy spokesman, said the burly,
mustachioed man detained
Wednesday evening in the Gulf
port of Tampico was the capo
known as "El Coss." One of
Mexico's most-wanted men, the
41-year-old is charged in the
U.S. with drug-trafficking and
threatening U.S. law enforce-
ment officials. U.S. authorities
offered $5 million for informa-
tion leadingto his arrest.
Clad in a blue plaid shirt and
bulletproof vest, the suspect was
presented along with 10 body-
guards, five with bruised faces
and clad in camouflage military
fatigues similar to those of the
marines who held them captive.
The navy also showed dozens
of assault weapons, some pis-
tols that appeared gilded and
studded with jewels, and sev-
eral expensive-looking watches
seized in the operation.
"This is avery, very important
arrest," said Guadalupe Correa-
Cabrera, chair of the Depart-
ment of Government at the
University of Texas, Browns-
ville, and an expert on politics
and crime in the Gulf Cartel's
territory in the state of Tamau-
She said the Gulf Cartel was
a vertically structured orga-
nization dependent on its top

leaders, several of whom have
been arrested in recent months.
Now, she said, she expects a
surge in violence between the
two remaining dominant car-
tels in Mexico - the Pacific
Coast-based Sinaloa Cartel run
by Mexico's most-wanted man,
Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman,
and the brutal paramilitary
Zetas, the former enforcement
arm of the Gulf Cartel.
"It consolidates this new con-
figuration of organized crime
in Mexico," Correa-Cabrera
said. "This disintegration of the
Gulf Cartel will be impacting
in a very serious way the levels
of violence in Tamaulipas and
probably in the whole country."
Vergara said five of Costil-
la's guards had been arrested
Wednesday morning in Rio
Bravo, Tamaulipas. Another five
fled when marines tried to arrest
them in Tampico, and the chase
led authorities to Costilla's hide-
out, he said.
Costilla shook his head when
asked if he had anything to say
about the charges against him
and when asked if he had a law-
The Matamoros-based Gulf
Cartel was once one of Mexico's
strongest. While -it was badly
weakened in recent years by
battles with other gangsters and
by law-enforcement operations,
it smuggled and distributed tons
of cocaine, methamphetamine,
heroin and marijuana into the
United States under the leader-
ship of the Cardenas Guillen
family, three brothers who took
over from one another as their
siblings were captured or killed.
Costilla was born in Matam-
oros, across the border from
Brownsville, Texas. He worked
for several years as a local police
officer before allegedly joining
the Gulf Cartel in the 1990s and
becoming a lieutenant for then-
leader Osiel Cardenas Guillen.
After Cardenas Guillen was
arrested in 2003 and imprisoned
in the U.S., officials say Costilla
joined the capo's brother Eze-
quiel in running the cartel. The
tumult at the top prompted the 9
powerful Sinaloa cartel to move
in from its base along the Pacific
Coast and launch awar for con-
trol of Nuevo Laredo, the busi-
est cargo crossing between the
United States and Mexico.


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inspired this
puzzle'sfour long
1 Chewsthefat
2 Childlikeasci

By Marti DuGutty-Carpenter 09/14/12
(c)2012 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

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