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April 14, 2004 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, April 14, 2004

NATION/WORLD

0

Panel: FBI lost chance to stop 9/11

Sept.11 commision says
the agency failed to detect
key al- Qaida cell
WASHINGTON (AP) - In a world
"blinking red" with terrorist threats
against the United States, the FBI
missed a last-minute chance to detect
a key al-Qaida cell and possibly dis-
rupt the Sept. 11 attacks, the commis-
sion investigating the 2001 hijackings
said yesterday.
Delays and missteps in linking ter-
rorism suspect Zacarias Moussaoui to
al-Qaida in the weeks before the
attacks were emblematic of chronic
problems within the FBI, including
limited intelligence and analysis capa-
bilities, outdated technology, poor
information-sharing and floundering
attempts at reorganization, the com-
mission said.
In a day of finger-pointing, the
panel chairman, former New Jersey
Gov. Thomas Kean, said two scathing
reports compiled by the commission's
investigators amounted to "an indict-
ment of the FBI."
Louis Freeh, who headed the

bureau from 1993 to mid-2001,
bristled at Kean's words.
"I would ask that you balance
what you call an indictment, and
which I don't agree with at all, with
the two primary findings of your
staff," he said.
"One is that there was a lack of
resources. And two, there were legal
impediments" that made it difficult
for agents to pursue terrorism investi-
gations, he added.
Former Attorney General Janet
Reno also spoke of a lack of
resources but said the FBI did a poor
job keeping track of the information
its agents gathered.
"The FBI didn't know what it had,"
she said. "The right hand didn't know
what the left hand was doing."
Her successor, Attorney General
John Ashcroft, said a key reason for
the failures was a legal restriction,
known as "the wall," that prevented
sharing of FBI intelligence informa-
tion with criminal investigators.
Ashcroft blamed Reno for issuing
"draconian" guidelines in 1995 that
made sharing even more difficult.
"The simple fact of Sept. 11 is this:
We did not know an attack was coming

NEWS IN BRIEF
HEADLINES FROM AROUND THE WORLD
NAJAF, Iraq .
U.S. troops reach outskirts of Najaf
A 2,500-strong U.S. force, backed by tanks and artillery, pushed to the out-
skirts of the Shiite holy city of Najaf on yesterday for a showdown with a rad-
ical cleric.
The standoff in the south came as a U.S. military helicopter went down near
Fallujah in the west. Three soldiers were wounded and a Marine helping secure
the site was killed by mortars, the military said.
The string of kidnappings that has coincided with violence around Fallujah and
in the south this month continued. A French journalist was reported abducted, and
four Italians working as private guards were missing and feared kidnapped.
An Associated Press tally shows that 22 were being held hostage, while 35 oth-
ers had been taken hostage and released.
Dan Senor, the spokesman for the U.S.-led administration, said yesterday that
about 40 foreign hostages from 12 countries were being held by Iraqi insurgents,
and that the FBI is investigating the abductions. Among those held are three
Japanese and truck driver Thomas Hamill of Macon, Miss., whose captors had
threatened to kill them.
PROVIDENCE, R.I.
Visa cap could limit seasonal work force
Jody Dyer is worried that she won't be able to rent all the rooms in her inn this
summer because there won't be enough workers to clean them.
The Inn at Mystic, in Mystic, Conn., is short 16 seasonal employees due to a
ceiling on a visa program that allows foreign nationals with various skills to work
in the United States for nine months.
"We'll be open but we won't be to full capacity," Dyer said.
The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services cut off applications for this
temporary visa program, the H-2B visa, on March 9 when the agency knew it
would meet its annual limit of 66,000 foreign workers. With demand for workers
surging, it was the first time the agency turned away applicants before the end of a
fiscal year.
Now businesses from hotels in Rhode Island to the fishing industry in Alaska are
short-handed and struggling to fill temporary jobs that local workers don't want.
Pennie Beach, co-owner of the Basin Harbor Club in Vergennes, Vt., said she's
missing "a crucial core" of her 65 housekeepers and food service workers.

Former Sen. Bob Kerrey (D-Neb.), a member of the Sept. 11 commission, and
commission chairman Thomas Kean listen to former Attorney General Janet Reno's
testimony on Capital Hill yesterday.

because for nearly a decade our gov-
ernment had blinded itself to its ene-
mies," Ashcroft said.
"Our agents were isolated by gov-
ernment-imposed walls, handcuffed by

government-imposed restrictions and
starved for basic information technolo-
gy. The old national intelligence sys-
tem in place on Sept. 11 was destined
to fail."

SNAILS
Continued from Page 1
he explained, releasing nutrients into the
ecosystem.
"For all we know," he added, "that
particular snail might have a micro-
parasite in its blood ... that could
become a cure for something down the
line, or the snail could have been a
food item for something else that's
now not able to feed as readily."
Shortly after Burch's expedition,
the Tahitian snails fell prey to a
predatory snail introduced to the
French Polynesian islands in 1975 to
control an agricultural pest - itself a
large snail introduced from Africa.
Unfortunately, Burch said, the preda-
tory snail did not control the pest,
preferring to prey on native snail

populations.
"This has been cited widely as
really bad attempt, misguided
attempt, at biological control,"
Burch said. Although Burch never
used his samples and became
involved in other research, he men-
tioned them in a chance conversation
with O Foighil this year.
0 Foighil realized he could analyze
the samples to understand the snails'
evolutionary relationships. Although
many of the snails are extinct, informa-
tion about their biology is encoded in
genetic material preserved in the
frozen specimens.
Because different snails species may
look similar in their shell characteristics,
0 Foighil explained, current classifica-
tions of Tahitian snails are likely inaccu-
rate. The preserved samples will permit

him to determine exactly which species
belong on which island, he said.
"Right now, our estimate of diversity
is guesswork really, based on appear-
ance," 0 Foighil said. "With gene
sequences, we can be exact."
Zoos involved in conservation
efforts can compare the genealogy of
captive snail populations with the
frozen specimens to help decide where
to repopulate the snails and on which
snails to focus conservation efforts.
"It's very expensive to keep these
things alive in zoos, and there are
limited resources. You have to make
these critical decisions about what
you're going to save and why," 6
Foighil said.
Before the predatory snails were
introduced in French Polynesia, Burch
visited the head of agriculture of

French Polynesia to explain that the
predatory snail would not control the
pest and would likely decimate local
snail populations.
"He was totally unreceptive to any
advice that I had," Burch said. "He
told me that biological control
worked, that they were going to do it,
and anyway, which were more impor-
tant, people or snails?"
Although Burch's efforts failed to
prevent the snails' extinction, his sam-
ples now represent an unmatched
archive of material.
"Because (Burch) got those samples
and preserved them, we can do
research here that no one else on the
planet can, because those populations
are now vanished," O Foighil said. "It's
a really good example of the basic util-
ity of museum collections."

SAPAC
Continued from Page 1
advocacy, such as help with the legal
process, Vitale said.
The proposed changes will allow a
SAPAC staffer, who now does counsel-
ing and advocacy, to focus on her
advocacy work, said Nursing sopho-
more Jessica Carver, who coordinates
networking, publicity and activism for
SAPAC.
"The roles of counselor and advo-
cate are somewhat different obviously,
and so to have those roles separated
really allows the person who's doing
the counseling to focus on that por-
tion," Achen said.
But it is "misinformation" that
counseling and advocacy were always
combined, said LSA senior Kathryn
Turnock, a Crisis line volunteer at
SAPAC and member of Our Voices
Count, an student group formed to
oppose the SAPAC changes.
"Neither Sasha nor Stephanie have

anything to do with survivor services
and have no grounds on which to
speak about this knowledgably. The
counseling does not have to stop when
advocacy starts," said Mia White, LSA
senior and SAPAC volunteer.
Opponents have said the system
only seems coordinated but in reality
will force survivors to recount their
traumatic experience to numerous
offices, split their counseling and
advocacy needs and seek counseling in
the often crowded Michigan Union,
where CAPS is located.
Some of these concerns are legiti-
mate, staffers said. Because every sur-
vivor's experience differs, some may
not feel comfortable seeking help at
the Union. But they noted that
SAPAC's office is still open, "and it
always will be, regardless of where
counseling is done,"Achen said.
LSA sophomore Johnny Atorino
added that CAPS's location could pro-
vide solace to some male survivors
who "may feel isolated at SAPAC or

'The roles of counselor and advocate are
somewhat different ... and so to have these roles
separated really allows the person who's doing
the counseling to focus on that portion:'
- Sasha Achen
SAPAC peer coordinator and LSA junior

BUDAPEST, Hungary
Hungarian police foil
museum bombing
Hungarian police arrested a man of
Palestinian descent yesterday and sug-
gested he was planning to bomb the
country's new Holocaust museum dur-
ing a visit by Israeli President Moshe
Katsav.
Two Syrians were detained for ques-
tioning. Israeli officials and diplomats
said earlier that three Arab suspects were
arrested in the Hungarian capital of
Budapest on suspicion of planning to kill
Katsav. Senior law enforcement officials
denied a link between Katsav's visit and
the planned attack.
"There is no connection whatsoever
between yesterday's official visit by the
Israeli president and the police action
taken this morning," National Police
Commissioner Laszlo Salgo said.
A senior Interior Ministry official,
Tibor Pal, also said Katsav's presence in
the Hungarian capital "has nothing to do
with the police action taken today."
WASHINGTON
Poll: Balanced budget
preferred to tax cuts
By almost a 2 to 1 margin, Ameri-
cans prefer balancing the nation's
budget to cutting taxes, according to
an Associated Press poll, even
though many believe their overall
' I,

tax burden has risen despite tax cuts
over the past three years.
About six in 10, 61 percent, chose
balancing the budget while 36 per-
cent chose tax cuts when they were
asked which was more important,
according to a poll conducted for the
AP by Ipsos Public Affairs.
As the nation's tax deadline of
April 15 approaches, people's luke-
warm feeling about tax cuts may be
influenced by a belief that recent
cuts have not helped them financial-
ly or personally.
ATLANTA
CDC will stockil
flu shots for dren
Caught off-guard last year by a
flu vaccine shortage, the government
will begin stockpiling flu-shots for
the first time ever and target them
toward children.
"We were caught with our pants
down," Lance Rodewald, head of
immunization services with the Cen-
ters for Disease Control and Preven-
tion, said yesterday. "The pressure on
CDC to find vaccine was enormous."
The government plans to spend
$80 million over the next two years
to pay for the 4 million-dose stock-
pile, which will be set aside for chil-
dren up to 18 years old, said the
CDC's Stephen Cochi.

might not feel that SAPAC is for them
because SAPAC, for some reason, has
had this reputation of being 'only for
women,'" he said.
Students who support the changes said
the movement of the Crisis line to SAFE
House will benefit crisis intervention
services. The county provider will pro-
vide immediate, 24-hour assistance in
150 languages, a significant augmenta-
tion of SAPAC's current service.
Survivors who currently seek help
from the Crisis-line must wait a few
moments until a volunteer is reached.
This wait time is critical and can affect
whether a caller receives help. Occa-

U U

FOOD FOR THOUGHT
Supporting our Troops
During the 1969 battle of Ap Bia
Mountain, Hill 937, elements of
the 101st Airborne suffered 70%
casualties. Even while the 10-day
battle raged, Ted Kennedy publicly
taunted: "They will never take that
hill." Now Kennedy is taunting
President Bush that Iraq is his
Vietnam. Be aware that such
comments offer encouragement
and hope to those who are trying
to kill our troops.
Gary Lillie & Assoc., Realtors
www.garylillie.com

sionally, Achen said, calls are dropped
because a volunteer cannot be reached.
"If they have to wait even 30 sec-
onds even, they might not want to
speak" Atorino said. "It's a matters of
seconds. ... Having to hang up the
phone because nobody is there to listen
to you says a lot."
Staffers stressed that the problem
lies with the system and not the volun-
teers, whom the students praised for
their amazing work.
But Turnock said if SAPAC's Crisis
line is maintained, survivors will have
the choice between the two agencies.
She added that no system is perfect,
and she knows there is a possibility
SAFE House also will put callers on
hold during a crisis.
The changes will help SAPAC to
focus on education and advocacy, both
of which have made great strides in
recent years, Achen said. In the 2002
winter term, peer education reached
100 students. By the 2003 fall term it
reached 500, and by this term it has
reached 2,000.
SAPAC now has a men's activism
program, coordinated by Atorino. "It's
specifically geared towards men, to let
them know what their role is in pre-
venting sexual assault." The purpose is
not to blame men as perpetrators, but
to show them what they can do to curb
sexual assault, he added. The program
will assure men that "there is a male
space" in sexual assault issues, he said.

01

- Compiled from Daily wire reports
a
MEE~d "

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