2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 14, 1996
Iraqi Kurds easily recapture key city
Los Angeles Tunes
ISTANBUL, Turkey - In a light-
ning counteroffensive, an Iraqi
Kurdish faction yesterday recaptured a
key city in northern Iraq that it had lost
six weeks ago to rival forces backed by
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.
The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, or
the PUK, advanced from strongholds
along the Iranian border and swept
back into the northeastern city of
Sulaymaniyah, its former headquar-
ters. Despite clashes elsewhere, both
sides reported that the city itself
changed hands without a fight.
"The flags changed from yellow
back to green overnight. It's all quiet
now. People are even working," said a
foreign aid worker reached by satellite
telephone in Sulaymaniyah, a city of
about 750,000 people.
Amid charges by the rival faction
that the PUK is being supported by
Iranian forces, the counteroffensive
dragged Iraq and its neighbors into
new and dangerous territory just as
Western powers were hoping to see
stability in the wake of the recent
heavy fighting between the PUK and
the Hussein-backed Democratic Party
of Kurdistan (KDP).
In that fighting, Hussein dispatches
his forces in support of the KDP and
effectively extended Baghdad's control
over all of northern Iraq for the first
time since the United States created a
Kurdish haven after the 1991 Persian
In the wake of Hussein's invasion of
the north, President Clinton ordered
strikes on Iraqi air defense systems in
southern Iraq and extended the south-
ern "no-fly" zone north from the 32nd
parallel to the 33rd parallel, near the
southern outskirts of Baghdad.
There was no indication that Iraqi
troops were involved in the latest
Yesterday, Hussein chaired a meet-
ing of the Revolutionary Command
Council and leaders of the ruling
Baath Party to discuss the develop-
Dole speaks on immigrant issues
NEWARK, N.J - In a safe celebration of American immigrants - and a rare
campaign walk down an inner-city street- Republican presidential candidate Bob
Dole marched in a Columbus Day parade here yesterday and told a chilly crowd of
his pride in the values brought to this country by its new citizens.
Dole lauded the "generations of Italian families (who) have come to America to
live out their dreams," while ignoring the immigration issue's more controvert
sides, like his own stand in favor of denying public education to the children of i11le-
Escorted through the battleground Garden State by Gov. Christine Todd
Whitman, Dole emphasized economic themes at small but sympathetic rallies
where he also took President Clinton to task for what he said were crime-cutting
promises made and broken.
Clinton "says he's got 100,000 police on the street. You won't live long enough
to see 100,000 police," Dole told crowds in Somerset and Hamilton, suburban
Republican sections of a swing state where Dole trails in the polls. "It ain't gonna
Clinton traveled yesterday from Denver to Albuquerque, N.M., toutingj
administration's record on fighting crime and spotlighting new FBI statistics shW
ing that crime fell in 1995.
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein meets with the Revolutionary Command Council
and the ruling Baath Party yesterday to discuss developments.
The official Iraqi News Agency,
quoting a spokesperson for the meet-
ing, said Iraqi leaders urged the war-
ring Kurdish factions to halt fighting
and resume peace talks with Baghdad.
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"We call on the parties which have
resumed fighting to keep away the for-
eign powers and not deal with them.
We also call on them to start talks
between themselves," the spokesper-
The Washington Post
BRUSSELS - As they strive to
calm Russian fears about NATO's
looming expansion toward the east, the
United States and its allies are now
focusing on another problem arising
from the shifting landscape of
European security: the anxiety of
Baltic and other nations worried about
being left outside the alliance.
NATO officials are pressing ahead
with plans for a summit conference
before next summer that would dramat-
ically reshape the alliance. NATO's 16
leaders are expected to announce a
short list of new members, probably
Poland, Hungary and the Czech
Republic, to be admitted by 1999.
They also hope to give their blessing
to a military structure designed to help
the alliance cope with unpredictable
threats in the post-Cold War era.
The Western leaders also intend to
invite Russian President Boris Yeltsin
to sign a new charter that is supposed to
open an era of cooperation and bury
past animosities between former ene-
mies. The charter, which remains high-
ly ambiguous, was conceived as a way
to convince Moscow that NATO's
enlargement is not a menacing
encroachment on Russia's frontiers.
The temperate comments about
NATO enlargement by Russian nation-
al security chief Alexander Lebed dur-
ing a visit to alliance headquarters last
week have encouraged many officials
to believe that Moscow is now accept-
ing, albeit reluctantly, NATO's east-
ward expansion. Lebed acknowledged
that Russia could not impose a veto and
said "whatever NATO decides, Russia
will not go into hysterics."
Yet just when they felt that key
pieces of the enlargement puzzle were
falling into place, the NATO allies have
been besieged by demands from other
eastern nations wanting to be brought
under NATO's security umbrella lest
they be abandoned in a no-man's land.
Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria and
Slovakia, along with the three Baltic
states that were once annexed by the
Soviet Union, have been clamoring to
be made part of the club even though
they realize it is virtually impossible for
NATO to embrace them all.
These countries fear that unless they
can join the first wave of new members,
they will be relegated to a de facto buffer
zone that some decry as a "new Yalta."
Last month Defense Secretary
William Perry shocked the three Baltic
states - Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia
- when he bluntly declared that they
were not ready to join the alliance,
because they were not capable of
defending other NATO countries.
Continued from Page 1A
"We showed up today for the rally to
come out together as a gay couple,
because we believe that stuff that's
going on with marriage and anti-gay
bashing by politicians is pretty bad,"
Walker said he took no personal
offense at the recent anti-gay chalkings
on campus, but "felt bad for the people
that aren't out already ... because they
feel that there's more opposition to
A..'.. .RO N D t:a o
Former Yeltsin aid
MOSCOW - The shadowy schemer
who hovered at President BorisYeltsin's
elbow for more than a decade, control-
ling access and peddling influence, rose
from the political graveyard last week
with a public threat to reveal "compro-
mising" Kremlin secrets.
Former bodyguard Alexander
Korzhakov, once one of the most pow-
erful men in Russia, was greeted like a
man who holds the key to the skeleton
closet at an overflow news conference
Friday that focused on his role in a
widening Moscow political scandal that
includes accusations of extortion, mur-
der-for-hire and destruction of state
"I saw a lot and I know a lot," said
Korzhakov, appearing ill at ease and
defensive in his maiden venture into
public relations. "I have some secret
documents and other materials because
we had special equipment in our ser-
Besides indirectly confirming long-
time rumors that he bugged Kremlin
offices and avidly collected dirt on a
host of prominent people, the suddenly
loquacious Korzhakov offered a reveal-
ing glimpse of what life was like at the
pinnacle of power in post-So..
Russia. He also added a new twistTo
the increasingly vicious political
infighting raging around the ailing
Yeltsin, who is resting at a suburban
sanatorium while awaiting open-heart
surgery and appears largely aloof from
his aides' battle for power.
Investigators sent to
SYDNEY, Australia - FBI agents
and an Australian mediator are making
visits to Antarctica to investigate an
assault and staff dispute at two bases.
They will visit a region whose haish
winters can send people over the edge;.
The Australian Antarctic Division con-
firmed yesterday it was sending a media-
tor to the Casey base to deal with an
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
Stud finds good
sme s boost
The climate-controlled, color-coordi-
nated and tropical plant-lined corridors
of the prototypical American shopping
mall can make visitors feel like subjects
of a carefully planned psychological
Which is exactly what shoppers
became recently when Robert Baron
and his researchers entered Crossgates
Mall in upstate New York.
As consumers strolled past Cinnabon
and Nine West, Mrs. Field's and Banana
Republic, they encountered young folk
requesting change for a dollar or clum-
sily dropping ballpoint pens. Little did
the subjects suspect that their conduct
was being evaluated.
The researchers were trying to see if
the heady aroma of coffee or the sooth-
ing, grandmother's-house smell of bak-
ing cookies might lull people into acts
of kindness they would otherwise
One of two experiments showed that
while under the olfactory influence o
roasting coffee or baking cookies, peo-
ple were more than. twice as likely to
provide a stranger with change for a
dollar than they were in unscented sur-
roundings. The dropped-pen experi-
ment produced similar results.
Bomb threat forces
plane to Dayton
DAYTON, Ohio - A USAir flight
from Philadelphia to Los Angeles -vas
diverted to Dayton yesterday after ja
passenger said he had a bomb, the FBI
Agents arrested Richard Allan
Josephson of Wilmington, Del.,
charged him with making a bomb
threat, said FBI agent James Samples.
If convicted, he faces up to 20 years in
No bomb was found on USAir Flight
17, with 109 people aboard, after it
landed without incident around 10:30
a.m., but eight people got bumps and
bruises evacuating on an emergency
slide, an airport spokesperson said.;
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