Tonight: Partly cloudy, low
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One hundredfive years of editonal freedom
March 13, 1996
Womack 3rd top
oficer to leave post
By Jodi Cohen
Daily Staff Reporter
Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice Presi-
dent Farris Womack became the last of the
University's top three officials in just more than a
year to announce his resignation. Womack's deci-
s n, made public yesterday, is effective Dec. 31.
wuring Womack's eight years as CFO, the
University's investment portfolio ofendowment funds
grew from $300 million to more than $1.6 billion.
Womack also restructured the University's in-
vestment strategies, leading to the highest credit
ranking ever for a public institution.
"He is the best CFO in the country," President
James Duderstadt told The Michigan Daily yester-
day. "Any University in the business would give its
eye teeth for him."
omack, who has served in this position since
M8, said he wants to return to teaching full-time
at the University's School of Education. He taught
graduate courses there during his term as CFO.
"It's time," Womack, 61, said about his decision to
step down. "I have some other things I want to do."
Womack said he decided to remain in the
position until the end of the year to give the
University time to find a successor. "You can't
make replacements very quickly so I wanted to
give as much notice as I could."
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor) said
Womack will not be easy to replace.
"He has a very long list of successes," Baker
said, noting Womack's involvement in building
Womack was actively involved in constructing
and renovating campus buildings, a $1.5 billion
Womack's announcement follows the resigna-
tions of Duderstadt, who will step down June 30,
and former Provost Gilbert Whitaker, who stepped
down last August. A search is currently underway
for a new president. J. Bernard Machen now holds
the position of provost, but has said he will return
to his post as Dental School dean when the next
president is found.
"We have had a major shake-up over the year,"
said Maureen Hartford, vice president for student
Walter Harrison, vice president for University
relations, said the next president should choose
"Everybody's hoping we'll have the next presi-
dent by then," Harrison said about the Dec. 31
date. "The new president ought to have an oppor-
tunity to pick him."
Harrison added that while "all of us who work
with him are going to miss him," students will
benefit by his return to the classroom.
"I don't think you could learn more about finan-
cial operations and policy issues than from him,"
he said. "Very few people have (his) kind of
Before overseeing the University's financial
affairs, Womack served as the business and finan-
cial leader at the University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill and the University of Arkansas. He
also served as the state CFO in both North Caro-
lina and Arkansas.
In 1994, Moody's Investment Service gave the
University an Aal credit ranking, the highest ever
for a public institution. In its report, Moody's said
one reason it gave the University this distinction
was because of its success in obtaining external
Womack said the University's reputation in
academic leadership and research attracted him to
joining the executive team.
"I think it is the best public institution," he said.
"I wanted to be a part of it."
Duderstadt, who hired all of the current execu-
tive officers except Womack, said he and Womack
are planning to write a book together on the future
of public higher education.
- Daily Staff Reporter Jeff Eldridge
contributed to this report.
By Anupama Reddy
Daily Staff Reporter
In the midst of a national debate on affirmative action, the
University Medical Schoorreleased a sobering report yester-
day about the cultural diversity of its students and faculty.
"I come to this report believing our consultants have
intified some fairly sharp cultural issues about our envi-
ronment," said Dr. Giles Bole, dean of the Medical School.
The report, compiled by an independent applied behav-
ioral science firm, contains survey and interview data on
gender and race relations of faculty.
Forty-three percent of women faculty surveyed said they
"personally experienced outright discrimination against them
as a result of their gender" while the number of men reporting
these experiences was negligible, according to the report.
Of all the minority faculty surveyed, "it was discovered that
Black faculty are the most disenfranchised group and that
Oites perceived and experienced less disaffection and alien-
ation than their race-ethnic counterparts," the report said.
The other groups studied in the report were graduate and
medical students and house officers, who are residents and
The report stated it was difficult to make generalizations
about this category, but found that "Black students/House
Officers work in an institution where a significant number of
people believe they were admitted under different (or) lower
standards and consequently are not as smart as their White
ole said he was not surprised with the report's findings
because ofconcerns and complaints that had been previously
"This was a reaffirmation with more specific data at hand,"
Bole said. "It's one thing to know there are issues; it's
another thing to have quantitative data to back it up."
In January 1995, the dean's office commissioned the
Washington, D.C.-based firm Nichols and Associates to
conduct the cultural diversity assessment. The firm collabo-
rated with a Medical School steering committee subdivided
into faculty and students/house officers.
r. David Gordon, member of the student/house officers
See MED SCHOOL, Page 2
Dole tightens grip
in Republican race
The Associated Press
Sen. Bob Dole (R-Kan.) easily swept primaries
in Texas, Florida and five other states yesterday
to gain a virtual lock on the Republican presiden-
tial nomination. Dole reached out to his rivals in
triumph, and set his sights on the November battle
with President Clinton.
"Today, the American people in seven states
chose the conservative they want to lead America,
chose the conservative they want in the White
House," Dole told a "Super Tuesday" victory
rally in Washington.
Even as he walloped them for the fifth straight
primary day, Dole made a conciliatory gesture to
Steve Forbes and Pat Buchanan. Dole said it was
time to "put our ideas together" to beat Clinton.
Forbes spoke of quitting if he didn't win next
Tuesday, but Buchanan said he was in for the long
For Clinton, the luxury of
being unopposed was about
to pay off; he was on a path to.
clinch the Democratic nomi-
nation tomorrow in foregone
results from Hawaii, accord- .
ing to The Associated Press
Dole was defeating
Buchanan and Forbes by
more than 2-to-I margins in
Florida, Texas, Tennessee, Dole
Oklahoma and Mississippi as
of midnight. The Senate majority leader also was
handily beating Buchanan in Louisiana, where
Buchanan's February caucus victory triggered a
surge of support for the conservative commenta-
Oregon's mail-in primary delivered another
lopsided win and a seven-state "Super Tuesday"
sweep. Dole had 51 percent of the vote, to 22 for
Buchanan and 13 for Forbes.
Dole clearly hoped Buchanan and Forbes would
take a lesson from the landslides. Dole won at 350
of the 362 delegates at stake in the seven states.
That left him with 738 of the 996 delegates
needed to clinch nomination, and he talked of
going over the top next Tuesday after primary
elections in Illinois, Ohio, Michigan and Wiscon-
Forbes won a few delegates in Oregon to reach
76 delegates; Buchanan picked up nine yester-
day, giving him 71.
"This is now a race between Bob Dole and Bill
Clinton," Dole told AP in a telephone interview
from the Capitol, where upcoming battles over
the budget, welfare reform and other issues will
be the first skirmishes of the general election
Looking ahead, Dole said he had thought only
"in a loose way" about picking a running mate.
But in an intriguing comment, Dole brushed aside
Colin Powell's statements that he would not be
interested, predicting the retired general "would
suit up again" if asked to serve.
House Speaker Newt Gingrich was at Dole's
side under a victory rally banner that said "Chang-
ing America Together."
"Get Bill Clinton out of the way and we will get
'S UP ER T UE S
Locals see Dole as
clear GOP nominee
By Stephanie Jo Klein
Daily Staff Reporter
After several failed attempts at capturing the
Republican presidential nomination, Sen. Bob
Dole (R-Kan.) appears to finally have political
forces working in his favor. As momentum in
Dole's campaign continues to rise, students and
professors say they are not surprised at the
LSA sophomore Nicholas Kirk, a member of
the University's chapter of College Republi-
cans, praised Dole's efforts since the 1970s to
obtain the GOP nomination.
"His hard work has paid off in this stunning
victory and I look forward, as do all Republi-
cans, to get him elected in the 1996 presidential
campaign," Kirk said,
Some have attributed Dole's strong showing
to a shortened primary campaign season.
University political science Prof. John
Kingdon noted that New York, with 102 del-
egates up for grabs, moved its primary a month
earlier this year.
"The campaign season has gotten very com-
pressed this year," Kingdon said, adding that
several candidates had to drop out early in the
primary season because they could not obtain
enough funding or voter support.
Kirk agreed. "I believe intense media scrutiny
and the short time frame of primaries causes a
quick reduction," he said.
Jae-Jae Spoon, an LSAj unior and president of
the University's chapter of College Democrats,
said she was not surprised by Dole's victories.
"I think now the Democratic Party sees the
Republicans have a viable candidate," Spoon
said. "I think it's almost coming to terms with
reality - something they knew all along."
Kingdon said Democrats will face a strong
challenge if Dole gets the nomination. "Some
people (were) writing him off," he said. "I'm not."
"At this point, it looks like he's got the nomi-
nation wrapped up," Kingdon said.
the job done," Dole said.
On past primary nights, Dole has said little about
rivals except to urge them to quit. He said anew he
hoped Forbes and Buchanan wouldn't help Clinton
by being spoilers.
But in an AP interview he also offered an olive
branch: "We've listened and we've heard strong
messages," echoing Forbes' theme of economic
growth and Buchanan's emphasis on middle-class
economic anxiety. "It is time to come together now
and put our ideas together and build a strong
agenda for November."
Indeed, his dismal night -third-place or worse
everywhere but Florida - had Forbes talking of
The millionaire publisher said he needed "a win
or something akin to a win" in next week's Mid-
west primaries to stay in for California's March26
Ann Arbor resident Tony Butler enjoys yesterday's blue skies playing
basketball at the Palmer Field court.
Taiwan seeks better ties with China
* Officials suggest steps
to diffuse crisis
Los Angeles Times
TAIPEI, Taiwan - Senior Taiwan-
ese officials served notice yesterday
that they are prepared to upgrade rela-
tions with the government in Beijing
after the March 23 presidential election
here - but only if China ends a series
of war games directed against this is-
"This cannot happen under military
*eat," Foreign Minister Fredrick Chien
said in an interview. "... The first thing
they have to do is stop" the exercises.
Once that happens, he indicated, Tai-
wan is ready for talks with Beijing.
Taiwan's Ministry of Defense con-
firmed yesterday that about 10 Chinese
warplanes and 10 vessels began exer-
cises at about noon local time in coastal
areas near Taiwan. Last week, China
ed three unarmed missiles in the wa-
s off Taiwan.
"We can't cancel the presidential elec-
tion because of the missile tests. But
after the elections, we have to move
on," said Taiwan'sjustice minister, Ma
Ying-jeou, in a separate interview. "Ev-
eryone realizes that we should ... make
take place afterTaiwan's milestone elec-
tion, in which a president will be di-
rectly elected for the first time.
These include new, higher-level gov-
ernment contacts between Taipei and
Beijing and the first moves toward es-
tablishing direct air links between the
island and the mainland.
Direct air links would be a major
step. At the moment, residents of Tai-
wan can visit the mainland and those
from China can travel to this island only
by connecting in Hong Kong. The new
links would mean lucrative air routes
for both Taipei and Beijing.
"We're talking about bigmoney," said
one foreign businessman who believes
both sides would buy new airplanes from
the United States and Europe.
The talk here of future negotiations
runs contrary to the current drift of
events, with China continuing to esca-
late its military threats against Taiwan.
Yet many analysts, both here and in
Washington, believe that new contacts
are likely after the elections. China's
military exercises, they say, are just one
of the steps taken by both Beijing and
Taipei to position themselves for nego-
"The more votes (Taiwanese) Presi-
dent Lee (Teng-hui) gets, the stronger
he will be (in talks) with the People's
Prof says U.S. relations
with China worsening
By Anupama Reddy
Daily Staff Reporter
The hot waters between China and Taiwan were the
topic of conversation during yesterday's International
Concerned members of the University community
acknowledged an atmosphere full of political landmines
for the United States.
Presenting a formal talk on China and the United
States, political science Prof. Kenneth Lieberthal said
U.S. foreign-policy toward China was"based on symbols
(more) than what is actually occurring." He said that as
a result of this policy, "Sino-U.S. relations are slipping
into deeper trouble.
"In reality, our bilateral relations are poor. There is
little trust on either side," he said.
The topic was timely but not foreseen, said Niles
Harper, director of the Ecumenical Campus Center. The
center sponsors the Tuesday luncheons held at the Inter-
"For four Tuesdays, we're focused on China," Harper
said. "We planned (the topics) several months ago. It
turned out to be the right moment."
Lieberthal said the main issue for the United States in
the next decade was to determine "what kind of China
will we have and what will be our relationship."
He said American foreign-policymakers are appre-
hensive of China's potential influence and status as a
growing superpower. Thus, they have encouraged in-
D A Y
S W E E P
There were seven Republican
primaries on "Super
Sen. Bob Dole (R-Kan.) won
350 of the 362 delegates
at stake in Texas, Florida,
Mississippi, Louisiana and
added nine delegates and
Steve Forbes came away with three.