2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, M,
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The Washington Post
SHARM EL-SHEIKH, Egypt - As tourists with
snorkel tubes patrolled the underwater reefs nearby,
foreign dignitaries began converging on this thriving
Red Sea resort yesterday for a somber show of inter-
national unity in the face of terrorist threats to Middle
But already the so-called peacemakers' summit has
been partially overshadowed by differences among
U.S., Israeli and Arab participants over the goals and
emphasis of today's meeting, which is expected to
draw representatives of25 countries, including Euro-
pean and Arab heads of state and foreign ministers.
After a series of attacks by Palestinian suicide bomb-
ers that have killed many in Israel in recent weeks,
casting a pall over the Middle East peace process, the
United States and Israel are eager to find ways of curbing
extiremist violence while providing a badly needed po-
litical boost to Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres
rve in Egypt for summ
before he faces reelection in May.
Arab countries want to prevent the conference from
becoming a U.S.-Israeli forum for pressing Palestin-
ian leader Yasser Arafat to take
tougher measures against Pales-,
tinian militants operating from ti t
areas underthe Palestinians'lim-
ited self-rule in Gaza and the '
Instead, they hopetoair broader 1
concerns about the Middle East
peaceprocess,eincluding what they
see as Israel's reluctance to honor
the terms of the 1993 Oslo accord
between Israel and the Palestine Arfat
Liberation Organization. Arab raf
leaders also are concerned that if the conference places
too much emphasis on curbing terrorism, they will be
discredited if further attacks take place, according to
"Our priority is the peace issue because if it were only
terrorism, then the summit would be somewhere else,"
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak told reporters here
yesterday afternoon. "We have to look into the reason"
for the bombings, he added. "We have to work toward
pushing the peace process forward."
Notwithstanding the absence of Syria, one of the most
important Arab actors in the peace process, Western
diplomats were generally upbeat about prospects for a
gathering of Arabs and Israelis whose presence in the
same room wouldhavebeen unthinkablejust a few years
ago. Besides Egypt, Arab countries slated to attend the
one-day conference include Jordan, Morocco, Algeria,
Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emir-
ates, Qatar and Oman.
Syrian state radio yesterday described the summit
as "an international propaganda rally" intended to
"rescue" Israel, Reuter reported.
lo TIOA REPORT
Federal judge places Watt on probation
WASHINGTON - A federal judge gave what he called "a break" to James
Watt yesterday by placing the former interior secretary on probation for five
years for attempting to mislead a grand-jury investigation of influence-peddling
in the Reagan administration's Department of Housing and Urban Develop-
U.S. District Judge Royce Lamberth also ordered Watt, who is from Jackson Hole,
Wyo., to pay a $5,000 fine and do 500 hours of community service.
But William Reynolds, one of Watt's attorneys, said Watt was disappoiil
with the sentence, particularly the length of the probation and the "inconvenience"
of its fairly strict reporting requirements.
Watt said the investigation cost him more than money. "I would not wish this
experience on my worst enemy," he said. "It's an ordeal no one should have to go
Lamberth said he struggled with the sentence because Watt had "trifled" with
the grand-jury process by sending a letter in June 1990 that deliberately diverted
attention of investigators away from him.
Francis Carter, another Watt attorney, told Lamberth that a strong message was
still being sent by having Watt, a proud and some would say arrogant man, find
himself in a courtroom to answer for his actions.
CAMP LEJEUNE, N.C. (AP) -
China's complex military maneuvers
are essentially a dry run for an opera-
tion to gain control of the air and seas
around Taiwan, the top U.S. military
officer said yesterday.
Gen. John Shalikashvili also said a
possibility exists that miscalculation
by either side could lead to actual con-
-But Shalikashvili, chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, told The Associ-
ated Press the Chinese operation,
Ahich began last week with missile
test-firings, was "most probably de-
signed to be just an exercise."
: Chinese war games
Hours later, a U.S. guided missile additional missiles during the course of
cruiser, the USS Bunker Hill, steaming the exercise.
south of Taiwan, monitored another "We expect them to continue through
Chinese missile test into a landing zone the Taiwanese elections on March 23,"
southwest of Taiwan. The firing of the Fettig said. He said President Clinton
unarmed M-9 medium-range missile had been informed of the new test while
broke a four-day hiatus of missile aboard Air Force One en route to the
launchings. Last Friday, the Chinese Middle East for a summit meeting on
military launched three M-9s in test terrorism.
firings. Those missiles also carried no Dressed in camouflagebattlefatigues,
warheads. Shalikashvili reviewed military exer-
At the White House, spokesperson cises by Marines at Camp Lejeune yes-
James Fettig called the latest missile terday as China'smilitary launched war
test "reckless" and "provocative." He games off Taiwan's coast, and the
said China's government has told the island's government threatened to de-
United States it intends to fire several stroy any attackers.
Shalikashvili said the Chinese are
demonstrating the versatility of their
military by combining air, sea and am-
phibious movements. "It's as complex
or more complex than any they had
done before," he said.
He said they were demonstrating how
they would "go through the stages of
gaining air superiority and control of
As the Chinese exercises pick up
steam, the Pentagon is mounting an
unmistakable show of force by adding a
second aircraft carrier battle group to
one already deployed off the coast of
radical aid changes
WASHINGTON - The Clinton ad-
ministration announced a radical trans-
formation yesterday in the way the
United Statesswill use its dwindling
funds to help impoverished and devel-
oping countries overseas.
Assailed by Congress for spending
too much and by industrial allies for
spending too little, the administration
promised to cut its foreign aid missions
abroad, concentrate on helping fewer
countries and work more closely with
private organizations engaged in the
business of economic development.
On top of this, the administration
promised to help countries free them-
selves of foreign aid and generate wealth
by participating in world markets.
Under the revamped program, ad-
ministration officials, facing the reality
of a hostile Congress, would make clear
that the United States no longer regards
itself as a major donor of funds but
instead as a vital source of know-how
and a force for development.
In the view of some private Ameri-
cans involved in development, .how-
ever, no amount of transformation could
make up for the budget reductions
"These cuts mean that more families
will suffer the effects of poverty and
more children will die," said Kay
Bunting, a Washington official of
CARE, one of America's best known
private humanitarian organizations.
Senate restores $2.'~
in domestic spendig
cans, nervous about their election year
prospects, joined with Democrats yes-
terday to restore $2.7 billion of Presi-
dent Clinton's domestic spending pri-
orities, halting the budget brinkmanship
that threatened a third partial govern-etsuton
By a vote of 84 to 16, the Ser
added back funds Republicans had t
this year from education, job training
and Head Start as part of a comprehen-
sive spending bill to keep the govern-
ment fully operating through Sept. 30,
the remainder of the fiscal year.
The measure funds the nine Cabipet
departments and dozens ofother agencies
that have been operating without perma-
nent spending authority since last Oct. 1.
Continued from Page 1
subcommittee, saidthe Medical School
went outside the University to get the
report done because it wanted to ensure
fairness and accuracy.
"A lot of these topics are very sensi-
tive," said Gordon, assistant dean for
faculty affairs. "If we went internal, we
wouldn't get as open a response."
Dr. Lorris Betz, a member of the
faculty steering subcommittee, said the
realization of a previous alarming trend
noticed in the Medical School helped
spur the investigation. Betz said that in
1994 minority representation of faculty
was below the national average while it
was above the national average for stu-
"In 1994, 17.2 percent of the student
group were minorities, while the na-
tional average was 11.4 percent," Betz
said. "2.6 percent of the faculty were
minorities while the national average
was 5.3 percent."
Betz also said the consultants praised
the courage of the Medical School to
undergo the scrutiny of such a study, but
cautioned that the school "can't sit back."
"This is the first step in raising the
visibility of the issue," he said.
The next step is to distribute the re-
port to the general Medical School com-
munity and invite feedback, Betz said.
Continued from Page 1
human rights and trade with China.
"We have all kinds of problems with
all kinds of countries all the time, but
you don't see them on the front page of
The New York Times."
Some students said Lieberthal's talk
gave them more information about the
"It's good for someone who's stud-
ied for a very long time to give differ-
ent ideas (than) newspaper and TV
reports," said Martha Kirpes, an SNRE
LSA first-year student Matt Harris
said he had not realized how serious
the situation is.
"I knew things were going on in
Taiwan," Harris said. "I don't think
that the United States should commit
to helping with Taiwan. We shouldn't
get involved right away."
at peace tall
IRA a epsuntil there is
responsibility for The Corn
London bomb estant guerri
LONDON - The Catholic Irish Re- Belfast yest
publican Army acknowledged respon- had enough
sibility for a bomb yesterday, and Prot- Viage
estant loyalists threatened retaliation
for any new attacks, sending Northern belchir
Ireland sliding further away from rec-
The IRA called a radio station in Mexico - R
Belfast to confirm that it planted the the slope oft
trash can bomb that exploded without volcano trud
injury in London early Saturday. terday, carry
The statement came as Gerry Adams, spicy mole s
head of the IRA political wing, Sinn Placingth
Fein, flew to the United States yester- chili sauce in
day for St. Patrick's Day celebrations to the mou
with a promise of continuing efforts to Gregorio Chi
rescue the peace process. man Catholi
A widely applauded 17-month IRA The volca
cease-fire ended Feb. 9 with the explo- Mexico City
sion of a bomb in London that killed Monday aft(
two people and injured dozens. Since that ended se
then, there have been three more bomb Expertssay
incidents in the British capital and no but 28 emerg
hint of a new cease-fire. Britain and pared in near
Ireland say Sinn Fein cannot participate -
ks scheduled for June 10
nbined Loyalist Military
an umbrella group for Prot-
llas, issued a statement in
erday warning that it had
of IRA attacks.
rs climb ash-0
Residents of this village on
the smoking Popocatepetl
ged up its barren sides yes-
ying offerings of fruit-and
e fruit and chocolate-b
n caves, they paid homre
ntain's patron saint, San
hino, in a rite blending Ro-
c and Indian traditions.
ano, 55 miles southeast;o
y, belched steam and ash
er a week of lesser activity
everal months of calm.
ythere isno immediate threat,
ency shelters have been pre-
xby towns and cities.
From Daily wire sere ;
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MANAGEMENT AE R1AL,
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