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One hundred four years of editorial freedom
votes no on
By KARIN WALLENSTEEN
Special to the Daily
Though far from home, North
European University students have
hotly debated and closely watched
political discussions on membership
in the European Union.
A referendum held yesterday in
Norway, rejected membership in the
uropean Union. Earlier, both Fin-
d and Sweden held national plebi-
scites approving membership to the
Yesterday's election means that
Norway, a country of 4.3 million
people, will remain outside the Euro-
pean Union. With the vote count
nearly complete, opponents held a
solid margin of about 4 percentage
points. Prime Minster Gro Harlem
*u ndtland, who led the campaign
r membership, conceded defeat on
Norwegian television moments after
leaders of the opposition claimed vic-
tory early this morning.
"The considerable resistance to
integration with the European Union
is based on the notion that a distant
bureaucracy in Brussels will lack un-
derstanding for the periphery that
t se areas constitute in regard to
ere European power is based," said
Roy Pierce, a University political sci-
ence professor emeritus.
Norway's vote was especially strik-
ing in light of earlier decisions to join by
its Scandinavian neighbors, Finland and
Sweden. Most analysts had predicted
that Sweden's Nov. 13 approval of
membership would turn a tide in Nor-
way that has been negative for months.
Similar to Finland and Sweden, it
as primainly the rural population in
north Norway who opposed member-
ship. The fishing industry worried
about sharing its fisheries with thou-
sands of Spanish trawlers, farmers
about losing their subsidies and some
working women about losing their
equality. Opponents argued that join-
ing the EU would undermine Norway's
aditions of grass-roots democracy.
Most University students from the
region tended to support membership
in the EU.
Norwegian first-year MBA student
Jan Sostuen, who voted at the Norwe-
gian Consulate in Farmington Hills,
was disappointed with the results.
"I voted 'yes,"' he said. "Norway
is a small country, but a membership
in the European Union would have
owed us more influence in Europe.
European co-operation is necessary
to deal with issues such as environ-
mental protection, supply of energy,
See NORWAY, Page 2
Serb forces blast
From Daily Wire Services
ZAGREB, Croatia - Serb forces
from Croatia and Bosnia tightened
their hold on the Bihac pocket in
northwestern Bosnia yesterday, blast-
ing a town in the northern part of the
enclave with tank and artillery fire
and lobbing two big shells into the
Bihac "safe area."
The two 120mm shells killed one
civilian, said Michael Williams, chief
spokesman for the U.N. Protection
Force here. The attack, a violation of
the 3-by-5-mile U.N.-designated safe
zone, did not trigger NATO airstrikes,
which were conducted last week after
similar Serb attacks.
Bosnian Serbs took three U.N.
officers captive last week, bound their
hands and feet and laid them out on a
rebel air strip as human shields against
That incident in the rebel strong-
hold of Banja Luka, coupled with an
unrelenting campaign of hostage-tak-
ing, beatings, gunfire and other ha-
rassment, has prompted the peace-
keeping mission here to review its
evacuation plans "with a new sense of
urgency and reality," one U.N. offi-
Military and civilian chiefs discov-
ered yesterday when they talked through
their detailed withdrawal proposals that
they were designed in expectation of a
massive infusion of NATO ground
forces that the peacekeepers now real-
ize will never happen.
U.N. officials said the fighting
yesterday was fiercest in Velika
Kladusa, 25 miles north of the Bihac
safe area near Bosnia's border with
Croatia. Croatian Serb forces have
poured over the border and are attack-
ing the town, U.N. officials said.
"We can't move all the dead or
wounded," said Peter Kessler, a
spokesman for the U.N. High Com-
missioner for Refugees. "They are
left where they fell."
Kessler said water supplies had
been cut off entirely to Velika Kladusa
and partially to the Bihac safe area.
No decision has been made yet
about whether or when to move the
24,000 U.N. peacekeepers in Bosnia-
Herzegovina out of harm's way, but
mission officials warn that tough
Bosnian and Croatian Serbs have overtaken
one-third of the area around Bihac. NATO
appeals for a cease-fire are being ignored.
[ osnian Serb r Serb-held Croatia
Muslim-Croat 0 U.N.-designated
federation safe zones"
SLoVE HUNGARY r5mies
>$V. CROATA '
6ih CHERZEGOVINA I i
choices on the future of the mission
See BOSNIA, Page 2
Sarajevans seek shleter by a downtown wall as
ready for an exchange of gunfire Saturday.
a Bosnian policeman gets
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - President
Clinton yesterday drew members of
the last three administrations to the
White House for a ceremony extol-
ling the benefits of a new interna-
tional trade pact and began privately
lobbying lawmakers amid predictions
the lame-duck Congress would ap-
prove it this week.:
The General Agreement on Tariffs
and Trade (GATT) faces a House vote
today and Senate vote on Thursday,
and vote-counters in both bodies, as
well as in the White House, said yes-
terday the support of Senate Minority
Leader Robert J. Dole, R-Kan., will
boost it across the finish line.
As he did in promoting the North
American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA) last year, Clinton used of-
ficials from Democratic and Republi-
can administrations yesterday to make
the case that easing trade restrictions
worldwide were the heart of the agree-
ment among 123 nations and a bipar-
"It is not a Republican agreement
or a Democratic one," he said, "It is an
American agreement designed to ben-
efit all the American people in every
region of our country and from every
walk of life."
Joining Clinton in the East Room
were officials who served in adminis-
trations dating to President
Eisenhower's, much of the Clinton
Cabinet and leaders of the Congress,
including several such as House
Speaker Thomas Foley (D-Wash.),
who lost their jobs in the midterm
elections. Presidents Gerald Ford and
George Bush were enlisted to call
Senate Republicans, the group with
the most doubts about the pact.
The treaty faces a simple majority
vote in the House but in the Senate 60
votes are needed. Senate spending rules
must be waived because of calcula-
tions that GAT would cost the Trea-
sury money in lost tariffs before pro-
ducing new revenues in increased eco-
nomic activity, and even with Dole's
support all 60 are not nailed down, a
senior White House official said.
To make the case that the treaty
will not be a budget-buster, as critics
such as conservative commentator
GATT: the facts
The House will vote on the
General Agreement on Tariffs
and Trade today. The Senate
will vote Thursday.
* The 22,000-page
documentwill lower tariffs
worldwide by an average of
The rules of world trade
would be expanded into
several new areas, including
agriculture and patent
* A more powerful World Trade
Organization would referee
trade disputes and eliminate
the power of any country to
block an adverse trade ruling.
* With the agreement, an
estimated $40 billion will be
lost in tariff revenues over
Patrick Buchanan have charged, the
White House produced testimony to
its economic benefits from James
Miller III, budget director in the sec-
ond Reagan term.
James A. Baker III, treasury sec-
retary in the Reagan administration
and secretary of state in the Bush
administration, called the treaty "an
agreement that will create economic
See GATT, Page 2
faculty make more;
517 over $100,000
From Staff and Wire Reports
Salaries for faculty and staff at the
University continue to outpace com-
pensation for their counterparts at
Michigan State University, a com-
puter analysis by the Lansing State
While 229 Michigan State profes-
sors or staffers make at least $100,000
a year, they still aren't as well paid as
those at the University.
At the University, 517 professors
and other academic employees earn
more than $100,000 a year, according
to the State Journal analysis.
"It's always a management close
call," Michigan State President Peter
McPherson told the newspaper for a
story Sunday. "It is necessary to keep
the overall costs down as much as
possible, but it's also necessary to
pay people who do a good job enough
to keep them here."
The State Journal examined sal-
'U' pays profs
better than MSU
ary data for 1994-95 at the state's two
largest public universities.
It found that about 6 percent of
Michigan- State's and about 15 per-
cent of the University's academic em-
ployees earn more than $100,000.
There are about 3,400 faculty at the
University and about 4,000 at Michi-
University spokeswoman Lisa
Baker said the study should not have
lumped the salaries together.
"You have to break it down by
school and college," Baker said. "Our
schools and colleges are ranked con-
sistently at the top in the nation."
Michigan State trustees approved
an average pay increase of 3 percent
for faculty this fall. University em-
ployees received average increases of
McPherson said his school needed
to raise the salaries to keep up with
other schools and prevent the loss of
A 1993 survey found University
faculty earning an average of $77,700
and Michigan State faculty averaging
See SALARIES, Page 2
Poet with HIV
By JODI COHEN
Daily Staff Reporter
As communities around the world began a week of
HIV/AIDS education yesterday, the University also
kicked off a series of educational events for students and
A faculty with a keynote speech from
a poet living with HIV disease.
Awareness Week Last night, River Huston, key-
Nov. 28 - Dec. 2 note speaker for AIDS Awareness
Week at the University, spoke to a
crowd of about 90 people at the
Rackham amphitheater. Huston
spoke about HIV/AIDS from the
point of view of a poet, author, ac-
tivist and a woman living with HIV
"I have HIV and it sucks. I hate
it, and there is no cure," Huston said.
AIDS Awareness Week, from Nov. 28 to Dec. 2,
aims to educate the University as well as the world about
HIV/AIDS through various activities and programs that
promote not only prevention, but also support for people
See HUSTON, Page 2
Kevorkian ignores offers
of aid from pain doctors
DETROIT (AP) - A pain specialist who
once offered to help a woman suffering from
rheumatoid arthritis says he was spurned by Dr.
Jack Kevorkian, who was present when the
woman killed herself over the weekend.
"We volunteered to see the patient either in
Detroit or in our offices and were willing to do it at
no cost to the patient," Dr. John Nelson of Traverse
City said yesterday.
He said he and Dr. Pavan Grover of Houston
offered aid in messages left at the office of
Geoffrey Fieger, Kevorkian's lawyer, but never
got a response.
Fieger said the doctors weren't asked to help
because they were just seeking publicity. The
doctors denied that..
Kevorkian was present Saturday at the death
of Margaret Garrish, 72, who also suffered from
colonic diverticulitis, osteoporosis and other ail-
ments. Both her legs had been amputated and she
had lost an eye.
Nelson said they offered to help Garrish after
seeing a videotaped interview between the woman
and an attorney for Kevorkian in which she says she
is in so much pain that she is considering suicide.
"I'm not saying that in medicine we have the
answers to everything. But if her main problem
was pain, I don't see why we couldn't have
helped her," Grover said.
Parts of the tape were played on national
television after Kevorkian and his lawyers re-
leased it in March.
The doctors said they offered to visit Marga-
ret Garrish at her home - where she died after
inhaling carbon monoxide on Saturday - or to
fly her to their clinics, but never received any
Fieger said Nelson and Grover were among
seven doctors who responded to the tape, but he
said they were all insincere.
Oakland County Medical Examiner Ljubisa
Dragovic ruled Garrish's death a homicide, say-
ing she couldn't have killed herself without
It was the 21st death at which Kevorkian was
present since 1990 but the first since Nov. 22, 1993.
Royal Oak police were continuing their in-
River Huston talks about living with HIV at Rackham yesterday.