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November 29, 1994 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1994-11-29

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 29, 1994

Continued from page I
But Norwegians have not experi-
enced the severe economic problems
that Sweden and Finland have faced in
recentyears. Norway, by contrast, came
through the Europe-wide recession in
better shape than any other country.
The result of the national referen-
dum held in Sweden showed a small
majority, 52 percent, favored joining
the European Union.
"I felt that this was an important
question for Sweden and for me, it
.was necessary to participate in the
E process," said Kristina Martinelle an
LSA exchange student from Sweden.
Together with three more Swedes,
Martinelle drove to Troy, Mich. to
vote at the Swedish Consulate. Offi-
cials at the Swedish Consulate in Troy
estimated that one-third of people
voting there were students. "This is a
crucial decision for Sweden --that is
why I decided to go to Troy," said
Marcus Merz, a Swedish exchange
student in the School of Engineering.
Joining the European Union has
been a major political issue for the
north European country since July
1991, when Sweden officially applied
for membership. During the last weeks
of campaigning, political rivalries
between Carlsson and former Prime
Minister Carl Bildt, voted out of of-
fice in September, were set aside in a
last-minute effort to persuade the al-
most undecided one-fifth of voters.
Many voters seem to have waited
until the last minute to make up their
minds. The referendum held the high-
est turnout of any plebiscite in the his-
tory of Sweden, with close to 82 percent
of eligible voters came to the polls.
"A membership in the European
Union has been discussed during a
very long time. Everyone has heard
about the issue and been concerned
'by it," Merz said.
The issue of membership in the Eu-
ropean Union divided Sweden, a coun-
try of 8.5 million people along demo-
graphic lines. Its opponents numbered
women, young people and the popula-
tions of rural and northern Sweden.
Sweden has along-proclaimed sta-
tus of neutrality and "No"-voters fear
a loss of sovereignty to decision mak-
ing in Brussels, which houses the EU's

main governing offices.
Proponents say membership in the
European Union will bring jobs and
investments to Sweden. "The only way
to influence the European Union is
from within," said Merz, who voted
"yes" on joining EU. "Staying outside
the European Union would have iso-
lated Sweden."
The Finnish population, who voted
Oct. 16, showed a slightly larger ma-
jority favoring European Union
membership, than in Sweden
"The small margins between 'yes'
and 'no' sides in the Nordic countries
is a warning to the governments of
these countries," said Pierce. "The
various countries will have to go slow
in increasing European authority."
On Jan. 1, 1995, three more mem-
bers will join the European Union. In
June, Austria decided to join. With
Finland, Sweden and Austria gaining
membership, the European Union will
have 15 countries and a population of
370 million people.
European officials have welcomed
the results of the Finnish and Swedish
plebiscites. University Political Sci-
ence Prof. Ronald Inglehart said the
new members will provide a "boost to
moral" to the societies of the Euro-
pean Union.
Inglehart said the advantages are
mainly found among the countries
joining the European Union. "They
have small economies, and will gain
from enlarged trade markets."
But membership may also cause
problems for the Nordic countries,
said Inglehart, noting the high-cost
labor force and large welfare-states
as two potential roadblocks.
The larger European Union will
face organizational problems and pro-
cesses for decision making may have
to be revised.
"The more countries in the Euro-
pean Union, the more complicated
decision making will get," said Pierce
The five Nordic countries include
Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and
Sweden. Denmark has been part of the
European Union since 1971. Thepresent
government of Iceland has decided not
to apply for membership.
- The Washington Post
contributed to this report. Karin
Wallensteen is an LSA senior and
an exchange student from Uppsala,

Continued from page 1
Mission chief Yasushi Akashi and
the U.N. commander for troops in
Bosnia, Lt. Gen. Michael Rose, had
long fought the use of NATO air
power to punish Serbian aggression
for fear that getting tough with the
rebels would expose UNPROFOR
troops to retaliation and brinkmanship
like the BanjaLukaincident last week.
But the virtual removal of the threat
of NATO air strikes _ apparent now
with the international community's
concession that it is helpless to stop a
Serbian onslaught against the Bihac
"safe haven" _ has failed to have the
expected effect of reducing harass-
ment and pressures on the U.N. troops,
Williams said.
More than 400 Canadian, British,
Russian, Dutch and Ukrainian troops
remain hostages of the rebels through-
out Bosnia, and thousands of others
are surrounded and could easily be
taken captive.
Officials at UNPROFOR head-
quarters say the mission's failure to
protect the Bihac area has spawned a
creeping realization that the peace-
keepers are neither out of danger nor in
any position to help the Bosnian civil-
ians they were deployed to protect.
"One lesson you could draw from
it is that we cannot operate anymore,"
said a senior mission official.
That no-win situation has
prompted UNPROFOR to accelerate
the plans for withdrawal, and to begin
contemplating a worst-case-scenario
of a hostile, humiliating and danger-
ous retreat.
On top of long-held fears of end-
ing up trapped between the warring
factions, Monday's examination of
the pullout plans formulated over the
past six months by military officials
from the United Nations and NATO
highlighted a number ofmisjudgments
built into the planning.

Rebecca Riseman, a Public Health and Social Work graduate student, makes her addition yesterday to a list of
synonyms for "penis" during a talk given by HIV-positive poet, author and lecturer River Huston

Continued from page 1
living with the disease.
The workshop, "Eroticizing Safer
Sex," addressed the significance of
protection yesterday afternoon.
Through exercises and games, par-
ticipants explored the possible sexual
experiences that can exist within the
bounds of safer sex.
Huston shared her story about liv-
ing with HIV, answered questions,
and read one of her poems.

Continued from page 1
Baker said the University needs to
keep salaries at competitive levels.
"While I do have the utmost re-
spect for our colleagues at Michigan
State, we really can't compare the
two. It's like comparing apples to
oranges," Baker said. "The faculty
that we recruit are some of the most
highly sought after in the nation. We
try to pay competitive salaries."
The top-paid employee at Michi-
gan State this year is Prof. Henry
Blosser, who helped design and now
runs the school's cyclotron, a physics

research facility.
Blosser is receiving $186,500.
McPherson will earn $185,400.
Recently fired Michigan State
football coach George Perles has a
$148,179 salary. But Perles gets about
$300,000 more from television, en-
dorsement contracts and other spinoffs.
At the University, Dr. Mark
Orringer, head of the Medical Center's
thoracic surgery department, is the
top-paid employee at $254,428. Uni-
versity President James J. Duderstadt
receives $232,421, third overall.
"We make no apologies for what
we pay our staff and we're going to
make every effort to pay them well
because we have to," Baker said.

However, much of her speech fo-
cused around her hope and accom-
plishments since she tested HIV posi-
tive while in college. "I want hope for
myself and I want to believe that there
is hope for all of you too," Huston said.
She also stressed that there is no
specific type of person with AIDS. "If
you look around, it doesn't look like
HIV is in this room. I don't look like
it. And, I am sure that there are prob-
ably at least two other people in this
room with HIV who either don't know
it or don't tell anybody," she said.
Public Health Students Associa-
tion President Jeff Rado, said: "I
thought that (her speech) was great
especially the way that she showed
that everybody is at risk," he said.
Huston said that anybody can get
this disease, not only homosexuals
and IV drug users. "When you go
back to your 10-year reunion, you
will talk about who is dead from HIV.
That is the reality," Huston said.
HIV is a disease that Huston never
thought she could get. "Basically, I
got tested to know I was negative. I
couldn't contemplate the thought that
maybe I was positive ... HIV/AIDS
was not going to be a part of my life,"
she said.
She said that there are many rea-
sons why she chooses to speak about
her life and experiences with AIDS.
"I do this because I don't want any of
you guys to hear the words 'Your test

came back positive'. I don't know if
you'll believe me that this can happen
to anybody and I don't know if you
can understand how horrible it is."
Some students attended the speech
because of a Communication 100 as-
signment. "We have to watch
speaker and we knew that AIDA
Awareness Week was coming so we
chose this speaker. I also hope to gain
a new perspective on AIDS," said
LSA first-year student Vani Nath.
Huston left the audience with a
message of hope. "It is preventable.
No one in this room has to be HIV
positive. If everybody in the world
from this day forward has protected
sex and doesn't share needles, therD
would be no more HIV/AIDS."
LSA senior Joe Stashko said he
thought her speech was very inspira-
tional. He also said that the audience
could relate because "unfortunately,
she fits the stereotype of the average
person, so the average person will be
able to relate," he said.
She acknowledged that she can
not force anyone to have safer sex.
but said, "I know that it is a personal
choice, and all I can give you is my
experience. And, my experience is
Huston ended with one of her own
more hopeful poems about learning
to say the word "AIDS." In the poem
she says, "Death is for the dead, and
living is for everyone else."


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Continued from page 1
growth, that will cut taxes and that
will not cede our sovereignty and that
deserves to pass on its own."
Baker, a possible 1996 presiden-
tial candidate, said the midterm vote
three weeks ago was amessage to Con-
gress to "get on with the nation's busi-
ness" and not get issues like GATT
caught up in congressional and other
politics. "GATT is about America's
position in the world," he said, "GATT
is about America's future."
In his speech, Clinton took aim at
those who argue that opening Ameri-
can markets would displace Ameri-

can workers and worsen condition
for blue-collar workers whose stan-
dard of living has not kept pace. "That
is a wrong argument," he said, but
added it has been an "undercurrent"
making trade agreements difficult to
manuever through Congress.
"We have a golden opportunity
here," he said, maintaining that GATT,
like NAFTA, will increase American
exports, create jobs and underscor4
American leadership around the globe.
Vice President Al Gore read a
letter at the ceremony in support of
GATT from former Presidents Ford,
Carter and Bush.
U.S. Trade Representative Mickey
Kantor predicted approval by both

- ' "1 :0



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Tne mnianUaiy vU74.961)i spuuisheu MUnday trougrn riday aunng te rallan winter terms oy
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-too 2

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