The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, April 13,1993- Page 3
LANSING (AP)-The battle of the
bumper stickers can start now.
That's because the plan to revamp
school funding and cut property taxes
with a50percentsales tax increase now
fias its official name, Proposal A.
So soon motorists will be seeing
slogans such as: "Proposal A Is A+ For
Schools" or "Flunk Proposal A, Vote
The Board of StateCanvassers gave
the complex plan that ballot designa-
tion yesterday. The four-member panel
also adopted the wording that voters
will see when they go to the polls for the
June 2 special election.
ment will be the only item on that ballot.
The compromise was put together
by Gov. John Engler and the Legisla-
ture. It would cut property taxes by
raising the state's sales tax from 4 per-
pcent to 6 percent, effective July 15.
That would allow school operating
property tax mills to be cut to 18 mills.
Voters could approve an additional 9
mills, but school operating mills would
be capped at 27 mills. The current state-
wide average is about35 mills. Amill is
$1 for each $1,000 in assessdd valua-
The plan also would lower the cap
for all operating millages from 50 to 40
Analysts estimate that would give
taxpayers anet overall cut of some $2.3
billion over the next four years.
Theplan also would guarantee each
school district $4,800 in funding for
each pupil in kindergarten through 12th
grade. The current spending gap be-
tween districts ranges from $2,000 to
-.more than $9,000.
Bill McMaster, chair of Taxpayers
'United, took issue with the wording
before it was approved 4-0 by the panel.
McMaster described the plan as a
"tax shift increase" and a sham. "This is
a bad piece of legislation," he said,
,adding that his 23,000-member group
1 would oppose it.
* "It's a tax shift and a way to pay the
teachers more," he said.
The director of another taxpayer
watchdog group, PatrickAnderson, said
that Taxpayers United for the Michigan
Constitution hasn't taken a position yet
on the plan.
That group is led by tax foe Richard
Headlee, who also hasn't taken a posi-
tion on the plan, Anderson said, adding
that he expected Headlee and the group
to take some stand.
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) - Opposition
groups called for widespread demonstrations and a one-day
strike in Johannesburg over the assassination of popular
Black leaderChris Hani,butleaders also urged calmyesterday.
Police, meanwhile, said they found a suspected "hit list"
of politicians and several guns in the home of the white man
suspected in the slaying.
In the Katlehong Black township outside Johannesburg,
protesting youths burned a house and several vehicles and
shots were fired at police and journalists.
Police Warrant Officer Andy Pieke said officers firer
rubber bullets to disperse a crowd. No injuries were reported
and most of the shooting, including bursts of automatic'
gunfire, appeared to be in the air.
Protests occurred in a few other areas, but most parts of
South Africa had little reaction to Saturday's killing of Hani,
the Communist Party leader whose militant opposition to,
white minority rule won him wide respect from Blacks. g-
Hani was perhaps the most popular leader of the African
National Congress after its president, Nelson Mandela. His
killing triggered fears ofan angry backlash that could threaten
talks between Black and white leaders on ending apartheid,'
but government and ANC leaders said they were determined
to press ahead with talks.
The ANC, the white-led government and other groups
appealed for protesters to remain peaceful.
An ANC statement yesterday condemned revenge
violence against whites and called for residents of Black
townships to allow journalists to work freely. It said a
committee with representatives of the ANC, its allies, police
and a peace group had been set up to monitor violence in the
The ANC and its allies outlined plans for demonstrations
today, urged blacks to stay away from work in Johannesburg
tomorrow and set protest marches Saturday in the
"We will not allow the assassination of Hani to become
just another statistic," the allied groups said, calling for an
independent investigation by a special commission and thea
In a radio interview, Joe Slovo, a long-time Communist"
leader, said, "We're all convinced that as the investigation(
proceeds, we'll find this was a much wider conspiracy thaxt
is evident now."
Police Brig. Frans Malherbe said Hani was shot with
pistol stolen by right-wing white extremists from a military
installation in 1990.
Police arrested Januzu Jakub Wallus, an immigrant from
Poland, shortly after Hani's killing. The alleged murder
weapon was found in his car, police said.
Wallus was to be formally arraigned yesterday.
The Harmonica Man
Paul Miller jams on his harmonica and sings, "I'm the Harmonica Man. I wish all the students good luck. I want them to pass."
Lecture addresses women in workplace
by Jon DiMascio
Daily Gender Issues Reporter
Recent news developments such as the
Thomas-Hill hearings have heightened aware-
ness toward sexual harassment in America.
But women attending the "Friendship, Love
and Sexual Harassment in the Workplace"
lecture said working women face sexual ha-
Associate Prof. Elina Haavio-Mannila of
the Sociology department at the University of
Helsinki came to the Center for the Education
ofWomen (CEW) yesterday to present a study
measuring theattitudes ofpeople toward sexual
harassment, love andrelationships in the work-
place in Scandinavia and Russia. She com-
paredherfindings with existing data forAmeri-
Haavio-Mannila said the study showed
Americans experience more sexual harass-
ment on the job than do women in the other
countries surveyed. Russian women, she said,
experience frequent sexual harassmentas well.
Through behavioral questions, Haavio-
Mannila said she tried to determine whether the
participants found relationships with men on the
job "offensive or positive or private."
She said men surveyed said they do not find
come-ons offensive or consider them harass-
ment, while women disagree.
"It's more a woman's problem," she said.
Haavio-Mannila also discussed marriage in
the workplace. She said Americans discourage
couples from working together but the practice is
readily accepted in other countries, citing
Swedish Prof. Lotta Olvegard agreed.
"I'm not surprised. I think it reflected what I
thought," she said.
Olvegard said she thought it odd that married
couples do not work together. She said married
couples often work in tandem in Sweden,
complimenting each other well in the workplace.
Haavio-Mannila fielded questions concern-
ing possible affects of recent developments.
"I think the mass media have an affect on what
people think," Haavio-Mannila said.
Haavio-Mannila added awareness of the is-
sue of sexual harassment may lead to more
stringent attitudes by Americans.
Haavio-Mannila said the problem occurs
because women walk a fine line between
acceptance as a woman and acceptance as a
"If a woman is only evaluated on sex
characteristics they forget she is a profes-
sional," she said.
She added that flirting has a role in the
workplace. Removing it can be harmful if it
begins to stifle people's actions. Puritanical
attitudes in Sweden make relationships at
work forced, Haavio-Manilla said.
"It's a pity that people have to leave out
a part of their personality," she said.
Carol Hollingshead, CEW director, dis-
cussed the lecture.
"It gives one a greater understanding of
one's own country," she said. "I think we
need to be concerned by the data suggesting
America has higher levels of sexual harass-
ment than Scandinavia or the Russian repub-
L.A., national police prepare for verdict in videotaped beating trial
LOS ANGELES (AP) - Hundreds
of National Guard troops reported to
staging areas yesterday and civil rights
leaders pleaded for restraint as a federal
jury deliberated the case of four police
officers accused of beating Rodney
King. Jurors reached no verdict by the
end of the day.
Shielded from the public's jitters
and the police buildup, the 12 jurors
resumed their talks after meeting Easter
Sunday afternoon. Late yesterday after-
hoon they headed back to the hotel
where they were being sequestered.
Jurors have deliberated for 15 hours
since Saturday. They are to resume de-
The jurors asked U.S. District Judge
John Davies if they could take their trial
notes back to the hotel. He said no.
Scores of TV trucks and satellite
dishes were at the ready, surrounding
the downtown courthouse.
Across town, guards banged their
rifle butts on the bed of a troop truck in
adisplay of spirit at California National
Guard headquarters in Inglewood.
About 600 guards reported to area
armories by yesterday morning and the
Police Department put 200 extra offic-
ers on the streets at all times in case a
verdict in the case triggered violence.
Operations will be routine until the
jury reaches a verdict, both agencies
"Unless there is acall for more, they
are going tobehere going through some
drills, training, probably double-check-
ing their equipment," said guard Capt.
Deadly rioting broke out last spring
after Sgt. Stacey Koon, Officers
Laurence Powell andTheodore Briseno
and former Officer Timothy Wind were
acquitted of mostchargesin astate trial.
In this federal trial, the four white
officers were charged with violating the
Black motorist's civil rights during a
beating after a highway chase March 3,
The Rev. Benjamin Chavis, newly
elected leader of the NAACP, said yes-
terday he was concerned about the
buildup of "military apparatus" in Los
"Law enforcement officials have the
responsibility to keep order," he said'
"But what I'm saying is, I want to make
sure we don't go too far and wind up
doing something that is provocative."
Michigan Union, Bates Room,
U Arab-American Students' As-
sociation, meeting, Michigan
Union, Crofoot Room, 8-9:30
U The Christian Science Organi-
zation, meeting, Michigan
League, checkroom atfrontdesk,
U College Republicans, meeting,
MLB, basement, 6:30 p.m.
U In Focus, meeting, Frieze Build-
ing, Room 2420,6 p.m.
" Kaleidoscope, Alexa Lee from
Alice Simsar Gallery visits,
O Michigan Student Assembly,
3909, 7:30 p.m.
Q National Women's Rights Coa-
lition, meeting, MLB, Room
B119, 6 p.m.
O Newman Catholic Student Fel-
lowship;U-M Grad/Young Pro-
fessional Discussion Group, St.
Mary Student Parish, 331 Th-
ompson St., 7 p.m.
U Shulhan Ivrit, Michigan Union,
Tap Room, 12 p.m..
U Social Group for Bisexual
Women, call for location and
information, 763-4186, 8 p.m.
W Socially Active Latino Student
Association, meeting, Trotter
ing Machinery, general meeting
and officer elections, EECS
Building, Room 1003,7 p.m.
U U-M Sailing Team, meeting,
West Engineering Building,
Room 420,6:30 p.m.
U U-M Student/Faculty/Staff
Prayer Time, Campus Chapel,
1236 Washtenaw CL, 12-1 p.m.
U Campus Orchestra, perfor-
mance, Hill Auditorium, 8 p.m.
" Center for Chinese Studies,
China's Press Reforms and the
Development of the Media,
Brown Bag Lunch Series, Lane
Hall, Commons Room, 12 p.m.
" Current Topics in Childhood
Asthma Epidemiology, Center
for Human Growth & Develop-
ment Brown Bag Lecture, North
Ingalls Building, 10th Floor,
Room 1000,12 p.m.
U Early Music Ensemble, perfor-
mance, School ofMusic, Blanche
Anderson Moore Hall, 8 p.m.
U Earth Week 1993, Wilderness in
the U.P.: Protecting Michigan's
Biodiversity, Dana Building,
Room 1046,12 p.m.; Panel Dis-
cussion with U-M Professors:
Environmental Issues & Earth
Week, Michigan Union,
Pendelton Room, 1:15-2:45 p.m.
U Experimental and Theoretical
Studies in Molecular Recogni-
work, Rackham Amphitheatre, 4
U Object Lesson, Theory and Ob-
servation: "Spring Landscape,"
Art Museum, Information Desk,
Q Planetary Poisoning: Our World
of Their Project, Spark: Revo-
lutionary Discussion Series,
MLB, Room B 120, 7-8 p.m.
Q Survival Strategies: The Miners
of Donetsk in the Post-Soviet
Era, lecture, Angell Hall, Audi-
torium D, 7 p.m.
Q U-M Faculty Brass Quartet, St.
Andrews Episcopal Church, 306
N. Division St., 8 p.m.
Q Consultation for Student Lead-
ers and Student Organizations,
speak with peer and professional
consultants regarding leadership
and organizational development,
SODC, Michigan Union, Room
2202,8 a.m.-5 p.m.
Q ECB Student Writing Center,
Angell Hall, Computing Center,
Q Northwalk Safety Walking Ser-
vice, Bursley Hall, 763-9255, 8
Q Peer Counseling, U-M Counsel-
ing Services, 764-8433,7 p.m.-8
U Psychology Undergraduate Peer
Advising, Department of Psy-