Page 2-The Michigan Daily- Tuesday, December 10, 1991
Continued from page 1
viet Parliament should decide
whether the commonwealth would
supplant his proposed Union
Treaty to keep the country
-.The breakup of the Soviet Union
hag prompted deep concern about
its -nuclear arsenal. Most of the
weapons are stored in Russia, but
some are based in the Ukraine,
Byelorussia and Kazakhstan.
"We do not want to see a pro-
liferation of independent nuclear
sta'tes," said Margaret Tutwiler,
the State Department spokesper-
The White House said it did not
know who had control of the arse-
nal, but added it was confident the
weapons are in safe hands.
'Uncertain about the status of
Mikhail Gorbachev, the adminis-
tration also declared its willing-
ness to work with "whatever gov-
ernment emerges or whatever form
of confederation emerges.",
The administration reacted cau-
tiously to the announced demise
Sunday of the Soviet Union and the
formation of a new "Common-
wealth of Independent States" by
Russia, the Ukraine and
"We wouldn't try to render
judgment," White House press sec-
retary Marlin Fitzwater said.
The administration said the
commonwealth communique was
in line with principles for change'
supported by the United States,
such as guarantees for minorities,.
adherence to Soviet treaty obliga-
tions and a commitment to democ-
racy and the rule of law.
"So we are very encouraged and
pleased," Tutwiler said. "We are
concerned that the transformation
continue, as it has to date, in a
Tutwiler added, "it is not an
President Bush has been reluc-
tant to abandon Gorbachev.
Fitzwater said Gorbachev still is
president, but it is unclear what he
is president of.
The European Community, ex-
pressing concerns similar to those
of the U.S., decided yesterday to
send a special envoy to assess the
Russian and Soviet officials
sought to reassure Western nations
yesterday that Soviet nuclear
weapons would remain under a cen-
tralized authority and not be di-
vided among the republics
At news conference yesterday in
Kiev, Ukrainian President Leonid
Kravchuk said he, Yeltsin and
Byelorussian leader Stanislav
Shushkevich would have control
over nuclear weapons.
There "will be a triple control.
The black box will be controlled
by the three states that have nu-
clear weapons. This black box can
be activated only when three but-
tons are pressed at the same time,"
Kravchuk said. "All this enhances
control of nuclear forces."
Kravchuk did not mention Kaza-
khstan but the Russian foreign
minister said Yeltsin spoke with
Nazarbayev on Sunday and "there
is no dissent" between the two
men on nuclear issues.
Nazarbayev emphasized that
whatever structure emerges, lead-
ers are united on the need for re-
forms to avert economic collapse.
A Soviet depositor withdraws stacks of Soviet rubles from a local bank yesterday amid conflicting reports
that the newly-independent Ukraine may soon issue its own currency and that the state bank has run out of
Continued from page 1
cal insurance, including nearly a
third of all AIDS patients. The
commission has called for universal
health care coverage.
Bush said Friday he will offer a
health care reform proposal in his
State of the Union message next
month, but he said it will not be 2'
system. He also said the administra-
tion's proposal would not require
higher taxes on workers.
Congress this year appropriated
$1.9 billion for AIDS research and
prevention activities, about $58
million more than Bush requested.
Total government AIDS-related
spending is around $4 billion, in-
cluding treatment for Medicaid and
Medicare beneficiaries, veterans and
At the briefing, Dr. Anthony
Fauci, director of the Office of
AIDS Research at the National In-
stitutes of Health (NIH), said
AIDS research accounts for nearly
Continued from page 1
The Clarence Thomas confirma-
tion hearings had a tremendous im-
pact on American women who were
outraged that Anita Hill's allega-
tions were being "swept under the
rug," Friedan said. "I have never
seen women as angry as they were
when a law professor made sexual
harassment allegations against a
man being considered for the
Continued from page 1
lic Health Division.
"People read about this and they
hear it on television and then they
run out and get immunized," Win-
The Washtenaw health division
ordered almost 1,000 more vaccine
doses than last year, but Winkle said
the remaining supplies are lower
than they would have been at this
time last year. Some 3,590 people
have been vaccinated by the health
department so far this year, and only
about 80 adult doses are left.
UHS gives-about 1,000 influenza
vaccinations a year, Drobny said, but
he did not know if the figures were
10 percent of the entire NIH budget.
He also said NIH scientists hope
to develop a vaccine against AIDS
before the turn of the century. Ef-
fectiveness studies should begin
within two years, he said.
"A true cure in the classic sense
will be extremely problematic
with HIV because of the unusual
'We've got a bad decade
Public Health Dean
nature of the virus and its ability to
hide itself within the body's cells,"
Fauci told the president.
After Bush heard how the disease
is spreading and what is being done
to stop it, he asked, "Do we need to
do better in getting this behavioral
message out there?"
Bush also asked about the safety
of the nation's blood supply, and
was assured by Health and Human
Services Secretary Louis Sullivan
that it is "so safe no one should have
a fear of transfusions." Nor, he said,
is there any chance that someone can
become infected with the virus by
"I think that's an important
message to get out," Bush said.
The commission's newest mem-
ber, Earvin "Magic" Johnson, the
basketball star who retired from
the Los Angeles Lakers last month
after testing positive for the AIDS
virus, did not attend the meeting be-
cause of prior commitments.
"I think Magic can be helpful in
this behavioral side of things," Bush
said. "He's started off sounding like
he wants to be and I really think
therein likes a real outreach."
People across the United States
celebrated World AIDS day last
Monday. At the University the day
was celebrated on Tuesday by a
panel discussion at which Osborn
gave the opening remarks.
"The combination of homopho-
bia and racism have contributed to a
subtle societal way of thinking that
(AIDS) is someone else's problem,"
- Daily Staff Reporter Henry
Goldblatt contributed to this report.
Supreme Court, a man in charge of
enforcing these laws," she said.
Friedan said that traditional
ways of thinking have led to label-
ing women, Blacks, the elderly -
basically everyone that is not "an
oil tycoon" - as a "special interest
group." In turn, she said, Bush has
tried to pit these "special interest
groups" against one another to re-
lieve himself of responsibility for
the country's problems.
Students had varied views on
different this year. "We always
have a significant number getting it,
but I can't say if there's been an
. The recent attention given to the
virus has created unexpected de-
mands on influenza vaccine suppli-
ers, Shaw said. Unlike some other
immunizations, the influenza vac-
cine is sold to health care providers
through private drug companies, and
is not provided by public health
Shaw added, "There's no more to
be had at this time other than what's
out there in the pipeline."
Shaw said drug companies in-
creased production of the vaccine by
nearly 33 percent this year over the
amount used in 1990, but the 32
million doses are spread dispropor-
"I've heard a lot of talk about a
third women's (political) party, and
she vehemently said it couldn't
work. I don't think she addressed
this issue enough," said LSA senior
Jude Pereira said he felt it was
particularly important that he, as a
man, listen to speakers like Friedan.
"Men need to show their faces
and support women in their strug-
gle for equality," he said.
tionately throughout the country.
New strains of the virus appear
every year, so the vaccination must
change as well. The Centers for Dis-
ease Control, the Federal Drug Ad-
ministration and drug manufactur-
ers work to produce new strains of
the vaccine every year, Shaw said.
Stobeirski said this year's vaccine
seems to be successful.
"It's a good match for what's
going around," she said.
Shaw said people wishing to be
vaccinated should contact their lo-
cal health departments, but Winkle
mentioned that the time for people
to be vaccinated has almost passed.
"We're getting to the point
where the flu epidemic will be over
before they develop immunity,"'
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