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Don't mess with
One hundred and one years of editorial freedom
Vol. CII, No. 50 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, December 10, 1991 CprghV'991
- The Milan Daily
cases spu r
"by Bethany Robertson
Daily Staff Reporter
The early influenza outbreak this
year has prompted a rush of flu im-
munizations and placed unexpected
demands on supplies, health care
Although shortages are occur-
ring in several areas around the
country, including Washtenaw
County, a University Health Ser-
vices (UHS) official said there have
been no problems at the University
Dr. Hernan Drobny, director of
the UHS Immunization Clinic, said
there has not yet been a vaccine
shortage, but he does not know if
supplies would be available if more
"We don't know if we'll have a
problem at this time," Drobriy said.
Influenza is a specific respira-
tory disease, while the flu is a
generic term applied to many ill-
nesses, Drobny said. Influenza's side
effects include general achiness and
People in the highest risk group
for contracting the influenza virus
include the elderly, children with
" chronic diseases and health care
Cases of influenza usually start
appearing in December, but this year,
the disease was documented in some
areas of the country as early as
The early outbreak prompted
many people to be vaccinated, said
Brent Shaw, chief of program sup-
port for the Division of Immuniza-
tion at the Centers for Disease Con-
trol in Atlanta, Ga.
"This evidently has served an in-
creased demand for the vaccine,"
In Michigan, influenza cases have
been confirmed in six counties, in-
cluding Washtenaw County, said
Dr. Mary Stobierski, a medical epi-
demiologist for the Michigan De-
partment of Public Health.'
Three cases were reported in
Washtenaw County in November,
said Betty Winkle, nursing Supervi-
sor for the Washtenaw County Pub-
See INFLUENZA, Page 2
Q and Republican s
by Gwen Shaffer
Daily Staff Reporter
Although Betty Friedan's speech was en-
titled "Gender Issues: Today and
Tomorrow," she told approximately 350
people at Rackham Auditroium last night
that these are not the foremost issues which
men and women need to address.
While she focussed on the growing in-
fringement on reproductive freedom, and
women taking blame for the economic de-
cline, Friedan said the greatest threats which
face women today affect everyone.
Friedan wrote The Feminist Mystique in
1963, a book which served as a catalyst for
the women's movement which began nearly
three decades ago.
Friedan said women are being blamed for
stealing traditionally male jobs and the dete-
rioration of the American family.
"Women today are facing a profound
backlash - there is a new feminine mystique
on the horizon. There is a renewed attempt to
reduce women to sex objects, or tell them to
go back to the home," Friedan said.
Women used to be defined in terms of
their relationship to men, but feminists
broke through that image and gained many
equal opportunities, Friedan said. Now,
younger women are endangering these newly-
"This generation takes for granted that
women are equal or in the mainstream. There
is a growing frustration that is spreading
men and women, maneuvering them into new,
kinds of racism, anti-Semitism, and new
kinds of sexism," she said.
Friedan said that a dozen years of
Republican leadership has hurt the status of
women in society.
"We are seeing outright attacks on the
rights of women, as never seen before, includ-
ing taking away the the Constitutional right
of women to protect their own bodies," she
Friedan said she feels recent administra-
tions have ignored other vital women's
"There is an extreme male political
agenda. Bush is playing the game of war with
a blind spot to the needs of people and life.
Why is this country the only industrialized
nation in the world without policies address-
ing parental leave?" Friedan asked.
Friedan said these attacks are symptoms
of a backlash that is much more serious, visi-
ble in the mass-media.
See FRIEDAN, Page 2
Betty Friedan, author of The Feminine Mystique, addresses approximately 350 people at
Rackham Auditorium last night
Gorbachev blasts new
alliance .as dangerous'
Soviet President convenes legislature to debate union
MOSCOW (AP) - Mikhail
Gorbachev yesterday challenged
Boris Yeltsin's declaration that the
Soviet Union is dead, branding a new
Slavic commonwealth "illegal and
dangerous" and urging the national
Parliament to decide the country's
In a statement read on national
television, Gorbachev said he was
convening the legislature to debate
the issue and said he might call a na-
tional referendum on whther to
preserve the Soviet Union.
Gorbachev's statement late yes-
terday put him clearly at odds with
Yeltsin, Russia's president, who has
already taken over much of the So-
viet president's power and joined
with the leaders of Ukraine and
Byelorussia in declaring the new
commonwealth on Sunday.
The Soviet president has pro-
posed to keep some role for the cen-
tral government, while Yeltsin's
commonwealth eliminates it and
bans Soviet institutions.
Gorbachev's comment came sev-
eral hours after Yeltsin met with
the Soviet leader to discuss the
"commonwealth of independent
states" and said Gorbachev might
have a role in the new grouping.
Gorbachev was not even informed of
the plan until after Yeltsin told
Gorbachev lately has courted the
non-Slavic republics and clearly had
them in mind when he said: "The
fate of the multinational state
(Soviet Union) cannot be decided by
the will of the leaders of three re-
"The declaration that union laws
no longer exist is also illegal and
dangerous. It can only aggravate
chaos and anarchy in society," Gor-
bachev said in the statement.
Gorbachev said the plan had some
"positive" aspects. He said the So-
See SOVIET, Page 2
Detroit students get tuition package
by Jennifer Silverberg
Daily Staff Reporter
Twelve former Detroit high
school students who promised to
meet certain academic sandards in
return for full-tuition scholar-
ships are now completing their
first semesters at the University.
In 1987, the ninth graders
promised to maintain a 3.0 grade
point average in high school and
earn an ACT score above 21 in re-
turn for a scholarship tp attend the
The Wade McCree Incentive
Scholars Program (ISP), run by the
Office of Minority Affairs
(OMA), began in 1986 as a collab-
orative effort between the
University of Michigan Dearborn
and the Detroit Public School
John Matlock, OMA director,
said the program was designed to
give inner-city youth academic op-
"We're coming from a school
district with a 50 percent dropout
rate and we have students graduat-
ing in over a 90 percent clip. We're
being an incentive program. That is
what is intended."
Later that year, the Presidents
Council of Michigan's State
Universities - which oversees
Michigan's state universities - de-
Some students stressed the com-
radeship the program provides.
"The program has been a help to
me, not only because it pays tuition
but it's joined together a bunch of
kids to form long-lasting relation-
ships," said Lesleigh Hicks, an LSA
first-year student. "When you get
up here everyone's not a stranger.
and it's not like a foreign country."
Middle school principals in
Detroit nominate 10 students a
year from each school to receive the
scholarship. A committee of
Detroit school administrators and
teachers select the final candidates.
This year, 225 ninth graders
from Detroit were offered scholar-
ships to state universities. The stu-
dents are randomly assigned to a
university in the ninth grade, but
they can transfer to other state
While in high school, the ISP
students assigned to the University
attend three-week summer pro-
grams. The students live on cam-
pus, where they learn math,
English and other subjects with
University professors. The pro-
gram is not mandatory, but more
than one-half of the students usu-
ally attend, Manuel said.
"(The summer program) did an
OK job, but it could have been more
intense," Atonio Littleton, an
Engineering first-year student said.
"Maybe because we were younger
then, but the work was nothing.
We didn't really get a taste of real
Alumni mentors are available
for students in high school and stu-
dent mentors are provided on cam-
pus. Programs are held each month
with students to talk about grades
and study habits, to enhance study
skills and help, students deal with
peer pressure, Manuel said.
"I automatically want to suc-
ceed, but this is a help," said Robyn
Williams, an LSA first-year stu-
dent. "If I ever need help, I know it
Parents of ISP students said
they were pleased to participate.
"The program is in line with the
goals and objectives that my hus-
band and I have had for our daugh-
ter," said Xavier Hicks, the mother
of a student in the program. "It
seems at every turn that everyone is
interested in keeping these students
focused and on track. I'm impressed
with that part."
The program was designated the
Michigan guard Jimmy King drives to the hoop for two of his 11 points in
the Wolverines 112-62 victory over Chicago State last night. For
complete basketball coverage, see Page 9.
'U' dean meets with
Bush on AIDS crisis
WASHINGTON .(AP) - Dr.
June Osborn, dean of the Univer-
sity's School of Public Health,
warned President Bush yesterday
there is "a bad decade coming" de-
spite progress in the war against
Bush met with top health offi-
cials, including the National com-
ing," she told the president.
Officials estimate that 1 million
to 1.5 million Americans have been
infected with the human immunode-
ficiency virus, which causes AIDS.
Nearly 200,000 people have been di-
agnosed with the disease and the
death toll is nearly 130,000.
Because it can take up to 10 years