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September 18, 1989 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1989-09-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

look to
LEIPZIG, E. Germany (AP) -
Outside of East Berlin, the country's
showcase capital, East Germans live
J.1 dreary and decaying cities where
,agging shortages and chronic pollu-
_ion aggravate a rigidly regulated
"Everywhere you look outside the
ity centers, where most foreigners
go, the country is disintegrating. It's
crumbling before your eyes," said
{'Helmut Lange, a Leipzig student
-+ho recently joined an exodus to the
Although East Germany's stan-
'ard of living is the envy of its
'&Eastern European neighbors, thou-
ms ands are embarrassing the
t Communist leadership by fleeing
"shortly before next month's 40th
Anniversary celebrations.
Many of them come from the
,,provincial cities where life is the
toughest, and the harsh crackdown
on dissent is a universal complain.
Travel to the West is severely re-
-stricted, making the lure of freedom
- at much greater.
The appeal of West Germany is
especially strong. Unlike most other
Refugees, East Germans are granted
yatomatic citizenship and help in
building new lives immediately after
their arrival in West Germany. Most
*have left family and possessions be-
hind to flee their bleak homeland.
In East Berlin, the Communist
!.eadership has invested millions in
Modern, concrete housing blocks and
'4aunched an ambitious building and
restoration program - part of an ef-
-fort to compete with the Western
part of the city.
But rural and regional capitals
have withered and decayed.
Provincial residents face an awesome
shortage of building materials and
-.Construction labor.
Young singles in this nation of
more than 16 million can expect to
"wait up to 10 years for an apartment
'of their own.
Continued from Page 1
But no one had received a written
---opinion from the judge detailing ex-
actly which portions of the policy he
found unconstitutional, so it was dif-
ficult for the regents to vote on a
.. new anti-discrimination policy.
The University was hoping to re-
ceive the opinion late Thursday or
.early in the morning Friday so it
,,.could put copies in the regent's
,,,hands before a vote, but the opinion
never came.
The solution? Regental Bylaw
2.01, a type of elastic presidential
S,,powers clause.
By using bylaw 2.01, the
,-University President can make
University policy without approval

from the regents.
Section 2.01 of the Regental
Bylaws describes the duties of the
President as follows:
"In addition to the duties and
functions otherwise provided for in
these Bylaws, the President of the
t University shall exercise such gen-
eral powers not inconsistent with the
J--,applicable laws of the State of


The Michigan Daily - Monday, September 18, 1989 - Page 9

By Laura Counts
Daily Women's Issues Reporter
Everyone has had a night when
they felt they should not be walking
alone, or maybe just wished they had
someone to walk with. Last night,
the student-run nighttime walking
service Safewalk began its fourth
year of operation out of the
Undergraduate Library.
In previous years, students had to
wait until the end of September to
use Safewalk's free service. But due
to an overwhelming number of re-
turning volunteers, Safewalk was
able to resume earlier than ever, said
co-coordinator and LSA Junior
Nicole Carson.
Safewalk will provide a pair of
student volunteers to walk other stu-
dents anywhere within a 20 minute
radius of the Undergraduate Library.
Northwalk, the North Campus coun-
terpart to Safewalk, offers similar

services from Bursley Residence
"We are not saying that auton-
omy is bad, that you should not
walk alone," said co-coordinater and
LSA Senior John Seavitt. "We are
there as an alternative for those who
feel uncomfortable walking alone."
"There is a misconception that
Safewalk is for women," said volun-
teer walker David Ruenorf, a third
year law student. "Statistically, most
people who use Safewalk are
women, but it is for everyone. Men
sometimes do feel unsure, but tend
not to acknowledge it."
Ten walkers and one dispatcher,
staff Safewalk each night from 8:00
p.m. to 11:30 p.m. Walkers go out
in pairs composed of either a man
and a woman or two women, in
order to keep things balanced, and to
prevent women from feeling uncom-
fortable because they have to walk
with two men, Seavitt said.

"A lot of people think it's a bur-
den for us to walk them, but that's
what we are there for," said volunteer
Jennifer Callans, a Residential
College sophomore. She added that
some people feel stupid calling at
first, but many start using Safewalk
Carson said the number of new
volunteers has grown considerably
this year, bringing the total of new
and returning to about 200.
Volunteers are given group inter-
views, and then must work one two-
hour shift a week. Safewalk received
over 3,000 calls last year, and
Carson predicts it will expand further
this year.
There are alternatives to
Safewalk, such as the University's
Night Owl bus service. But one nice
thing about having Safewalk as a
choice, said Ruenorf, is that people
who like to walk, can walk.

'Associated Press,
Fleeing refugee
Afghanistan recently has become a two-way street for refugees of the
10-year-old civil war. Officials estimate 250,000 mostly poor residents of
Kabul scared by rocket attacks and battered by steeply rising prices
have fled in the past six months.
Blanchard helps

dedi~cate '
by Ann Maurer
Daily Staff Writer
Governor James Blanchard partic-
ipated enthusiastically in the dedica-
tion of the University's new state-of-
the-art Chemical Science Building
Friday afternoon.
The building, completed this
summer, was dedicated to several of
its benefactors: Herbert and Grace
Dow and Harry and Margaret
The dedication of the building,
named for Dow Chemical's Willard
Henry Dow, was attended by over
100 people. Among the guests of
University President James Du-
derstadt were State Senators Lana
Pollack and Joe Schwartz, the eight
University Regents, and three former

University presidents.
To begin the dedication, Du-
derstadt welcomed the guests to
"Chemistry 101" and gave them a
brief chemistry quiz. After express-
ing his enthusiasm for the comple-
tion of the building, he introduced
Blanchard, to whom he gave much
credit for the laboratory. "It is James
Blanchard's vision of excellent edu-
cation in Michigan that made it all
possible," he said.
Blanchard, who performed a short
chemistry experiment in the labora-
tory before the dedication, stressed
his excitement and pride for the
"high-tech" building, and congratu-
lated the University for producing an
facility that will rank among the top
in the nation.

MOSCOW (AP) - Tens of
thousands of Ukrainian Catholics on
Sunday joined in their church's
biggest service since World War II to
demand that Mikhail Gorbachev's
government restore their legal status
and end decades of repression.
The two-hour outdoor Mass in
the Ukrainian city of Lvov came on
the 50th anniversary of dictator
Joseph Stalin's annexation of the
Western Ukraine from Poland.
Western witnesses said the Mass
drew up to 100,000 participants. An
activist put the number at 200,000.
At dusk, about 300,000
Ukrainians carrying candles ringed a
central square at Lvov's opera theater
and observed a half-hour of silence
to commemorate victims of the
1939 Soviet takeover and the purges
that followed.
Candles of mourning also
twinkled in some apartment
windows of the city of 650,000
The action was designed to mirror
Aug. 23 demonstrations in the three
Baltic republics in which more than
1 million Estonians, Lithuanians,
and Latvians joined hands to protest
the annexation of their lands.
The Baltics and the western
Ukraine both became Soviet
republics as the result of a secret
pact between Stalin and Adolf Hitler.
"Tonight let us all turn off the
electricity and put a candle in the
window to commemorate the
millions who died under Stalinist
repression," Ukrainian Catholic
activist Ivan Gel told the
worshippers in Lvov. "Those candles
will also symbolize the great hopes
we have for our one, our dear
"The time has come for freedom
for our church," declared Gel, head of
the Committee in Defense of the
Ukrainian Catholic Church.

atholics I
The Ukrainians carried at least 300
blue-and-yellow flags of their
once independent homeland, along
with crosses, images of the Virgin
Mary and banners reading "freedom
for our church."
The outdoor service under an
overcast sky was only the latest sign
of reviving nationalist consciousness
in the Soviet Union's second-most
populist republic, where a new
grassroots pro-democracy group
called Rukh held its founding
congress last week.
The Ukrainian Church, sometimes
called the Uniate Church, has up to
5 million members by some
Western estimates, and is said to be
the largest banned religious


In a statement, hunger strikers
charged authorities in the western
Ukraine with waging,
"administrative terror" against
Catholic priests and believers who
petition Moscow for legalization.
They said some priests were being
placed under administrative arrest for
up to 15 days.
The church's fate has been a major
obstacle to improved relations
between the Vatican and the
Kremlin. In June, Pope John Paul
II, in a clear reference to Ukrainian
believers, deplored state policies that
deny Eastern Rite Catholics the
freedom of worship.


organization in the world.
In 1946, it was accused of
widespread collaboration with the
Nazis and forced to merge with the
Lvov synod of the Russian Orthodox
Church. The Ukrainian church's
property was confiscated and
believers who refused to accept "the
reunion" were brutally repressed or
driven underground.
Despite greater official tolerance of
religion since Gorbachev became
Soviet leader in March 1985, the
Ukrainian Church is still officially
banned. In May, about 200 church
members including Gel held a
hunger strike on a Moscow street to
demand legal recognition for their

Michigan and these Bylaws as are1
inherent in a chief executive; includ-
ing, without hesitation... the main-
tenance of health, diligence, and
order among the students."f
Duderstadt explained, "This ap-
proach allows flexibility to amend
the policy should any changes be re-
quired by the written opinion in the
court case."t
Duderstadt's use of bylaw 2.01t
was its first use in recent memory.
Then-Interim President Robbens
Fleming threatened to use bylaw;
2.01 in Dec. 1987 to enact an origi-
nal anti-discrimination policy, but1
backed off after protest from many
segments of the University commu-
In March, 1988, the regents
passed a slightly-softened policy in a
5-2 vote.
Despite Duderstadt's use of a by-
law which in effect bypasses the re-
gents, the regents did not appear an-
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann
Arbor) termed use of the bylaw
"infrequent," but "not bothersome

because (Duderstadt) has the author-
ity to take such an action and this is
only for a short period of time."
Baker said he expected all the re-
gents felt much the same way.
Regent Veronica Smith (R-
Grosse Ile) agreed with Baker. "He
definitely has that power," she said.
But MSA President Aaron
Williams, an Engineering senior,
termed bylaw 2.01 "the martial law
"If there's something (Duderstadt)
really wants to get through, he uses
2.01," he said.
Williams speculated that
Duderstadt may have used 2.01 for
"efficiency's sake" because he did not
want to take the chance of the re-
gents tabling a vote on the policy or
amending the policy.

T . T



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