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September 18, 1989 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1989-09-18

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'Page 8- The Michigan Daily-Monday, September 18,1989
star Ellis

NY Times editor


urges U.S.


aid for Solidarity




by Mike Fitzgibbon
Reggae, Rastafarianism, and
revolution have had a singular role
in the life of Phillip Ellis. Last
Friday evening at the Friends
Meeting House on Hill Street, Ellis
spoke to an audience of 60 people at
the end of a five month European
and North American concert and
lecture tour to raise relief funds for
his home, which was devastated by
Hurricane Joan a year ago.
Ellis, from Nicaragua's Car-
ibbean east coast, is the rhythm
guitar player for Soul Vibrations,
the Nicaraguan reggae band that
performed at the Michigan Union
Saturday night. Like the rest of the
band, he is a member of the
Association of Sandinista Cultural
Workers in Nicaragua.
Ellis was present to discuss the
Nicaraguan government's autonomy
project for its sometime troubled
relations with its east coast peoples,
most notably the Miskitu Indians.
Attacks in remote eastern areas of
the country in the early 1980s by the
U.S.-supported Contras led the
Sandinista government to attempt
relocation of Miskitu populations
away from the Coco River on the
Nicaraguan and Honduran border,
Ellis said.
"We felt the Sandinistas made
some big mistakes," said Ellis. The
Indians resisted the move, because
according to Ellis, "They cannot
move fruit trees and their river."
Violence erupted between the Indians
and the Sandinista forces, causing
many Indians to flee to Honduras or.


by Mark Katz
Daily Staff Writer
Former New York Times Warsaw
Bureau Chief Michael Kaufman
spoke in Ann Arbor Friday, urging
further American financial commit-
ment to Poland in order to aid the
new Solidarity-led government.
Kaufman, now deputy editor for
the Times, said Poland's lack of fi-
nancial resources makes it difficult
for the leaders of the Solidarity gov-
ernment to completely separate
themselves from Communism.
"The dilemma (for Solidarity's
leaders) is, how do you transform
society?" he said. "The ultimate an-
swer is help from the outside. I
would hope that's what France,
Germany, and the United States are
In addition to Poland, Kaufman
said, other recent events in Europe
have not been receiving the media at-
tention they deserve. "Europe should
be the dominant agenda in print, not
the Middle East, and not even the
drugs in Colombia," he said.
Kaufman suggested that the media
focus more on the possibility of re-
unification in Germany, as well as
the potential establishment of the
European Economic Council in
In the speech, sponsored by the
Ann Arbor Chapter of the Polish
American Congress (PAC) and the
University's East European Studies
department, Kaufman revealed a
strong affinity for the Polish people
and the newly elected Solidarity-led

"There is a consensus that Poles
have, that Poland is, was, and 'al-
ways will be the bellybutton of the
world," he explained. "It is very true
at the moment. However, most
Americans fail to realize just how
important Poland is."
Kaufman stressed that while
line of Communism is most appar-
ent in Poland, the United States
should be more active in encourag-
ing the attempts of Eastern European
countries to distance themselves
from the SovietaUnion and the
"Communist monolith."
"As we watch the total collapsesf
Communism, that thrust of con-
sciousness begins with Poland and
with Solidarity," said Kaufman, who
was in Poland from 1984 to 1987.
"If Communism really was an evJl
empire, and if it is receding, then
why aren't we jubilant? America is a
very rich country; if we are going-to
play a role in the world, it's going
to cost us."
Polish-Americans in the audience
said they felt Kaufman effectivelyg
voiced many of their own concerns.
"Kaufman is very pro-Polish;"
remarked Peter Swiecicki, vice pres-
dent of the PAC. "He couldn't have
been a better spokesperso6.
Particularly important was the degree
to which he stressed the need to in-
crease international aid to Poland."°
Kaufman, who is currently travel
ing around the country to promfte
his new book, Mad Dreams, Saving
Graces: Poland, a Nation in
Conspiracy, addressed about 40 stu-
dents and community members -at
Hutchins Hall.y,

Phillip Ellis of the Nicaraguan reggae band Soul Vibrations performed at the Michigan Union Saturday

join the Contras.
The current autonomy project
attempts to address grievances
between the two sides, some of
which are centuries old. Ellis, who
is part Miskitu, though he claims
his African heritage, said the plan
recognizes that.
"We were born autonomous," he
said. "We were born free. This is
recognition by the revolution that
we have suffered more than anybody
for 400 years."
In recognition of this, the plan
also distinguishes eastern Nicaragua
as a unique state within Nicaragua.
Ellis said, "This is a way we could
participate, we could run our own
banks, our own schools, our own

Aside from difficulties with some
of its cultural minorities, he said,
"This revolution is showing the
world that you can have a revolution
without making a big bloodshed."

When he returns to Nicaragua,
Ellis said he will tell the people
there, "I have found strong solidarity
outside Nicaragua. I am proud to be
part of Nicaragua. Nicaragua is a
symbol of all the free people in the
world - of the struggle."

Ellis drew a sharp contrast Ellis' speech and the performance
between Nicaragua and Cuba. by Soul Vibrations were sponsored
Referring to the soldiers of the by the United Coalition Against
Somoza dictatorship which ruled Racism and the Latin American
Solidarity Committee. Willie Nay,
manager of the band's U.S. tour,
Nicaragua before the revolution, he said the band has brought Afro-
said, "The revolution did not kill the American, Latino, and solidarity
former guards. Right now they are audiences together wherever they
coming out of jail. perform.




Soviets' glasnost has U.S. facing unprecedented surge of emigration


WASHINGTON (AP) - Now that the
doors of the Soviet Union have opened after
20 years of American knocking, the United
States is faced with the dilemma of handling
an unprecedented surge of Soviet emigres.
Critics charge the administration's re-
sponse, as presented this week on Capitol
hill after seven months of deliberations, is
inadequate, unimaginative and risks missing
a historic opportunity.
Some say the U.S. government could
learn a thing or two from Soviet President

Mikhail Gorbachev's open door policy.
The administration argues it is doing its
best in the face of shrinking budgets and the
problem of dealing with 14 million refugees
worldwide, many of whom would like to
move to the United States.
Of the 125,000 refugee slots allocated for
fiscal 1990 - that starts Oct. 1 - 50,000
Jews may seek to come here in the coming
years if the doors remain open, especially in
light of rising anti-Semitism in the Soviet

An internal State Department report used
by Immigration and Naturalization officers
in Moscow concluded that glasnost, with its
liberalized rights to free speech and press,
has spawned discrimination against Jews
throughout the Soviet Union.
Religious groups and many on Capitol
Hill also argue that Gorbachev's reforms and
his political future are by no means assured
success, and their failure could strand thou-
sands of persecuted people wishing to leave.
"Soviet history has painfully demon-

strated that lulls in government repression
are usually followed by harsh oppression,"
said a letter to Congress from World Relief,
which represents Evangelical Christians. The
Evangelicals constitute a small percentage of
those seeking to come here.
Members of Congress say if tight bud-
gets are the problem keeping more Soviets
from coming to the United States, "creative
financing" should be considered.
Sen. Howard Metzenbaum (D-Ohio) sug-
gested the government help additional

refugees by lending them money forstheir e-
location, which would be paid back once
they're settled.
"When the faucets start opening ... the
United States finds itself totally incapableaof
dealing with the very policy it is demargi-
ing," said Rep. Howard Berman (D-Calif).
The administration agreed. "The United
States is to some degree a victim of its oN
success," said Deputy Secretary of State
Lawrence Eagleburger.



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rules now in effect
Continued from Page 1
policy, such a comment may have
been punishable.
"The University appears to be
acting in good faith in trying to
limit its policy to cover conduct that
is not constitutionally protected,"
said Robert Sedler, the attorney for
the ACLU who successfully chal-
lenged the original policy.
But Sedler added that much de-
pended on how the policy was ap-
plied in practice.
The original and interim policies
contain similar mechanisms for reso-
lution of complaints. Sanctions
range from informal reprimand to
The interim policy will expire on
Dec. 31, at which time Duderstadt
expects to enact a permanent policy.
Cole said the eventual permanent
policy will likely be more broad
than the current interim policy, but
less vague than the original one.

"We start moving from an area
where we're quite sure to an area
where we're not so sure," Cole said.
"We're just doing this narrow one to
give us a little time to create a more
permanent policy."
Duderstadt said "the permanent
policy will reflect our continuing
consultations with our students, fac-
ulty and staff as well as the commu-
nity at large." He did not outline any
specific mechanisms to include this
Representatives of the United
Coalition Against Racism, the pres-
ident of the Michigan Student
Assembly, and the chair of MSA's
Student's Rights Committee all said
they have never been approached for
input on an anti-discrimination pol-
LSA junior Nick Mavrick, chair
of the Student's Rights Committee,
remains strongly opposed to any
type of conduct policy and vowed to
fight the policy, although he admit-
ted that "student government has
very little power to fight it."

"If (the University) wants to as-
sist people in stopping discrimina-
tion, they should assist them in tak-
ing their complaints through the
proper judicial channels - the
courts," he said.
Regents Deane Baker (R-Ann
Arbor) and Veronica Smith (R-
Grosse Ile) were the only regents to
voice opposition to the interim pol-
icy Friday, just as they were the
only two opposed to the original
policy when it was first enacted.
"Any policy that restricts or ap-
pears to restrict free speech is not ac-
ceptable to me," said Smith.
Baker wrote a scathing four-page
memo and passed it out to all in at-
tendance at Friday's meeting.
He compared the original policy
to George Orwell's 1984 , and said
the new policy will still act as "a
'great weight from above,' pressing
down on the classroom, the labora-
tory and the residence hall. That

weight damages the institution, im-
pedes and may.ultimately destroy the
University's search for truth."
But most regents defended the in-
terim policy.
"Harassment is not the same
thing as speaking freely to express
one's opinion," said Regent Phili
Power (D-Ann Arbor). "The distin
tion is in intent and effect...
Harassment is not free speech."
Regent Paul Brown (DPetoskey)
said, "This is an attempt to enhance
free speech by prohibiting certain...
behavior which has a chilling effect
on education."
But Baker said the "very existence
of such a policy causes things to
happen in the administration of tb.
policy... It changes how th
University works and interaction
among people - students and teach-
ers, TAs and professors."
Professors and students may shy
away from discussing or writing
about certain topics due to a climate
of fear created by the existence of the
policy, Baker said.

" "

Continued from Page 1
crowd. All week long, students read
and heard nothing but "Number 1 vs.
Number 2" and "This is for the
National Championship."
With 13 points total and no
spectacular plays to scream about,
fans greeted halftime as a break in
the boredom. The crowd gave an
ovation louder than received by
either football team when another
team, the Michigan Basketball team,
was presented with their National

Championship banner. On the other hand, the new
Every time the Wolverines-restriction on coolers, and therefore,
generated some fan momentum, beer, was met with much disfavor.
Ismail ran back a 90-yarder. Each run Some agreed that the ruling had an
was worth only six points on the adverse effect on crowd activity.
scoreboard, but the lullaby effect on "Of course the crowd was quiet.
the home crowd was immeasurable. They'll never be as loud as they are
The new University policy on a sunny, alcoholic day," said
prohibiting items such as coolers LSA Sophomore Jeffrey Padilla.
and umbrellas may also have hadLJ
effects on fan support. Most students Others disagreed. "People still ha

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approved of the ban on umbrellas,
owing what view they had to the
umbrellas' absence.


flasks and cans of beer. What they
lacked was a good band," countered
Physical Education Junior Rob
Dear concerned people,
Today, the 12th of September-
1989, we, 12 members of the
University community who acted in
poor taste on the Diag, would like to
take this opportunity to voice a
public apology. We, the students,

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