Page 4 --The Michigan Daily-- Tuesday, February 14, 1989
Senate bill to aid students -
after military or civil service
BY TARANEH SHAFI
Students may no longer have to prove
their need to receive financial aid.
Last month U.S. Sen. Samuel Nunn (D-
Georgia) introduced an act to provide all
students with $10,000 in financial aid. But
there is a catch - prospective students
would have to serve for a year in military
or civil services.
The civil services will include work
with child care, homeless, hospices, and
"Senator Nunn feels that there are a
number of social service needs in our soci-
ety," and there is also a need for financial
aid. He wants to combine these two needs
by "mobilizing our young people," said
: Jenny Jones, legislative assistant to Nunn.
In return, students will receive $100 per
week, room and board, and medical insur-
ance. At the end of the year, they will re-
ceive the stipend which can be used toward
higher education, job training, or even
housing. There will be a two-year and
$20,000 limit for each participant.
"Ultimately, no student will receive aid
without service," said Charles Moskos,
professor of sociology at Northwestern
University and author of Nunn's proposed
Citizenship and National Service Act.
Moskos' proposal targets minority
groups and the lower-middle class because
he feels that enrollment in higher education
within these groups is dropping.
But Moskos said the proposal is not
based on financial need and that anyone be-
tween 18-26 years can participate.
There is some concern in Congress be-
cause the aid is not need-based. "People
want to ensure low-income people won't
receive less on this bill," Jones said.
"They agree on the ends but not the
means," she said. Jones said she expects the
final act to be a combination of many pro-
Last week Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-
Maryland) introduced a parallel bill propos-
ing service while in school. For service on
weekends and during the summer students
will receive $3,000 per year.
Jones said Nunn is working closely with
federal higher education associations. Jones
forsees the act to be debated for at least one
year before a motion is made. The proposed
enactment is for Oct.1, 1990. A five-year
transition period will follow.
One goal of the proposal is to cut back
on the amount of money from student
loans not repaid to the federal government.
Moskos said $1.6 billion is supposed to
be paid back, but not all of it is.
"Default is a national concern," said
William Bailey, University senior financial
aid officer. However, at the University, he
feels this is not a big problem. For the
federal student loans the default rate here
falls well below 10 percent. Bailey said this
is due to the University's unusually high
graduation rate. Students are able to get
jobs and pay back their loans.
One-third of University students receive
need based financial aid. Bailey said the
University tries to meet 100 percent of the
calculated need for in-state students, how-
ever, he admits the same cannot always be
fulfilled for out-of-state students.
It is possible for students to be awarded
a federal aid package that is a combination
of all three forms of assistance. According
to Bailey the average financial aid package
is between $3-4,000 per year and may be as
high as $7-8,000 depending upon need.
Bailey said, "From a social policy stand
point its a good way to mobilize an ener-
getic group of people...," adding that "I
think that lower-income students if they
have the current sources of financial aid re-
moved from them will probably be quite
He said parents will probably like the
proposal because it will relieve some of
their financial burden.
The proposal has raised controversy
among both students who receive financial
aid and those who do not. Some are con-
cerned that those who can afford higher
education will have a head start with col-
lege and, therefore, their future career.
"It's the nation's top priority to educate
its citizens, so citizens who are capable of
receiving the best education shouldn't be
forced to delay their education because of
their financial situation," said LSA sopho-
more Jeanne Sullivan.
Others feel they should not be penalized
because of their families financial situation.
"Why should they make us suffer if our
parents can't afford to send us to college?"
said LSA sophomore Tanya Ergh.
Levin to wait for
report on Tower
LANSING (AP) - The Senate
panel examining John Tower's ap-
pointment as Secretary of Defense
won't vote until it has all the facts
in hand, especially about Tower's
alleged alcohol abuse, U.S. Senator
Carl Levin said yesterday.
Levin said Tower's appointment,
which has been clouded by reports of
excessive drinking, womanizing and
ties to defense contractors, wouldn't
come up for a vote for several
"Here's somebody who's number
two in the chain of command, we've
got 15,000 nuclear weapons in in-
ventory, and a whole lot of other
weapons too. You've got to make
sure you're comfortable with this
person, that this person is totally in
control and doesn't have an alcohol
abuse problem," Levin said.
Levin, speaking to reporters, said
the Senate Armed Services
Committee would wait to vote until
after it had seen an FBI report on
Tower, a former Texas senator and
former chair of the committee.
In addition to Tower's alcohol
use, Levin said he was concerned
with Tower having gone from being
an arms control negotiator to a high-
paid consultant to defense contrac-
"I'm not questioning whether he
broke the law. I'm not suggesting he
did," Levin said.
Levin said he was troubled
Continued from Page 1
from Steiner that Moore took office
with a directive - to "integrate re-
search within the University with
the museum and thereby update the
exhibits and make them more accu-
rate to current accepted theory,"
She continued that Moore was
made director after proposing his
objective to the hiring committee.
"The proposal is a wonderful idea
- but it doesn't go along with the
arbitrary policy changes that he's
instituted," said Phillips.
LSA senior Karen Beahan con-
curred. "My big problem with him
is that he's not a people person, and
the museum is a people place. And
the University didn't take that into
consideration when they hired him
- they only took into consideration
his proposal," said the former tour
"(LSA Dean Peter) Steiner is not
taking this seriously," said Beaham.
"It's a lot more serious than anybody
Dean Steiner, Moore's direct su-
pervisor, would not return numerous
Barber said many of the policy
changes Moore has instituted have
been negative - eliminating week-
end workshops for schoolchildren,
cutting down the number of
planetarium shows, and closing the
museum on Mondays.
But Moore responded to criticism
by saying he cut down weekend
workshops to "create a different ap-
proach" to them. The museum is in
the process of creating a new room
for these events, he said.
Moore said the cuts were neces-
sary to allow the staff more time to
work on future programs and that he
"intentionally reduced programs" be-a
cause"going full tilt all the time
you can't make any new programs."
Barber complained that planetar-
ium shows did not start on time and
that there was no one to do payroll,
a result of poor management. Many
tour guides quit because of this, she
But Moore said, "Paychecks have
always gone through. I've been do-
ing them myself."
"Basically, the museum program
has disintegrated. Nobody can work
with him, nobody can deal with
him." Barber said.
Barber said before Moore became
director, 300 to 500 children visited
the museum each week. Now less
than 100 visit, she said.
"We're not counting them," said
Moore. "We're interested in theG
quality of our programs, not the
quantity," he said.
because Tower wouldn't even
acknowledge that the situation ap-
peared to be a conflict.
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