King, Malcolm X
The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, February 14, 1989 - Page 3
Duderstadt calls for
BY JENNIFER MILLER
"We find in King an exceptional
wind of courage, that says I am very
critical of an institution, but I don't
want to leave it," Clayborne Carson
said yesterday of Dr. Martin Luther
In a speech to about 35 people at
the Law School, Carson emphasized
King's struggle to overcome
institutional racism in society by
working within systems to trans-
orm them, rather than abandoning
Carson, an associate professor of
history at Stanford University, is
currently editing 12 volumes of
King's writing and speeches. During
his speech, part of the Black History
Month celebration, Carson quoted
frequently from the Papers of King.
King's roots to his family,
church and Atlanta's Black commu-
iity gave him strength and laid the
foundation for transforming institu-
tions, Carson said.
"What he took away was not a
passive rosy-eyed acceptance of his
past, but a critical view - he
wanted to transform it by staying a
part of it," said Carson.
Carson quoted King at age 20: "I
grew up in a family where love was
essential... It is quite easy for me to
ean more towards optimism than
pessimism about the universe be-
cause of my childhood experiences."
Prof. Carson compared the opti-
mistic, nonviolent sentiment of
King to the more militant, national-
istic attitude of Malcolm X, and at-
tributed their theoretical differences
to their roots and upbringings.
But some students questioned
Carson's comparisons of King with
Malcolm X, saying Carson painted a
negative picture of Malcolm X.
Carson denied any intention of
discrediting Malcolm X, but said
both views must be looked at with-
out fear of criticizing Black
"I am actually a great admirer of
Malcolm. I named my son Mal-
colm," he said.
At the reception following the
lecture, titled "The Development of
Black Political Thought: Martin
Luther King, Jr.," LSA senior Pam
Nadasen and other members of the
United Coalition Against Racism
discussed institutional changes at the
University with Carson.
"Today we are in a second stage
of what went on in the '60s," said
Carson. "In the '60s, we asked if we
could be here, and now that we are
here, we need to transform the insti-
"It is happening nationwide...
Michigan and Stanford have to be
described as white institutions and
we are trying to make something
where 10 years from now, a new
student won't say this is a white or
Black institution," said Carson.
In 1985, Coretta Scott King in-
vited Carson to edit the papers of Dr.
Martin Luther King, Jr., a project
that is expected to last about 15
years. The first volume on the
Kings' first 20 years is expected to
be published late next year.
Carson is a specialist in Afro-
American and recent American his-
Carson will speak tomorrow on
the Black Panthers.
DETROIT (AP) - Bargain
basement education spending will
leave Michigan unprepared for an
internationalized, knowledge oriented
world in the 21st century, University
of Michigan President James
Duderstadt said yesterday.
Universities created for an indus-
trial economy need big changes to
educate people for a world society of
mingling cultures and interacting
economies. These changes would re-
quire major spending on higher edu-
cation, Duderstadt said.
"And face it, the electorate of
today says no more taxes. We have
become a live for the moment soci-
ety," he said.
Duderstadt, Michigan State
University President John
DiBiaggio and Grand Valley State
University President Arend Lubbers
took part in an Economic Club of
Detroit panel discussion on
univesities and the state's economy.
Duderstadt said automation will
mean knowledge-intensive rather
than labor-intensive jobs and
continued immigration will mean a
Duderstadt said when the new
century begins in 11 years, black and
hispanic youths who do not tradi-
tionally receive encouragement or
opportunities for knowledge-inten-
sive careers will make up one-third
of the nation's young adult human
resource base, Duderstadt said.
"We can not afford to waste their
talent," he said.
DiBaggio also called for a new
look at priorities, saying competi-
tiveness depends on reviving basic
scientific research, in addition to the
research corporations engage in
aimed at development of particualr
products or product improvements.
"If we overemphasize technologi-
cal marketability at the expense of
basic science, we will only be
building up a deficit we as a nation
might never pay off scientifically,"
he said. "The research university
must be the place where the revival
Lubbers said community colleges
and regional universities such as
Grand Valley State will play larger
roles locally, providing consulting
and research help for businesses in
"The majors cannot do it all," he
Lubbers proposed increases in
state higher-education appropriations
equal to infaltion for the five year
following 1990, plus an additional
increase of 3 percent to 5 percent
each year to help colleges and
universitiees move into their needed
Stanford University Prof. Clayborne Carson speaks at Hutchins
Hall about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. yesterday.
Alcohol threatens the well-being of adolescents
NEW YORK (AP) - A questionnaire
assessing beliefs about alcohol can identify
young adolescents at risk for later problem
drinking, according to a study that one
expert calls an exciting development in
fighting alcohol abuse.
When tested with 637 junior high
school students who believed alcohol could
help them think or improve their physical
coordination tended to be at particular risk,
said study co-author Mark Goldman.
Goldman, a psychology professor at the
University of South Florida in Tampa,
reported the study results with co-authors
*rom the University of Wisconsin Medical
School, Wayne State University in Detroit
and.Hope College in Holland, Mich.
The work appears in this month's issue
of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Peter Nathan, director of the Rutgers-
affiliated Center of Alcohol Studies in
Piscataway, N.J., said the study represents
an advance in identifying "what looks like a
rather important difference"' that
distinguishes early adolescents at risk of an
The predictions were not perfect, but
Nathan called their accuracy "pretty
Goldman said that since writing the
paper, researchers have found the
questionnaire also indicates a risk of
problem drinking within two years and
The questionnaire measured how
strongly students believed that alcohol
could aid them in such ways as helping
them relax, be sexier, think better, enjoy
social gatherings more, or perform better
socially or athletically.
Prior research shows that such
"expectancies" strongly affect the way a
person behaves after drinking, quite apart
from chemical effects of alcohol, Goldman
If such beliefs can be undermined early,
that might reduce the attractiveness of
alcohol and prevent problem drinking, he
said. The questionnaire may help by
pinpointing the key beliefs that put
individual teen-agers at risk, he said.
The study focused on 637 seventh- and
eighth-graders who filled out the
questionnaire and a confidential survey on
drinking habits. A year later, they again
reported on their drinking.
In that intervening year, the percentage
of students who got drunk at least twice a
year jumped from 10 percent to 25 percent.
While 7 percent said in the first survey that
they had consumed 12 beers or more at a
single sitting, 20 percent said so a year
Analysis showed that the occurrence or
degree of problem drinking by the students
was significantly related to how they had
answered the questionnaire a year earlier.
The relationship also appeared for the 550
students who had not reported any sign of
problem drinking at the beginning of the
kNSING (AP) - Michigan has slipped
eighth to 21st nationally in the amount
'ney it spends for each of its 1.6 million
c school pupils, a survey by trhe
gan Association of School Boards says.
e survey, released Monday, says per
spending for public education in
igan also fell below the national average
r pupil spending in Michigan that
1l year amounted to $4,122 compared
the national average of $4,209, the
ending ranged from $2,410 per pupil in
isas to $7,038 in Alaska.
ata furnishged by the National School
ds Association showed per pupil
Ling in Michigan rose 12.9 percent
een the 1982-83 school year and the
.88 school year.
In other business, MSA voted to
put the agendas and minutes from its
meetings and a report on any alloca-
tions over $50 on MTS. As a result,
MSA communications with its con-
stituents would be increased, said
Student Rights chair Nick Maverick.
Lastly, the assembly agreed to
support a privacy ordinance which
the Ann Arbor Tenants Union will
bring to the City Council later this
The ordinance would provide pro-
tection against inconvenient and in-
appropriate entries and the distur-
bance of personal property by land
lords or other persons and would al-
low the tenant to break a lease if he
or ahe wasin any way harassed.
North trial postponed again
WASHINGTON (AP) - The
judge in Oliver North's Iran-Contra
Orial sent the jury home yesterday
and scheduled a hearing for today on
a proposed agreement for additional
national security safeguards that
could allow the case to go forward.
U.S. District Judge Gerhard
Gesell indicated he is in no hurry to
rush the trial, referring to the
administrative stay issued at the
Justice Department's request Sunday
by Chief Justice William Rehnquist.
The full Supreme Court on Fri-
day is to consider the Justice De-
partment's request to delay the trial.
"You're still jurors in this case,
of course," Gesell told the jury. He
added, "you will be advised as soon
as the court knows whether the case
is allowed to go forward or not. I re-
gret the inconvenience this will
Hours after Rehnquist issued the
stay, the Justice Department an-
nounced it had reached an agreement
with independent counsel Lawrence
Walsh to seek additional controls
from Gesell designed to protect the
government against disclosure of
sensitive national security material
The Justice Department said it
will ask that Rehnquist's stay be
vacated immediately if Gesell ap-
proves the agreement.
Gesell has scheduled arguments
on the agreement for this afternoon.
He told jurors to "call in tomorrow
after four" to see whether they are to
be given a reporting time for court.
The judge and lawyers for North
and the independent counsel's office,
which is handling the prosecution,
then went into a closed session to
Continued from Page 1
At the assembly meeting last
night, Phillips also talked about the
excess amount of surplus money
that MSA has to spend in the near
future. Former Assembly President
Ken Weine left $83,000 in surplus
as of August 1988, but only about
$30,000 has been spent by MSA so
far this year, Phillips said.
Phillips said the auditor instructed
him that the assembly should have
only $5,000-10,000 by August 1989
and thus, MSA needs to start
allocating more money.
What's happening in Ann Arbor today
discuss an undisclosed matter touch-
ing on national security.
Walsh and the Justice Department
have been in conflict since last
Wednesday, when the department
began seeking an order that would
impose tight restrictions on classi-
fied material that North wanted to
present at the trial.
"Fascism: Capitalism in
Crisis" - Revolutionary History
Series, B118 MLB, 7 pm.
"Glasnost & Empire: A
Soviet Dilemna" - Joseph
McCadden, International Center,
"An Automatic, Implantable
Drug Infusion System With
Model-Based Control" -
Visiting Prof. Robert Arzbaecher,
1200 EECS, 4 pm.
TARDAA: "The Silver
Nemesis" - 296 Dennison, 8
Lesbian and Gay Rights
Organizing Committee -
3100 Michigan Union, 8 pm.
Iranian Student Cultural
Club - Michigan League Rm. C,
The Ann Arbor Committee
to Defend Abortion Rights
- Crofoot Rm., Michigan Union,
Games, door prizes, candy,
Pre-Interviews - General
Electric, 1010 Dow,4:30-6:30 pm.
Northwalk - Sun.-Thurs., 9 pm-
1 am. Call 763-WALK or stop by
Safewalk - Sun.-Thurs.,38 pm-
1:30 am; Fri.-Sat., 8-11:30 pm.
Call 936-1000 or stop by 102
Conducting The Long
Distance Job Search - Career
Planning and Placement Center,
rm. 1, 4:10-5 pm.
The Summer Job Search -
Career Planning and Placement
Center, Conference Rm., 4:10-5
Employer Presentation -
LTV Steel Co., Kuenzal Rm., 7-9
pm; St. Mary's Lodge, Crofoot
Rm., 9-5 pm. Located in the
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