The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, February 14, 1989 - Page 5
Acid rain in U.P. lakes
cleaned up with lime
IRONWOOD, Mich. (AP) -- Several
lakes in the western Upper Peninsula that
were damaged severely by acid rain are
being brought back to life by adding lime
to neutralize the acidity, but fisheries
biologists caution the successful program
is just a stop-gap measure.
A cooperative program begun in 1982,
the Department of Natural Resources and
the United States Forest Service, along
with a private group known as Living
Lakes, have added powdered lime to lakes
in Gogeoic, Iron and Houghton counties.
The lime treatment has reduced the
acidity of the lakes and has helped to
restore the fish population. But the results
appear to be temporary, said Ottawa
National Forest biologist Jerry Edde. He
said additional liming is needed every few
years to prevent the lakes from becoming
Acid rain has been blamed for the
deaths of many lakes in the Eastern United
States and Canada. Scientists say the acid
rain is caused by the burning of high-
sulphur coal and other fossil fuels.
The counterattack against acid rain,
using the simple and relatively
inexpensive method of adding lime to the
lakes was first tried in Sweden. Similar
programs were begun in the Adirondacks
Mountains in New York.
This year the government of Sweden
will spend $35 million on liming its lakes
and by 1992 is expected to spend $50
million per year on the process.
The process initially criticized in-the
United States as a way for the utility
companies to avoid having to invest in
controls for acid-rain-causing emissions.
But biologists say the liming of lakes is
necessary to restore fish habitat in
damaged lakes and would be needed
regardless of whether utilities in the future
reduce their emissions of sulphur.
Edde, who conducted a 1985 study fo
the effect of acid rain on the Ottawa
National Forest, said several lakes in the
forest are showing signs of damage. He
added that possibly two dozen of the lakes
have a pH, or acid level, of less than 5.
When the pH level of a lake gets below
5 few fish of any value to sportspeople
can survive, Edde said.
Norway lake, the first lake to be limed
in the Upper Peninsula, will have to be
treated with lime again after it began to re-
acidify last year.
The newly formed University council meeting yesterday at the Michigan League. This is the first time the council. has met in
more than a year.
Continued from Page 1
The council's first general task will
be to develop rules to implement the
student protest policy, passed by the re-
gents last July. But first, the group
b must come up with procedures to make
The regents voted last July to disband
the council on May 1 unless its mem-
bers can prove that they are a functional
The council stopped meeting last
year after heated disagreements between
members over the student code of non-
academic conduct. Students maintained
.Also at yesterday's meeting, Associ-
ate Vice President for Government
Relations Virginia Nordby, the coun-
cil's staff assistant, provided in-
formation about conduct rules for
protest policies from six peer institu-
tions including the University of Mary-
land, the University of North Carolina,
and Stanford University.
First Black architecture. prof. dies Disable
BY ROBIN PICK In 1971, Scott began working at exhibitions and wrote poetry. Continued from Page 1
William Scott, the first Black
faculty member in the University's
School of Architecture and Urban
Planning, died Thursday from cardio-
respiratory arrest. He was 51.
An associate professor of
architecture, Scott taught classes in
design theory and philosophy as well
as in photography.
the University as an assistant
professor and soon became popular
among students. Three years later, he
was promoted to associate professor.
He was given the Sol King Award
for Excellence in Teaching in 1978.
In addition to publishing articles
on architectural theory, Scott dis-
played his photographs at art
"He was a kind and gentle man.
He never raised his voice. He didn't
like to argue, he liked to discuss,"
said Robert Metcalf, dean emeritus
of the college of architecture.
Scott is surivied by his wife,
Katherine, his mother, Lillian
Hawkins Scott, and his sister, Carol
awkward", "drain on society," and
"pitiable" were mentioned as being
some of the "Archie Bunker" views
people often hold towards those with
disabilities. These views often turn
up in forms of masked or often overt
condescension. "I still get patted on
the head," she said.
Those handicaps that are easiest
for society to deal with are those
which are most common and are not
immediately apparent, like arthritis,
asthma or diabetes. "You understand
it and you aren't constantly reminded
of it," one discussion participant re-
"If you can hide it, do so," seems
to be the general attitude towards
disabilities, said Vander Beek, refer-
ring to Franklin D. Roosevelt and
John F. Kennedy. Both former U.S.
presidents had physical disabilities
and went through great pains to hide
their dependency on transportation
aids. "There are only two pictures in
history of Roosevelt in his
wheelchair," she said, adding that af-
ter Kennedy lost his first debate
supposedly because of his crutches,
he never used them publicly again.
Among those handicaps men-
tioned as being "social stigmas"
were mental illness and retardation,
alcoholism, cerebral palsy, and para-