Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Monday, March 30, 1987
dinosaur theory IN BRIEF
By REBECCA COX
A University scientist has removed one ob-
jection to the most commonly accepted theory
explaining the extinction of the dinosaurs.
The theory - that the dinosaurs died out
about 65 million years ago because of global
darkness caused by atmospheric dust - has
been questioned partly because of the large
number of diatoms, a photosynthetic plankton,
According to University geology Prof.
Jennifer Kitchell, however, diatoms possess the
ability to survive long periods without light or
nutrients that could mean extinction for other
forms of life.
In a paper on mollusks delivered at the
Fourth North American Paleontological
Convention last August, Kitchell noted that a
seasonal survival mechanism in diatoms could
be useful in a catastrophic event such as global
D I A T O M S have three life stages,
depending on the availability of light and
nutrients: vegetative, resting and reproductive.
In a seasonal process, diatoms enter a resting
stage when there is too much light and too few
nutrients, which causes them to sink to the
ocean floor until conditions return to normal.
A complex process called up-welling, which
brings nutrients up from the ocean floor,
determines the availability of nutrients for
diatoms, and global darkness would affect this
process. The decreased availability of nutrients
would cause the diatoms to enter the resting
stage, said Kitchell.
The uneven extinction rate of photosynthetic
plankton evident in core samples from that era
has been one objection to theories of global
Studies say that on average, only 17 percent
of most planktons survived, but the survival
rate for diatoms was 77 percent.
Scientists have claimed global darkness
would have caused these extinction rates to be
more equal. Kitchell's discovery provides an
explanation for the discrepancy.
GLOBAL darkness would have occured if a
comet or meteor had struck the earth, according
to a theory on the extinction of dinosaurs put
forward by Walter Alvarez at the University of
California at Berkeley in 1980.
In his theory Alvarez suggested that a comet
or meteor hit the earth, raising a large cloud of
dust that blocked the sun's rays. During this
period of darkness photosynthetic plants died,
causing extinction all the way up the food
Another global darkness theory is that
volcanoes spewed ash into the atmosphere.
However, according to Philip Gingerich, a
University professor of biological and
geological sciences, some scientists think
dinosaurs began dying out gradually before a S
period of global darkness.
The Associated Press contributed to this
ARE A GREAT
WAY TO GET
The University of Michigan School of Music
Tuesday, March 31
UNIVERSITY SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA
Gustav Meier, music director
Incl. Berlioz Benvenuto Cellini Overture, Mark Kilstofte Centone,
Mahler Symphony No. 4.
HILL AUDITORIUM, 8:00 p.m
WESTERN EUROPEAN STUDIES
THE DEADLINE FOR ALL SPRING
AND SUMMER STUDY ABROAD
PROGRAMS IS APRIL 1st.
Applications should be returned to:
5208 ANGELL HALL
" Book Musicians
" Produce Concerts
" Work with
Eclipse Jazz offers this unique opportunity. We are now
taking applications for the position of coordinator. This is a
volunteer position but the experience is invaluable (many
Eclipse coordinators now have successful careers in the en-
tertainment industry). Interactive abilities, leadership skills,
and some knowledge of jazz are important. Applications are
available in Rm. 4308 or 1310 of the Michigan Union.
For more information call 763-0046
SCHOOL OF DESIGN
Special Summer Programs
Parsons in Paris:6-week program June 30-August 13, 1987
Painting, drawing; art history and the liberal arts. Paris and the Dordogne
countryside or Siena, Italy.
Fashion in Paris June 30-July 30, 1987
Fashion illustration, a history of European costume and contemporary
trends in French fashion. Slide presentations, museums, studio and retail
outlets, guest lectures.
Photography in Paris t June 30-July 30, 1987
The aesthetics and craft of photography. Lectures, gallery visits and
Architecture and Design in Paris June 30-July 30, 1987
European decorative arts and the history of French architecture. Parsons
faculty and staff members of the Musee des Arts Decoratifs.
Parsons in Great Britain June 30-July 30, 1987
A new program co-sponsored by the Cooper-Hewitt Museum. Architecture
and decorative arts in London. Four excursions to nearby country homes
Parsons in Italy June 30-July 30, 1987
Contemporary Italian design and the history of Italian architecture. Rome,
Florence, Venice and Milan.
Parsons in Japan July 23-August 22, 1987
Fashion and textile design and a history of Japanese crafts. Workshops,
visits to studios, museums and retail outlets in Tokyo, Takayama and Kyoto.
Presentations by well-known Japanese designers.
Graphic Design in Japan July 23-August 22, 1987
Survey of contemporary Japanese graphic design and traditional influences
in Tokyo and Kyoto. Workshops, gallery and studio visits and presentations.
Parsons in West Africa June 30-July 25, 1987
Ceramics, fibers, metalsmithing, photography, archaeology or traditional
African art and architecture. The Ivory Coast and/or Mali (8/1-8/22/87).
Bank Street/Parsons June 29-July 31, 1987
A joint three-summer master's degree program with the prestigious Bank
Street College of Education. The curriculum examines educational supervi-
sion and administration with a visual arts focus.
College Session in New York June 22-July 23, 1987
Full-time study in a specified art and design area. Drawing, painting,
ceramic and textile design, communication design, photography, environ-
mental design, illustration, fashion illustration or fashion design.
Pre-College Session in New York June 22-July 23, 1987
A full-time opportunity. For high school students considering college majors
in drawing, painting, ceramic and textile design, communication design,
photography, environmental design, illustration, fashion illustration, fashion
merchandising or fashion design. Introduction to art and design also
Pre-College in Israel June 15-August 11, 1987
A new program offered jointly with the Bezalel Academy of Arts & Design.
Promising high school students visit major historical sites. Emphasis on ar-
chaeology and drawing or photography.
Pre-College in France July 15-August 12, 1987
High school students of artistic promise visit Paris and the Dordogne
region. College-level drawing and painting, with lectures in art history and
All foreign programs include air transportation, land transfers and accom-
modations. Dormitory arrangements for New York programs are available.
Selected programs are offered with undergraduate credit, graduate credit
and no-credit options. For additional information, please return the coupon
below or call (212) 741-8975.
Compiled from Associated Press reports
UAW ends strike against GM
DETROIT - United Auto Workers members at three General
Motors Corp. plants yesterday overwhelmingly ratified a tentative local
agreement, ending a four-day strike that halted truck and bus production,
a UAW spokesman said.
Members of Local 594 in Pontiac approved the agreement by a vote
of 1,314-25 said Bob Schroeder, the local's education director.
"I don't think there was really much doubt about it," Schroeder said.
The settlement covered about 9,000 UAW members with GM's
Truck & Bus Group in Pontiac. Production of GM's new full-sized
pickups and popular sport utility vehicles would resume today, GM said
in a written release.
"We got everything we wanted on the strike issues and most ev -
erything we wanted on the other issues," Schroeder said.
Frank Cronin, a GM Truck & Bus Group spokesman said he did not
know how much production was lost during the strike.
Aquino backs 'people power'
DAVAO CITY, Philippines - President Corazon Aquino endorsed
unarmed anti-communist citizens groups yesterday as a legitimate
example of "people power" and blamed leftist and rightist extremists for
The role of such groups has stirred national debate. Supporters be -
lieve the groups can contribute to combating communism. Critics fear
they will become a threat to law and order.
The military meanwhile remained on full alert against rebel attacks
as the Communist New People's Army commemorated the 18th an -
niversary of its founding. The military said the rebels threatened to kill
a general to mark the date, but there were no reports of attacks.
Aquino told about 30,000 people in Zamboanga City that "I blame
the leftists and the rightists for the present problems in the country."
Greece-Turkey standoff ends
ATHENS, Greece - Greeks rallied around the government yesterday
and labor unions canceled strikes as a standoff with Turkey over Aegean
Sea oil rights ended in what Greece saw as a victory for Prime Minister
A 48-hour military alert was wound down yesterday, but officers
could not leave their units, said military sources, speaking on condition
Greece planned a show of military strength with a five-day, air-sea,
exercise starting today in the northeastern Aegean, where a Turkish re -
search ship had planned oil exploration in a continental shelf area claim
ed by Greece.
Turkey stepped back from a military confrontation with fellow
NATO member Greece over mineral rights in the Aegean when it
changed the ship's course at the last minute Friday.
Protesters decry contra aid
DETROIT - An estimated 6,000 people marched peaceably
yesterday to protest U.S. intervention in Central America, Detroit po -
No arrests or clashes were reported during the downtown rally de -
spite the presence of a few counter-demonstrators, said Sgt. Christopher
Buck, a police spokesman.
The crowd gathered at the McNamara Federal Building under cloudy
skies and marched several blocks to a plaza. Speakers, including actor
Edward Asner, criticized Reagan Administration policies in Central A -
merica, including support for the Contra rebels seeking to overthrow,
the government of Nicaragua.
Money machine mixup
profits perplexed patrons
Students who went to withdraw money from the money machine at
the corner of South University and East University over the weekend
received quite a shock. A bank employee mistakenly put $20 bills into
the $10 bill slot. As a result, students received several hundred dollars
in free money before the bank caught its error, yesterday afternoon.
Many students apparently knew about the mistake as the line to
withdraw money remained very long all day yesterday.
From dead cats to aerobics:
Our elixirs haven't changed
CHICAGO - Bran for breakfast and aerobics in the afternoon may
not sound like folk medicine, but one researcher says they're simply
the latest in a long line of remedies that includes Huck Finn's cure for
warts - throw a dead cat at the devil.
Huck's cure, first shared by Mark Twain in "The Adventures of Tom
Sawyer," is recounted by researcher James Whorton in a review of
America's fascination with folk remedies in last week's Journal of the
American Medical Association.
Vol. XCVH-No. 122
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the fall and winter terms. Subscription rates: September
through April-$18 in Ann Arbor; $35 outside the city. One
term-$10 in town; $20 outside the city.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and sub -
scribes to Pacific News Service and the Los Angeles Times Syndicate.
A CLASS ACT
SENIOR PLEDGE PROGRAM
Kenneth E. Higgins
Editor in Chief................................ROB EARLE
Managing Editor. ............AMY MINDELL
News Editor......................PHILIP I. LEVY
Features Editor..........................MELISSA BIRKS
NEWS STAFF: Elizabeth Atkins, Eve Becker, Steve
Blonder, Rebecca Blumenstein, Jim Bray, Brian Bonet,
Scott Bowles, Paul Henry Cho, Dov Cohen, Rebecca
Cox, Hampton Dellinger, Leslie Eringaard, Martin
Frank, Pam Franklin, Stephen Gregory, Edward
Kleine, Steve Knopper, Vibcke Laroi, Carrie Ltranger,
Michael Lustig, Jerry Markon Edwin McKean, Andy
Mills, Tim Omarzu, Eugene Pak, Melissa Ramsdell,
Martha Sevetson, Wendy Sharp, Louis Stancato,
Steven Tuch, David Webstet, Jennifer Weiss, Rose
Opinion Page Editors..................PETER MOONEY
OPINION PAGE STAFF: Muzammil Ahmed, Tim
Bennett, Peter Ephross, Paul Ilonsinger, Tim Huet,
Lisa Jordan, Jeffrey Rutherford, Caleb Southworth,
Arlin Wasserman, Mark Williams.
Arts Editors.............REBECCA CHUNG
Film ..................................KURT SERBUS
ARTS STAFF: V.. J. Beauchamp, Lisa Berkowitz,
Sports Editor............SCOTTQ. MILLER
Associate Sports Editors...............DARREN JASEY
SPORTS STAFF: Jim Downey, Liam Flaherty, Allen
Gelderloos, Kenneth Goldberg, Chris Gordillo, Shelly
Haselhuhn, Julie Hollman, Walter Kopf, Rob Levine,
Jill Marchiano, Ian Ratner, Adam Schefter, Adam
Schrager, Scott Shaffer, Pete Steinert, Douglas Volan,
Peter Zellen, Bill Zolla.
Photo Editors..........................SCOTT LITUCHY
PHOTO STAFF: Leslie Boorstein, Karen Handelman,
Dana Mendelssohn, John Munson, Darrian Smith,
Parsons School of Design, Office of Special Programs
66 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. 10011
Please send me information on the following
special summer programs:
Business Manager..........MASON FRANKLIN
Sales Manager..............DIANE BLOOM
Finance Manager .......REBECCA LAWRENCE -
Classified Manager .............GAYLE SHAPIRO
Assistant Sales Manager........ANNE KUBEK
Assistant Classified Manager................AMY EIGES
DISPLAY SALES: Karen Brown, Kelly Crivello, Irit
Elrad, Missy Hambrick, Ginger Heyman, Denise Levy,
Wendy Lewis, Jason Liss, Jodi Manchik, Laura
Martin, Mindy Mendonsa, Scott Metcalf, Carolyn