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March 18, 1987 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1987-03-18

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Ninety-seven years of editorial freedom
VOLUME XCVII - NO. 114 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN - WEDNESDAY, MARCH 18, 1987 COPYRIGHT 1987 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

radio
station to
reopen
By EUGENE PAK
Vice President for Student Ser-
vices Henry Johnson said campus
radio station WJJX can resume'
transmissions beginning today. The
decision came after radio station
members protested at Johnson's
:office yesterday.
Johnson closed the station Feb.
:19 when members of the United
:Coalition Against Racism played
back a broadcast of racist jokes that
;had been aired over a student disk:
;jockey's call-in program.
WJJX program director James
:Lamb said he was glad the station
was reopened, but was "disap-
:pointed that it took a month to do
it, and I'm disappointed that it was
:taken off the air in the first place."
He said WJJX should begin
transmissions on Monday.
Asking that the station be
reopened, Lamb and about 30 staff
members complained that the Uni-
Versity was making WJJX a "scape-
goat."
During the protest, Johnson
.commended Lamb on his work, but C Dily Photo by DANA MEND
stood by his original decision to Ccr penguin
.close WJJX, saying Lamb. and LSA senior-penguin Amy Markowitz passes out fliers yesterda
others were partially responsible for Diag, advertising East Quad's Alternative Career Fair. Sh(
See WJJX, Page 3 friend's mother created her costume.
*Physicist forges trail
for women en neers

BAM

delivers

ultimatum

By WENDY LEWIS
Organizers of the third Black
Action Movement have given
University President Harold Shapiro
until next Monday to respond to
their list of 11 demands for im-
proving life for Blacks on campus.
The organizers have threatened
further strike actions if Shapiro
doesn't respond.
The group's initial strike actions
begin today with a 24-hour
economic boycott of the Michigan
Union and a march from Rackham
to the Diag at 11:30 a.m.
The Black University students'
demands are as follows:
-The establishment of a per-
manent and completely autonomous
yearly budget of $35,000 for the
Black Student Union.
-The immediate endowment of
$150,000 for the Monroe Trotter
House to insure that the integrity of
the African-American Culture will
be preserved.
-Appointing Blacks as depart-
ment heads of 30 percent of all
academic departments by the Uni-
versity administration and Board of
Regents.
-The immediate addition of a

racial harassment clause in the
University rules and regulations to
punish those who perpetuate,
motivate, and participate in any
type of racist activity.
-Full participation of the Black
Student Union Executive Board in
the formulation and implementation
of any reform, program, or policy
that implicitly or explicitly affects
the Black community at the
University or in general.
-Extending President Shapiro's
$1 million initiative to improve the
recruitment and retention of Black
students to $5 million for a five-
year initiative. At the end of the
five-year period the initiative would
be evaluated and possibly extended
indefinitely.
Two other Presidential initia-
tives are scheduled for funding by
the University in subsequent years,
but the administration has been.
unclear on the future of the
minority initiative. "In order for the
University to be effective in the
improvement of the retention of
Black students, there has to be a
further commitment," said Barron
Wallace, a spokesperson for the
third Black Action Movement.

-The establishment and devel-
opment of a permanent Black music
program and Black affairs program
at all University-owned radio sta-
tions. These programs are to be run
by Black students for Black stu-
dents.
-The use of the upper case "B" in
references to the Black race in all
University publications. Using the
lower case "b" degrades Blacks, the
group says.
-The uncompromised ratification
of the United Coalition Against
Racism proposals. One of the
UCAR proposals demands granting
an honorary degree to jailed South
African activist Nelson Mandela.
Last night, the Michigan Student
Assembly passed a resolution
endorsing the retraction of a bylaw
which prohibits the University
from giving honorary degrees in
absentia. The resolution will be
sent to the Board of Regents before
Thursday.
-Total amnesty for all reprisals
incurred by students during BAM
III.
Spokespersons for the move-
ment stress that these demands are
See BAM, Page 5
Students

ELSSOHN
y on the
e said a

By MICHAEL LUSTIG
According to Mary Lynn Brake,
"A lot of people say you can't be a
mom and a scientist. I say there's
no difference from any other work-
ing mother."
Brake should know: She is the
only female faculty member in the
department of nuclear engineering,
which has just 90 graduate students
Profi e
and 40 undergraduates.
Brake, an assistant professor of
nuclear engineering, divides her
time between her job as a scientist
and raising her 3-year-old son,
whose pictures sit on her desk and
in front of her computer in her
Cooley Building office on North
Campus.
At home, Brake spends most of

her free time ''playing with my
little boy," who stays with a
babysitter while she is teaching.
Brake is awaiting the birth of her
second child this summer and
expects to return teaching in the fall
without difficulty.
Part of the reason so few
professors in the College of Engin-
eering are women, Brake believes,
is because few women get under-
graduate degrees in engineering, and
then even fewer earn Ph. Ds.
She thinks the situation for
women in engineering is different
than for women in LSA; she has
found college faculty supportive and
has "never felt out of place." They
don't differentiate between the work
of male and female scientists, she
said.
Brake came to the University in
1983 to do post-doctoral work and
joined the department of nuclear
engineering in the fall of 1984. A

native of Lansing, she received her
bachelor's and master's degrees in
physics and her Ph.D. in mechan-
ical engineering from Michigan
State University.
Brake studies a type of plasma,
an ionized gas "sometimes called
the fourth state of matter" along
with earth, water, and air.
Plasma is found in outer space,
Brake said, and exists in the sun,
lightning, and stars. It affects radio
and electrical waves in the iono-
sphere by bouncing them from
transmitters back to earth. Without
plasma, she explained, radio waves
would shoot out into space.
The major application for the
study of plasma physics is in
fusion energy. The difference be-
tween fission energy, which is the
type of energy used in nuclear
reactors, and fusion energy is that
fusion tries to combine very light
See SCIENTIST, Page 3

lobby
against
aid Cuts
By STEPHEN GREGORY
An estimated 400 students,
including nine University students,
lobbied congressional represen-
tatives in Washington, D.C.
yesterday and Monday, asking that
they vote against President Ronald.
Reagan's proposed student aid cuts.
Both the House and the Senate
are scheduled to vote on the pro-
posal toward the end of the month.
Reagan's proposal calls for cuts
in Pell Grants, the College Work
Study Program, and Guaranteed
Student Loans. It also asks for
reduced funding for programs which
aid handicapped and economically
disadvantaged students.
Circe Stumbo, vice president of
the United StatesgStudent
Association - the group that
organized the lobbyists - said the
students' efforts will have a definite
impact on swaying legislators to
vote against the cuts.
Last week, MSA representatives
collected 1,000 postcards from
University students -protesting the
aid cuts. The post cards were mailed
to congressional representatives
Monday.
"It was a perfect time to have
lobby day," Stumbo said. She said
legislators in both the House and
the Senate will begin discussions
on the budget proposal today.
See GROTRIAN, Page 5
INSIDE

Daily Photo by DANA MENDELSSOHN
Nuclear Engineering Prof. Mary Brake is the first and only woman
faculty member in her department.

.. ..... .... ., a. ..a i

Program stresses student involvement
Public Policy adds prestige to 'U'

By REBECCA BLUMENSTEIN
The University's Institute of Public Policy Studies
(IPPS) is not only one of the nation's most
prestigious, but was also the first center of policy
studies formed in the United States. But few people
have heard of the program, located in Lorch Hall.
"Harvard, Yale, Berkeley, University of Chicago,
Princeton, and a number of other major universities
in the country all formed after we did in 1968, and I
still feel that we are with the best," said Paul
Courant, director of the institute. IPPS is currently
ranked third or fourth in the nation in such programs,
he said.

"(The other institutes) may be bigger now, but
that in no way means that they are better," Courant
added.
Although there are only about 125 students and
faculty in the two-year graduate program, the institute
is gaining an increasing amount of attention for its
efforts to academically address current problems of
society.
Public policy concentrates upon using the
traditional social sciences such as economics and
political science to solve some of society's current
problems. IPPS uses academic resources to develop
See IPPS, Page 5

Sculpture depicts gender roles

By FRANCIE ALLEN
Gender roles have changed since
the 19th century, the period depicted
in the relief sculpture, "Dream of
the Young Girl - Dream of the
Young Man" on the LSA Building.
But Marshall Fredericks, the artist

A few years ago, the sculpture
was object of controversy, accord-
ing to Evan Maurer, director of the
University Art Museum and art
history professor.
Maurer had served on an advisory
committee to the director of

censorship."
"I think it's important to discuss
these things," said Maurer, "and it
is appropriate when dealing with an
image that is part of the general
campus which we all share, but it's
also important to look at it within

Students should speak their
minds at this week' s crucial
regents meeting.
OPINION, PAGE 4
Harlequin romance or popular
dance band? Book of Love
appears at the Nectarine Ball -
room tonight.
ARTS, PAGE 7

i

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