Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Monday, November 10, 1986
Panel urges more college education
WASHINGTON (AP)-A national com-
mission headed by former Education Secretary
Terrel Bell called yesterday for a massive effort to
nearly double the number of college-educated
adults by the turn of the century.
And the commission took a sharp slap at
members of the Reagan administration and other
politicians for "unthinkingly abetting an act of
national suicide" by trying to cut aid for college
Bell's 22-member panel prepared the report for
the American Association of State Colleges and
Universities, which represents 372 four-year
campuses that enroll 2.5 million students and
award a third of all bachelor degrees.
It urged states to keep college tuitions as low
as possible, in part to help recruit more minority
students and stop the growth of "an American
"AMERICA has far too many people whose
abilities are never awakened," declared the
National Commission on the Role and Future of
State Colleges and Universities in its 56-page
report, "To Secure the Blessings of Liberty."
Bell was to address the association today at its
annual meeting in Phoenix.
The commission included Arkansas Gov. Bill
Clinton and former Mississippi Gov. William
Winter, as well as a half-dozen college presidents,
the heads of both national teacher unions and the
chancellor of New York City's schools.
The pungent language echoed "A Nation At
Risk," the 1983 critique of U.S. schools by the
National Commission on Excellence in
Education, which Bell appointed. That report
warned of a "rising tide of mediocrity" in the
schools and likened their condition to "a
unilateral act of disarmament." It spurred many
states to raise graduation standards and boost
BELL'S NEW REPORT said, "With a
high school dropout rate ranging from 25 to 50
percent and with almost 10 percent of our total
population functionally illiterate, who can deny
that we have a massive population of
"Public officials who propose budget
reductions in education at a time when the
republic is handicapped by the burden of an
undereducated populace are unthinkingly abetting
an act of national suicide," the Bell commission
said. "Their priorities are wrong."
"Tragically for the American people, the
federal student financial aid program today is on
the choping block in Washington," said the
BELL SERVED in Reagan's Cabinet for
four of those years and went before Congress to
defend the president's requests to cut college aid
by a third or more. But Bell said in a telephone
interview that he always battled inside the
administration with then-budget director David
Stockman over those cuts.
The English Composition Board's
2 "DOCUMENTATION FOR THE
One of the most frequently assigned
writing projects on campus is the Research
Paper. Whether in History or Bio-physics,
Research Papers require accurate and
b In the fourth Academic Writing Series
workshop E.C.B. Lecturer Helen Isaacson
will discuss when and how to document
sources properly. She will also examine
differences in documentation formats across
Students are invited to bring the research
papers they are currently working
on for explanation and clarification on
how to document its text.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13
4:00 - 5:15
229 ANGELL HALL
New Dem. Congress
may fund Contras
WASHINGTON (AP) - The
Democrats' Senate victory has
undercut President Reagan's con-
gressional support for aiding
Nicaraguan Contra rebels, but the
party re-alignment does not
necessarily mean future assistance
is doomed, according to analysts on
both sides of the debate.
The analysts also agree that
Reagan's weakened position could
make Contra aid one of the most
closely fought issues in the 100th
Congress and potentially an
important battleground in the 1988
Last Tuesday's elections ushered
in a 10-vote Democratic majority in
the U.S. Senate, but that shift does
not translate into as big a change
The ad hoc committee that is
reviewing the University's
Honorary Degree policy will hold
an open forum about the policy
Nov. 18 in the Rackham
'Amphitheater at 7 p.m. The date
was incorrect in Friday's Daily.
on the Contra aid issue because
voting did not follow strict party
THIS YEAR, Reagan lobbied
Congress intensively to win
resumption of military aid to the
rebels. He prevailed 53-47 in the
Republican-controlled Senate and
220-209 in the Democratic-
According to tallies by both
Republicans and Democrats, the
new Senate breakdown on Contra
aid is virtually even, assuming
senators continue to vote as they
did earlier or follow positions they
took during their campaigns.
Despite last week's victory,
Senate Democratic Leader Robert
Byrd of West Virginia, in line to be
the new majority leader, did not
predict an end to Contra aid, but
rather said Democrats will seek to
redirect the administrations's
policies toward a greater emphasis
on a diplomatic solution to the
The first major battle over
Contra aid in the new Congress is
likely to come in the spring
or summer when the $100 million
aid runs out.
IN BR IEF x
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORTS
Aquino wants military backing
MANILA, Philippines - President Corazon Aquino warned "self-
appointed messiahs" in the military yesterday that she will call people
into the streets if needed to defend her rule.
It was her strongest statement yet on persistent coup rumors and
came during a televised speech on the eve of her four-day visit to Japan.
The president said she ordered the military to "repel any attacks
against our units or centers of government as well as any threat to the
security of our people" while she is gone.
Gen. Fidel Ramos, the chief of staff, put the military on maximum
alert. Guards increased security at the Defense Ministry and at armed
forces headquarters at suburban Camp Aguinaldo.
The Manila Chronicle newspaper meanwhile said a threat continued
from officers linked to Defense Minister Juan Enrile who were
disenchanted with Mrs. Aquino's government and its peace policy
toward communist rebels.
Khomeini's death won't
end Iranian revolution
NICOSIA, Cyprus - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran's ailing
86-year-old spiritual leader, said yesterday his death would not end the
country's Islamic revolution. He apparently was trying to defuse a
power struggle within the clergy-led regime.
"Our enemies must understand that the Islamic Republic ... has been
stabilized and is not dependent on any person, but on the people and the
armed forces," Khomeini said in a speech to military men at his
residence in Jamaran, north of Tehran.
Widespread reports said Khomeini, who had a heart attack in 1980,
recently suffered one or two more attacks. Rumors that he is in
declining health are common, but this time people in power seem to be
taking the reports seriously.
Alleged spy held. in Israel
JERUSALEM - Israel revealed yesterday that Mordechai Vanunu, a
'former nuclear technician who allegedly leaked state atomic secrets, is
in detention and will be tried. But it denied that secret agents kidnapped
Vanunu in England to bring him to justice.
The brief government commuique ended weeks of speculation about
Vanunu's whereabouts. He disappeared in London nearly six weeks ago,
after the Sunday Times of London published photographs and
information he reportedly supplied about an Israeli nuclear weapons
A senior government official said the 32-year-old Israeli could be
tried for treason, a crime punishable by death. The official spoke on
condition of anonymity.
The commuique, read to reporters by Cabinet secretary Elyakim
Rubinstein, appeared designed to prevent damage to Israel's ties with
Britain and ease pressure on the government from the news media and
Drunk drivers rarely jailed
DETROIT - About half of the drivers convicted in drinking-related
fatal traffic accidents during a six-month period did no time in jail or
prison, The Detroit News said yesterday.
The newspaper said it studied 114 fatal accidents during the first half
of last year in which an alleged drinking driver survived. Those
accidents resulted in 129 deaths.
Among the study's findings were that of the 71 drivers convicted in
the accidents, 34 either spent time in jail or prison. Nineteen of those
sentenced to jail were put on work-release programs.
Under Michigan case law, a driver cannot be charged with drunken
driving if the driver is named in other charges related to a death, such as
manslaughter, negligent homicide or leaving the scene of a personal-
injury accident, the News said.
The News study showed that punishments handed out to drivers who
were convicted of crimes in drinking-related fatal accidents ranged from
a $10 fine to 10 years in prison. The average fine was $176, the
Poll: Americans say smoking
ads should be permitted
NEW YORK - Most Americans do not believe cigarette advertising
should be banned, although they favor broad restrictions on smoking,
according to poll results issued yesterday by three anti-smoking groups.
The findings contradict a recent American Medical Association
survey in which 64 percent of the respondents favored a cigarette
In the new poll, conducted for the American Cancer Society, the
American Heart Association and the American Lung Association, 62
percent of those questioned said cigarette ads should be permitted in
magazines and newspapers.
A report accompanying the poll said the results differed from the
earlier survey because the AMA prefaced its question by telling
respondents that the AMA supported h ban on cigarette advertising.
A spokesman for the Tobacco Institute, Scott Stapf, said the news
results prove that the AMA "doctored" its results. He said the new poll
was "pretty damaging" to the anti-smoking groups.
01he M~ichigan Buaily
Vol. XCVII -No.48
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday
through Friday during the fall and winter terms. Subscription rates:
September through April-S18 in Ann Arbor; $35 outside the city.
One term-$10 in town; $20 outside the city.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and
subscribes to Pacific News Service and the Los Angeles Times
Editor in Chief..........................ERIC MATTSON Sports Editor.......................BARB McQUADE
Managing Editor...................RACHEL GOTTLIEB Associate Sports Editors........DAVE ARETHA
City Editor.............................CHRISTY RIEDEL MARK BOROWSKY
News Editor...........................JERRY MARKON RICK KAPLAN
Features Editor......................AMY MINDELL ADAM MARTIN
NEWS STAFF: Francie Allen, Elizabeth Atkins, Eve PHIL NUSSEL
Becker, Melissa Birks, Laura A. Bischoff, Steve SPORTS STAFF:-Jim Downey, Liam Flaberty, Allen
Blonder, Rebecca Blumenstein, Brian Bonet, Marc Gelderloos, Chris Gordillo, Shelly Haselhuhn, Al
Carrel, Dov Cohen, Tim Daly, John Dunning, Rob Hedblad, Julie Hollman, John Husband, Darren Jasey,
Earle, Ellen Fiedelholtz, Martin Frank, Katy Gold, Lisa Rob Levine, Jill Marchiano, Christian Martin, Eric
Green, Stephen Gregory, Jim Hershiser, Mary Chris Maxson, Greg McDonald, Scott Miller, Greg Molzon,
Jaklevic, Steve Knopper, Philip I. Levy, Michael Jerry Muth, Adam Ochlis, Jeff Rush, Adam Schefter,
Lustig, Andy Mills, Kery Murakami, Eugene Pak, Adam Schrager, Scott Shaffer, Pete Steinert, Douglas
Martha Sevetson, Wendy Sharp, Susanne Skubik, Volan, Bill Zolla.
Louis Stancato, Naomi Wax. Photo Editor.............ANDI SCHREIBER
Opinion Page Editor.....................KAREN KLEIN PHOTO STAFF: Leslie Boorstein, Jae Kim, Scott
Associate Opinion Page Editor..........HENRY PARK Lituchy, John Munson, Dean Randazzo, Peter Ross.
Business Manager ..........MASON FRANKLIN
OPINION PAGE STAFF: Rosemary Chinnock, Tim Sales Manager ..............DIANE BLOOM
Huet, Gayle Kirshenbaum, Peter Mooney, Caleb Finance Manager...............REBECCA LAWRENCE
Southworth. Classified Manager...............GAYLA BROCKMAN
Arts Editor............. .............NOELLE BROWER Ass't Sales Manager....,.............DEBRA LEDERER
Associate Arts Editor................REBECCA CHUNG As't Classified Manager.............GAYLE SHAPIRO
Music ..................BETHFERTIG DISPLAY SALES: Barb Calderon, Iit Elrand, Lisa
Film ........................KURT SERBUS Ones, Melissa Hambrick, Alan Heymnan. Judie
of Tomorrow.. .
If you are considering
management studies, let us
tell you about
THE MICH AN
Come to an informational session
presented by the Business School
----- --------- ----------- ~.
STUDENT THANKSGIVING SPECIAL I
1 week of Tanning ...... $17 '
1 1 session a day in bed or HEX for 7 days
1896 W. Stadium 216 S. State St. |
1 662-2602 747-8844 I
I student ID required Expires Nov. 26, 1986 I
.-.- -. -.- .... .........................-............i
Pa ys ~' 4 \,J
ti, UF Ft? " _
West Quad - Main Lounge
Wednesday, November 12
6:30 - 7:30
W OT.. EU. 3
:: ,' '
" + "''r.
NIB-Our Best Kept Secret!
What? A public station featuring Fat Macs, Zenith 148s,
a LaserWriter, Imagewriters, and Epson printers