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January 09, 1986 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1986-01-09

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The Michigan Daily - Thursday, January 9, 1986 - Page 3

Study group says alcohol
policy should be clafied

---- -

By VIBEKE LAROI
An alcohol study group's report
released yesterday puts pressure on
University housing officials to em-
brace or reject for the entire dorm
system a "no kegs" policy instituted
last September in Couzens Hall.
The 13-member panel of students,
residence hall staff, and housing of-
ficials was formed last October in
response to student outcry that the
Couzens' policy was inconsistent with
other residence halls.
THE PANEL concluded that one
rule about kegs be made uniform
throughout the housing system, as
should the role of residence advisers
in enforcing the alcohol policy.
The panel also recommended that
residence hall staff get more training
in handling alcohol-related incidents.
John Heidke, associate director for
housing education, said he expects to
clarify the alcohol policy within the

next two weeks. He would not say
whether or not he favors a "no kegs"
policy.
ALTHOUGH THE panel's report
didn't recommend a specific stance,
panel member Marvin Parnes said
"the majority of the mem-
bers...leaned in the direction of a
policy that would prohibit kegs and
large quantities (of alcohol). But it
was not unanimous." Parnes is
assistant director of residence
education.
The alcohol policy, as it is currently
written, states that the State of
Michigan prohibits people under 21
from drinking alcohol and that alcohol
may not be consumed or dispensed in
any public area of residence halls.
Panel member Deba Patnaik,
building director of East Quad, thinks
the current policy doesn't go far
enough. "There must be a clear and
consistent keg policy," he said, ad-

ding that he supports a "no kegs" rule
to "minimize the danger of irrespon-
sible use (of alcohol.)"
ANOTHER PANEL member, RA
John Gant, agrees with Patnaik's
goal, but argued that a "no kegs" rule
would create friction between RAs
and their residents.
"If they said no kegs, it would be
putting the burden (of enforcement)
on residence staff, and that would be
the worst mistak'," said the West
Quad adviser.
Gant's feelings point to another
issue the study group says Heidke
must resolve: how resident advisers
can enforce the state law while
respecting students' right to privacy.
Heidke called the role definition a
"paradoxical situation" in which the
University, as a public institution,
must uphold state law, while at the
same time tolerate student ex-
perimentation.

Daily Photo by DEAN RANDAZZO
Profiled
The brilliant afternoon sunlight outlines pedestrians along S. State Street yesterday.
FDA adopts new implant rules

Polygraph experts disagree

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Food
and Drug Administration, responding
to concerns about strokes and internal
,bleeding among artificial heart
recipients, said yesterday that it had
,adopted new rules for permanent im-
plants of the Jarvik-7 heart including
:closer scrutiny of patient care.
At the same time, it said it had for-
bidden further emergency use of a
smaller, unapproved version of the
Jarvik-7 until the agency can review
_its safety. A 40-year-old Minnesota
,woman received the unapproved
heart in an emergency operation last
month.
BOTH statements were questioned
by Dr. Robert Jarvik, developer of the
heart, who said he hoped the FDA an-
nouncements misstated the situation.
The permanent implant restrictions
announced went beyond recommen-
dations, he said, while the emergency
implant restrictions, as announced,
could mean that surgeons would "sit
on their hands while the FSA shuffles
paper.".
The FDA action followed a lengthy
debate by a scientific advisory panel
last month on whether serious
medical complications among the
four men who have received per-
manent implants have shown the Jar-
vik-7 heart to be too risky for per-
manent use.
Jarvik told the panel it has perfor-
med "extraordinarily well" under dif-
ficult circumstances, as well as early
versions of other exotic medical

devices.
BUT CRITICS cited "devastating
results". in the first four implants, in
which two patients died and the
remaining two suffereddebilitating
strokes, in calling for the FDA to
revoke permission for the three ad-
ditional implants still authorized by
the agency.
The panel instead recommended
new restrictionson the Jarvik-7, in-
cluding. case-by-case approval of fur-
ther implants, new procedures for
treating patients and periodic reports
to the government on patient status.
The FDA said yesterday that it had
adopted the panel's recommendations
and asked Symbion Inc. of Salt Lake
City, the heart's manufacturer, for a
revised research protocol. The
protocol specifies the steps that will
be followed in a research program.
FDA IS requiring that it approve
the revised protocol before the next
potential candidate for a permanent
artificial heart is evaluated for
possible implantation," the agency
said.
That interpretation was questioned
yesterday by Jarvik, who said it went
beyond the recommendation of the
advisory panel. Jarvik, in a telephone
interview from his Salt Lake City of-
fice, said the panel clearly did not
recommend a moratorium on implan-
ts pending approval of the protocol.
"If an emergency arose, DeVries is
fully legally able to implant the next
patient today," he said, referring to

Dr. William DeVries. The panel did
not propose that implants be halted
while the protocol was being revised,
he said.
JARVIK declined further comment,
saying he was unsure whether the
FDA statement was an accurate ac-
count of the.FDA positon.
After last month's panel meeting,
Jarvik said the advisory committee's
recommendations would pose no
problems to the artificial program
and that he would cooperate with the
information reporting requirements.
The new rules involve only per-
manent implants of the full-size Jar-
vik-7 heart. They do not cover so-
called "bridge," implants of the Jar-
vik-7 heart, in which the device is used
temporarily to bridge the gap bet-
ween removal of an irreparably
damaged heart and transplantation of
a yet-to-be-found natural heart.
Bridge implants of the full-size Jar-
vik-7 can cotinue at the three U.S.
medical centers where they now are
authorized.
But in a related development the
FDA said it has forbidden further
emergency bridge implants of a
smaller version of the Jarvik-7d that
has not yet been approved for human
testing.
The smaller version is still unap-
proved because of a lack of data on
how its 30 percent smaller size affects
blood flow and whether the change
might damage blood cells, the FDA
said.

WASHINGTON (AP) - While
President Reagan contends that
polygraph testswill discourage the
sale of America's secrets to its
enemies, critics said yesterday that
the gadgets sometimes ensnare the
innocent and absolve determined
liars.
The polygraph, or lie detector, has
an accuracy rate of between 50 per-
cent and 95 percent in criminal in-
vestigatons, experts say, but there is
no scientific evidence that it is useful
for screening those seeking sensitive
jobs or security clearances.
"YOU ARE likely to miss in-
dividuals who are trained spies. In
training, they have been given tests
and suggestions on how to pass
them," said Leonard Saxe, an
associate professor of psychology at
Boston University who prepared a
report on polygraphs for the
congressional Office of Technology
Assessment in 1983.

The polygraph may be useful in
criminal investigations when the list
of suspects has been narrowed and a
great deal is known about the offense,
said Saxe, but "there is no scientific
research on its use as a screening
tool."
"I don't believe that lie detectors
work very well and therefore, in order
to properly protect the safety of the
nation, the Congress must continue to
insist that they not be used as the sole
screen to rid ourselves of terrorists,
because any terrorist or spy can get
through a lie detector like water
through a sieve," said Rep. Pat
Williams, (D-Mont.).
WILLIAMS has proposed
legislation to bar the use of lie detec-
tors to screen employees for private
companies outside the defense in-
dustry.
At a news conference Tuesday night
Reagan denied reports that a secret
order he signed Nov. 1 would require

with Reagan
random screening of 2.5 million
government workers and defense con-
tractors with access to military
secrets.
Reagan said the polygraph would be
used only "as an investigatory tool,"
and would apply to "only a limited
number that actually deal with
classified materials."
DEFENDING the program, the
president said, "that the very nature
of the tests has led to a multitude of
confessions of various crimes."
Public statements by Reagan ad-
ministration officials have confused
outsiders trying to determine how
many people would be subjected to
polygraph tests.
Last month, Secretary of State
George Shultz objected to the uke of
polygraphs to randomly screen
government workers and said he
would resign if asked to take a lie
detector test.

Judge dismisses Law dean suit

(Continued from Page 1)
Sandalow and $9 million in damages.
The University said Picozzi inten-
ded to use the fire to show that he was,
being harassed at the University, thus
increasing his chances of being accep-;
ted at Yale.
Such letters are common
requirements for students attempting
to transfer to another law school.
PICOZZI, who enrolled at the
University in 1981 said the fire was
purposely set to injure him. He suf-
fered burns and a broken back when
he fell from his third-story window
while trying to escape the fire.-
At the time Picozzi initiated his suit,
Sandalow refused to write the letter of
good standing unless Picozzo passed a;
lie-detector test showing his innocen-
ce in setting the fire, or won the
University hearing that was ordered
by Feikens.
At the hearing, which took place
last March, hearing officer Robert
Guenzel decided that no clear and
convincing evidence existed that
proved Picozzi set the fire. He ordered

Sandalow to provide Picozzi with the
letter. Sandalow complied. .
Although the hearing decided a por-
tion of the case, the $9 million civil
suit continued. Feiken's decision to
dismiss the case favored the Univer-
sity.
"DEAN SANDALOW and others in
the case must have the authority to
take prompt and reasonable
preliminary action that preserves the
school's interest," Feikens wrote in
his decision.
Picozzi argued that a University
hearing should have been held sooner,
but Feikens disagreed. "Picozzi him-
self is responsible for the delay in the
haring's commencement," he wrote.
According to Feikens, Picozzi resisted
the University's initial attempts to
schedule a hearing.
"We're going to appeal," Picozzi

I

said yesterday. Mark Gombiner, one
of Picozzi's attorneys, said the appeal
will be filed with the Sixth Circuit
Court'of Appeals in Cincinnati within
30 days.
"IF THIS decision stands, any
student at U of M can be thrown out
without reason and have to go through
the circus that I went through,"
Picozzi said.
Peter Davis, an attorney for the
University, said that he expected
Feikens' decision dismissing the case
and added that the decision. does not
set a major precedent at the Univer-
sity.
"There is no legal basis to support
any of Picozzi's theories," Davis said.
Davis said he would be surprised if
Picozzi and his lawyers decide to go
through with the appeal.

State House passes bill allowing

bars to prosecute
LANSING (UPI) - The House Engler noted Arc
yesterday, in the first legislative ac- election to retain the
tion of 1986, approved a bill allowing "WE SEND all
bar owners to sue or prosecute under- volving candidates 1
age drinkers using false iden- said.
tification. "My committee ha
Both the House and the Senate met full of resolut
briefly yesterday, ending a holiday politicians."
break which began with the close of The under-age dri
activity on Dec. 18. first of two meas
MOST OF the sessions in both House. It allows thc
chambers were devoted to adopting who are charged
'routine resolutions and other minors using fake
housekeeping chores. option of bringing
In one move, the Republican- acking the local pr
controlled Senate shuffled off to the charges.
senate Rules Committee a resolution The bill was sent
honoring new Michigan Supreme 93-0 vote. The othe
Court Justice Dennis Archer. Senate minor bill dealing
,Majority Leader John Engler, who nment financing an
also chairs the rules panel, said the Senate on a 95-0 vote
move was not a snub to the
Democratic justice, only the second Meanwhile, Hous
black to be appointed to the court in Owen praised the H(
during the 1985 legis

fake I.D. users

cher must run for
e seat.
l resolutions in-
to committee," he
as a whole drawer
tions honoring
nking bill was the
tres clearing the
ose selling alcohol
with selling to
identification the
a civil action or
osecutor to bring
to the Senate on a
r measure was a
with local gover-
d it was sent to the
e.
e Speaker Gary
louse for its work
lative year. citing

its study of liability reforms, approval
of banking legislation and action on
child support and crime issues.

i

5history. ... .,a,,,. .. . . , ....
HAPPENINGS-
Highlight
Lee Level, Vice President and Treasurer of Burroughs Corporation,
will speak on "The Treasurer's Function in an Internal Corporation."
The lecture, sponsored by the Finance Club, begins at 4:15 p.m. in the
Wolverine room, Assembly Hall, and will be followed by a reception.
Speakers
Ophthy./Pshcy./Physiology/Bioengineering - Lunch seminar, George
Siegel, "ATP-ASE in Retina and Brain," 12:15 p.m., room 2055, MHRI.
Meetings
University Alcoholics Anonymous - noon, room 3200, Union.

b

U)

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chool

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