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November 09, 1983 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-11-09

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Ninety-four Years
of
EditorialFreedom

4rI1u

43 ti

Declining
It'll probably rain and the tem-
perature won't surpass 53.

Vol.XCIV-No. 55 Copyright 1983, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, November 9, 1983 Fif teen Cents Eight Pages

Lab ta
enters
By JIM SPARKS Shapiro
No research was performed im the "probab
College of Engineering's radiation udents a
laboratory yesterday, as 26 students may take
continued to blockade the room. some po
The sit-in, which began Monday after- til late la
noon, is aimed at shutting down the "I do 1
research of Electrical and Computer when th
Engineering Prof. Thomas Senior, one with the
of the most vocal proponents of defense this man
research on campus. say how
Protesters - members of the allowedt
Progressive Student Network - vowed "I wo
to stay another night in the lab and Professo
would not say when they planned to enough i
leave. THES
"I FEEL like we have taken a hold on to protes
it (the lab) and we've got control of it .. an elect
. we've stopped the research for 24 aircraft.
hours," LSA sophomore Mara Silver- bombar
man said yesterday afternoon. an F-D
Vice President for Academic Affairs microwa
and Provost Billy Frye, who is the literatur
University's acting chief executive in Pentago
the absence of President Harold sors Sen

keover

3rd
said the University will
ly be patient as long as (the st-
re)" but added the University
e action against the blockade at
int. Shapiro was out of town un-
Lst night.
believe there will come a point
he students can not interfere
work of students and faculty in
nner," Frye said. He declined to
long the students would be
to stay, however.
ould rely very heavily on
or Senior's judgement on when
s enough," he said.
STUDENTS chose Senior's lab
st his research on the effect of
tromagnetic pulse (EMP) on
In Senior's current project, he
ds a hobby-shop scale model of
106 fighter bomber with
aves to simulate lightning. But
e from Dikewood Industries, a
n subcontractor which spon-
nior's research, says the pur-

day
pose of EMP research is to "harden" a
structure to withstand the blast of a
nuclear detonation.
Senior said that there are similarities
between the effects of lightning and any
form of electromagnetic pulse, but that
the specific project he's currently
working on involves only lightning
studies.
He said last night that no decision has
been made as to when the University
would have the protesters removed, but
that "sooner or later, one's patience
comes to an end."
THUS FAR, the disruption has not
had an impact on his project and he
still plans to complete his present work
by the end of the year. He also said he
didn't think the protest would affect his
sponsors. "I don't think (the protest)
reflects very well on the reputation of a
university, but I assume the sponsors
know a university must entertain
diverse opinions."
See BLOCKADE, Page 2

Daily Photo by DOUG McMAHON
Between 150 and 200 protesters hold a candlelight march from the President's house on South University to the East
Engineering Building last night. The marchers were showing their support for 26 members of the Progressive Student
Network, who were entering the second night of a blockade of an engineering college research laboratory.

Faculty doubts sit-in's impact

By PETE WILLIAMS
Despite the sit-in at the engineering college's
radiation laboratory, faculty members and ad-
ministrators across the University yesterday
said they consider military research a dead
issue.
By a 7-1 vote last June, the regents rejected a
set of guidelines for non-classified research that
had wound its way through the faculty and ad-
ministration.
THE STUDENTS IN the lab hope to resurrect
the issue through their action against military
research, but many faculty observers doubt
they'll be successful.
"I think that topic was thoroughly exhausted
last year," said Billy Frye, vice president for
academic affairs and provos. Vice President for
Research Alfred Sussman echoed Frye's com-

ments, saying he didn't think the students' action
would make any difference.
University President Harold Shapiro, the third
top administrator responsible for evaluating the
University's policy before it goes to the regents,
was out of town yesterday and unavailable for
comment.
EVEN IN THE faculty, where last year's
proposals to establish a system for monitoring
research were initiated, there was little en-
couragement for the protestors.
Robert Lewis, an English professor and mem-
ber of the faculty and student Research Policies
Committee which developed the proposed
guidelines last year, said he didn't think his
committee would address the issue this year. "It
is still on our agenda and I know it is a hot issue,
but (the committee) spent a year working hard

on (research guidelines) and with the regents'
decision, I think we're kind of at an impasse," he
said.
"I believe it's an important issue that should
be discussed but it probably won't be this coming
year," he said.
DONALD HULTQUIST, a medical school
professor who also sits on the Research Policies
Committee, said that there is very little interest
in the issue among committee members.
"I don't think the demonstration will have any
impact on what the committee does," he said.
Herbert Hildebrandt, chairman of the
faculty's governing body, the Senate Assembly,.
said the protest is misguided because
Engineering Prof. Thomas Senior, whose lab is
being occupied, is working "within his
guidelines." Hildebrandt said the University has

clearly defined what is permissable research
and that "each professor has the right, within
guidelines, to do any sort of research they wish."
Engineering Prof. James Nicholls, who relies
substantially on the Pentagon for research sup-
port, said he has "no sympathy" for the sit-in.
"Basically I think the regents said it all last
year. The research we are doing with the Depar-
tment of Defense is perfectly acceptable."
NICHOLLS SPECIALIZES in studies of rocket
propulsion, which he says is an imnportant part of
the education of his aerospace engineering
students. "I am teaching a class in rocket
propulsion. My students may use that knowledge
for peaceful or military uses. We are trying to
turn out solidly-based people," he said.
Nicholls and other faculty members argue that
See DEFENSE, Page 2

Senior
.. research stalled

Petitioners call
for nuclear
free Ann Arbor

Capitol Hill bomb blast
triggers more threats

By PETER MEILAND
A campaign to ban nuclear weapons
research and development in Ann Arbor has
garnered almost one-third of the signatures
necessary to place the proposal on next
April's city election ballot, sponsors of the
proposal say.
Organizers of the petition drive for the
Nuclear Freeze Zone Act say they have
collected about 1,600 of the 5,000 signatures
needed to qualify the act as a ballot question.
SPONSORED BY the Michigan alliance for
Disarmament (MAD) with help from the
Progressive Student Network, the Interfaith
Council for Peace and the Democratic
Socialists of America, the act would prohibit
nuclear weapons research and development
within the Ann Arbor city limits.
Also, the proposal calls for a commission to
monitor adherence to the law.
Neither sponsors of the proposal nor city of-
ficials could say whether the legislation would
be binding upon the University, which con-
ducts funded research with possible nuclear
applications.
CITY COUNCIL member Lowell Peterson
(D-1st Ward) said that the University may not
be bound by the act because as a public in-

stitution it is responsible to the state.
Peterson said he believed the University
would be exempt from the law.
City Attorney Bruce Laidlaw also said that
he was unsure of the legality of the proposal's
effect on the University, though he had not
seen the legislation.
UNIVERSITY OFFICIALS yesterday ex-
pressed concern that the proposal, if it is in-
tended to govern the University, would place
serious limits on the academic freedom of
researchers.
George Gamota, director of the Institute of
Science and Technology, said the law would
limit the free exchange of ideas and "create
an environment of witch hunts" at the
University.
Gamota, who has worked to increase the
University's share of military funding for
research, said the law would cause inter-
pretation problems if enacted.
"THAT KIND OF law, I feel, would be very
difficult to interpret, since in dealing with
research you are talking about a whole array
See CITIZENS, Page 3

From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - The FBI reviewed
videotape from a Capitol security
camera yesterday seeking the identity
of a bomber who planted an explosive
charge near the Senate ciamber that
ripped a 13-foot-high gash in an interior
wall.
A caller to the Capitol warned of a
bomb six minutes before the explosion,
a Senate aide said yesterday.
The explosion late Monday night
shredded prized paintings, damaged
both the Republican and Democratic
cloakrooms, and ripped a door off its
hinges. It also triggered a rash of bomb
threats, including one at the Pentagon,
one in the House, another at the Capitol
subway.stop and a fourth that forced
the evacuation of the Republication
National Committee building several
blocks from the capitol.
THE SENATE carried on business as.
usual, amid heightened security.
Looking for clues to the identity of the
bomber, the FBI reviewed videotape'
from cameras trained on hallways
leading to the alcove where a bomb was
slipped behind a window seat, about 30
feet from the Senate chamber.
Authorities would say little about the
footage except that it showed a lot of
smoke.
The FBI said the blast was caused by
a "high-explosive device with a delayed
timing." Baker aide Tom Griscom said,
"It was a wristwatch timer."
SENATE Sergeant at Arms Larry

Smith said the Capitol switchboard was
warned of the bomb six minutes before
the blast. An anonymous caller said the
bombing was a reaction to American
military action in Lebanon and
Grenada.
"The Senate will not be deterred or
intimidated," said Majority Leader
Howard Baker (R-Tenn.) as he held the
senate to a schedule which began at 9
a.m. EST. "We'll do that, conduct
business as usual in the rubble. We'll do
that in the mess," he said.
Baker said that had the Senate been
in session at the time of the explosion,
there would have been "grave injury. .
. and, perhaps, loss of life to senators
and staff."
The "Armed Resistance Unit," the
group claiming responsibility for the
bombing, said in a "communique" that
"we attacked the U.S. government to
retaliate against imperialist aggression
that has sent the Marines, the CIA and
the Army to invade sovereign nations,
to trample and lay waste to the lives
and rights of the peoples of Grenada,
Lebanon, El Salvador, and Nicaragua.
"We purposely aimed our attack at the
institutions of imperialist rule rather
than at individual members of the
ruling class and government. We did
not choose to kill any of them at this
time. But their lives are not sacred ..."
The statement was dated Monday
and received in yesterday's mail at
National Public Radio's Washington
bureau.

AP Photo
Senator Mack Mattingly (R-Ga.), examines yesterday morning the
damage caused by an explosion late Monday night. The FBI said the
blast was caused by a "high explosive device with a delayed timing."

TODAY
Meet the PSN
T N THE MIDST of the big sit-in at the East Engineering
Building radiation laboratory, the Daily and Canter-
h..c TtfAncr...wn m.mh--- of .hs Prwivn -..., 4h Aanf

Memphis Tennessee while working for the Internal
Revenue Service. The charges were filed following an in-
vestigation by the FBI, the U.S. attorney's office, and
special agents from the Internal Revenue Service, after the
scheme was uncovered when officials checked state and
federal government computer records. All those charged
were either temporary employees at the IRS Memphis Ser-
vice Center or former temporary employees of the office.
The fraudulent unemployment claims were filed in 1980
through 1982 with more than $50,000 in illegal claims collec-
ted in 1982.

buyers of Beverly Hills. The owners commissioned Car-
tier's jewelers to create something modestly described at
its unveiling Friday as "the most expensive Christmas tree
in the world." The traditional star atop the tree is a $580,000
creation of 32 half-carat diamonds surrounding a 2-inch
square emerald. Long strands of pearl worth $5,000 to
$250,000 each are draped over the branches. The cheapest
decorations used on the tree were a pair of diamond earing
priced at $1,700.
rnl - n 1.. .1.............

.1956 - Construction work began on "Project 87," a $6
million women's dorm to be shaped like the letter 'H.'
"1956 - The Inter-Cooperative Council formally
requested that the University set aside 1.65 acres on North
Campus for the construction of a new housing project.
'1949 - Dr. William Mann of the dental school released a
report claiming that fear and pain of a visit to the dentist
would be almost eliminated by the use of the Air Dent, a
substitute for the dentist's drill. The new device had so suce
cessfully "reduced and eliminated heat, pressure,
vibration, and noise that pain and discomfort become a
minnr fetnr in cutting a tnnth." hesaid

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