Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 16, 1983
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - A year af-
ter the massacre of hundreds of
Palestinians in the refugee camps of
Sabra and Chatilla, fear and shattered
memories haunt those who live along
the barren, dusty roads of the camps.
"My parents say I scream in my
sleep," said 19-year-old Mahmoud
Saadeh, who ran - with gunmen firing
at him - to escape the killings.
"EVERY TIME we hear a rumor of
something happening, we put on our
slippers and start running. They may
come back," said Samar Khalifa, a 15-
year-old Palestinian girl.
Her father was killed outside the
family's home when Christian
militiamen entered the two camps on
the southern edge of Beirut a year ago
They killed for 212 days. When they
left, the streets were littered with
bodies, some shot early in the rampage
and bloating in the sun. Men were lined
up in rows and shot. Some families
were killed in their homes, in bed or at
FOUR HUNDRED and sixty bodies
were found, but authorities say there
may have been many more victims.
Some of the missing have never retur-
ned, some bodies were bulldozed under
houses by the killers, and talk of still-
undiscovered graves persists.
Samar said no one would have retur-
ned to the camps were they not
patrolled by the multinational
peacekeeping force, the Italians at
Chatilla and the French in adjacent
"If one Italian tank leaves this area,
we will flee," said Samar. "They are
Saadeh said he stops to pray each
time he passes the mass grave where
many of the victims are buried.
An Israeli inquiry put indirect
responsibility on Israel for the Sabra
and Chatilla massacres because its
soldiers controlled the camp and let the
killers in. Israel said the men were sent
in to fight Palestinian guerrillas who
were still resisting and that Israel did
not know there would be a massacre.
Israel's inquiry said the killers were
from the Christian Phalange Party,
which had been fighting the
Palestinians and leftist Lebanese since
the 1975-76 civil war. The party denied
for the fall production of
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Lebanese fighting continues
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
House approves miary spending
WASHINGTON - Ignoring pleas to temper its outrage over the Soviet
downing of a Korean airliner, the House yesterday approved a $188 billion
military spending bill that gives President Reagan every major weapon he
The House passed the compromise fiscal 1984 military spending legislation
266-152 and sent it to Reagan for his signature. The Senate approved the bill
The compromise, worked out by a House-Senate conference committee
before the August congressional recess, gives Reagan authorization for
building the first 21 MX missiles and authority to begin lifting a 14-year
unilateral U.S. ban on producing lethal chemical weapons - including nerve
The bill includes $4.8 billion for procurement of the MX missiles, $1.87
billion for 10 more B-1 bombers and $407 million to buy 95 Pershing-2 missiles
for deployment in West Germany.
Study recommends increased
emphasis on writing technique
WASHINGTON - The Carnegie Foundation called yesterday for a major
restructuring of American high schools, with emphasis on English aqd
writing. It also urged putting more power in the hands of principals and
The $1 million, three-year study concluded that most public high schools
are "surviving, but not thriving."
Several panels - including a National Science Foundation board last
Tuesday - have urged top priority for math and science. But the Carnegie
study declared, "The mastery of English is the first and most essential goal
"Writing is the most important and most neglected skill in school. It is
through clear writing that clear thinking can be developed," said Ernest L.
Boyer, president of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of
Teaching, who wrote the report.
It called for dismantling the current system that shunts students into
academic, vocational or general tracks.
It urged a mandatory core curriculum for all students that would include
31/2 years of history and studies of other cultures, two years of foreign
language, and three years of literature, writing and arts, as well as two
years each of math and science.
Afghanistan ousts U.S. diplomats
(Continued from Page 1)
militiamen in the Aley and Chouf Moun-
tains after Israel withdrew to more
defensible lines in southern Lebanon 12
days ago. They had flown training
missions in the months of relative peace
before the new fighting broke out.
It could not be determined whether
the six jets returned to Beirut airport or
a newly built military airfield in the
Christian hinterland near Byblos, 19
miles north of Beirut, beyond the range
of Druse guns.
Four hours after the Lebanese sor-
ties, a pair of Israeli warplanes
streaked over Beirut on a recon-
naissance mission. The flight followed
reports that the Israeli army was sen-
ding daily patrols north of its new lines
to guard against Palestinian guerrilla
re-infiltration into the central moun-
Shortly before noon, an assailant
tossed a hand grenade from a speeding
motorcyle at a French checkpoint on
west Beirut's Corniche Mazraa
thoroughfare. Two - French
peacekeepers were sprayed with
shrapnel and were flown to the French
carrier Foch, where one was in critical
condition, a spokesman for the French
contingent reported. The French have
suffered the heaviest casualties among
the four contingents that make up the
5,400-man peacekeeping force.
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan - The Afghan government ordered the expulsion
of two U.S. diplomats yesterday, accusing them of spying and promoting
"counterrevolutionary activities," state-run Radio Kabul said.
The radio newscast identified the diplomats as U.S. Embassy Second
Secretary Toran Hague Jefferson, and attache Robert Grenley.
There was no immediate confirmation of the radio report.
The announcement from Afghanistan, occupied by Soviet troops since they
entered Afghanistan to battle anti-communist insurgents in 1979, follows
Monday's expulsion of a U.S. diplomat and his wife from the Soviet Union on
spy charges. .
The radio said the American charge d'affaires in Kabul was summoned to
the Foreign Ministry and handed a note ordering the two officials to leave
the country within 48 hours.
It claimed that on the basis of "information and reliable documents," the
Afghan authorities believe that the two officials are engaged in espionage.
Rebels destroy Nicaraguan arms
Nicaraguan insurgents said yesterday they , lew up a major arms
cache used by the Nicaraguan army to supply leftist guerrillas in El
The clandestine Nicaraguan rebel Radio 15 de Septiembre, believed based
in Honduras, said a sabotage squad attacked the arms supply center at the
Nicaraguan Pacific island of La Pelota early Wednesday.
Nicaragua's leftist Sandinista government, which denies supplying the
Salvadorans with weapons, did not comment on the claim.
President Reagan has accused Nicaragua of arming the Salvadoran
guerrillas and has given this as the main reason for financing the
Nicaraguan Democratic Force (FDN) that carried out the attack.
Although the rebels have been active since late 1981 in staging raids again-
st targets inside Nicaragua, this is the first known attempt to interdict the
arms traffic to Salvadoran rebels.
Filipino students assail Reagan
MANILA, Philippines - Thousands of demonstrating students yesterday
burned President Reagan in effigy during an anti-government protest over
the assassination last month of opposition leader Benigo Aquino.
Roman Catholic Cardinal Jaime Sin issued an unprecedented call for
Filipinos to stop all activity at noon every day and pray for five minutes for
"peace and justice."
The League of Filipino Students has urged Reagan to cancel a scheduled
visit to Manila in November as part of a five-nation Asian tour, saying it
would only bolster the Marcos regime.
About 5,000 students boycotted classes, marched through downtown
Manila and rallied at a public square, where they burned copies of major
newspapers andeffigies of Reagan, President Ferdinand Marcos and his
The students' protest is part of a 5-day-old anti-government passive
0 be MiciganD atly
Vol. XCIV - No.8
Friday, September 16, 1983
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